ABSTRACT: We have examined 3-week-old alcian blue positive cells (putatively mast cells) derived from mouse bone marrow for their expression of Fc epsilon RI. Using an indirect method of sensitizing the cells with immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody (anti-DNP IgE) and detecting the level of bound IgE antibody by flow cytometry, we found that prolonged culture (1-5 days) with IgE, but not IgG, increased the total receptor density 6 +/- 1.9 fold. During the same period, histamine release in response to antigen (DNP-HSA) increased approximately 6-fold while the cell's response to either thrombin or ionomycin remained constant. The greatest up-regulation occurred in the first 2 days of culture. Using 2.4G2 to detect Fc epsilon RII RIII, we could not detect any up-regulation of this receptor. Culturing the cells for 1 h after sensitization did not result in any loss of cell surface IgE, suggesting a reasonably high affinity binding similar to that expected for Fc epsilon RI. This up-regulation was completely inhibited by co-culture with 2 micrograms/ml cycloheximide. These data suggest that IgE is capable of inducing a significant, protein synthesis, dependent up-regulation of its own high affinity receptor on mast cells/basophils.
Immunology Letters 10/1996; 52(2-3):129-34. · 2.53 Impact Factor