Brian S Diggs

Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States

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Publications (106)383.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The initial minimum operation for ulcerative colitis is a total abdominal colectomy. Healthy patients may undergo proctectomy at the same time; however, for ill patients, proctectomy is delayed. Since the introduction of biologic medications in 2005, ulcerative colitis medical management has changed dramatically.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 12/2014; 57(12):1358-1363. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: & Aims: Transoral esophagogastric fundoplication (TF) can decrease or eliminate features of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in some patients whose symptoms persist despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. We performed a prospective, sham-controlled trial to determine if TF reduced troublesome regurgitation to a greater extent than PPIs in patients with GERD.
    Gastroenterology 10/2014; · 12.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Cranial vault remodeling for repair of craniosynostosis is associated with significant blood loss and need for blood transfusion. To reduce these events, our institution began using Tranexamic Acid (TXA) peri-operatively in 2012. We sought to quantify the impact TXA has had on reducing blood loss and the transfusion of all blood product components. Methods: With institutional review board approval, a retrospective study from 2006 to 2013 was performed for all patients undergoing surgical correction of craniosynostosis at our institution. All available records were reviewed, and patient data were collected from the time of preoperative evaluation until discharge. We focused our review on patients with non-syndromic single-suture synostosis, before and after the implementation of TXA into our program. Results: We identified a total of 220 patients with craniosynostosis, of which 176 had non-syndromic single-suture disease. Of these 176, a total of 48 received TXA. A single surgical team performed all operations. Median age at time of surgery was 9.1 months (IQR of 5.9-10.4 months). The TXA group had a significant reduction in estimated blood loss (29 vs. 37 ml/kg p<0.01), cell saver volume (46 vs. 83 ml p<0.01), red cell transfusion (33 vs. 42 ml/kg p<0.01), and exposure to plasma/cryoprecipitate transfusion (2% vs. 31% p<0.01). Reduction in platelet transfusion did not reach significance (2% vs. 9% p=0.18). Even with reduced red cell transfusion, the TXA-treated patients exhibited similar post-operative hematocrits to those not treated with TXA(30.1 vs. 30.9% p=0.508). We found that length of stay was reduced with the use of TXA (4 days IQR 3-4 vs. 4 days IQR 4-5, p<0.01), as was output from surgically placed drains (177 vs. 328 ml p<0.01). We found no difference in mortality or post-operative complications between groups. Conclusions: The introduction of TXA for non-syndromic single-suture synostosis repair at our institution resulted in significant reductions in blood loss and use of blood products. Postoperative hematocrits remained the same even with less red cell transfusion. TXA use nearly eliminated the need for plasma transfusion, and is associated with a shorter hospital stay. No difference in postoperative complications was observed. Our data provides further support for the continued use of TXA in our program and its wider acceptance for pediatric cranial vault remodeling.
    Plastic and reconstructive surgery. 10/2014; 134(4S-1 Suppl):22.
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a cutaneous neuroendocrine tumor that may spread via lymphatics and can therefore be staged with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). MCC is radio- and chemo-sensitive, although the role of adjuvant therapy is still unclear. We examined the impact of different treatments on the outcome of MCC. Methods We performed a retrospective review of state cancer registry data from California, Oregon and Washington of patients diagnosed with primary skin MCC between 1988 and 2012 (n = 4,038). Data was analyzed using Cox-regression and Kaplan-Meier methods to examine disease-specific survival. Results Patients with positive nodes or no documented nodal evaluation had worse survival compared to node negative patients. No nodal evaluation had decreased survival compared to lymph node evaluation by SLNB. Completion lymph node dissection conferred improved survival in patients with a positive SLNB. In clinically node negative patients who had a positive SLNB, radiation and chemotherapy did not affect survival. Conclusions Lymph node evaluation is an important component to MCC treatment. The role of adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy needs further evaluation.
    The American Journal of Surgery 07/2014; · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coagulopathy following trauma is associated with poor outcomes. Traumatic brain injury has been associated with coagulopathy out of proportion to other body regions. We hypothesized that injury severity and shock determine coagulopathy independent of body region injured.
    The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 07/2014; 77(1):67-72. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NAC) followed by esophagectomy are more likely to have negative margins at resection, be downstaged, and have improved overall survival (OS). The specific aim of this study was to analyze OS outcomes using NAC followed by esophagectomy at a single, tertiary care academic medical center. We retrospectively analyzed 106 patients that underwent NAC with platinum-based chemotherapy plus 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or capecitabine followed by esophagectomy from September 1996 to May 2011. OS was analyzed by the Kaplan Meier method. Initial staging determined that of 106 patients, 62% had stage III (n=66), 31% stage II (n=33), and 7% had stage I disease (n=7). Following NAC, 92.5% (n=98) were resected with negative (R0) margins and pathologic staging revealed 59% (n=62) were downstaged, 9% (n=10) were upstaged, and 32% (n=34) remained at the same stage. A pathologic complete response (pCR) was achieved in 29% (n=31) of the cohort. Median OS was 35.2 months for all patients, 42 months for downstaged patients, 13 months when upstaged, and 17 months for those who remained at the same stage (P=0.08). OS by histological type was 30 months for adenocarcinoma and 71 months for squamous cell carcinoma (P=0.06). NAC was effective in downstaging 59% of patients and effectively increased the chance for an R0 resection. These patients, in turn, had improved OS compared to the median OS. Patients with squamous cell carcinoma showed a trend towards more favorable OS.
    Journal of gastrointestinal oncology 04/2014; 5(2):86-91.
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    ABSTRACT: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a significant source of morbidity and mortality. This study sought to determine whether implementation of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) Central Line Bundle would reduce the incidence of CLABSIs. The IHI Central Line Bundle was implemented in a surgical intensive care unit. Patient demographics and the rate of CLABSIs per 1,000 catheter days were compared between the pre- and postintervention groups. Contemporaneous infection rates in an adjacent ICU were measured. Baseline demographics were similar between the pre- and postintervention groups. The rate of CLABSIs per catheter days decreased from 19/3,784 to 3/1,870 after implementation of the IHI Bundle (1.60 vs 5.02 CLABSIs per 1,000 catheter days; rate ratio .32 [.08 to .99, P < .05]). There was no significant change in CLABSIs in the control ICU. Implementation of the IHI Central Line Bundle reduced the incidence of CLABSIs in our SICU by 68%, preventing 12 CLABSIs, 2.5 deaths, and saving $198,600 annually.
    American journal of surgery 01/2014; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Current quality initiatives call for examination of at least 12 lymph nodes in curative colon cancer resections. The aim of this study was to determine if the number of nodes harvested has increased, and if the increased number nodes correlates with improved staging or overall survival. Study DesignReview of Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database from 2004-2010 was performed. All patients who underwent colon cancer resection during this date range were analyzed. Number of nodes retrieved, patient stage, overall survival, and overall survival by stage were examined. Multivariable analysis controlled for stage, cancer site, age, year of diagnosis, and number of nodes retrieved. Improved staging was defined as increased detection of stage III patients. Results147,076 patients met inclusion criteria. Median number of nodes analyzed increased sequentially with each year examined, from 12 in 2004 to 17 in 2010. Despite greater number of total nodes obtained and analyzed, there was no increase in the percentage of patients with positive nodes (stage III disease). On multivariable analysis, after controlling for stage, site of disease, age, and year of diagnosis, there was a slight overall survival benefit with increasing nodal retrieval (hazard ratio 0.987 for each additional node removed, 95% CI 0.986-0.988, p<0.001). Conclusions Since quality initiatives have been put in place, there has been an increase in the number of nodes examined in colon cancer resections, but no improvement in staging. The improved survival seen with higher node counts was independent of stage, site of disease, patient age and year of diagnosis.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 01/2014; · 4.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The survival impact of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on esophageal cancer remains difficult to establish for specific patients. The aim of the current study was to create a Web-based prediction tool providing individualized survival projections based on tumor and treatment data. Patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer between 1997 and 2005 were selected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database. The covariates analyzed were sex, T and N classification, histology, total number of lymph nodes examined, and treatment with esophagectomy or CRT followed by esophagectomy. After propensity score weighting, a log-logistic regression model for overall survival was selected based on the Akaike information criterion. A total of 824 patients with esophageal cancer who were treated with esophagectomy or trimodal therapy met the selection criteria. On multivariate analysis, age, sex, T and N classification, number of lymph nodes examined, treatment, and histology were found to be significantly associated with overall survival and were included in the regression analysis. Preoperative staging data and final surgical margin status were not available within the SEER-Medicare data set and therefore were not included. The model predicted that patients with T4 or lymph node disease benefitted from CRT. The internally validated concordance index was 0.72. The SEER-Medicare database of patients with esophageal cancer can be used to produce a survival prediction tool that: 1) serves as a counseling and decision aid to patients and 2) assists in risk modeling. Patients with T4 or lymph node disease appeared to benefit from CRT. This nomogram may underestimate the benefit of CRT due to its variable downstaging effect on pathologic stage. It is available at Cancer 2013;. © 2013 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 11/2013; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preoperative chemotherapy is increasingly utilized in the treatment of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM). Although this strategy may improve resectability, long-term advantages of preoperative chemotherapy for resectable CRLM are less clear. The objective of this study is to report safety and outcomes when perioperative chemotherapy is routinely added to surgery for CRLM. A retrospective review of patients undergoing liver resections for CRLM during 2003-2011 in single academic oncology center. Demographic data, tumor characteristics, chemotherapy, surgical details, complications and survival were analyzed. The study included 157 patients that underwent 168 liver operations. One hundred eighteen patients (70 %) underwent preoperative chemotherapy (75 % oxaliplatin-based). Preoperative portal vein embolization was utilized in 16 (10.1 %) patients. Overall survival (OS) was 89, 57, and 27 % at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively (median survival-42.8 months). Eleven (7 %) patients had repeat resections for liver recurrence. Thirty-day mortality was 1.26 %, morbidity-24 % (6 %-liver related). Complications were not significantly different in patients that had preoperative chemotherapy. On a multivariate analysis advanced age and >3 lesions predicted poor OS, while advanced age, lesions >5 cm, synchronous lesions, margin-positivity and resection less than hepatectomy were associated with decreased DFS. Our results suggest that even with chemotherapy and resection only a subset of patients remain disease-free after 5 years. However, even in a high-risk patient with multiple lesions, preoperative chemotherapy can be administered safely without apparent increase in postoperative complications. Perioperative chemotherapy should be considered particularly in patients with multifocal or large lesions, synchronous disease and short disease-free interval.
    Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 10/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • Ilia Gur, Brian S Diggs, Susan L Orloff
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    ABSTRACT: The surgical portosystemic shunts (PSS) are a time-proven modality for treating portal hypertension. Recently, in the era of liver transplantation and the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS), use of the PSS has declined. This study was conducted to evaluate changes in practice, referral patterns, and short- and longterm outcomes of the use of the surgical PSS before and after the introduction of the Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD). A retrospective analysis of 47 patients undergoing PSS between 1996 and 2011 in a single university hospital was conducted. Subgroups of patients with cirrhosis (53%), Budd-Chiari syndrome (13%), portal vein thrombosis (PVT) (26%), and other pathologies (9%) differed significantly with respect to shunt type, Child-Pugh class, MELD score and perioperative mortality. Perioperative mortality at 60 days was 15%. Five-year survival was 68% (median: 70 months); 5-year shunt patency was 97%. Survival was best in patients with PVT and worst in those with Budd-Chiari syndrome compared to other subgroups. Patency was better in the subgroups of patients with cirrhosis and other pathologies compared with the PVT subgroup. Substantial changes in referral patterns coincided with the adoption of the MELD in 2002, with decreases in the incidence of cirrhosis and variceal bleeding, and increases in non-cirrhotics and hypercoagulopathy. Although the spectrum of diseases benefiting from surgical PSS has changed, surgical shunts continue to constitute an important addition to the surgical armamentarium. Selected subgroups with variceal bleeding in well-compensated cirrhosis and PVT benefit from the excellent longterm patency offered by the surgical PSS.
    HPB 08/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the Charlson Comorbidity Index-Grade (CCI-G) on predicting outcomes and overall survival after open and minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). One hundred and forty-six patients who underwent esophagectomy between 1995 and 2011 for stage II and III cancer were selected and separated into open esophagectomy (Open) and MIE groups. Risk adjustment was performed using the CCI-G. The outcomes of interest were operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), lymph node harvest, length of hospital stay (LOS), major complications, 30-day mortality, and overall survival. Sixty-four patients (44 %) underwent Open while 71 (49 %) had MIE. An additional (7 %) were converted and classified with MIE. There was no significant difference between MIE and Open in terms of operative time. MIE had less EBL (mean difference = 234 mL, p < 0.001), higher lymph node harvest (mean = 7.4 nodes, p < 0.001), and shorter LOS (median = 1.5 days, p = 0.02). Atrial arrhythmias were the most frequent complication, occurring in 33 % of patients in both the MIE and the Open group (p = 0.988). Thirty-day mortality was 2 % for MIE and 5 % for Open (p = 0.459). Five-year survival was 41 % for MIE and 33 % for Open (p = 0.513). Operative approach, age, gender, BMI, clinical stage, and neoadjuvant therapy did not have any significant effect on the outcomes or overall survival. CCI-G influenced outcomes with operative time, LOS, cardiovascular complication, and anastomotic leak rate, favoring CCI-G 0 compared to CCI-G 3. Overall survival was worse for CCI-G 1 in comparison with CCI-G 0 [hazard ratio (HR) 1.99, p = 0.027]. MIE is a safe alternative to open esophagectomy for the treatment of locally advanced esophageal cancer. The presence of comorbidities increased operative time, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications while worsening overall survival.
    Surgical Endoscopy 07/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) carries an unfavorable prognosis with high mortality. This retrospective study was conducted to identify prognostic factors after resection of GBC, to assist in selecting appropriate surgical and adjuvant therapy. Sixty-two patients from two institutions were identified with GBC by pathology. In 25, the cancer was unresectable at presentation. The remaining 37 patients comprised the study population. Log-rank analysis was used to assess univariate association with disease-free survival (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Cox regression was used for multivariate analysis. Median DFS and DSS were 22.6 and 28.5 months respectively, with a median follow-up of 44.2 months. On univariate analysis, bile duct (BD) involvement was significantly associated with decreased DFS (P ≤ .001) and DSS (P = .004). BD involvement was uniformly fatal. LN involvement was not significantly associated with DFS or DSS (P = .85, P = .54). All patients with BD involvement in our population died of the disease. The subset of patients with resectable GBC and BD involvement is a group that is at high risk for recurrence and should be treated as such. In our small population, preoperative and intraoperative methods evaluating BD involvement were unreliable.
    Gastrointestinal cancer research: GCR 07/2013; 6(4):101-5.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Determining the molecular profile of colon and rectal cancers offers the possibility of personalized cancer treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether known genetic mutations associated with colorectal carcinogenesis differ between colon and rectal cancers and whether they are associated with survival. METHODS: The Oregon Colorectal Cancer Registry is a prospectively maintained, institutional review board-approved tissue repository with associated demographic and clinical information. The registry was queried for any patient with molecular analysis paired with clinical data. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, microsatellite instability status, and mutational analysis for p53, AKT, BRAF, KRAS, MET, NRAS, and PIK3CA were analyzed. Categorical variables were compared using chi-square tests. Continuous variables between groups were analyzed using Mann-Whitney U tests. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for survival studies. Comparisons of survival were made using log-rank tests. RESULTS: The registry included 370 patients: 69% with colon cancer and 31% with rectal cancer. Eighty percent of colon cancers and 68% of rectal cancers were stages III and IV. Mutational analysis found no significant differences in detected mutations between colon and rectal cancers, except that there were significantly more BRAF mutations in colon cancers compared with rectal cancers (10% vs 0%, P < .008). No differences were seen in 5-year survival rates of patients with colon versus rectal cancers when stratified by the presence of KRAS, PIK3CA, and BRAF mutations. CONCLUSIONS: Stage III and IV colon and rectal cancers share similar molecular profiles, except that there were significantly more BRAF mutations in colon cancers compared with rectal cancers.
    American journal of surgery 05/2013; 205(5):608-612. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Surgical excision remains the primary and only potentially curative treatment for melanoma. Although current guidelines recommend excisional biopsy as the technique of choice for evaluating lesions suspected of being primary melanomas, other biopsy types are commonly used. We sought to determine the impact of biopsy type (excisional, shave, or punch) on outcomes in melanoma. METHODS: A prospectively collected, institutional review board-approved database of primary clinically node-negative melanomas (stages cT1-4N0) was reviewed to determine the impact of biopsy type on T-staging accuracy, wide local excision (WLE) area (cm(2)), sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) identification rates and results, tumor recurrence, and patient survival. RESULTS: Seven hundred nine patients were diagnosed by punch biopsy (23%), shave biopsy (34%), and excisional biopsy (43%). Shave biopsy results showed significantly more positive deep margins (P < .001). Both shave and punch biopsy results showed more positive peripheral margins (P < .001) and a higher risk of finding residual tumor (with resulting tumor upstaging) in the WLE (P < .001), compared with excisional biopsy. Punch biopsy resulted in a larger mean WLE area compared with shave and excisional biopsies (P = .030), and this result was sustained on multivariate analysis. SLNB accuracy was 98.5% and was not affected by biopsy type. Similarly, biopsy type did not confer survival advantage or impact tumor recurrence; the finding of residual tumor in the WLE impacted survival on univariate but not multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Both shave and punch biopsies demonstrated a significant risk of finding residual tumor in the WLE, with pathologic upstaging of the WLE. Punch biopsy also led to a larger mean WLE area compared with other biopsy types. However, biopsy type did not impact SLNB accuracy or results, tumor recurrence, or disease-specific survival (DSS). Punch and shave biopsies, when used appropriately, should not be discouraged for the diagnosis of melanoma.
    American journal of surgery 05/2013; 205(5):585-590. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphocele is a common wound complication of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The surgical technique may play a key role in lymphocele formation. This study compared rates of postoperative lymphocele formation by different surgical techniques (Harmonic Scalpel [HS], LigaSure [LS], and traditional electrocautery with clips) after SLNB in the groin or axilla for the staging of clinically node-negative cutaneous melanoma. Patients were selected by convenience sample from a single-institution, single-surgeon, prospectively collected melanoma database over a 27-month period. One hundred fifty consecutive patients underwent SLNB, 70 with clips, 37 with HS, and 43 with LS. The median number of nodes removed was two and did not vary significantly between groups. Twenty-three lymphoceles occurred for an overall rate of 15 per cent; rates were 9.9 and 26.5 per cent for the axilla and groin, respectively. Sixteen (70%) were aspirated for size or symptoms; lymphoceles after groin SLNB were significantly (P = 0.03) more likely to require aspiration. Lymphocele rates for the clip, HS, and LS groups were 20.0, 18.9, and 4.7 per cent, respectively. The differences between the LS and other groups were statistically significant. Use of the LS may lead to lower lymphocele rates after groin and axillary SLNB compared with electrocautery and clips.
    The American surgeon 04/2013; 79(4):388-92. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing epidemic in the US and increases the difficulty of laparoscopic surgery. Randomized, controlled trials of laparoscopic vs. open colectomy have shown equivalence but often exclude obese patients thus not answering whether obese patients may specifically benefit from laparoscopy. We hypothesized that obese patients would benefit from use of laparoscopy for colectomy. METHODS: We used the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2005 to 2009 and chose elective laparoscopic and open segmental colectomy and ileocecal resections. We compared patients' demographics, comorbidities, and outcomes. We used multivariate models to assess for predictors of complications in obese patients. These models included demographics, comorbidities, and outcomes. RESULTS: 35,998 patients were identified who underwent elective colectomy with primary anastomosis. Forty-four percent of the included cases were laparoscopic and 31 % of patients had a BMI greater than 30 (obese). Obese patients were more likely to have diabetes, hypertension, prior percutaneous coronary intervention, and dyspnea on exertion. We constructed a new variable called any complication that included all complications except 30-day mortality. In our multivariate analysis, laparoscopic approach in obese patients independently decreased the relative risk of superficial (odds ratio (OR) 0.72, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.63-0.82) and deep (OR 0.44, CI 0.31-0.61) surgical site infections, intra-abdominal infection (OR 0.61, CI 0.49-0.78), dehiscence (OR 0.50, CI 0.35-0.69), pneumonia (OR 0.60, CI 0.44-0.81), failure to wean from the ventilator (OR 0.64, CI 0.47-0.87), renal failure (OR 0.58, CI 0.35-0.96), urinary tract infection (OR 0.62, CI 0.49-0.79), sepsis (OR 0.53, CI 0.43-0.66), septic shock (OR 0.65, CI 0.47-0.90), any complication (OR 0.61, CI 0.55-0.67) and 30-day mortality (OR 0.56, CI 0.31-0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Due to the significant decrease in the risk of morbidity and mortality, laparoscopic colectomy should be offered to obese patients whenever feasible.
    Surgical Endoscopy 02/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Delivery of intravenous crystalloid fluids (IVF) remains a tradition-based priority during prehospital resuscitation of trauma patients. Hypotensive and targeted resuscitation algorithms have been shown to improve patient outcomes. We hypothesized that receiving any prehospital IVF is associated with increased survival in trauma patients compared with receiving no prehospital IVF. METHODS: Prospective data from 10 Level 1 trauma centers were collected. Patient demographics, prehospital IVF volume, prehospital and emergency department vital signs, lifesaving interventions, laboratory values, outcomes, and complications were collected and analyzed. Patients who did or did not receive prehospital IVF were compared. Tests for nonparametric data were used to assess significant differences between groups (p </= 0.05). Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the independent influence of IVF on outcome and complications. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 1,245 trauma patients; 45 were excluded owing to incomplete data; 84% (n = 1,009) received prehospital IVF, and 16% (n = 191) did not. There was no difference between the groups with respect to sex, age, and Injury Severity Score (ISS). The on-scene systolic blood pressure was lower in the IVF group (110 mm Hg vs. 100 mm Hg, p < 0.04) and did not change significantly after IVF, measured at emergency department admission (110 mm Hg vs. 105 mm Hg, p = 0.05). Hematocrit/hemoglobin, fibrinogen, and platelets were lower (p < 0.05), and prothrombin time/international normalized ratio and partial thromboplastin time were higher (p < 0.001) in the IVF group. The IVF group received a median fluid volume of 700 mL (interquartile range, 300-1,300). The Cox regression revealed that prehospital fluid administration was associated with increased survival (hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-0.98; p = 0.03). Site differences in ISS and fluid volumes were demonstrated (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Prehospital IVF volumes commonly used by PRospective Observational Multicenter Massive Transfusion Study (PROMMTT) investigators do not result in increased systolic blood pressure but are associated with decreased in-hospital mortality in trauma patients compared with patients who did not receive prehospital IVF
    The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 01/2013; 75(1 Suppl 1):S9-15. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE To evaluate factors that are predictive of delayed abdominal closure in patients injured during military conflict. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS Seventy-one patients managed with an open abdomen were identified from records at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center from 2005 and 2006. Follow-up data were available from Walter Reed Army Medical Center. Records were reviewed through all echelons of care. Ordinal logistic regression was used to predict delayed abdominal closure. RESULTS Patients sustained injury from blunt (n = 2), penetrating (n = 30), and blast (n = 39) mechanisms. The median Injury Severity Score was 25 (interquartile range, 17-34). Abdominal injury was observed in 85% of patients, and 48% underwent a massive transfusion. The median time to transfer to the United States was 5.3 days (interquartile range, 4.3-6.8 days). Abdomens were definitively closed downrange (11%), at Landstuhl Regional Medical Center (33%), or at Walter Reed Army Medical Center (56%). The median time until abdominal closure was 13 days (interquartile range, 4-40 days) in 2005 compared with 4 days (interquartile range, 1-14.5 days) in 2006 (P = .02). The multivariate model identified massive transfusion (odds ratio, 3.9), presence of complications (odds ratio, 5.1), and an injury date in 2005 (odds ratio, 3.4) as independently predictive variables for later abdominal closure. CONCLUSIONS Massive transfusion, occurrence of complications, and earlier injury date were predictive of delayed abdominal closure in casualties managed with an open abdomen. These data suggest an evolving approach to the management of severely injured combat casualties that involves earlier abdominal closure.
    Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill.: 1960) 09/2012; · 4.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Heart transplant (HTx) recipients reach transplantation through increasing numbers of support pathways, including transition from one pathway to another. Outcomes of patients successfully bridged with various support pathways are unknown. We sought to identify mechanical circulatory support pathways that maximize survival after HTx. METHODS: A supplemented United Network Organ Sharing Dataset tracked status 1 HTx outcomes from 2000 to 2010. Recipients were grouped based on support pathway before HTx, including those transitioning from one pathway to another. Multivariable factors for time-related death were sought using Cox proportional hazard regression models. RESULTS: We identified 13,250 status 1 HTx recipients. Initial support pathways were inotropes (n = 7,607), left ventricular assist device (LVAD [n = 4,034]), intraaortic balloon pump (n = 729), biventricular assist device (n = 521), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO [n = 316]), and right ventricular assist device (n = 43). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that LVAD use conferred a survival advantage (hazard ratio [HR] 0.71; p < 0.001), whereas all other support pathways, including inotropes (HR 1.1; p = 0.02), right ventricular assist device (HR 1.9; p = 0.01), and ECMO (HR 2.2; p < 0.001) increased the risk of post-HTx death. Support pathway transition (both escalation and reduction) occurred in 2,175 patients. Patients who transitioned from either ECMO or biventricular assist device support at listing to LVAD-only support at HTx had improved post-HTx survival that was comparable to patients who had LVAD-only therapy throughout their course (p = 0.74). CONCLUSIONS: The LVAD supported HTx recipients have better posttransplant survival than patients after all other mechanical support pathways. Survival after HTx is optimized when ECMO or biventricular assist device support can be transitioned to LVAD-only support. Our findings should aid clinical decision making and inform organ allocation policy development intended to maximize societal benefits of HTx.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery 08/2012; · 3.45 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
383.75 Total Impact Points


  • 2006–2014
    • Oregon Health and Science University
      • • Department of Surgery
      • • Division of General Surgery
      • • Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery
      Portland, Oregon, United States
    • Portland VA Medical Center
      Portland, Oregon, United States
  • 2013
    • Concordia University–Ann Arbor
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
    • St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2011
    • Legacy Health
      Portland, Oregon, United States
    • Seattle Children's Hospital
      Seattle, Washington, United States
    • Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences
      • Department of Surgical Gastroenterology
      Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • 2008
    • Portland State University
      • Department of Sociology
      Portland, OR, United States
    • University of Michigan
      • Department of Cardiac Surgery
      Ann Arbor, MI, United States