Cavit Kart

Karadeniz Technical University, Atrabazandah, Trabzon, Turkey

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Publications (21)37.31 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum oxidative stress marker levels (ischemia-modified albumin, IMA; malondialdehyde, MDA) and total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) levels that occur in ovarian torsion and to determine the threshold value of these markers in the diagnosis of ovarian torsion. Methods: In this prospective case-control study, 34 women (the study group) with acute pelvic pain (20 with and 14 without ovarian torsion) and 40 control subjects were included. The diagnosis of ovarian torsion was confirmed with laparoscopy in all cases. Preoperative serum samples were collected in the study group. Serum oxidative stress marker levels (IMA and MDA) and TOS, TAS and OSI levels were measured. Results: Serum MDA, TOS and IMA concentrations were significantly higher in women with ovarian torsion than in the healthy control group. However, serum TAS, TOS and OSI concentrations were significantly higher in women without ovarian torsion than within the healthy control group. Only IMA significantly distinguished patients with or without ovarian torsion. The best IMA value, according to the receiver operating characteristic curve, was 0.7045 absorbance units, with 90.00% sensitivity and 92.31% specificity. The patients in the ovarian torsion group had significantly lower serum TAS and OSI levels compared with patients without ovarian torsion. Conclusion: The elevated serum IMA levels with high sensitivity-specificity values observed in women with ovarian torsion seem to have a potential role as a serum marker in the preoperative diagnosis of ovarian torsion in emergency settings. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 01/2015; · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of amniotic fluid lamellar body count (LBC) on the timing of elective caesarean delivery (CS) at ≥ 39 weeks. After allocating the study group (group I, transient tachypnoea of newborn (TTN), n = 14), an age-matched control group (group II, no TTN, n = 79) was selected for amniotic fluid LBC analysis. The median amniotic fluid LBC levels in group I were significantly lower than in the control group. Furthermore, the median values of mean lamellar body volume, median lamellar body distribution width and lamellar bodycrit in group I were also significantly lower than in group II. The best amniotic fluid LBC value to predict TTN was 40.15 × 103/μl, with 82.3% sensitivity and 64.3% specificity. The favourable sensitivity and specificity values to predict the TTN for amniotic fluid LBC may suggest using it as an elective caesarean delivery-time scheduling marker.
    Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 11/2014; · 0.60 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of endometrial injury on the clinical pregnancy rate in normoresponders undergoing long agonist protocol intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with single embryo transfer. Prospective case-control study. One hundred and eighteen women (age <35 years, normoresponders with Grade I or II embryos for transfer) were included. Women in the intervention group (n=56) underwent endometrial biopsy on Day 3 of the menstrual cycle following downregulation. Women in the control group (n=62) did not undergo endometrial biopsy. The clinical and embryological characteristics were comparable in the two groups, and no significant difference was found in the fertilization rates (66.32% in the intervention group vs 70.23% in the control group). The clinical pregnancy rate was 48.2% in the intervention group and 29.0% in the control group (p=0.025). Endometrial injury may increase the clinical pregnancy rate (odds ratio 2.27). The 'take home baby' rates were 33.9% and 17.7% in the intervention and control groups, respectively (p=0.035). Assisted reproductive technology treatment that is preceded by endometrial injury may increase the clinical pregnancy rate in women undergoing long agonist protocol ICSI cycles with single embryo transfer.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 11/2013; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of intramural fibroids on the intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) cycle outcome, when there is no compression of the endometrial cavity. In this retrospective, matched control study, the ICSI-ET outcome of sixty-two patients (Group I) with intramural fibroid (mean diameter <7 cm) and normal endometrial cavity demonstrated by office hysteroscopy was compared with matched-control group of patients (n = 301) with no fibroid (Group II). The diagnosis of fibroids was done by transvaginal ultrasonography. The mean age in fibroid group was 32.66 +/- 5.30 while this figure was 32.95 +/- 3.98 in control group. The clinical pregnancy rate was significantly lower in the fibroid group although fibroids not distorting the uterine cavity (25.8% vs. 39.9%, p = 0.04). In fibroid group the implantation rate was significantly lower than control group (20.97 +/- 37.93 vs.32.89 +/- 43.18%, p = 0.04). However, spontaneous abortion rate was higher in fibroid group but it did not reach the significant level (12.5% vs. 9.2%, p > 0.05). Women having intramural leiomyomas not encroaching on the uterine cavity have unfavorable ICSI/ET outcomes comparable to those of women without such leiomyomas. Therefore, myomectomy may be a good option for such patients with intramural fibroids even they do not have any endometrial distortion.
    Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 10/2013; 11(1):102. · 2.41 Impact Factor
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 03/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the effect of oral contraceptives (OC) on cervical mucoprotein content by evaluating quantitatively mucoprotein 1 (MUC1), mucoprotein 2 (MUC2), mucoprotein 5AC (MUC5AC) and mucoprotein 5B (MUC5B) levels. This prospective controlled study included 20 women of reproductive age who had requested OC. Cervical mucus samples were obtained from the women before use of the OC and after 2 months of OC use. The mucus samples were then evaluated quantitatively for MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and MUC5B by ELISA by using specific antibodies. MUC5AC mucoprotein predominated quantitatively both before and after OC use. After OC use, compared to before OC use, variable increases in the levels of all studied mucoproteins were recorded, but the increases in MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5B were statistically significant. The difference in the level of MUC2 was remarkable (+54.36 ± 31.88 ng/mL). OC use may change the mucoprotein content (especially for MUC2) of cervical mucus and thus, may cause a highly viscous pattern of cervical mucus which may enhance the contraceptive efficacy of OC pills.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 05/2012; 164(1):40-3. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prolongation, protraction or complete cessation of labor is called failed labor. It is one of the leading indications for cesarean delivery. The goal of this study was to measure pelvic floor muscle strength and investigate its effect on labor in nulliparous pregnant women. A total of 88 patients were included in the study. The study was conducted in nulliparous pregnant women with a low Bishop score (≤ 7). A low-dose intravenous oxytocin protocol was used for labor induction in all patients. Evaluation of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength was performed using a vaginal pressure measurement device just before labor induction. The duration of labor stages and the rate of failed labor were considered the main outcomes. The study group consisted of patients whose labor failed and who subsequently underwent cesarean delivery. The control group consisted of patients who delivered vaginally. The pelvic floor muscle strength and main outcome measures of the two groups were compared. No differences were found in age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and neonatal birth weight between the study and control groups. The mean resting and maximum squeeze pressures in the study group were 29.6 ± 9.8 and 56.4 ± 12.1 cm H(2)O respectively, significantly higher than in the control group. The best predictor of failed labor was a maximum squeeze pressure value of 59 cm H(2)0 (51.6% sensitivity and 87.7% specificity). Pelvic floor muscle strength appears to play a role in predicting failed labor.
    International Urogynecology Journal 04/2012; 23(8):1105-10. · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 02/2012; 117(2):188-9. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on systemic oxidative stress by using serum oxidative stress markers (ischemia modified albumin (IMA), malondialdehyde (MDA), total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI)) and to compare their effectiveness at clinically accepted safe intra-abdominal pressure levels (<12 mmHg). A total of 33 consecutive patients who had a unilateral ovarian cyst were enrolled for this prospective clinical study. All women underwent a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy procedure. Venous blood was collected from patients preoperatively, 10 min after induction of anesthesia and 30 min after insufflation. Preoperative, 10(min), and 30(min) serum IMA, MDA, TOS, OSI and TAS levels were compared. The mean age was 29.3 ± 6.4 and the range of operation time was 45-80 min. The mean serum IMA levels showed a significant increase 30 min later from CO(2) insufflation (p<0.05). Significant alterations were not observed in serum MDA, TOS, OSI or TAS levels. Laparoscopic surgery causes systemic ischemia and this ischemic effect can be revealed by measuring serum ischemia modified albumin. IMA is more sensitive than MDA, TOS, OSI and TAS in early detection of systemic oxidative stress.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 12/2011; 161(1):80-3. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the first case of massive intraabdominal hemorrhage after transvaginal ultrasonographically guided oocyte retrieval that was successfully managed with angiographic uterine artery embolization. Case report. Assisted reproduction unit of a tertiary university hospital. A 40-year-old woman with a history of primary infertility presented 10 days after oocyte retrieval because of severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and vaginal bleeding for 3 days. She had a history of mild factor VIII deficiency for 3 years. Evaluation of the intraabdominal hemorrhage with ultrasonography and angiography. Management of oocyte pickup complicated with intraabdominal hemorrhage. Treatment of massive life-threatening intraabdominal hemorrhage with bilateral uterine artery embolization. After transfusion with 2 units of fresh-frozen plasma and packed red blood cell, an interventional radiologist performed percutaneous transcatheter pelvic angiography to detect abnormal vascularization and vascular blush consistent with hemorrhage and then immediate bilateral uterine artery embolization was done. The patient was discharged from the hospital 5 days later without any remarkable complications. Angiographic uterine artery embolization under fluoroscopic guidance is a successful nonsurgical approach for the treatment of oocyte pickup-induced life-threatening hemorrhage.
    Fertility and sterility 06/2011; 96(2):e99-e102. · 4.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Torsion of the ovary is a rare but serious cause of gynecologic surgical emergency. Specific laboratory markers that support the preoperative diagnosis of ovarian torsion are not currently available in the clinical routine. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of plasma D-dimer level as an early indicator of ovarian torsion in an experimental rat ovarian torsion model. Sixteen female adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used for this controlled experimental study. Eight rats in the sham operation group (Group I) underwent a surgical procedure similar to Group II but the ovary was not occluded. In Group II (eight rats), a torsion model was created by using atraumatic vascular clips just above and below the right ovary for a 2-h period of ischemia. Right ovaries were surgically removed at the end of the procedure in each group. Blood was sampled before and after operation to assess plasma D-dimer levels. The main outcome measure was ovarian histopathologic findings scores and plasma D-dimer levels. There was no significant difference in pre-operative plasma D-dimer levels (0.5963 ± 0.2047 mg/l in Group I, 0.6344 ± 0.1348 mg/l in Group II, P = 0.815, Mann-Whitney U-test). However, mean plasma D-dimer value for Group II was significantly higher than that in the control group (1.2267 ± 0.3099 versus 0.6213 ± 0.2346 mg/l, respectively, Mann-Whitney U-test, P < 0.001), following 2 h of ovarian torsion. Ovarian tissue damage scores were also statistically significantly different among groups. If the observations made in a rat model are extended to humans, plasma D-dimer measurement may be a valuable parameter in the early diagnosis of ovarian torsion.
    Human Reproduction 03/2011; 26(3):564-8. · 4.59 Impact Factor
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 02/2011; 112(2):142-3. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Conjoined twin is a rarely seen congenital anomaly together with severe mortality and morbidity. The more common types of conjoined twins include the thoracopagus type, where the fusion is anterior, at the chest, and involves the heart. We are reporting one case of conjoined thoracopagus twins diagnosed by ultrasonography at 11 weeks. Case Report. In a multigravid pregnant woman who has been admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of conjoined twins, thoracopagus, by ultrasonography at an 11-week gestation, termination of the pregnancy was performed. Conclusion. Making an early diagnosis with ultrasonographic examination gives the parents a chance to elect pregnancy termination.
    ISRN obstetrics and gynecology 01/2011; 2011:238360.
  • Kafkas Journal of Medical Sciences. 01/2011; 1(2):64-68.
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    ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and safety of meperidine hydrochloride and valethamate bromide against placebo in shortening the duration of active labor. We randomly assigned 160 nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy at term who needed induction of labor to one of 3 treatments: 50 mg of meperidine (n=53), 16 mg of valethamate bromide (n=53), or a normal saline solution as placebo (n=54). All medications were given by slow intravenous infusion. Labor duration was the main outcome measure. The intervals between infusion and complete cervical dilation and between infusion and delivery were significantly reduced (P<0.001 and P<0.01) in the meperidine group (103.0+/-64.5 minutes and 119.8+/-70.2 minutes), in contrast to the placebo group (173.9+/-74.8 minutes and 192.2+/-82.8 minutes). However, differences were not significant between the 2 treatment groups (139.6+/-63.1 minutes and 160.6+/-71.9 minutes), or between the valethamate bromide and the placebo group. Meperidine, but not valethamate bromide, significantly shortened the duration of active labor in nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy at term.
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 09/2009; 107(2):126-9. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oral contraceptives (OCs) remain among the most effective reversible methods of birth control available today, providing almost 100% effectiveness with an impressively high margin of safety and other important health benefits. However, concerns have been raised about the role that the hormones in OCs might play in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. Evidence shows that long-term use of OCs (five or more years) may be associated with an increased risk of cancer of the cervix. The mechanism of increased risk of cervical cancer in OCs users has long been debated, and remains uncertain. Our hypothesis is that scanty, thick, and highly viscous cervical mucus obtained in OCs users intimately involved in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. Possibly, this architecture of cervical mucus may modulate and prolong the effect of carcinogenic agents, which have been carried by coitus and stored in posterior vaginal fornix, on squamocolumnar junction of cervix by not permitting them to be removed because of its highly viscous pattern. The role of cervical mucus changes by means of specific mucin protein changes on the pathophysiology of cervical cancer in OCs users should be investigated.
    Medical Hypotheses 02/2007; 69(3):550-2. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate our experience in patients with endometrial cancer found in simple hysterectomy. Forty patients treated for endometrial cancer after simple hysterectomy were evaluated, retrospectively. Twenty-one patients (Group 1) underwent surgical staging procedure while 19 patients were not subjected to complementary surgical staging procedure (Group 2). The mean age was 53.80 years. Residual disease following reoperation was found in only four patients (19.0%). The three of them who were considered Stage IC (two Grade 1, one Grade 2) were found to be Stage IIIC and one patient who was considered Stage IB (Grade 2) was found to be Stage IIIC. The overall recurrence rates in Groups 1 and 2 were 4.8% versus 10.5% (P > 0.05). The overall disease-free survival rates were 95.24% in Group 1 and 87.50% in Group 2 (P > 0.05). Considering the patients who received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy (RT), the overall disease-free survival rates were 88.89% in Group 1 and 84.62% in Group 2 (P > 0.05). We believe that complementary surgical staging may have benefit in patients with incompletely staged endometrial carcinoma excluding Stage IA G1 cases, since the recurrence rate has rising and disease-free survival estimate has decreasing tendencies in incompletely staged patients than that in complementary surgically staged ones.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 04/2006; 93(5):373-8. · 2.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are several entities that can present with multiple nodular lesions within the peritoneal cavity, such as "disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis," "peritoneal fibrosis," "calcifying fibrous pseudotumor," and the recently described lesion of "reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor of the gastrointestinal tract and mesentery." Here we present one such lesion in a 28-year-old woman with a history of dysmenorrhea and ergotamine use for migraine attacks. Intraoperative exploration of our patient disclosed numerous nodules located throughout the pelvic and abdominal peritoneum. Histopathologically, these lesions were fibrocollagenous nodules composed of sparse wavy spindle cells within hyalinized "keloid-like" collagen surrounded by an inflammatory infiltrate. Some of the nodules were associated with small foci of endometriosis. We believe this lesion is best described by the term "reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor" and that endometriosis and the use of ergotamine derivatives may be contributing factors.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 12/2005; 447(5):879-82. · 2.56 Impact Factor
  • Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 05/2005; 271(1). · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine if women who undergo tubal sterilization by the Pomeroy technique have any risk of a subsequent significant decrease in ovarian reserve and vascular support inside the ovary, by means of stromal artery Doppler ultrasonography. Between March 2000 and September 2004, 108 healthy volunteers underwent mini-laparatomic tubal ligation using the modified Pomeroy technique (study group). As a control group, 102 age-matched women were recruited. The main outcome measurements were blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone and estradiol, ovarian volume, number of antral follicles and Doppler indices of the ovarian stromal arteries on the third day of the cycle immediately before, 1 month and 12 months after the surgical intervention. In the study group and control group, results of the main outcome measurements immediately before, 1 month and 12 months after the surgical intervention did not show any significant difference except one. There was a significant elevation of FSH levels after 1 and 12 months, which was statistically significant (p < 0.05) in the study group. The 12-month follow-up of patients suggests that there is neither a decrease in ovarian reserve nor an adverse effect on the blood supply of ovarian stroma after tubal sterilization by the modified Pomeroy technique. A significant elevation of FSH levels was observed at 1 and 12 months after the operation.
    Gynecological Endocrinology 05/2005; 20(5):279-83. · 1.14 Impact Factor