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Publications (4)0.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To validate the diagnostic efficacy of saline infusion sonohysterography (SIS) in the evaluation of uterine cavity,in women with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrial thickness (3) 5 mm. Cross-sectional study. Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from March 2005 to July 2008 and Combined Military Hospital, Multan, from September 2008 to June 2009. Seventy seven eligible participants included women complaining of postmenopausal bleeding were included; out of whom 69 completed the procedure satisfactorily. Pain scores during procedure were assessed to determine patient acceptability. Following saline infusion sonohysterography all patients also underwent an out door pipelle endometrial biopsy in a one-stop postmenopausal bleed clinic. Findings of sonohysterography were compared with hysteroscopy/hysterectomy specimen. Majority of the patients 34 (49.2%) experienced no pain during the procedure, 51 (74%) women had a positive SIS and the findings were negative in 18 (26%) patients. The commonest abnormal finding on SIS was focal thickening in 23 (32%) and endometrial polyp in 12 (17%) cases. Saline infusion hysterosonography picked up 3 cases of false positive polyps (5.8%) and missed a case of submucous fibroid near cervix (1.8%). Upon comparison of findings of hysteroscopy and hysterectomy in 53 cases, there was complete agreement in a total of 43 (88%) cases. The sensitivity of sonohysterography was 92% and specificity was 78%. All the ladies with abnormal SIS had diagnostic or therapeutic procedures and finally only 24 (35%) were managed on conservative follow-up. Normal SIS led to conservative management in 16 (88%). Sonohysterography in combination with endometrial biopsy is a useful technique useful for the evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding. Patient acceptability and diagnostic capability is high and it reduces demand for hysteroscopy.
    Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan: JCPSP 09/2010; 20(9):571-5. · 0.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To prospectively review the clinicopathologic pattern and out come in 15 patients with adolescent ovarian tumours in Military Hospital Rawalpindi between Jan 2004 to Sep 2007. All cases of adolescent ovarian tumours reporting to the gynaecology department of Military Hospital Rawalpindi during the period of enrolment. Out of 15 cases 12 were managed surgically. Data was recorded regarding clinical presentation, patient's age, size of tumour, bilaterality, histopathology, staging if tumour was malignant and sites of extra ovarian involvement. All patients were followed up for one year. Majority of patients fell in the subgroup 14-16 year age. Majority harboring ovarian malignancy belonged to subgroup 17-19 years. Clinical presentation in the majority was mass abdomen and abdominal distension. Approach was transcutaneous in 3 (20%), laparoscopic in 2(20%), and open laparotomy in 10 (60%). Frozen section was performed in 3 cases. Histopathology was benign in 11 cases and malignant in 4. In 3 cases cyst fluid was negative for malignancy. In 2 cyst wall biopsy and one patient where entire cyst was removed histopathology revealed benign serous cyst adenoma/luteal cyst (26%). There were 5 cases of dermoid cysts (33.3%), one patient had bilateral dermoids, one malignant and one benign. All 4 malignancies were found to be to non-epithelial on histopathology. One case had surgery twice. Unilateral oopherectomy followed by recurrence and total abdominal hysterectomy and contralateral salpingo-oopherectomy after 2 years. This study shows the preponderance of non-epithelial tumours and high percentages of malignant germ cell tumours in adolescents. The incidence of malignant tumours in adolescents is higher than in adults. Early correct diagnosis could be reached by careful physical examination, imaging and tumour markers Surgery should as much as is safely possible be fertility preserving.
    Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC 20(4):18-21.
  • Abeera Choudry, Saima Masood, Suhaib Ahmed
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    ABSTRACT: Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) is the technique of choice for prenatal diagnosis prior to 12 weeks gestation. The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility, and pattern of complications following first trimester Trans-abdominal Chorionic Villus Sampling (TA-CVS). This was a descriptive study conducted in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department Military Hospital (MH) Rawalpindi from Jan 2007 to July 2008. Couples at risk of giving birth to a child with genetic disorder were identified and counselled. Trans-abdominal Chorionic Villus Sampling was done using double needle technique under ultrasound guidance. Immediate and late complications were followed up. Data was analysed using SPPS-10. On 200 cases chorionic villus sampling was done as an outdoor procedure. Most common indication was thalassaemia trait 75 (37.5%). Most procedures were done between 12-13 weeks. All placental positions including 104 (52%) posterior and 71 (35.5%) anterior were approachable. Most aspirations were easy, however, in 30 (15%) the aspiration was difficult. Overall success rate was 100%. In 158 (79%) of the cases sample yield was good. One (0.5%) patient had vaginal bleeding and three (1.5%) had placental haematoma formation. Most patients (84%) experienced mild pain during the procedure. The procedure related miscarriage occurred in 2 (1%) patients while another patient developed this complication after 6 weeks. First trimester TA-CVS is an accurate and safe invasive prenatal diagnostic procedure. Placentas in almost any position can be approached without any significant risk to mother and the foetus.
    Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC 24(1):38-43.