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ABSTRACT: Recently, we showed that leukotrienes (LTs) regulate ovarian cell function in vitro. The aim of this study was to examine the role of LTs in corpus luteum (CL) function during both the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in vivo. mRNA expression of LT receptors (BLT for LTB(4) and CYSLT for LTC(4)), and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) in CL tissue and their localization in the ovary were studied during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy. Moreover, concentrations of LTs (LTB(4) and C(4)) in the CL tissue and blood were measured. 5-LO and BLT mRNA expression increased on days 16-18 of the cycle, whereas CYSLT mRNA expression increased on days 16-18 of the pregnancy. The level of LTB(4) was evaluated during pregnancy compared with the level of LTC(4), which increased during CL regression. LT antagonists influenced the duration of the estrous cycle: the LTC(4) antagonist (azelastine) prolonged the luteal phase, whereas the LTB(4) antagonist (dapsone) caused earlier luteolysis in vivo. Dapsone decreased progesterone (P(4)) secretion and azelastine increased P(4) secretion during the estrous cycle. In summary, LT action in the bovine reproductive tract is dependent on LT type: LTB(4) is luteotropic during the estrous cycle and supports early pregnancy, whereas LTC(4) is luteolytic, regarded as undesirable in early pregnancy. LTs are produced/secreted in the CL tissue, influence prostaglandin function, and serve as important factors during the estrous cycle and early pregnancy in cattle.
Reproduction 11/2010; 140(5):767-76. · 2.58 Impact Factor