ABSTRACT: To evaluate the growth disorder and phenotype in prepubertal children with Leri-Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD), a dominantly inherited skeletal dysplasia, and to compare the findings from girls with Turner syndrome (TS).
We studied the auxologic and phenotypic characteristics in 34 prepubertal LWD subjects (ages 1 to 10 years; 20 girls, 14 boys) with confirmed short stature homeobox-containing gene (SHOX) abnormalities. For comparative purposes, we evaluated similar physical and growth parameters in 76 girls with TS (ages 1 to 19 years) and 24 girls with LWD (ages 1 to 15 years) by using data collected from the postmarketing observational study, GeNeSIS.
In the clinic sample LWD subjects, height standard deviation score ranged from -5.5 to +0.1 (-2.3 +/- 1.3, girls and -1.8 +/- 0.6, boys). Wrist changes related to Madelung deformity were present in 18 of 34 (53%) LWD subjects. In comparing the LWD and TS populations in the GeNeSIS sample, Madelung deformity, increased carrying angle, and scoliosis were more prevalent in the LWD population, whereas high arched palate was similarly prevalent in the two populations.
Short stature is common in both LWD (girls and boys) and TS (girls). Clinical clues to the diagnosis of SHOX haploinsufficiency in childhood include short stature, short limbs, wrist changes, and tibial bowing.
Journal of Pediatrics 11/2005; 147(4):499-507. · 4.11 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To investigate in an open-label randomized study, the effect of two doses of growth hormone (GH) on final height and height velocity during the first 2 years of treatment of children with idiopathic short stature (mean baseline height standard deviation score [SDS] -3.2).
Patients were treated with GH at 0.24 mg/kg/week, 0.24 mg/kg/week for the first year and at 0.37 mg/kg/week thereafter (0.24-->0.37), or 0.37 mg/kg/week. Final height was evaluated in 50 patients at study completion (mean treatment duration, 6.5 years).
Patients who received 0.37 mg/kg/week (n = 72) experienced a significantly greater increase in height velocity than those who received 0.24 mg/kg/week (n = 70) (treatment difference = 0.8 cm/year; P = .003) or 0.24-->0.37 mg/kg/week (n = 67) (treatment difference = 0.9 cm/year; P = .001). For the 50 patients for whom final height measurements were available, mean height SDS increased by 1.55, 1.52, and 1.85 SDS, respectively, for the three dose groups. For the primary comparison between the 0.37 mg/kg/week and 0.24 mg/kg/week dose groups, the mean treatment difference (adjusted for differences in baseline predicted height SDS) was 0.57 SDS (3.6 cm; P = .025). Mean overall height gains (final height minus baseline predicted height) were 7.2 cm and 5.4 cm for the 0.37 mg/kg/week and 0.24 mg/kg/week dose groups, respectively, without dose effects on safety parameters. Final height measurements were within the normal adult height range for 94% of patients randomized to 0.37 mg/kg/week who continued to final height.
GH treatment dose-dependently increases height velocity and final height in children with idiopathic short stature.
Journal of Pediatrics 01/2005; 146(1):45-53. · 4.11 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The Hypopituitary Control and Complications Study is an international surveillance study evaluating efficacy and safety of GH therapy of adult GH-deficient patients in clinical practice. The present report examined baseline data from 1,123 adult onset (AO) and 362 childhood onset (CO) patients, as well as efficacy in 242 patients who had completed 3 yr of GH treatment. At study entry, mean height, body mass index, waist to hip ratio, and lean body mass were significantly (P < 0.001 for each) lower in CO compared with AO patients. After 3 yr on GH, lean body mass was significantly increased in AO males and females and CO males but not CO females, whereas fat mass was significantly decreased in AO males only. Serum total cholesterol was decreased in females (-0.32 +/- 1.00 mmol/liter; P = 0.045) and males (-0.36 +/- 0.96 mmol/liter; P = 0.004). High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was increased for females (0.10 +/- 0.26 mmol/liter; P = 0.026) and males (0.10 +/- 0.34 mmol/liter; P = 0.022). The low-density lipoprotein/HDL ratio was decreased in AO males (-0.93 +/- 2.00; P = 0.003), AO females (-0.65 +/- 0.74; P < 0.001), and CO females (-0.69 +/- 0.76; P = 0.038), but the decrease in CO males was not significant (-0.84 +/- 2.85; P = 0.273). In AO patients, lean body mass increase from baseline was greatest in the those younger than 40 yr old, less but still significant in the middle group (40-60 yr) and unchanged in older (>60 yr) patients; conversely, decreases in the low-density lipoprotein/HDL ratio were small and not significant in the younger patients but greater and significant in the middle and older age groups. During the 3-yr treatment, 114 (7.7%) patients discontinued, including 9 (0.6%) for tumor recurrences, 9 (0.6%) for neoplasia, and 9 (0.6%) for side effects. Therefore, these observational data showed significant long-term efficacy of adult GH replacement therapy on body composition and lipid profiles and indicate that age is an important predictor of response.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 04/2002; 87(4):1600-6. · 6.50 Impact Factor