Alexandros Tsarouhas

General University Hospital of Larissa, Lárissa, Thessaly, Greece

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Publications (3)3.61 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Fatigue is an extrinsic factor adversely affecting joint proprioception and neuromuscular response, thereby increasing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) strain and injury risk. The effectiveness of the single- and double-bundle techniques for ACL reconstruction to control residual rotational knee laxity under fatigue has not been examined. Fatigue results in a significant increase in tibial rotation angles and moments in both ACL-intact and single- and double-bundle ACL-reconstructed knees. The 2 groups with ACL-reconstructed knees will show no significant differences in tibial rotation angles and moments either pre- or postfatigue. Controlled laboratory study. Twenty-four male patients who underwent successful single-bundle (n = 12) or double-bundle (n = 12) ACL reconstructions and 10 matched healthy controls were subjected to a standard lower limb muscle fatigue protocol using an isokinetic dynamometer. Three-dimensional motion analysis was used to measure tibial rotation and rotational knee moments in the pre- and postfatigue states, during a swinging maneuver on the weightbearing leg from a standing position with the knee in extension. Tibial rotation of the single-bundle group significantly increased postfatigue (prefatigue 22° ± 10° vs 29° ± 15° postfatigue, P = .015). In contrast, the double-bundle group showed similar tibial rotation values pre- and postfatigue (16° ± 6° vs 18° ± 4°, P = .22). The double-bundle group showed a trend toward decreased tibial rotation values pre- and post-fatigue compared with controls (22 ± 4 and 23 ± 4) (P = .065 and .08, respectively). In the prefatigue state, rotational moments (N·mm/Kg) of the single-bundle (339 ± 148) and double-bundle (317 ± 97) groups were significantly lower than that of controls (465 ± 134) (P = .05 and .03, respectively). In the postfatigue state, an increase was observed in rotational moments of the single-bundle (388 ± 131) and double-bundle (408 ± 187) groups compared with prefatigue values, whereas a decrease was noted in the control group (411 ± 117). Single-bundle ACL-reconstructed knees demonstrate a reduced ability to resist rotational loads under fatigue. Double-bundle reconstructed knees had significantly better control of tibial rotation when fatigued. However, they demonstrate an excessive, yet not significant, reduction in tibial rotation compared with the intact knee, suggesting a possible overcorrection in rotational laxity.
    The American journal of sports medicine 07/2012; 40(9):2045-51. · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    Michael Hantes, Alexandros Tsarouhas
    Modern Arthroscopy, 12/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-771-0
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    ABSTRACT: The surgical management of ipsilateral fractures of the femoral neck and shaft presents a difficult and challenging problem for the orthopaedic surgeon. The purpose of the present study was to report the mid-term results and complications in a series of patients who sustained ipsilateral femoral neck and shaft fractures and treated in our trauma department with a single reconstruction nail for both fractures. Eleven patients were included in the study with an average age of 46.4 years. The mean follow-up was 47 months (range, 15-75 months). There were no cases of a missed diagnosis at initial presentation. The mean time to union was 4.5 months for the neck fracture and 8.2 months for the shaft. There were no cases of avascular necrosis of the femoral head or non-union of the neck fracture. The mean Harris Hip Score was (85 ± 4.3). Complications included two cases of shaft fracture non-union and one case of peroneal nerve palsy. Heterotopic ossification at the tip of the greater trochanter was evident in two cases without causing any functional deficit. The current study suggests that reconstruction nailing produces satisfactory clinical and functional results in the mid-term. The complications involved only the femoral shaft fracture and were successfully treated with a single operative procedure.
    Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction 08/2011; 6(2):69-75.