ABSTRACT: To evaluate and compare the analgesic efficacy and anti-inflammatory effects of topical piroxicam gel vs eutectic mixture of local anesthetic (EMLA) cream applied to the peripheral venous cannulation site in adult volunteers.
Piroxicam gel and EMLA cream were randomly applied on the dorsum of the right and left hand of ten volunteers who acted as their own control. A venous cannula was inserted (no iv infusion) and removed after one hour. Pain scores and signs of inflammation were noted at the cannulation site up to 48 hr.
Pain scores with piroxicam gel were higher on cannulation and on advancement of the cannula (P < 0.05). Thereafter, pain scores were significantly higher with EMLA (P < 0.05). Blanching was present at all the peripheral venous sites treated with EMLA cream. Signs of inflammation (erythema, edema) were not more frequent with EMLA than with piroxicam (P > 0.05). Induration was more frequent with EMLA at six hours.
In volunteers EMLA cream is associated with less pain on cannulation and cannula advancement compared to piroxicam gel. Topical application of piroxicam gel before peripheral venous cannulation alleviates pain and, possibly, inflammation in the period subsequent to cannulation itself.
Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 10/2003; 50(8):775-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor
Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia-journal Canadien D Anesthesie - CAN J ANAESTH. 01/2003; 50(8):775-778.
Anesthesiology 12/2002; 97(5):1324-5. · 5.36 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Direct laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation remains the technique of choice to achieve control of the airway. Alternative or additional techniques of airway control are required whenever an airway is deemed difficult because of anatomical and/or technical reasons. The retrograde intubation technique is an important option for gaining airway access from below the vocal cords in such situations (1). We report successful management and the problems encountered while gaining the upper airway by the retrograde catheter method in a patient having bilateral fibrous ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). IMPLICATIONS: A 30-yr-old woman presented for redo-release of bilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis under general anesthesia. During the previous anesthetic for primary release of ankylosis, tracheostomy was done, as conventional blind nasotracheal and retrograde intubation attempts failed several times. This case report describes the method for overcoming the difficulties of a retrograde intubation procedure in removing the guiding catheter nasally by using a pharyngeal loop assembly.
Anesthesia & Analgesia 03/2002; 94(2):470-3, table of contents. · 3.29 Impact Factor