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ABSTRACT: Every year about 100 million people around the world, manifested symptoms of depression. The prevalence of depressive disorders concern for at least 15% of adult women and 10% of men. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of selected cognitive processes in a group of men and women with recurrent depressive disorders.
The survey involved 30 people (age: 23-62 years, mean age = 50.46 years, SD = 8.97): 16 women (53.33%; age: 23-59 years, mean age = 51.16 years, SD = 4.74) and 14 men (46.67%, respectively, age: 23-62 years, mean age = 51.41 years, SD = 12.07) hospitalized in Department of Adult Psychiatry, Medical University of Łódź. The study used psychological tests designed to assess the effectiveness of cognitive processes (learning curve Luria, a test plot away, Stroop test, verbal test fluencji by Łucki) and Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS, consists of 21-items).
Observed no statistically significant differences between treatment groups in the trials conducted. Women in the study group obtained better results compared to men in the learning curve Luria, Stroop test and verbal fluency test by Łucki. Men came out better in the test plot of the road. There were no differences between treatment groups in severity of depression measured HDRS.
The results showed no statistically significant differences between men and women in the trials conducted evaluating the effectiveness of cognitive functioning. Women in the study group obtained better results compared to men in the trials evaluating the effectiveness of short-and long-term verbal memory, verbal memory and verbal fluidity. Men in the test group proved better than women in tests assessing visual-motor coordination and visual-spatial memory operational.
Polski merkuriusz lekarski: organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego 03/2010; 28(165):199-202.