Belde Kasap Demir

Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Ismir, İzmir, Turkey

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Publications (13)17.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Aim: To assess the relationship between mesangial hypercellularity in various childhood nephropathies and clinical and laboratory parameters. Methods and patients: The reports of the renal biopsies were evaluated retrospectively. The patients with diagnosis of IgA nephropathy (isolated and Henoch-Schönlein nephritis), IgM nephropathy, or isolated mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis were included. Each nephropathy group was divided into two subgroups according to the severity of mesangial hypercellularity as mild and severe. The biochemical data and histopathological findings of the patients were recorded. Results: When the groups were compared, it was found that the patients with IgA nephropathy had hematuria (p = 0.043) and the patients with IgM nephropathy had nephrotic syndrome more frequently than the other patients (p = 0.01). No difference was detected between the groups regarding the severity of mesangial hypercellularity. On the other hand, when the groups were evaluated within themselves, no significant association was detected between the severity of mesangial hypercellularity and clinical and laboratory parameters. It was determined that the renal biopsy was performed earlier in patients with Henoch-Schönlein nephritis compared to the other cases (p = 0.004). Compared to the isolated IgA nephropathy group, it was found that the number of cases with severe mesangial hypercellularity was higher and the level of proteinuria was more prominent in patients with Henoch-Schönlein nephritis. Additionally, when the patients with Henoch-Schönlein nephritis were evaluated, the degree of proteinuria was found to be higher in patients with severe mesangial hypercellularity compared to those of showing mild mesangial hypercellularity (p = 0.002). Conclusion: It was observed that there is no direct relation between the severity of mesangial hypercellularity and clinical and laboratory findings in various childhood nephropathies. However, when Henoch-Schönlein nephritis is compared with IgA nephropathy, it was found that the severity of mesangial hypercellularity was higher in cases with Henoch-Schönlein nephritis and the level of proteinuria was more prominent in those cases. However, no difference was detected in glomerular filtration rates and biochemical data with regard to the level of mesangial hypercellularity.
    Renal Failure 03/2014; 36(6). DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2014.900386 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: This study describes a single-center experience on percutaneously performed partial omentectomy procedure in pediatric peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients who showed early catheter dysfunction and required catheter replacement due to catheter flow obstruction. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective review of clinical outcomes from pediatric PD patients who underwent percutaneous catheter replacement by pediatric nephrologists between November 1995 and December 2012. Partial omentectomy was performed in those patients in whom omental or adhesion trapping to the catheter tip was seen. Results: During the study period, catheter dysfunction that eventually required percutaneous catheter replacement occurred in 32 (23.7%) children. Of these, 9 patients were performed partial omentectomy. Mean age at initiation of PD and time of omentectomy was 97.48 ± 46.06 and 98.53 ± 45.55 months, respectively. Catheter dysfunction appeared after a mean 1.20 ± 1.0 months. The causes of catheter dysfunction were omental wrapping and malposition. No peritonitis occurred before omentectomy. Mean total operation time was 60 ± 8.83 min. No complications were encountered during the procedure. After omentectomy, mean catheter survival period was 5.92 ± 6.88 months. A total of five peritonitis episodes occurred. Three patients were transferred to hemodialysis. Six patients were on PD treatment without any problem at the end of the first year of their follow-up. Two patients underwent kidney transplantation. Four patients were still on chronic PD treatment at the end of the study period. Conclusion: When performed by an experienced nephrologist, the performance of partial omentectomy by percutaneous route, when required, is an easy, safe and efficient therapeutic procedure in children on chronic PD treatment.
    Renal Failure 03/2014; 36(5). DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2014.890860 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract A young female patient born to consanguineous parents was admitted to our clinic at the age of 3 years with a 5-month history of weight loss and recurrent urinary tract infections. Based on clinical findings (delayed growth and O-bein deformity) and laboratory tests (hypokalemia, hyperchloremia, partially compensated metabolic acidosis, alkaline urine and nephrocalsinosis), a diagnosis of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) was made. Then, the audiogram revealed a bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). On follow-up, bilateral SNHL progressively worsened requiring the need for hearing aid. The ATP6V0A4 gene mutation analysis showed homozygote Val2Ala mutation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing a Turkish girl with dRTA who suffered from early-onset SNHL caused by Val2Ala mutation in the ATP6V0A4 gene.
    Renal Failure 02/2014; 36(5). DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2014.890055 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 01/2014; 15:7. DOI:10.1097/01.pcc.0000448743.17140.7f · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract High serum bilirubin is antioxidant and cytoprotective. We evaluated if urine samples of hyperbilirubinemic newborns impede uropathogenic Escherichia coli growth. Bag-urine samples of hyperbilirubinemic newborns (study group) were cultured at presentation and during remission. Urine sample were obtained only once from healthy newborns (control group). Escherichia coli [2 × 104 colony-forming unit (cfu)/mL] was inoculated into the sterile urine samples and colony counts were determined after 24 h. Bilirubin levels at presentation and remission were also recorded. Escherichia coli colony counts of the control versus study groups and of the presentation versus remission samples in the study group were compared. There were 13 study and 17 control cases. Escherichia coli colony counts were not different in the study group at presentation versus remission (5.4 ± 0.7 vs. 5.5 ± 0.8 log10, respectively; p = 0.659). Escherichia coli colony count of the control group (5.2 ± 0.6 log10) was also not different from the study group. In conclusion, the urine of hyperbilirubinemic newborns did not affect the growth rate of uropathogenic E. coli.
    Renal Failure 09/2013; DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2013.832863 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients' characteristics treated with acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) and their risk factors for mortality. We also wanted to share our experience of the application of PD in neonates who required less than 60 mL of dwell volume and their PD-related problems, as well as special solutions for these problems. This study included 27 infants treated in our NICU between February 2008 and December 2011. We retrospectively analyzed these patients' records. The percutaneous PD catheter was placed by us. PD procedure was performed either by manual technique or automated PD. Statistical evaluation was performed by using χ(2)-tests and Student's t-tests. In these 27 neonates, the average gestational age and birth weight were 35.18 ± 4.02 weeks and 2534.62 ± 897.41 g, respectively. The mean PD duration time was 6.11 ± 6.30 days. Of these, 10 patients were treated by manual technique, whereas 17 patients were treated with automated system. Among 27 neonates, 16 patients died. Overall mortality rate was 59.25%. PD-related complications were seen in 25.92% of patients. In conclusion, PD application is less effective and troublesome for low-birth-weight infants. Each center should create its own solutions to accommodate problematic patients in PD treatment to improve the outcome in this special population.
    Renal Failure 09/2012; 34(8):1015-20. DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2012.708378 · 0.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of mesenchymal stem cells in ameliorating renal scarring in a rat pyelonephritis model. METHODS: Three groups each, including 8 Sprague-Dawley rats were formed: Group 1 = sham operated (4 were given mesenchymal stem cells); group 2 = pyelonephritis induced by Escherichia coli; and group 3 = pyelonephritis and mesenchymal stem cells. Rats not given mesenchymal stem cells in group 1 and 4 rats in groups 2 and 3 were sacrificed on the eighth day for evaluation of inflammation, and the remaining rats were sacrificed at the sixth week to determine renal scarring along with migration of mesenchymal stem cells to renal tubules and differentiation to tubular cells expressing aquaporin-1. RESULTS: Rats in group 3 had lower scores of both acute (8th day) and chronic (6th week) histopathological alterations compared with rats in group 2. By contrast, although rats in group 3 were shown to have mesenchymal stem cells expressing aquaporin-1 in their renal tubules, these cells were not detected in kidney tissue of mesenchymal stem cells-treated sham rats. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that mesenchymal stem cells migrated to renal tissues and ameliorated renal scarring in this rat model of pyelonephritis.
    Urology 08/2012; 80(5). DOI:10.1016/j.urology.2012.06.046 · 2.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease become symptomatic and are diagnosed usually at adulthood. The rate of nephrolithiasis in these patients is 5-10 times the rate in the general population, and both anatomic and metabolic abnormalities play role in the formation of renal stones. However, nephrolithiasis is rare in childhood age group. In this paper, an 11-year-old child with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease presenting with nephrolithiasis is discussed.
    Case Reports in Medicine 04/2012; 2012:428749. DOI:10.1155/2012/428749
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    ABSTRACT: Amyloidosis is the major complication of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). Toll-like receptors (TLR) are involved in the activation of an innate immune system TLR-2 and TLR-4 recognize lipoteichoic acid and lipopolysaccharides (LPS), respectively. While TLR-2 Arg753Gln polymorphism upregulates, TLR-4 Asp299Gly and Thre399Ile polymorphisms downregulate inflammation. We investigated the effect of these polymorphisms on the development of amyloidosis in FMF patients. We also investigated myeloid cell TLR-2 and TLR-4 expressions in these patients. We studied 26 FMF patients and 13 FMF patients with amyloidosis. TLR-2 Arg753Gln and TLR-4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms were analyzed with the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Myeloid cell baseline TLR-2 and TLR-4 and LPS-induced TLR-4 expressions were evaluated. The TLR-2 and TLR-4 polymorphism rate was compared with the results of 100 healthy subjects in our previous study. In addition, 13 healthy controls were enrolled for leukocyte TLR-2 and TLR-4 expressions. Serum amyloid A (SAA) levels were measured in these 13 control cases and in FMF patients during attack-free periods. The frequency of TLR-2 Arg753Gln, TLR-4 Asp299Gly, and Thr399Ile polymorphisms in healthy controls in our previous study were 1%, 3%, and 2%, respectively. The frequency of these polymorphisms were not different in FMF patients (with or without amyloidosis) compared to the control group. Likewise, myeloid cell TLR-2 and TLR-4 expressions were not different among the controls and FMF patients. However, LPS-induced TLR-4 expression in granulocytes was more prominent in FMF patients. There was no correlation between TLR-2 and TLR-4 expressions and SAA levels. Neither myeloid cell TLR-2 and TLR-4 expressions nor TLR-2 Arg753Gln, TLR-4 Asp299Gly, and Thr399Ile polymorphisms seem to affect the development of secondary amyloidosis in FMF patients in our study population.
    Inflammation 10/2011; 34(5):379-87. DOI:10.1007/s10753-010-9245-9 · 1.92 Impact Factor
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    06/2010; 19(2):113-120. DOI:10.5262/tndt.2010.1002.67
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    ABSTRACT: Infections may trigger or aggravate glomerulonephritidis and renal vasculitis like Henoch Schonlein purpura (HSP). HSP is seen more frequently in patients with familial Mediterranean fever in which TLR-2 Arg753Gln polymorphism frequency is increased. Although renal involvement is the most important factor affecting the prognosis in HSP, it is not known which patients will have renal disease or why some patients have severe renal involvement while some others have mild renal disease. We investigated the role of TLR-2 and TLR-4 polymorphisms on the incidence and severity of renal involvement in HSP patients. We studied HSP patients with and without nephritis (n = 15 for each group) and healthy controls (n = 100). TLR-2 Arg753Gln and TLR-4 Asp299Gly/Thr399Ile polymorphisms were analyzed with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The frequency of TLR-2 Arg753Gln, TLR-4 Asp299Gly, and Thr399Ile polymorphisms in healthy controls were 1, 3, and 2%, respectively. The frequencies of these polymorphisms were not different in HSP patients with or without nephritis compared to healthy controls. TLR-2 Arg753Gln, TLR-4 Asp299Gly, and Thr399Ile polymorphisms are not increased in HSP or HSP nephritis patients.
    Rheumatology International 08/2009; 30(5):667-70. DOI:10.1007/s00296-009-1052-y · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is associated with mucosal IgA defect. Probiotics regulate specific and innate immunity. We evaluated the effect of Saccharomyces boulardii on experimental IgAN in mice. Four groups of BALB/c mice (eight for each) were formed. Group 1 was immunized by oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) at 0, 14, and 28 days. Group 2 was also given S. boulardii in addition to OPV. Group 3 was given only S. boulardii, whereas group 4 received no treatment. At week 6, after urine and serum samples were obtained for urinalysis and serum creatinine and IgA measurements, all animals were sacrificed to get their kidneys for histopathological evaluation. Urinalysis and serum creatinine levels were normal in all groups. Serum IgA level was increased only in group 1. Whereas group 1 had mesangial proliferation, histology was normal in the other groups. Predominant IgA deposition was universal in group 1, whereas it was either not present or minimal in other groups. Three mice in group 1 also had C3 deposition, which was absent in other groups. Electron microscopy revealed mesangial proliferation, matrix expansion, focal glomerular basement membrane thickening and electron-dense deposits in group 1 only, whereas the other groups were normal. In conclusion, enteral S. boulardii prevented OPV-induced IgAN in mice.
    Pediatric Nephrology 09/2008; 23(8):1287-91. DOI:10.1007/s00467-008-0813-2 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the predictors of renal scar in children with urinary tract infections (UTIs) having primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Data of patients who were examined by dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scintigraphy between 1995 and 2005 were evaluated retrospectively. Gender, age, reflux grade, presence/development of scarring, breakthrough UTIs, and resolution of reflux, were recorded. The relation of gender, age and VUR grade to preformed scarring and the relation of gender, age, VUR grade, presence of preformed scarring, number of breakthrough UTIs and reflux resolution to new scarring were assessed. There were 138 patients [male/female (M/F) 53/85]. Multivariate analysis showed that male gender [odds ratio (OR) 2.5], age > or = 27 months in girls (OR 4.2) and grades IV-V reflux (OR 12.4) were independent indicators of renal scarring. On the other hand, only the presence of previous renal scarring was found to be an independent indicator for the development of new renal scar (OR 13.4). In conclusion, while the most predictive variables for the presence of renal scarring among children presenting with a UTI were male gender, age > or = 27 months in girls, and grades IV-V reflux, the best predictor of new scar formation was presence of previous renal scarring.
    Pediatric Nephrology 07/2008; 23(12):2227-32. DOI:10.1007/s00467-008-0907-x · 2.88 Impact Factor