Anastassios C Papageorgiou

Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (136)430.27 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The plant tau class glutathione transferases (GSTs) play important roles in biotic and abiotic stress tolerance in crops and weeds. In this study, we systematically examined the catalytic and structural features of a GST isoenzyme from Glycine max (GmGSTU10-10). GmGSTU10-10 is a unique isoenzyme in soybean that is specifically expressed in response to biotic stress caused by soybean mosaic virus (SMV) infections. GmGSTU10-10 was cloned, expressed in E. coli, purified and characterized. The results showed that GmGSTU10-10 catalyzes several different reactions and exhibits wide substrate specificity. Of particular importance is the finding that the enzyme shows high antioxidant catalytic function and acts as hydroperoxidase. In addition, its Km for GSH is significant lower, compared to other plant GSTs, suggesting that GmGSTU10-10 is able to perform efficient catalysis under conditions where the concentration of reduced glutathione is low (e.g. oxidative stress). The crystal structure of GmGSTU10-10 was solved by molecular replacement at 1.6Å resolution in complex with glutathione sulfenic acid (GSOH). Structural analysis showed that GmGSTU10-10 share the same overall fold and domain organization as other plant cytosolic GSTs, however major variations were identified in helix H9 and the upper part of helix H4 that affect the size of the active site pockets, substrate recognition and the catalytic mechanism. The results of the present study provide new information into GST diversity and give further insights into the complex regulation and enzymatic functions of this plant gene superfamily. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Biochimica et biophysica acta. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: A manganese superoxide dismutase from the thermophilic fungus Chaetomium thermophilum (CtMnSOD) was expressed in Pichia pastoris and purified to homogeneity. Its optimal temperature was 60°C with approximately 75% of its activity retained after incubation at 70°C for 60 min. Recombinant yeast cells carrying Chaetomium thermophilum mnsod gene exhibited higher stress resistance to salt and oxidative stress-inducing agents than control yeast cells. In an effort to provide structural insights, CtMnSOD was crystallized and its structure was determined at 2.0 Å resolution. The overall architecture of CtMnSOD was found similar to other MnSODs with highest structural similarities obtained against a MnSOD from the thermophilic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus. In order to explain its thermostability, structural and sequence analysis of CtMnSOD with other MnSODs was carried out. An increased number of charged residues and an increase in the number of intersubunit salt bridges and the Thr:Ser ratio were identified as potential reasons for the thermostability of CtMnSOD.
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 12/2013; · 4.66 Impact Factor
  • Dieter Jendrossek, Siska Hermawan, Bishwa Subedi, Anastassios C Papageorgiou
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    ABSTRACT: Five amino acids (Y105, Y176, Y189, Y189, W207) that constitute the substrate binding site of PHB depolymerase PhaZ7 were identified. All residues are located at a single surface-exposed location of PhaZ7. Exchange of these amino acids by less hydrophobic, hydrophilic or negatively charged residues reduced binding of PhaZ7 to PHB. Modifications of other residues at the PhaZ7 surface (F9, Y66, Y103, Y124, Y169, Y172, Y173, F198, Y203, Y204, F251, W252) had no effect on substrate binding. The PhaZ7 wild type protein, three muteins with single amino acid exchanges (Y105A, Y105E, Y190E), a PhaZ7 variant with deletion of residues 202-208, and PhaZ7 in which the active site serine had been replaced by alanine (S136A) were crystallized and their structures were determined at 1.6 to 2.0 Å resolution. The structures were almost identical but revealed flexibility of some regions. Structural analysis of PhaZ7 (S136A) with bound 3-hydroxybutyrate tetramer showed that the substrate binds in a cleft that is composed of Y105, Y176, Y189 and Y190 and thus confirmed the data obtained by site-directed mutagenesis. To the best of our knowledge this is the first example in which the substrate binding site of a PHB depolymerase is documented at a molecular and structural level.
    Molecular Microbiology 09/2013; · 5.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Streptococcus pyogenes protein 0843 (Spy0843) is a recently identified protein with a potential adhesin function. Sequence analysis has shown that Spy0843 contains two leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains that mediate interactions with the gp340 receptor. Here, the C-terminal LRR domain was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized in the presence of 1.7-1.8 M ammonium sulfate pH 7.4 as precipitant. Data were collected from a single crystal to 1.59 Å resolution at 100 K at a synchrotron-radiation source. The crystal was found to belong to space group I41, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 121.4, c = 51.5 Å and one molecule in the asymmetric unit. Elucidation of the crystal structure will provide insights into the interactions of Spy0843 with the gp340 receptor and a better understanding of the role of Spy0843 in streptococcal infections.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 05/2013; 69(Pt 5):559-61. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • Pradeep Battula, Anatoly P Dubnovitsky, Anastassios C Papageorgiou
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    ABSTRACT: Phosphoserine aminotransferase is a vitamin B6-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the reversible conversion of 3-phosphohydroxypyruvate to L-phosphoserine using glutamate as an amine donor. In an effort to gain insight into the substrate-recognition mechanism of the enzyme, crystal structures of Bacillus alcalophilus phosphoserine aminotransferase in the presence or absence of L-phosphoserine were determined to resolutions of 1.5 and 1.6 Å, respectively. Local conformational changes induced upon substrate binding were identified. However, in contrast to other aminotransferases, no domain or subunit movements were observed. Two Arg residues (Arg42 and Arg328) and two His residues (His41 and His327) were found to form a tight binding site for the phosphate group of L-phosphoserine. Comparison with Escherichia coli phosphoserine aminotransferase in complex with the substrate analogue α-methylglutamate revealed more extensive structural changes in the case of L-phosphoserine binding. Based on the structural analysis, the flexibility of Arg328 is proposed to be critical for substrate recognition.
    Acta Crystallographica Section D Biological Crystallography 05/2013; 69(Pt 5):804-11. · 12.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cell migration is a fundamental biological function, critical during development and regeneration, whereas deregulated migration underlies neurological birth defects and cancer metastasis. MARCKS-like protein 1 (MARCKSL1) is widely expressed in nervous tissue, where, like Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), it is required for neural tube formation, though the mechanism is unknown. Here we show that MARCKSL1 is directly phosphorylated by JNK on C-terminal residues (S120, T148, and T183). This phosphorylation enables MARCKSL1 to bundle and stabilize F-actin, increase filopodium numbers and dynamics, and retard migration in neurons. Conversely, when MARCKSL1 phosphorylation is inhibited, actin mobility increases and filopodium formation is compromised whereas lamellipodium formation is enhanced, as is cell migration. We find that MARCKSL1 mRNA is upregulated in a broad range of cancer types and that MARCKSL1 protein is strongly induced in primary prostate carcinomas. Gene knockdown in prostate cancer cells or in neurons reveals a critical role for MARCKSL1 in migration that is dependent on the phosphorylation state; phosphomimetic MARCKSL1 (MARCKSL1(S120D,T148D,T183D)) inhibits whereas dephospho-MARCKSL1(S120A,T148A,T183A) induces migration. In summary, these data show that JNK phosphorylation of MARCKSL1 regulates actin homeostasis, filopodium and lamellipodium formation, and neuronal migration under physiological conditions and that, when ectopically expressed in prostate cancer cells, MARCKSL1 again determines cell movement.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 07/2012; 32(17):3513-26. · 5.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the neoadjuvant use of the dexamethasone (DEX) plus octreotide (OCT) regimen can improve the direct anticancer effects of docetaxel (DOC) in the TRAMP-C1 prostate cancer model. TRAMP-C1 cells were first characterized for the expression of SSTR1-5 and then were inoculated onto the femur of C57Bl mice. Investigation protocols employed TRAMP-C1 cell proliferation and invasion assays, analysis of radiographic images of the bone lesions and overall survival of the diseased animals. The triple combination treatment scheme showed significant anticancer effects, in both proliferation and invasion assays, compared to any single agent treatment scheme. DOC treatment following the neoadjuvant administration of DEX plus OCT regimen improved significantly the anticancer effects both on the grading of the bone lesions and on the overall survival of the diseased animals. Our data suggest that the neoadjuvant administration of DEX plus OCT regimen can improve the anticancer effects of DOC on the TRAMP-C1 model.
    In vivo (Athens, Greece) 01/2012; 26(1):75-86. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present work, we report a novel class of glutathione transferases (GSTs) originated from the pathogenic soil bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58, with structural and catalytic properties not observed previously in prokaryotic and eukaryotic GST isoenzymes. A GST-like sequence from A. tumefaciens C58 (Atu3701) with low similarity to other characterized GST family of enzymes was identified. Phylogenetic analysis showed that it belongs to a distinct GST class not previously described and restricted only in soil bacteria, called the Eta class (H). This enzyme (designated as AtuGSTH1-1) was cloned and expressed in E. coli and its structural and catalytic properties were investigated. Functional analysis showed that AtuGSTH1-1 exhibits significant transferase activity against the common substrates aryl halides, as well as very high peroxidase activity towards organic hydroperoxides. The crystal structure of AtuGSTH1-1 was determined at 1.4 Å resolution in complex with S-(p-nitrobenzyl)-glutathione (Nb-GSH). Although AtuGSTH1-1 adopts the canonical GST fold, sequence and structural characteristics distinct from previously characterized GSTs were identified. The absence of the classic catalytic essential residues (Tyr, Ser, Cys) distinguishes AtuGSTH1-1 from all other cytosolic GSTs of known structure and function. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that instead of the classic catalytic residues, an Arg residue (Arg34), an electron-sharing network, and a bridge of a network of water molecules may form the basis of the catalytic mechanism. Comparative sequence analysis, structural information, and site-directed mutagenesis in combination with kinetic analysis showed that Phe22, Ser25, and Arg187 are additional important residues for the enzyme's catalytic efficiency and specificity.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(4):e34263. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present work, we describe the characterisation of the glutathione transferase (GST) gene family from Agrobacterium tumefaciens C58. A genome survey revealed the presence of eight GST-like proteins in A. tumefaciens (AtuGSTs). Comparison by multiple sequence alignment generated a dendrogram revealing the phylogenetic relationships of AtuGSTs-like proteins. The beta and theta classes identified in other bacterial species are represented by five members in A. tumefaciens C58. In addition, there are three "orphan" sequences that do not fit into any previously recognised GST classes. The eight GST-like genes were cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and their substrate specificity was determined towards 17 different substrates. The results showed that AtuGSTs catalyse a broad range of reactions, with different members of the family exhibiting quite varied substrate specificity. The 3D structures of AtuGSTs were predicted using molecular modelling. The use of comparative sequence and structural analysis of the AtuGST isoenzymes allowed us to identify local sequence and structural characteristics between different GST isoenzymes and classes. Gene expression profiling was conducted under normal culture conditions as well as under abiotic stress conditions (addition of xenobiotics, osmotic stress and cold and heat shock) to induce and monitor early stress-response mechanisms. The results reveal the constitutive expression of GSTs in A. tumefaciens and a modulation of GST activity after treatments, indicating that AtuGSTs presumably participate in a wide range of functions, many of which are important in counteracting stress conditions. These functions may be relevant to maintaining cellular homeostasis as well as in the direct detoxification of toxic compounds.
    Functional & Integrative Genomics 09/2011; 12(1):157-72. · 3.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Streptococcus suis Dpr belongs to the Dps family of bacterial and archaeal proteins that oxidize Fe(2+) to Fe(3+) to protect microorganisms from oxidative damage. The oxidized iron is subsequently deposited as ferrihydrite inside a protein cavity, resulting in the formation of an iron core. The size and the magnetic properties of the iron core have attracted considerable attention for nanotechnological applications in recent years. Here, the magnetic and structural properties of the iron core in wild-type Dpr and four cavity mutants were studied. All samples clearly demonstrated a superparamagnetic behavior in superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry and Mössbauer spectroscopy compatible with that of superparamagnetic ferrihydrite nanoparticles. However, all the mutants exhibited higher magnetic moments than the wild-type protein. Furthermore, measurement of the iron content with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry revealed a smaller amount of iron in the iron cores of the mutants, suggesting that the mutations affect nucleation and iron deposition inside the cavity. The X-ray crystal structures of the mutants revealed no changes compared with the wild-type crystal structure; thus, the differences in the magnetic moments could not be attributed to structural changes in the protein. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements showed that the coordination geometry of the iron cores of the mutants was similar to that of the wild-type protein. Taken together, these results suggest that mutation of the residues that surround the iron storage cavity could be exploited to selectively modify the magnetic properties of the iron core without affecting the structure of the protein and the geometry of the iron core.
    European Journal of Biochemistry 06/2011; 16(5):799-807. · 3.42 Impact Factor
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    Duo-Chuan Li, An-Na Li, Anastassios C Papageorgiou
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    ABSTRACT: Thermophilic fungal cellulases are promising enzymes in protein engineering efforts aimed at optimizing industrial processes, such as biomass degradation and biofuel production. The cloning and expression in recent years of new cellulase genes from thermophilic fungi have led to a better understanding of cellulose degradation in these species. Moreover, crystal structures of thermophilic fungal cellulases are now available, providing insights into their function and stability. The present paper is focused on recent progress in cloning, expression, regulation, and structure of thermophilic fungal cellulases and the current research efforts to improve their properties for better use in biotechnological applications.
    Enzyme research. 01/2011; 2011:308730.
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    ABSTRACT: The use of protein cages for the creation of novel inorganic nanomaterials has attracted considerable attention in recent years. Ferritins are among the most commonly used protein cages in nanoscience. Accordingly, the binding of various metals to ferritins has been studied extensively. Dps (DNA-binding protein from starved cells)-like proteins belong to the ferritin superfamily. In contrast to ferritins, Dps-like proteins form 12-mers instead of 24-mers, have a different ferroxidase center, and are able to store a smaller amount of iron atoms in a hollow cavity (up to ∼500, instead of the ∼4500 iron atoms found in ferritins). With the exception of iron, the binding of other metal cations to Dps proteins has not been studied in detail. Here, the binding of six divalent metal ions (Zn(2+), Mn(2+), Ni(2+), Co(2+), Cu(2+), and Mg(2+)) to Streptococcus suisDps-like peroxide resistance protein (SsDpr) was characterized by X-ray crystallography and isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC). All metal cations, except for Mg(2+), were found to bind to the ferroxidase center similarly to Fe(2+), with moderate affinity (binding constants between 0.1×10(5) M(-1) and 5×10(5) M(-1)). The stoichiometry of binding, as deduced by ITC data, suggested the presence of a dication ferroxidase site. No other metal binding sites were identified in the protein. The results presented here demonstrate the ability of SsDpr to bind various metals as substitutes for iron and will help in better understanding protein-metal interactions in the Dps family of proteins as potential metal nanocontainers.
    Journal of Molecular Biology 11/2010; 405(2):448-60. · 3.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the phenomenon of positive urine cytology in patients with lung cancer in the absence of obvious urothelial metastases. 150 patients with small (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of all stages and 3 control groups were prospectively studied. Immunocytochemical study (cytokeratins 7-20, TTF1) in all positive urine specimens and chemokine profile (CXCR4, CCL21) study of the primary tumor in selected positive patients was performed. In experimental study, C57Bl/6 BALB/C mice injected with LLC lung and 4T1 mammary cancer cells were used for the detection of positive urine cytology. 11% of patients with NSCLC, 7% of patients with SCLC and none of the control group had positive urine cytology. In NSCLC, metastatic disease and high tumor burden positively correlated (p=0.01 and 0.03 respectively) with the phenomenon. In SCLC, correlation with extensive disease and multiple metastatic sites (p=0.02 and 0.04 respectively) was found. No correlation was found in either group with: age, gender, histology, performance status, line of chemotherapy, previous platinum-based chemotherapy, adrenal metastases, renal function, abnormal urinary sediment, response to chemotherapy and overall survival (p=0.9). Distinctive chemokine expression was identified in positive patients studied and was not observed in negative patients (×2 p=0.008). In the experimental study, only the LLC lung cancer cells were detected in the urine cytology of mice. This phenomenon, carrying undefined pathophysiological mechanisms, seems to characterize only patients with metastatic/extensive disease and high tumor burden. Further studies are needed to validate our preliminary chemokine expression results.
    Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 11/2010; 73(1):51-8. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu,ZnSOD) from the thermophilic fungus Chaetomium thermophilum was expressed in Pichia pastoris and purified. Crystals were grown in over 120 conditions but only those produced with 1.4 M sodium potassium phosphate pH 8.2 as precipitant were suitable for structural studies. Data were collected to 1.9 A resolution at 100 K from a single crystal using a synchrotron-radiation source. The crystals belonged to space group P6(1)/P6(5), with unit-cell parameters a=90.2, c=314.5 A and eight molecules in the asymmetric unit. Elucidation of the crystal structure will provide insights into the active site of the enzyme and a better understanding of the structure-activity relationship, assembly and thermal stability of Cu,ZnSODs.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 09/2010; 66(Pt 9):1089-92. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • Teemu Haikarainen, Chih-Cheng Tsou, Jiunn-Jong Wu, Anastassios C Papageorgiou
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    ABSTRACT: Dps proteins contain a ferroxidase site that binds and oxidizes iron, thereby preventing hydroxyl radical formation by Fenton reaction. Although the involvement of a di-iron ferroxidase site has been suggested, X-ray crystal structures of various Dps members have shown either one or two iron cations with various occupancies despite the high structural conservation of the site. Similarly, structural studies with zinc, a redox-stable replacement for iron, have shown the binding of either one or two zinc ions. Here, the crystal structure of Streptococcus pyogenes Dpr in complex with zinc reveals the binding of two zinc cations in the ferroxidase center and an additional zinc-binding site at the surface of the protein. The results suggest a structural basis for the protection of Streptococcus pyogenes in zinc stress conditions and provide a clear evidence for a di-zinc and di-iron ferroxidase site in Streptococcus pyogenes Dpr protein.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/2010; 398(3):361-5. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • Sotirios C Melissis, Anastassios C Papageorgiou, Nikolaos E Labrou, Yannis D Clonis
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    ABSTRACT: Reverse transcriptase (RT) catalyzes the formation of dsDNA from single-stranded retroviral RNA genome. This enzyme is unique among DNA polymerases in its ability to use either RNA or DNA as a template. Moloney Murine Leukemia virus reverse transcriptase lacking RNase H activity (M-MLVH- RT) especially holds particular interest because of its ability to eliminate the deleterious effect of RNase H, which results in more efficient synthesis of full-length cDNA from mRNA. Therefore, the development of a simple purification method attracts the attention of retroviral drug and enzyme researchers and manufacturers. The present work is the first purification example of a non-tagged (native) RT by affinity chromatography using synthetic affinity ligands. In this study, the ligand was selected from a structure-biased combinatorial library of dNTP-mimetic ligands, and it was evaluated for its ability to bind and purify M-MLVH- RT from inclusion bodies of recombinant E. coli. The selected ligand (AEAd), bearing 9-aminoethyladenine and 1,6-diamine-hexane both linked on the same triazine scaffold, displayed the highest enzyme purifying ability after applying mild desorption conditions (6 mM MnCl(2) in 20 mM Tris-HCl buffer, pH 7.5). The binding capacity of immobilized AEAd with M-MLVH- RT was determined to be equal to approximately 1 mg enzyme/g moist weight gel. Adsorption studies with immobilized AEAd and soluble M-MLVH- RT demonstrated that the formation of the respective complex was perturbed by ATP. Quality control tests of the purified M-MLVH- RT essentially showed a single band (sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) and absence of nucleic acids and contaminating nuclease activities.
    Journal of chromatographic science 07/2010; 48(6):496-502. · 0.79 Impact Factor
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    Sachin Wakadkar, Siska Hermawan, Dieter Jendrossek, Anastassios C Papageorgiou
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    ABSTRACT: Poly-(R)-hydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are bacterial polyesters that are degraded by a group of enzymes known as PHA depolymerases. Paucimonas lemoignei PhaZ7 depolymerase is the only extracellular depolymerase that has been described as being active towards amorphous PHAs. A previously determined crystal structure of PhaZ7 revealed an alpha/beta-hydrolase fold and a Ser-His-Asp catalytic triad. In order to address questions regarding the catalytic mechanism and substrate binding, the atomic resolution structure of PhaZ7 was determined after cocrystallization with the protease inhibitor PMSF. The reported structure has the highest resolution (1.2 A) of currently known depolymerase structures and shows a sulfur dioxide molecule covalently attached to the active-site residue Ser136. Structural comparison with the free PhaZ7 structure (1.45 A resolution) revealed no major changes in the active site, suggesting a preformed catalytic triad. The oxyanion hole was found to be formed by the amide groups of Met137 and Asn49. Nine well ordered water molecules were located in the active site. Manual docking of a substrate trimer showed that the positions of these water molecules coincide well with the substrate atoms. It is proposed that these water molecules are displaced upon binding of the substrate. Furthermore, conformational changes were identified after comparison with a previously determined PhaZ7 dimer structure in a different space group. The changes were located in surface loops involved in dimer formation, indicating some flexibility of these loops and their possible involvement in polyester binding.
    Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 06/2010; 66(Pt 6):648-54. · 0.55 Impact Factor
  • EJC Supplements 06/2010; 8(5):118-118. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the significance of certain immunohistochemical markers, namely estrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR), c-erbB-2 oncogene, p53 tumor suppressor gene and E-cadherin adhesion molecule, in invasive ductal breast carcinomas. A series of 102 primary breast carcinomas of the ductal type and a standard immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the aforementioned biological markers. The findings were related to various clinical and pathological tumor characteristics, including lymph node metastases. ER and E-cadherin were expressed more commonly in tumors of low histological grade and small number (< or =3) of metastatic lymph nodes, whereas c-erbB-2 and the p53 gene were usually expressed in breast tumors of high histological grade and increased number (>3) of metastatic lymph nodes. PgR, on the other hand, was detected frequently in patients with early menarche and metastases in <3 lymph nodes, but this tendency was not statistically significant. The use of these biomarkers, preferably in combination, may provide additional prognostic and therapeutic information which may be proved useful in planning breast cancer treatment.
    Journal of B.U.ON.: official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 01/2010; 15(1):79-88. · 0.76 Impact Factor
  • N E Labrou, A C Papageorgiou, V I Avramis
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    ABSTRACT: L-asparaginase (L-ASNase, EC 3.5.1.1) catalyzes the hydrolysis of the non-essential amino acid L-Asn to LAsp and ammonia and is widely used for the treatment of haematopoetic diseases such as acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and lymphomas. Therapeutic forms of L-ASNase come from different biological sources (primarily E. coli and Erwinia chrysanthemi). It is well established that the various preparations have different biochemical pharmacology properties, and different tendency to induce side-effects. This is due to different structural, physicochemical and kinetic properties of L-ASNases from the various biological sources. Understanding these properties of various L-ASNases would allow a better decipherment of their catalytic and therapeutic features, thus enabling more accurate predictions of the behaviour of these enzymes under a variety of therapeutic conditions. In addition, detailed understanding of the catalytic mechanism of L-ASNases might permit the design of new forms of L-ASNases with optimal biochemical properties for clinical applications. In this paper we review the available biochemical and pharmacokinetic information of the therapeutic forms of bacterial L-ASNases, and focus on a detailed description of structure, function and clinical applications of these enzymes.
    Current Medicinal Chemistry 01/2010; 17(20):2183-95. · 3.72 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
430.27 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Universität Stuttgart
      Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
  • 2002–2013
    • University of Turku
      • • Turku Centre for Biotechnology
      • • Department of Medical Biochemistry and Genetics
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
    • Åbo Akademi University
      • Turku Centre for Biotechnology
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
  • 2009–2012
    • Agricultural University of Athens
      • Laboratory of Enzyme Technology
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 2011
    • Shandong Agricultural University
      • Department of Environmental Biology
      China
  • 2005–2010
    • Turku centre for biotechnology, finland
      Turku, Province of Western Finland, Finland
  • 1978–2010
    • Θεαγένειο Αντικαρκινικό Νοσοκομείο
      Saloníki, Central Macedonia, Greece
  • 1995–2009
    • Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
      • • Laboratory of Inorganic Chemistry
      • • Faculty of Medicine
      Thessaloníki, Kentriki Makedonia, Greece
    • International Institute of Anticancer Research
      Αθίκια, Peloponnese, Greece
    • University of Bath
      • Department of Biology and Biochemistry
      Bath, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 2000–2008
    • Theagenio Cancer Hospital
      Saloníki, Central Macedonia, Greece
  • 1983–2007
    • University of Patras
      • • Department of Pharmacy
      • • Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
      Patrís, Kentriki Makedonia, Greece
  • 1997–1998
    • University of Ioannina
      • Τμήμα Χημείας
      Ioánnina, Ipeiros, Greece
    • Lund University
      • Department of Chemical Engineering
      Lund, Skane, Sweden
  • 1989–1996
    • National Hellenic Research Foundation
      • Institute of Biology, Medicinal Chemistry and Biotechnology
      Athínai, Attica, Greece
  • 1988–1995
    • University of Oxford
      • Department of Biochemistry
      Oxford, ENG, United Kingdom