ABSTRACT: Debate continues as to whether decompressive craniectomy (DC) is an effective treatment for severe traumatic brain injury (STBI). DC is mostly used as a second tier treatment option. The aim of this study was determined whether early bilateral DC is effective as a first tier treatment option in patients with STBI.
The study compared two groups. Group 1 comprised 36 STBI patients for whom control of intracranial pressure (ICP) was not achieved with conservative treatment methods according to radiological and neurological findings. These patients underwent bilateral or unilateral DC as a second tier treatment. Group 2 comprised 40 STBI patients who underwent early bilateral DC as a first tier treatment.
Group 2 patients had a mean better outcome than Group 1 patients especially for patients with a GCS 6-8. Postoperative ICP was lower in Group 2 patients than Group 1 patients.
This study indicates that early bilateral DC can be effective for controlling ICP in STBI patients. It is likely the favorable outcome results for Group 2 patients reflects the relatively short time between trauma and surgery. Therefore, these data indicate early bilateral DC can be considered as a first tier treatment in STBI patients.
Turkish neurosurgery 07/2010; 20(3):382-9. · 0.62 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Traumatic cervical spondyloptosis has almost always been associated with disabling neurological deficit and we could only find one case without a neurological deficit reported in the literature. A 42 year old man suffering from severe neck pain following a high speed motor vehicle accident was admitted to our hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) of the cervical spine and neurologic examination of the patient were performed. The patient was treated with three-column fixation of the traumatic level. We aimed to report a unique case of traumatic C7-T1 total spondyloptosis without a neurological deficit and discuss possible mechanisms and treatment modalities.
Turkish neurosurgery 04/2010; 20(2):257-60. · 0.62 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Restriction of the excursion of the nerve has been accepted as a pathogenetic element in carpal tunnel syndrome. The goal of this article was to evaluate the median nerve excursion in the carpal tunnel measured as a function of wrist position before and after endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) on 28 hands of 22 patients.
The position of cylindrical stainless steel markers embedded within the median nerve was measured by a direct radiographic technique. Each upper extremity was examined in three wrist positions. Then, endoscopic release with Menon's technique was performed, and the measurements were repeated.
In this prospective clinical study, most (93%) of the patients experienced resolution of their symptoms. Before and after ECTR, median nerve excursion was linear and was affected by wrist position. Before ECTR, when the wrist was moved from the end of dorsiflexion to the end of palmar flexion, the median nerve underwent a mean total excursion of 28.8 mm at the wrist. A comparison of the before and after ECTR excursion showed no statistical differences in the amount of motion.
The single-portal ECTR does not seem to influence the median nerve excursion for the wrist positions studied in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The results from this in vivo study showed longitudinal gliding of the median nerve twice as great as in in vitro studies.
Neurosurgery 06/2004; 54(5):1155-60; discussion 1160-1. · 2.79 Impact Factor