C P Braegger

University Children's Hospital Basel, Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland

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Publications (36)283.17 Total impact

  • T Stricker, C P Braegger
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 10/2001; 33(3):353-4. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report two children who underwent endoscopic removal of ingested foreign bodies which had perforated the stomach, one of which had migrated into the thorax.
    Archives of Disease in Childhood 03/2001; 84(2):165-6. · 3.05 Impact Factor
  • F Frank, T Stricker, T Stallmach, C P Braegger
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    ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori is associated with chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer in adults and in children. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the association of recurrent abdominal pain and H. pylori infection in children and to evaluate the efficacy of antimicrobial treatment in patients with evidence of infection. The clinical and histopathologic findings in children who underwent diagnostic upper endoscopy for recurrent abdominal pain were analyzed retrospectively. Patients with evidence of infection with H. pylori were treated with a combination of omeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin. Efficacy of treatment was assessed using the 13C-urea-breath test. H. pylori was found in histopathologic sections of 29 (40%) of 73 patients undergoing diagnostic endoscopy for recurrent abdominal pain. Five children (17%) were of Swiss ethnic origin, and 24 (83%) were non-Swiss. All the infected patients had chronic gastritis and 4 (14%) had ulcerations in the duodenum. Treatment with omeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin resulted in eradication of the infection in all and in resolution of the clinical symptoms in 15 (80%) of 19 patients who had a follow-up examination. The presented data suggest that gastritis induced by H. pylori may be associated with recurrent abdominal pain and that in Switzerland infections with H. pylori primarily involve persons who are non-Swiss. A combined therapy results in eradication of the bacterium and in improvement of the clinical symptoms in a significant majority of the patients.
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 11/2000; 31(4):424-7. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperphenylalaninemia, which can cause neurological disorders and mental retardation, results from a mutation in phenylalanine hydroxylase or an enzyme required for biosynthesis or regeneration of its cofactor, tetrahydrobiopterin. The hyperphenylalaninemia variant primapterinuria is characterized by the excretion of 7-biopterin (primapterin). This disorder is thought to be due to a deficiency of 4a-hydroxy-tetrahydrobiopterin dehydratase (pterin-4a-carbinolamine dehydratase), but a lack of tissue activity has not been directly demonstrated. The five mutations so far recognized in patients with primapterinuria are associated with either a single amino acid change or a premature stop codon. Only C81R has been successfully expressed in soluble form, and was found to have 40% of normal activity. Tissues which could be obtained by minimally invasive procedures were analyzed for dehydratase activity. None was detected in normal human white cells or fibroblasts. However, activity was found in intestine of rat, dog, pig, and particularly humans where it was only eight times lower than in liver. Distribution along the length and across the wall of small intestine was relatively uniform. Moreover, the dehydratases from human liver and intestinal mucosa have identical kinetic properties. A biopsy of duodenal mucosa from a patient with homozygous E96K dehydratase had activity of 55 nmol. min(-1)g(-1) mucosa compared to 329 +/- 32 nmol. min(-1)g(-1) tissue in controls (n = 12). The sixfold lower tissue activity of the E96K mutant alone may not be sufficient to account for the biochemical symptoms of primapterinuria in this patient. However, accumulation of a 4a-hydroxy-tetrahydrobiopterin degradation product (a side-chain cyclic adduct), which has been observed in vitro and appears to be a dehydratase inhibitor, may further exacerbate the problem.
    Molecular Genetics and Metabolism 08/2000; 70(3):179-88. · 2.83 Impact Factor
  • T Stricker, C P Braegger
    New England Journal of Medicine 07/2000; 342(22):1644. · 51.66 Impact Factor
  • T Stricker, C P Braegger
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 03/2000; 30(2):224. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thirty HIV-infected children were cross-sectionally examined for morphologic hepatic abnormalities, using ultrasonography or histology. Abdominal ultrasonography was performed in 27 children. The liver structure was normal in four patients, one of whom had moderate symptoms of the HIV infection and three of them severe symptoms. Abnormal liver structure, compatible with hepatic steatosis, was found in 23 (85%) patients. Five of them were in an early stage of the HIV infection (category N or A), three patients were ranked in category B and 15 patients in category C. Histological examination of the liver was performed in 11 children and steatosis was documented in ten (91%). In seven (70%) of these ten children steatosis had been suspected by ultrasonography. In conclusion, steatosis is common in HIV-infected children. It is non-specific and has no impact on disease, diagnostic evaluation or management. Conclusion Ultrasonography is a sensitive, accurate, non-invasive screening tool. It is more reliable than liver function tests.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 01/2000; 158(12):971-4. · 1.91 Impact Factor
  • T Stricker, C P Braegger
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 08/1999; 29(1):104. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 04/1999; 28(3):341-2. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • T Stricker, C P Braegger
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 10/1998; 27(3):369-70. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    C P Braegger, D C Belli, G Mentha, B Steinmann
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    ABSTRACT: A 16-year-old girl is described with abetalipoproteinaemia who underwent liver transplantation for hepatic cirrhosis. After this procedure her serum lipoprotein profile was corrected; however, fat malabsorption and steatorrhea persisted because the primary defect, a mutant microsomal triglyceride-transfer protein, remains expressed in the intestine.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 08/1998; 157(7):576-8. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study evaluates faecal immunoreactive lipase (IRL) measurement in spot stool samples as an index of exocrine pancreatic function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Stool samples (211) from 183 healthy volunteers (age range: 2 days-14.2 years) showed a normal log distribution of IRL values with a median concentration of 71.4 micrograms/g (range: 0.53-4160 micrograms/g). In 156 stool samples from 58 patients with proven CF, the median IRL concentration of 0.4 microgram/g (range: 0.003-107 micrograms/g) was significantly lower (P < 0.001) than that of normal controls. In healthy controls, IRL levels were age related with significantly higher levels (P < 0.001) shortly after birth compared to older children. Stimulation of the exocrine pancreas by oral milk feeding resulted in a significant (P < 0.001) increase in a faecal IRL concentration. Faecal IRL concentrations in meconium were very low and of the same magnitude as in patients with CF. CONCLUSION: Faecal IRL determination had a high diagnostic sensitivity (87%) and excellent diagnostic specificity (97%) in patients with CF. A negative test result (PVneg. 99%) virtually excluded CF under screening conditions.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 04/1998; 157(4):282-6. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence is emerging that reduced nitric oxide production may be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) requires tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) for activity. Four infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis were treated with oral BH4 (10 mg/kg/day) for 2.5 days. Although plasma total biopterin increased significantly at 3, 27, and 51 h after BH4 administration, there was no effect on the production of plasma cGMP, nitrite, nitrate, or citrulline. Ultrasound investigations before and after the ingestion of BH4 revealed no changes in the hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. We conclude that oral BH4, in the dose utilized in our investigations, does not modify the cause of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, presumably because it did not restore nitric oxide production in the nonadrenergic noncholinergic nerves of the enteric nervous system.
    Biochemical and Molecular Medicine 11/1997; 62(1):101-5.
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    ABSTRACT: We describe two siblings (female and male) with progressive tubulo-interstitial nephropathy and cholestatic liver disease. The main characteristics were progressive renal failure and elevated liver enzymes (AST, ALT and gamma-GT). Dialysis was started at the age of 1.9 and 6.5 years, respectively. Renal histology disclosed sclerosed glomeruli and atrophic tubules; the interstitium was fibrotic and infiltrated by lymphocytes. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed segmental irregularities and narrowing of the intrahepatic bile ducts, consistent with early primary sclerosing cholangitis. Liver histology showed enlarged portal triads, mild proliferation and inflammation of bile ducts, and fibrosis. At 5.9 years the girl underwent a successful renal transplantation whereas the boy is still on dialysis. CONCLUSION: The association of progressive tubulointerstitial nephropathy and cholestatic liver disease, consistent with early primary sclerosing cholangitis, constitutes a distinct autosomal recessive entity.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 10/1997; 156(9):723-6. · 1.91 Impact Factor
  • C P Braegger, J Altorfer
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 01/1997; 23(5):614-7. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • C P Braegger, T T MacDonald
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    ABSTRACT: Celiac disease is the classical food-sensitive enteropathy and is caused by an antigen-specific immunologic hypersensitivity response to gluten within the small intestinal mucosa. Antibody and T-cell hypersensitivity may play a role in vivo, but it is more likely that the primary problem is an inappropriate T-cell response to gluten. The deleterious effects of gluten in celiac patients can be completely explained by the immune-mediated alterations in upper small-intestinal mucosal shape; these alterations include the replacement of long villi and short crypts with short or absent villi and hyperplastic crypts. It is an extremely unusual disease in that it is highly linked to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ2, and CD4+ T-cell clones that recognize gluten in the context of DQ2 have been isolated from celiac mucosa lamina propria. HLA-DQ2 is commonly used in Whites, but the incidence of celiac disease varies greatly between different countries and with time, without any obvious explanation. Celiac disease is also unusual in that it has features of autoimmune disease. Patients with active disease have immunoglobulin (Ig)A antibodies in endomysium, an uncharacterized extracellular matrix protein, and the presence of these antibodies is very specific for this condition. However, because celiac disease is more common in IgA-deficient patients, the IgA antiendomysial antibodies are unlikely to be pathogenic.
    Seminars in gastrointestinal disease 08/1996; 7(3):124-33.
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    ABSTRACT: Complex febrile convulsions were the initial clinical manifestation of miliary tuberculosis in a 4-year-old immigrant girl. The cerebral lesions were visible only after contrast-enhanced cranial computed tomography (CT) while native CT scan as well as cell count and glucose concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid were normal. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was cultured from gastric aspirate and liver biopsy tissue. Treatment with isoniazid and rifampin for 12 months, pyrazinamide for 9 months, and ethambutol for the initial 6 weeks resulted in resolution of the cerebral lesions but a retinal scar after granuloma formation in the right eye caused reduced visus. This case demonstrates the importance of thorough search for tuberculosis even in the absence of overt clinical pulmonary signs especially in high-risk individuals such as immigrants.
    Neuropediatrics 07/1996; 27(3):161-3. · 1.19 Impact Factor
  • C P Braegger, M Albisetti, D Nadal
    Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 08/1995; 21(1):104-6. · 2.20 Impact Factor
  • Advances in experimental medicine and biology 02/1995; 371B:1327-30. · 1.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Childhood Crohn's disease may cause significant morbidity. T cell activation is considered to be central to Crohn's disease pathology, and as cyclosporin is a powerful inhibitor of T cell activation, and has been used in adult Crohn's disease with encouraging results, it may offer the prospect of remission if given early in the course of disease. Children with newly diagnosed Crohn's disease or those relapsing off treatment were therefore given cyclosporin or conventional treatment (enteral nutrition or corticosteroids) by random allocation. Evaluation was performed initially and at two months. Twenty four children were studied (10 on cyclosporin and 14 on conventional treatment; one child on cyclosporin withdrew). Significant clinical improvement occurred in the group on conventional treatment, but not in the cyclosporin group. Colonoscopic improvement was noted in 5/9 on cyclosporin and 8/14 on conventional treatment, but neither group produced a significant fall in median colonoscopic index. Histological improvement was seen in 7/8 on cyclosporin and 8/13 on conventional treatment, but cyclosporin was not significantly better. Cyclosporin produced improved clinical and histological appearance without matched improvement in blood disease indices. It was not better than conventional treatment, and simple oral administration is probably not suitable for newly diagnosed patients with Crohn's disease.
    Archives of Disease in Childhood 10/1994; 71(3):243-7. · 3.05 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
283.17 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2001
    • University Children's Hospital Basel
      Bâle, Basel-City, Switzerland
  • 1992–2000
    • University of Zurich
      • • Division of Infectuous Dieseases
      • • Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics
      Zürich, ZH, Switzerland