[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The workload affects the quality of the pathology report. The aim of this study was to investigate the territorial distribution and productivity of pathology laboratories around Turkey and to estimate the staff workload.
A survey questioning the workload was sent to all Ministry of Health and university hospitals. Staff workload was questioned according to the hospital classification and educational activity to evaluate the productivity. Data were entered using SPSS 16.0 statistical software package program and the distribution criteria, t-test and one-way anova were used in the analysis to evaluate the differences between the averages.
An average of 2.8 pathologists worked at the pathology laboratories. A total of 5.500 biopsies and 3.750 cytology specimens were received and 20.000 blocks prepared per year. Pathologists evaluated 1.935 biopsies and 1.400 cytology specimens on average and this is equivalent to 2.718 biopsies per year. Gynecology and general surgery department materials constituted 57 percent of all biopsies. Each technician prepared 6.200 blocks, 11.500 slides and 1.000 immunohistochemistry preparations on average. An average of 3.4 paraffin blocks was prepared for each biopsy. The efficiency was low in 17% of teaching hospitals and 77.8% of non-teaching hospitals. In contrast 62.5% of teaching hospitals had work overload. The majority (70.5%) of the respondents mentioned staff shortage.
There is no pathologist shortage in Turkey and the problem is workload distribution. Pathology residents' overwork would be reduced by using pathology assistants. There is no shortage of technicians or secretaries, but uneven distribution. Pathology staff planning must be tailored taking into account the features of each hospital. Standard planning for all hospitals is not suitable.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this series, laryngeal preneoplastic lesions were evaluated by the classifications of the World Health Organization (WHOC), Ljubljana (LC) and squamous intraepithelial neoplasia (SINC) by multiple observers. The inter-observer agreement (IA) by WHOC for laryngeal lesions had been previously evaluated, but to the best of our knowledge, there are no data for LC and SINC. H&E stained slides from 42 laryngeal biopsies were evaluated by fourteen participants according to WHOC and LC, and SINC was additionally applied by 6. The results were analyzed statistically. The diagnoses which were favored by most participants for each case, according to WHOC, were as follows: squamous cell hyperplasia (n = 5; 12%), mild dysplasia (n = 11; 26.2%), moderate dysplasia (n = 12; 28.6%), severe dysplasia (n = 7; 16.7%), carcinoma in situ (n = 5; 12%), and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (n = 2; 4.8%). There was a significant difference between the participants for all three classifications; some participants gave lower or higher scores than the others. The mean correlation coefficients (MCC) of the participants were higher for WHOC compared to LC (0.55 ± 0.15 and 0.48 ± 0.14, respectively). The mean linear-weighted kappa (wKappa) values of participants were not significantly different (0.42 ± 0.10, 0.41 ± 0.12 and 0.37 ± 0.07 for WHOC, LC and SINC, respectively). The kappa values in this series are in agreement with those in previous literature for WHOC, and the similar results obtained for LC and SINC are novel findings. Although the MCC of WHOC was higher, as the wkappa was not significantly different, the findings in this series are not in favor of any of the classifications for better IA for pre-neoplastic laryngeal lesions.