Bing-Qing Deng

Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Sheng, China

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Publications (5)5.47 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Circulating interleukin-18 (IL-18) is thought to promote atherosclerosis and cardiovascular complications such as plaque rupture. Atherosclerosis is also characterized by smooth muscle cell migration, a consequence of extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation regulated by metalloproteinases (MMPs). Since EMMPRIN (extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer) has been shown to promote plaque instability by inducing ECM degradation and MMP synthesis, we investigated whether a cross-regulatory interaction exists between IL-18 and EMMPRIN in human monocytes. Levels of EMMPRIN on monocytes were markedly higher in 20 patients with acute myocardial infarction compared with 20 patients with stable angina pectoris or 20 healthy volunteers (control group). The levels of IL-18 and MMP-9 in serum were also significantly higher in the acute myocardial infarction group relative to the other two groups. IL-18 levels positively correlated with elevated levels of EMMPRIN on monocytes. In vitro, expression of EMMPRIN was enhanced in monocytes cultured with IL-18, and IL-18 secretion was augmented in monocytes cultured with EMMPRIN. Gene silencing of EMMPRIN by small-interfering RNA reduced both IL-18 and MMP-9 secretion in monocytes. In the present study, cross-regulation between IL-18 and EMMPRIN in monocytes was demonstrated. This interaction may amplify the inflammatory cascade and be responsible for increased monocytic MMP-9 serum levels in atherosclerosis, contributing to atherosclerotic plaque destabilization and subsequent acute myocardial infarction.
    Translational Research. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Whether an addition of OAC to double antiplatelet therapy for patients with an indication of chronic oral anticoagulation undergoing PCI-S may improve clinical outcomes is still debated. This meta-analysis aimed to update and re-compare the benefits and risks of triple antithrombotic therapy (TT) with double anti-platelet therapy (DAPT) after in patients who requiring oral anticoagulation after percutaneous coronary interventions with stenting (PCI-s). Ten reports of observational retrospective or prospective studies were retrieved, including a total of 6296 patients, follow-up period ranging from 1 year to 2 years. Baseline characteristics were similar in both groups. The main finding of this study is the overall incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), myocardial infarction (MI) and stent thrombosis was comparable between two groups. Patients with TT was associated with significant reduction in ischemic stroke (OR: 0.27; 95%CI: 0.13 - 0.57; P = 0.0006) as compared to DAPT. We reaffirmed triple therapy significantly increased the risk of major bleeding (OR: 1.47; 95%CI: 1.22 - 1.78; P < 0.0001) and minor bleeding (OR: 1.55; 95%CI: 1.07 - 2.24; P = 0.02). Triple therapy is more efficacious in reducing the occurrence of ischemic stroke in PCI-s patients with an indication of chronic oral anticoagulation (OAC), compared with DAPT. However, it significantly increased major and minor risk of bleeding. It is imperative that further prospective randomized controlled trials are required to defne the best therapeutic strategy for patients with an indication of chronic OAC undergoing PCI-s.
    Chinese medical journal 07/2013; 126(13):2536-42. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact of insulin resistance (IR) on prognosis in non-diabetic acute coronary syndrome patients. In this prospective study, we enrolled 332 non-diabetic patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome. The patients were divided into three groups by HOMA-IR which calculated by formula: low HOMA-IR group (HOMA-IR < 2), 44 cases; moderate HOMA-IR group (2 ≤ HOMA2-IR < 6), 99 cases; high HOMA-IR group (HOMA ≥ 6) with HOMA index, 179 cases. The in-hospital medical records of patients were compared, and all patients were followed up for one year after discharge. Incidence of hypertension (P = 0.013), dyslipidemia (P < 0.001), faster resting heart rate (P < 0.001) and number of triple vessel coronary artery disease (P = 0.017) in high HOMA-IR group were significantly higher than in low and moderate HOMA-IR group. During follow-up, the major end-point events increased in proportion to IR grade: 64.3% (26/44) in the high HOMA-IR group, 54.7% (52/99) in moderate HOMA-IR group and 41.3% (74/199) in low HOMA-IR group (P = 0.034). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that high sensitivity C reactive protein (OR = 1.012, 95%CI:1.002-1.022, P = 0.022), HOMA-IR (OR = 1.250, 95%CI:1.043-1.497, P = 0.015) , triple vessel coronary artery disease (OR = 5.914, 95%CI:2.947-11.868, P < 0.001) , ischemic changes on ECG (OR = 5.495, 95%CI:2.925-10.324, P < 0.001) and low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≤ 40%) (OR = 13.205, 95%CI:5.000-34.661, P < 0.001) were independent risk factor for major end-point events during follow-up. Increased insulin resistance is linked with poor prognosis of non-diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome.
    Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi [Chinese journal of cardiovascular diseases] 07/2013; 41(7):559-562.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies indicate that bone marrow-derived cells may significantly contribute to atherosclerosis, post-angioplasty restenosis and transplantation-associated vasculopathy. The responsible bone marrow (BM) cells and mechanisms regulating the mobilization of these cells are currently unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on injured arteries and its effects on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiation into vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in the process of vascular remodeling. Balloon-mediated vascular injury was established in female rats (n = 100) which received radioprotective whole female BM cells by tail vein injection and male MSCs through a tibial BM injection after lethal irradiation. The injured and contralateral carotid arteries were harvested at 3, 7, 14 and 28 days after treatment. Morphometric analysis indicated that intima to media area-ratio (I/M ratio) significantly increased at 28 days, 0.899 ± 0.057 (P < 0.01), compared with uninjured arteries. Combining fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunohistochemical analysis showed that a significant number of the neointimal cells derived from MSCs, (45.2 ± 8.5)% at 28 days (P = 0.01), compared with (23.5 ± 6.3)% at 14 days. G-CSF was induced in carotid arteries subject to balloon angioplasty (fold mRNA change = 8.67 ± 0.63 at three days, relative G-CSF protein = 0.657 ± 0.011 at three days, P < 0.01, respectively, compared with uninjured arteries). G-CSF was chemotactic for MSCs but did not affect the differentiation of MSCs into smooth-muscle-like cells. Increased expression of G-CSF by injured arteries plays an essential role in contribution to recruitment and homing of MSCs to the site of the arterial lesion.
    Chinese medical journal 12/2011; 124(24):4286-92. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The development of coronary collaterals is crucial to survival through acute ischemia. Mild to moderate loss of renal function has been suggested to play a role in this event, but evidential data are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between mild to moderate renal insufficiency and coronary collateral development in patients with chronic total coronary artery occlusion. A total of 83 patients with mild to moderate loss of renal function (30 mL/min/1.73 m(2) ≤ eGFR < 90 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) with chronic total coronary artery occlusion were included in our study. The collateral circulation was graded according to Rentrop classification and the function of collateral circulation was graded according to Werner collateral connection (CC) grades. Compared to patients with good collateral circulation (Rentrop = 2,3), eGFR was found to be lower in those patients with poor coronary collateral circulation (Rentrop = 0,1) (63.30 ± 10.51 vs. 54.13 ± 10.56, P = 0.02). eGFR was also found to be lower in poorly functioning coronary collateral circulation (CC = 0,1) than in efficiently functioning coronary collateral circulation (CC = 2) (55.22 ± 9.98 vs. 66.28 ± 9.16, P = 0.03). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that low eGFR was independently associated with poor coronary collateral circulation (Rentrop = 0,1, 95% CI, 0.09-1.09, P = 0.044) and poor function of coronary collateral circulation (CC = 0,1, 95% CI, 0.02-0.17, P = 0.02). Lower eGFR is associated with poorer coronary collateral vessel development in patients experiencing mild to moderate renal insufficiency. Moreover, eGFR represents an independent factor affecting coronary collateral vessel development.
    Clinical Research in Cardiology 03/2011; 100(3):227-33. · 3.67 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

8 Citations
5.47 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2013
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Guangzhou, Guangdong Sheng, China
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China