[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have previously developed a long RT-PCR method for selective amplification of full-length PKD1 transcripts (13.6 kb) and a long-range PCR for amplification in the reiterated region (18 kb) covering exons 14 and 34 of the PKD1 gene. These have provided us with an opportunity to study PKD1 mutations especially in its reiterated region which is difficult to examine. In this report, we have further developed the method of multiple restriction fragment-single strand conformation polymorphism (MRF-SSCP) for analysis of PKD1 mutations in the patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Novel and de novo PKD1 mutations are identified and reported.
Full-length PKD1 cDNA isolated from the patients with ADPKD was fractionated into nine overlapping segments by nested-PCR. Each segment was digested with sets of combined restriction endonucleases before the SSCP analysis. The fragments with aberrant migration were mapped, isolated, and sequenced. The presence of mutation was confirmed by the long-range genomic DNA amplification in the PKD1 region, sequencing, direct mutation detection, and segregation analysis in the affected family.
Five PKD1 mutations identified are two frameshift mutations caused by two di-nucleotide (c. 5225_5226delAG and c.9451_9452delAT) deletions, a nonsense (Q1828X, c.5693C>T) mutation, a splicing defect attributable to 31 nucleotide deletion (g.33184_33214del31), and an in-frame deletion (L3287del, c.10070_10072delCTC). All mutations occurred within the reiterated region of the gene involving exons 15, 26, 15, 19 and 29, respectively. Three mutations (one frameshift, splicing defect, and in-frame deletion) are novel and two (one frameshift and nonsense) known. In addition, two mutations (nonsense and splicing defect) are possibly de novo.
The MRF-SSCP method has been developed to analyze PCR products generated by the long RT-PCR and nested-PCR technique for screening PKD1 mutations in the full-length cDNA. Five mutations identified were all in the reiterated region of this gene, three of which were novel. The presence of de novo PKD1 mutations indicates that this gene is prone to mutations.
BMC Medical Genetics 02/2004; 5:2. · 2.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common human autosomal disorder caused mainly by mutations of the PKD1 gene. In analysis of PKD1 transcripts by long RT-PCR and nested PCR procedures, we observed PKD1-cDNA fragments from three ADPKD siblings from the same family with a size approximately 250 base pairs (bp) shorter than normal. Further investigations showed that the PKD1 transcripts from these patients had been abnormally processed, the nucleotide sequence of exon 43 containing 291 nt was missing from the transcripts, which would result in an abnormal polycystin-1 with an in-frame deletion of 97 amino acids. This splicing defect did not result from a mutation that disrupted the splice donor or acceptor sites adjacent to exon 43 or the branch sites in flanking introns but was most likely due to 20-bp deletion observed in intron 43. The intronic deletion was present in 8 affected members but absent in 11 unaffected members, corresponding with the results of genetic linkage analysis using 5 polymorphic markers in the PKD1 region. Molecular diagnosis of PKD1 in this family could, therefore, be carried out by genomic DNA amplification to directly detect the PKD1 intronic deletion.
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet 10/2001; 84(9):1308-16.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) occurs mainly from mutations of polycystic kidney disease 1 (PKD1) gene. A novel mutation of the PKD1 gene due to a nucleotide substitution in splice-acceptor site of IVS13 (AG->TG) was identified by analyses of PKD1-cDNA and genomic DNA. The IVS13-2A>T substitution resulted in an inactivation of this splice site and utilization of cryptic splice acceptor site in exon 14, causing a 74-nucleotide deletion of this exon in the PKD1-mRNA transcript. The abnormal transcript was present ectopically in the patients' lymphocytes. The partial deletion of PKD1-mRNA leads to frameshift translation and introduces a termination signal at codon 1075. The truncated protein with about one quarter of the full-length polycystin-1 is most likely inactive. Thus, the effect of this mutation would be "loss-of-function" type. Allele specific amplification (ASA) was developed to detect the mutation in DNA samples of other family members. The mutation was present in 11 affected but absent in 13 unaffected family members, corresponding to the results of linkage analysis. In addition, it was not observed in DNA samples of 57 unrelated healthy individuals. Hum Mutat 15:115, 2000.
Human Mutation 01/2000; 15(1):115. · 5.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias have proved particularly difficult to classify due to the lack of phenotypic concordance both within and between families. Genetic heterogeneity has been established, and disease loci for spinal cerebellar ataxia have been assigned to chromosomes 6 (SCA1), 12 (SCA2) and 14 (Machado Joseph disease (MJD)). Genetic analysis performed on a large Thai kindred with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia, in which frontal lobe signs and dementia are commonly observed in affected family members, exclude linkage to the SCA1, SCA2 and MJD loci. This demonstrates that mutation in at least one further locus can cause spinal cerebellar ataxia, indicating the need for caution in the use of markers for predictive testing or prenatal diagnosis these disorders.
Human Molecular Genetics 02/1994; 3(1):177-80. · 6.68 Impact Factor