Bartłomiej Grala

Military Institute of the Health Services, Warszawa, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland

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Publications (6)11.47 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In oncology, a rational approach to identify patients who are likely to benefit from therapy, already before initiation of treatment, is urgently required. Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 enzyme (ERCC1) has been proposed as a molecular predictor of clinical resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy. Other data suggest Tau protein expression as a predictor of clinical outcome in cancer patients treated with paclitaxel-based chemotherapy as low tau expression may render microtubules more vulnerable to paclitaxel. Therefore, the combination of ERCC1 and Tau may be a valuable predictor of sensitivity to platinum/paclitaxel treatment. The primary aim of the study was to investigate whether ERCC1 and Tau protein expression correlates with patient outcome in newly diagnosed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 227 newly diagnosed EOC patients were used for immunohistochemical staining for ERCC1 and Tau proteins. All patients received standard first-line combination platinum and paclitaxel chemotherapy. The patients were divided in a training set of 84 patients and an independent validation cohort of 143 patients. Neither ERCC1 nor Tau expression was associated with clinical response or platinum resistance in both the training and validation sets. Patients with ERCC1-positive tumors had significantly shortened progression-free and overall survival compared to patients with ERCC1-negative tumors, p<0.00001 and p=0.0006. In multivariate analysis ERCC1 also proved as an independent predictor of PFS and OS with HR of 3.86 and 1.98, respectively but the data could not be confirmed in the validation set. Tau expression was not associated with PFS or OS in this study. ERCC1 and Tau might serve as biomarkers of DNA repair and for paclitaxel sensitivity but the present study could not validate ERCC1 or Tau protein expression in tumors as pre-treatment tools to predict sensitivity to first-line platinum/paclitaxel chemotherapy.
    International Journal of Oncology 02/2014; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Resistance to taxanes, related to limited efficacy of systemic therapy in cancer patients, is multifactorial. Among mechanisms of resistance to taxanes, those related to microtubule-associated proteins (MAP), including protein Tau, are of great importance. Protein Tau (50-64 kD) binds to beta-tubulin in the same place as paclitaxel. In preclinical studies, low expression of Tau in cancer cells was associated with increased sensitivity to paclitaxel. High expression of Tau protein in ER-positive breast cancers indicates resistance to taxane-containing chemotherapy and sensitivity to hormonal treatment. This article reviews current knowledge on predictive value of protein Tau in response to taxanes. Better understanding of its role may facilitate patients selection to this sort of treatment and lead to treatment optimization.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 06/2011; 68(3):553-7. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The rationale for choosing a remote quantitative method supporting a diagnostic decision requires some empirical studies and knowledge on scenarios including valid telepathology standards. The tumours of the central nervous system [CNS] are graded on the base of the morphological features and the Ki-67 labelling Index [Ki-67 LI]. Various methods have been applied for Ki-67 LI estimation. Recently we have introduced the Computerized Analysis of Medical Images [CAMI] software for an automated Ki-67 LI counting in the digital images. Aims of our study was to explore the accuracy and reliability of a remote assessment of Ki-67 LI with CAMI software applied to the whole slide images [WSI]. The WSI representing CNS tumours: 18 meningiomas and 10 oligodendrogliomas were stored on the server of the Warsaw University of Technology. The digital copies of entire glass slides were created automatically by the Aperio ScanScope CS with objective 20x or 40x. Aperio's Image Scope software provided functionality for a remote viewing of WSI. The Ki-67 LI assessment was carried on within 2 out of 20 selected fields of view (objective 40x) representing the highest labelling areas in each WSI. The Ki-67 LI counting was performed by 3 various methods: 1) the manual reading in the light microscope - LM, 2) the automated counting with CAMI software on the digital images - DI , and 3) the remote quantitation on the WSIs - as WSI method. The quality of WSIs and technical efficiency of the on-line system were analysed. The comparative statistical analysis was performed for the results obtained by 3 methods of Ki-67 LI counting. The preliminary analysis showed that in 18% of WSI the results of Ki-67 LI differed from those obtained in other 2 methods of counting when the quality of the glass slides was below the standard range. The results of our investigations indicate that the remote automated Ki-67 LI analysis performed with the CAMI algorithm on the whole slide images of meningiomas and oligodendrogliomas could be successfully used as an alternative method to the manual reading as well as to the digital images quantitation with CAMI software. According to our observation a need of a remote supervision/consultation and training for the effective use of remote quantitative analysis of WSI is necessary.
    Diagnostic Pathology 01/2011; 6 Suppl 1:S20. · 1.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC) is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). ChRCC is diagnosed mainly in 6th decade of life. An incidence of ChRCC is similar in both men and woman. Eighty six percent of ChRCCs cases are diagnosed in stage 1 or 2. Prognosis of ChRCC is better than in other types of RCC. Five- and 10-year disease free survival (DFS) for ChRCC was 83.9% and 77.9%, respectively. Expression of immunohistological markers: cytokeratins (CK), vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), CD10 could be potentially helpful in diagnosis of different subtypes of RCC. From all conventional RCC, CD 117 was detected (overexpression) in membrane of cells ChRCC. Overexpression of CD117 on cellular membranes of ChRCC could be a potential target for kinase inhibitors like: imatinib, dasatinib, nilotinib. The potential targets for other kinase inhibitors (sunitinib and sorafenib) in ChRCC seem to be VEGFR and PDGFR. On the basis for formulating research hypotheses which should be verified by prospective studies.
    Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 01/2009; 28(1):1-6. · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Many studies have emphasised the importance of Ki-67 labeling index (LI) as the proliferation marker in meningiomas. Several authors confirmed, that Ki-67 LI has prognostic significance and correlates with likelihood of tumour recurrences. These observations were widely accepted by pathologists, but up till now no standard method for Ki-67 LI assessment was developed and introduced for the diagnostic pathology. In this paper we present a new computerised system for automated Ki-67 LI estimation in meningiomas as an aid for histological grading of meningiomas and potential standard method of Ki-67 LI assessment. We also discuss the concordance of Ki-67 LI results obtained by presented computerized system and expert pathologist, as well as possible pitfalls and mistakes in automated counting of immunopositive or negative cells. For the quantitative evaluation of digital images of meningiomas the designed software uses an algorithm based on mathematical description of cell morphology. This solution acts together with the Support Vector Machine (SVM) used in the classification mode for the recognition of immunoreactivity of cells. The applied sequential thresholding simulated well the human process of cell recognition. The same digital images of randomly selected tumour areas were parallelly analysed by computer and blindly by two expert pathologists. Ki-67 labeling indices were estimated and the results compared. The mean relative discrepancy between the levels of Ki-67 LI by our system and by the human expert did not exceed 14% in all investigated cases. These preliminary results suggest that the designed software could be an useful tool supporting the diagnostic digital pathology. However, more extended studies are needed for approval of this suggestion.
    Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 01/2009; 47(4):587-92. · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) - gefitinib and erlotinib - have recently been used as a therapeutic option in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients relapsing after first- or second-line chemotherapy. We report here a case of long-term remission in an elderly, non-smoking woman with advanced NSCLC after chemotherapy failure, who was selected for erlotinib therapy using demographic and clinical criteria. Based on this example and on the literature data we discuss the need for careful patient selection for this new therapeutic method.
    Pneumonologia i alergologia polska: organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Ftyzjopneumonologicznego, Polskiego Towarzystwa Alergologicznego, i Instytutu Gruzlicy i Chorob Pluc 02/2008; 76(6):451-5.