Cavit Kart

Karadeniz Technical University, Atrabazandah, Trabzon, Turkey

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Publications (14)29.6 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of endometrial injury on the clinical pregnancy rate in normoresponders undergoing long agonist protocol intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with single embryo transfer. Prospective case-control study. One hundred and eighteen women (age <35 years, normoresponders with Grade I or II embryos for transfer) were included. Women in the intervention group (n=56) underwent endometrial biopsy on Day 3 of the menstrual cycle following downregulation. Women in the control group (n=62) did not undergo endometrial biopsy. The clinical and embryological characteristics were comparable in the two groups, and no significant difference was found in the fertilization rates (66.32% in the intervention group vs 70.23% in the control group). The clinical pregnancy rate was 48.2% in the intervention group and 29.0% in the control group (p=0.025). Endometrial injury may increase the clinical pregnancy rate (odds ratio 2.27). The 'take home baby' rates were 33.9% and 17.7% in the intervention and control groups, respectively (p=0.035). Assisted reproductive technology treatment that is preceded by endometrial injury may increase the clinical pregnancy rate in women undergoing long agonist protocol ICSI cycles with single embryo transfer.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 11/2013; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of intramural fibroids on the intracytoplasmic sperm injection-embryo transfer (ICSI-ET) cycle outcome, when there is no compression of the endometrial cavity. In this retrospective, matched control study, the ICSI-ET outcome of sixty-two patients (Group I) with intramural fibroid (mean diameter <7 cm) and normal endometrial cavity demonstrated by office hysteroscopy was compared with matched-control group of patients (n = 301) with no fibroid (Group II). The diagnosis of fibroids was done by transvaginal ultrasonography. The mean age in fibroid group was 32.66 +/- 5.30 while this figure was 32.95 +/- 3.98 in control group. The clinical pregnancy rate was significantly lower in the fibroid group although fibroids not distorting the uterine cavity (25.8% vs. 39.9%, p = 0.04). In fibroid group the implantation rate was significantly lower than control group (20.97 +/- 37.93 vs.32.89 +/- 43.18%, p = 0.04). However, spontaneous abortion rate was higher in fibroid group but it did not reach the significant level (12.5% vs. 9.2%, p > 0.05). Women having intramural leiomyomas not encroaching on the uterine cavity have unfavorable ICSI/ET outcomes comparable to those of women without such leiomyomas. Therefore, myomectomy may be a good option for such patients with intramural fibroids even they do not have any endometrial distortion.
    Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 10/2013; 11(1):102. · 2.14 Impact Factor
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 03/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the effect of oral contraceptives (OC) on cervical mucoprotein content by evaluating quantitatively mucoprotein 1 (MUC1), mucoprotein 2 (MUC2), mucoprotein 5AC (MUC5AC) and mucoprotein 5B (MUC5B) levels. This prospective controlled study included 20 women of reproductive age who had requested OC. Cervical mucus samples were obtained from the women before use of the OC and after 2 months of OC use. The mucus samples were then evaluated quantitatively for MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC and MUC5B by ELISA by using specific antibodies. MUC5AC mucoprotein predominated quantitatively both before and after OC use. After OC use, compared to before OC use, variable increases in the levels of all studied mucoproteins were recorded, but the increases in MUC1, MUC2 and MUC5B were statistically significant. The difference in the level of MUC2 was remarkable (+54.36 ± 31.88 ng/mL). OC use may change the mucoprotein content (especially for MUC2) of cervical mucus and thus, may cause a highly viscous pattern of cervical mucus which may enhance the contraceptive efficacy of OC pills.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 05/2012; 164(1):40-3. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The prolongation, protraction or complete cessation of labor is called failed labor. It is one of the leading indications for cesarean delivery. The goal of this study was to measure pelvic floor muscle strength and investigate its effect on labor in nulliparous pregnant women. A total of 88 patients were included in the study. The study was conducted in nulliparous pregnant women with a low Bishop score (≤ 7). A low-dose intravenous oxytocin protocol was used for labor induction in all patients. Evaluation of pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength was performed using a vaginal pressure measurement device just before labor induction. The duration of labor stages and the rate of failed labor were considered the main outcomes. The study group consisted of patients whose labor failed and who subsequently underwent cesarean delivery. The control group consisted of patients who delivered vaginally. The pelvic floor muscle strength and main outcome measures of the two groups were compared. No differences were found in age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and neonatal birth weight between the study and control groups. The mean resting and maximum squeeze pressures in the study group were 29.6 ± 9.8 and 56.4 ± 12.1 cm H(2)O respectively, significantly higher than in the control group. The best predictor of failed labor was a maximum squeeze pressure value of 59 cm H(2)0 (51.6% sensitivity and 87.7% specificity). Pelvic floor muscle strength appears to play a role in predicting failed labor.
    International Urogynecology Journal 04/2012; 23(8):1105-10. · 2.17 Impact Factor
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 02/2012; 117(2):188-9. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum on systemic oxidative stress by using serum oxidative stress markers (ischemia modified albumin (IMA), malondialdehyde (MDA), total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI)) and to compare their effectiveness at clinically accepted safe intra-abdominal pressure levels (<12 mmHg). A total of 33 consecutive patients who had a unilateral ovarian cyst were enrolled for this prospective clinical study. All women underwent a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy procedure. Venous blood was collected from patients preoperatively, 10 min after induction of anesthesia and 30 min after insufflation. Preoperative, 10(min), and 30(min) serum IMA, MDA, TOS, OSI and TAS levels were compared. The mean age was 29.3 ± 6.4 and the range of operation time was 45-80 min. The mean serum IMA levels showed a significant increase 30 min later from CO(2) insufflation (p<0.05). Significant alterations were not observed in serum MDA, TOS, OSI or TAS levels. Laparoscopic surgery causes systemic ischemia and this ischemic effect can be revealed by measuring serum ischemia modified albumin. IMA is more sensitive than MDA, TOS, OSI and TAS in early detection of systemic oxidative stress.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 12/2011; 161(1):80-3. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report the first case of massive intraabdominal hemorrhage after transvaginal ultrasonographically guided oocyte retrieval that was successfully managed with angiographic uterine artery embolization. Case report. Assisted reproduction unit of a tertiary university hospital. A 40-year-old woman with a history of primary infertility presented 10 days after oocyte retrieval because of severe abdominal pain, vomiting, and vaginal bleeding for 3 days. She had a history of mild factor VIII deficiency for 3 years. Evaluation of the intraabdominal hemorrhage with ultrasonography and angiography. Management of oocyte pickup complicated with intraabdominal hemorrhage. Treatment of massive life-threatening intraabdominal hemorrhage with bilateral uterine artery embolization. After transfusion with 2 units of fresh-frozen plasma and packed red blood cell, an interventional radiologist performed percutaneous transcatheter pelvic angiography to detect abnormal vascularization and vascular blush consistent with hemorrhage and then immediate bilateral uterine artery embolization was done. The patient was discharged from the hospital 5 days later without any remarkable complications. Angiographic uterine artery embolization under fluoroscopic guidance is a successful nonsurgical approach for the treatment of oocyte pickup-induced life-threatening hemorrhage.
    Fertility and sterility 06/2011; 96(2):e99-e102. · 3.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Torsion of the ovary is a rare but serious cause of gynecologic surgical emergency. Specific laboratory markers that support the preoperative diagnosis of ovarian torsion are not currently available in the clinical routine. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of plasma D-dimer level as an early indicator of ovarian torsion in an experimental rat ovarian torsion model. Sixteen female adult Sprague-Dawley rats were used for this controlled experimental study. Eight rats in the sham operation group (Group I) underwent a surgical procedure similar to Group II but the ovary was not occluded. In Group II (eight rats), a torsion model was created by using atraumatic vascular clips just above and below the right ovary for a 2-h period of ischemia. Right ovaries were surgically removed at the end of the procedure in each group. Blood was sampled before and after operation to assess plasma D-dimer levels. The main outcome measure was ovarian histopathologic findings scores and plasma D-dimer levels. There was no significant difference in pre-operative plasma D-dimer levels (0.5963 ± 0.2047 mg/l in Group I, 0.6344 ± 0.1348 mg/l in Group II, P = 0.815, Mann-Whitney U-test). However, mean plasma D-dimer value for Group II was significantly higher than that in the control group (1.2267 ± 0.3099 versus 0.6213 ± 0.2346 mg/l, respectively, Mann-Whitney U-test, P < 0.001), following 2 h of ovarian torsion. Ovarian tissue damage scores were also statistically significantly different among groups. If the observations made in a rat model are extended to humans, plasma D-dimer measurement may be a valuable parameter in the early diagnosis of ovarian torsion.
    Human Reproduction 03/2011; 26(3):564-8. · 4.67 Impact Factor
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 02/2011; 112(2):142-3. · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. Conjoined twin is a rarely seen congenital anomaly together with severe mortality and morbidity. The more common types of conjoined twins include the thoracopagus type, where the fusion is anterior, at the chest, and involves the heart. We are reporting one case of conjoined thoracopagus twins diagnosed by ultrasonography at 11 weeks. Case Report. In a multigravid pregnant woman who has been admitted to our clinic with a diagnosis of conjoined twins, thoracopagus, by ultrasonography at an 11-week gestation, termination of the pregnancy was performed. Conclusion. Making an early diagnosis with ultrasonographic examination gives the parents a chance to elect pregnancy termination.
    ISRN obstetrics and gynecology 01/2011; 2011:238360.
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    ABSTRACT: Oral contraceptives (OCs) remain among the most effective reversible methods of birth control available today, providing almost 100% effectiveness with an impressively high margin of safety and other important health benefits. However, concerns have been raised about the role that the hormones in OCs might play in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. Evidence shows that long-term use of OCs (five or more years) may be associated with an increased risk of cancer of the cervix. The mechanism of increased risk of cervical cancer in OCs users has long been debated, and remains uncertain. Our hypothesis is that scanty, thick, and highly viscous cervical mucus obtained in OCs users intimately involved in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer. Possibly, this architecture of cervical mucus may modulate and prolong the effect of carcinogenic agents, which have been carried by coitus and stored in posterior vaginal fornix, on squamocolumnar junction of cervix by not permitting them to be removed because of its highly viscous pattern. The role of cervical mucus changes by means of specific mucin protein changes on the pathophysiology of cervical cancer in OCs users should be investigated.
    Medical Hypotheses 02/2007; 69(3):550-2. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate our experience in patients with endometrial cancer found in simple hysterectomy. Forty patients treated for endometrial cancer after simple hysterectomy were evaluated, retrospectively. Twenty-one patients (Group 1) underwent surgical staging procedure while 19 patients were not subjected to complementary surgical staging procedure (Group 2). The mean age was 53.80 years. Residual disease following reoperation was found in only four patients (19.0%). The three of them who were considered Stage IC (two Grade 1, one Grade 2) were found to be Stage IIIC and one patient who was considered Stage IB (Grade 2) was found to be Stage IIIC. The overall recurrence rates in Groups 1 and 2 were 4.8% versus 10.5% (P > 0.05). The overall disease-free survival rates were 95.24% in Group 1 and 87.50% in Group 2 (P > 0.05). Considering the patients who received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy (RT), the overall disease-free survival rates were 88.89% in Group 1 and 84.62% in Group 2 (P > 0.05). We believe that complementary surgical staging may have benefit in patients with incompletely staged endometrial carcinoma excluding Stage IA G1 cases, since the recurrence rate has rising and disease-free survival estimate has decreasing tendencies in incompletely staged patients than that in complementary surgically staged ones.
    Journal of Surgical Oncology 04/2006; 93(5):373-8. · 2.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are several entities that can present with multiple nodular lesions within the peritoneal cavity, such as "disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis," "peritoneal fibrosis," "calcifying fibrous pseudotumor," and the recently described lesion of "reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor of the gastrointestinal tract and mesentery." Here we present one such lesion in a 28-year-old woman with a history of dysmenorrhea and ergotamine use for migraine attacks. Intraoperative exploration of our patient disclosed numerous nodules located throughout the pelvic and abdominal peritoneum. Histopathologically, these lesions were fibrocollagenous nodules composed of sparse wavy spindle cells within hyalinized "keloid-like" collagen surrounded by an inflammatory infiltrate. Some of the nodules were associated with small foci of endometriosis. We believe this lesion is best described by the term "reactive nodular fibrous pseudotumor" and that endometriosis and the use of ergotamine derivatives may be contributing factors.
    Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin 12/2005; 447(5):879-82. · 2.68 Impact Factor