A Tamir

Carmel Medical Center, H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel

Are you A Tamir?

Claim your profile

Publications (78)176.69 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This retrospective study assessed the contribution of exercise stress testing (EST) in the evaluation of patients with low risk for coronary heart disease who presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain. The study included 175 patients who presented to the ED with chest pain and underwent EST between January 1, 2005, and November 30, 2006. After the EST, 113 patients were discharged, and 62 were admitted. Exercise stress testing's positive predictive value for coronary artery disease among admitted patients was 35.7%, and sensitivity was 95.2%. Exercise stress testing's negative predictive value among discharged patients was 99.1%. None of the 113 discharged patients returned to the ED for cardiac reasons during the 30-day follow-up period. A chest pain unit or a parallel facility for evaluating patients with chest pain and with low risk for active coronary disease is necessary for detecting low-risk patients who eventually need cardiac intervention.
    The American journal of emergency medicine 10/2009; 27(7):889-92. · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deepening sedation is often needed in patients with intracranial hypertension. All widely used sedative and anesthetic agents (opioids, benzodiazepines, propofol, and barbiturates) decrease blood pressure and may therefore decrease cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP). Ketamine is a potent, safe, rapid-onset anesthetic agent that does not decrease blood pressure. However, ketamine's use in patients with traumatic brain injury and intracranial hypertension is precluded because it is widely stated that it increases intracranial pressure (ICP). Based on anecdotal clinical experience, the authors hypothesized that ketamine does not increase-but may rather decrease-ICP. The authors conducted a prospective, controlled, clinical trial of data obtained in a pediatric intensive care unit of a regional trauma center. All patients were sedated and mechanically ventilated prior to inclusion in the study. Children with sustained, elevated ICP (> 18 mm Hg) resistant to first-tier therapies received a single ketamine dose (1-1.5 mg/kg) either to prevent further ICP increase during a potentially distressing intervention (Group 1) or as an additional measure to lower ICP (Group 2). Hemodynamic, ICP, and CPP values were recorded before ketamine administration, and repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to compare these values with those recorded every minute for 10 minutes following ketamine administration. The results of 82 ketamine administrations in 30 patients were analyzed. Overall, following ketamine administration, ICP decreased by 30% (from 25.8 +/- 8.4 to 18.0 +/- 8.5 mm Hg) (p < 0.001) and CPP increased from 54.4 +/- 11.7 to 58.3 +/- 13.4 mm Hg (p < 0.005). In Group 1, ICP decreased significantly following ketamine administration and increased by > 2 mm Hg during the distressing intervention in only 1 of 17 events. In Group 2, when ketamine was administered to lower persistent intracranial hypertension, ICP decreased by 33% (from 26.0 +/- 9.1 to 17.5 +/- 9.1 mm Hg) (p < 0.0001) following ketamine administration. In ventilation-treated patients with intracranial hypertension, ketamine effectively decreased ICP and prevented untoward ICP elevations during potentially distressing interventions, without lowering blood pressure and CPP. These results refute the notion that ketamine increases ICP. Ketamine is a safe and effective drug for patients with traumatic brain injury and intracranial hypertension, and it can possibly be used safely in trauma emergency situations.
    Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 08/2009; 4(1):40-6. · 1.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Earlier studies indicate that high circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) may be associated with premenopausal breast cancer. We studied variations in the IGF-1 gene and the growth hormone (GH1) gene in relation to risk of breast cancer in 667 Ashkenazi Jewish women (321 cases, 346 controls) from a population-based case-control study in Northern Israel, and a clinical series of 331 founder BRCA mutation carriers (161 affected, 170 unaffected). All participants were tested for six polymorphisms in the IGF-1 gene and one GH1 polymorphism. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios for haplotype-specific and genotype-specific age-adjusted risks. Two common IGF-1 haplotypes (ATTCAC, GAGTGT) were found, when compared with the most prevalent haplotype ATTCGC (32.5%), to be associated with a decreased risk of breast cancer in premenopausal noncarrier women only. Age-adjusted odds ratios were 0.5 (95% confidence interval: 0.28-0.92) for ATTCAC and 0.46 (95% confidence interval: 0.24-0.89) for GAGTGT. The GH1 polymorphism did not influence the risk of breast cancer in our study population. The IGF-1 gene seems to be associated with breast cancer risk in premenopausal Ashkenazi Jewish women who are not carriers of mutations in BRCA1/2 genes.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 07/2009; 18(5):361-7. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Uncorrected refractive error is the leading cause of visual impairment in children. In 2002 a screening project was launched in Israel to provide data on the effectiveness of the illiterate E-chart in identifying Jewish and Arab schoolchildren in need of a comprehensive eye examination. To present the aims, design and initial results of the visual screening project and the prevalence of vision abnormality in the study population. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted during 2002-2003 among first- and eighth-graders in 70 schools in northern Israel. The nurse's test included use of the illiterate E-chart to measure visual acuity. The medical examination included vision history, clinical eye examination, VA and retinoscopy. The ophthalmologist's evaluation as to whether a child needed a referral for, diagnostic procedures, treatment and/or follow-up was recorded and compared with explicit referral criteria formulated after data collection. Of 1975 schoolchildren, 31% had abnormal VA, defined as VA worse than 6/6 in at least one eye, and a quarter had VA equal or worse than 6/12 in both eyes. The prevalence of vision abnormality among the children was 22.4% when based on the evaluation of the field ophthalmologist and 26.1% when based on two sets of explicit severity scores and referral criteria. Vision abnormality is a significant health problem among northern Israeli schoolchildren. This project is unique in scope and importance, providing evidence to assist policy making with regard to vision screening for schoolchildren (including data on test reliability and validity) and optimal VA cutoff level, and confirming the need for clinical guidelines regarding referral criteria.
    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 04/2009; 11(3):160-5. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Estimate the reliability of the E-chart as used with Israeli school children. Cross-sectional, population-based study conducted among 751 Israeli students of the Northern District, aged 6- and 7-year-olds and 13- and 14-years-old in 30 schools in 2003. Each student was screened separately by two public health nurses using the illiterate E-chart. Collected data included the students' vision and demographic characteristics, the nurses' professional background, and whether they referred students for medical testing. The reliabilities of vision testing and of the recommendations were determined using total, positive, and negative percentages of agreement and Kappa coefficients. Total percentage of agreement on vision (combined findings for both eyes) was 78.2% (Kappa 0.47, 95%CI 0.41-0.53). Logistic regression models to predict agreement on vision abnormality showed a higher percentage of agreement among females and 13- and 14-year-old students than among males and 6- and 7-year old students. Total agreement of 85.8% was found in referral recommendations (Kappa 0.58, 95%CI 0.51-0.65). Significant relationships were noted with student age, ethnicity, subdistrict of residence, nurse seniority, and agreement on vision findings. Improvement in school vision-screening reliability is needed, especially among 6- and 7-year-old students. To this end, the determinants of fair reliability should be investigated and training programs planned. Reasons for differences in the reliability of nurses' recommendations detected among subdistricts must be further studied, together with careful supervision, to ensure better performance and adherence to PHS guidelines. Implications for nurses and nursing should be considered. Demographic characteristics were found to predict reliability, which can guide nurses in selecting students who need more careful attention or closer supervision during vision testing.
    Journal of Nursing Scholarship 02/2009; 41(3):250-9. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic variation in FGFR2 is a newly described risk factor for breast cancer. We estimated the relative risk and contribution of FGFR2 polymorphisms to breast cancer risk in diverse ethnic groups within Jewish and other Middle Eastern populations. We genotyped four FGFR2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) and tested for association of these SNPs and haplotypes with breast cancer risk in a population-based case-control study of 1,529 women with breast cancer and 1,528 controls. We found significant associations between breast cancer risk and all four studied SNPs in FGFR2 (P trend for all SNPs < 0.0001). In ethnicity-specific analysis, all four SNPs were significantly associated with breast cancer risk in Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews, with a similar but not significant trend in Arabs. Haplotype analysis identified five common haplotypes (>1%). The previously described AAGT risk haplotype was significantly associated with breast cancer risk in Ashkenazi [odds ratio (OR), 1.25; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.07-1.45; P = 0.0059] and Sephardi Jews (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.17-1.80; P = 0.0006) compared with the reference GGAC haplotype. The AAAC haplotype was significantly associated with breast cancer risk in Sephardi Jews (OR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.16-3.35; P = 0.0125) but not in Ashkenazi Jews (OR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.41-1.62; P = 0.5613) or in Arabs (OR, 1.31; 95% CI, 0.80-2.14; P = 0.2881). Genetic variation in FGFR2, identified by rs1219648, may account for a substantial fraction of breast cancer in Arab (12%), Ashkenazi (15%), and Sephardi Jewish (22%) populations. The identification of population-specific risk haplotypes in FGFR2 is likely to help identify causal variants for breast cancer.
    Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 05/2008; 17(5):1060-5. · 4.32 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the screening performance of 6/6 and 6/12 vision cut-offs with an illiterate E-chart implemented by a public health nurse to test children for ocular abnormalities and uncorrected refractive error. The gold standard diagnosis is an eye examination performed by an ophthalmologist. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted among 2113 students' ages 6-7 and 13-14 years old in 70 Northern District Israeli schools. Students were tested by nurses and ophthalmologists. A nurse examination was carried out using the illiterate E-chart for vision measurement. The medical examination included vision history, clinical eye examination, vision and retinoscopy testing. The Physician's evaluation of whether students needed a referral for diagnostic procedures, treatment and/or follow-up was recorded. Screening test's performance was determined using ophthalmologist's decision regarding referral as the gold standard. Detection rate (DR), false-positive rate (FPR), odds affected positive result (OAPR), positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were estimated overall and by students' demographic characteristics. For vision >6/6 cut-off in at least one eye (eyes tested separately): DR - 71.9% (95% CI 65.8-78.7%), FPR - 22.8% (95% CI 17.9-28.9%), OAPR - 0.98:1 (95% CI 0.84:1-1.15:1), PPV - 52.7% (95% CI 45.4-61.2%), NPV - 90.9% (95% CI 88.7-93.1%). For 6/12 vision cut-off, namely vision 6/12 or worse in both eyes (tested separately): DR - 58.6 (95% CI 51.8-66.4%), FPR - 15.2% (95% CI 10.9-21.1%), OAPR - 1.13:1 (95% CI 0.94:1-1.35:1), PPV - 61.1% (95% CI 52.9-70.6%), NPV - 87.6% (95% CI 84.9-90.4%). Vision-screening test performance measures are mild. It is suggested to change vision cut-off level that denotes vision abnormality from current policy of vision not equal 6/6 in both eyes (tested separately) to vision 6/12 or worse in both eyes (tested separately). This change will result in reduction of FPR from 22% to 15%, concomitant with an increase in false-negative rate from 28% to 41%. Students may be equally screened by either a senior or a less experienced nurse.
    Journal of Medical Screening 02/2008; 15(2):65-71. · 2.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The experience of the mammography testing process and related satisfaction influence women's willingness to undergo the test again. The study goal was to assess women's overall satisfaction with the mammography examination service provided by participating units in the National Program for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer in Israel. Between August 2003 and March 2004, a random sample of 3,295 women from 38 mammography units nationwide was drawn. Women were interviewed within 48 hours of their mammography, regarding their assessment of the examination process: discomfort, overall satisfaction, and intention to rescreen. Overall satisfaction and process items were measured on an ordinal scale ranging from 1 (lowest) to 6 (highest). Multivariate binomial regression was performed to identify significant predictors of being less satisfied and to estimate the associated relative risks with 95% confidence interval (CI). A response of "very satisfied" (score 6), indicating overall satisfaction with the mammography process, was reported by 77% (95% CI, 73%-80%) of the women, 19% (95% CI, 17%-21%) said they were satisfied. Willingness to rescreen was reported by 95%. Negative assessment of staff attitude was the most influential predictor of being less satisfied. Twenty-six percent of women reported experiencing very discomforting pain. This response was associated with a diagnostic test indication, and with process items directly related to the test (technician's attitude toward the patient; information provided by her; privacy during the test). Women's satisfaction was high, as was intention to rescreen. The gap between intention and rescreening begs further investigations as to other types of barriers preventing women from adherence to rescreening.
    Women s Health Issues 01/2008; 18(2):110-7. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The experience of the mammography testing process and related satisfaction influence women's willingness to undergo the test again. The study goal was to assess women's overall satisfaction with the mammography examination service provided by participating units in the National Program for the Early Detection of Breast Cancer in Israel. Between August 2003 and March 2004, a random sample of 3,295 women from 38 mammography units nationwide was drawn. Women were interviewed within 48 hours of their mammography, regarding their assessment of the examination process: discomfort, overall satisfaction, and intention to rescreen. Overall satisfaction and process items were measured on an ordinal scale ranging from 1 (lowest) to 6 (highest). Multivariate binomial regression was performed to identify significant predictors of being less satisfied and to estimate the associated relative risks with 95% confidence interval (CI). A response of "very satisfied" (score 6), indicating overall satisfaction with the mammography process, was reported by 77% (95% CI, 73%-80%) of the women, 19% (95% CI, 17%-21%) said they were satisfied. Willingness to rescreen was reported by 95%. Negative assessment of staff attitude was the most influential predictor of being less satisfied. Twenty-six percent of women reported experiencing very discomforting pain. This response was associated with a diagnostic test indication, and with process items directly related to the test (technician's attitude toward the patient; information provided by her; privacy during the test). Women's satisfaction was high, as was intention to rescreen. The gap between intention and rescreening begs further investigations as to other types of barriers preventing women from adherence to rescreening.
    Women s Health Issues 01/2008; 18(2):110-7. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the western world, trauma is the leading cause of disability and mortality in the 1-39 years age group. Road accidents constitute the most frequent cause of mortality among children older than 1 year and falls from heights are the most frequent cause of injuries requiring hospitalization. To analyze the epidemiology and characteristics of severe pediatric trauma due to falls from a height in northern Israel. This analysis should aid in planning an effective intervention plan. This observational study included all patients aged 0-14 who died or were admitted to an intensive care unit in northern Israel following a fall from a height. Demographic and clinical data were collected retrospectively for 3 years and prospectively for 1 year. A total of 188 children were severely injured or died following such a fall, with an annual rate of 11.4 per 100,000 children. Over 85% of severe injuries due to falls occurred among non-Jewish children, with an incidence rate 6.36 times higher than among Jewish children (20.17 and 3.17 per 100,000 children, respectively). In the non-Jewish sector 93.7% of the falls occurred at or around the child's home, mainly from staircases, balconies and roofs. A very high incidence of severe trauma due to domestic falls from a height was found among non-Jewish children in northern Israel. Domestic falls represent an important epidemiological problem in the non-Jewish pediatric sector, and an effective prevention plan should include measures to modify parents' attitudes towards safety issues and the creation of a safe domestic environment.
    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 09/2007; 9(8):603-6. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to analyze the emergency medicine department's practice of recommending anticoagulation medication for stroke prevention, its compliance with clinical guidelines, and the role of the emergency physician in recommending anticoagulation medication. We also determined the occurrence of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) during a follow-up period of up to 8 months after their discharge from the ED. Over a 6-month period, patients presenting to the ED with AF were registered using a predesigned 2-part questionnaire. The first part considered the management of the patients with AF at the ED; the second part evaluated data on patients who returned to the ED and their treatment follow-up, based on the drug supply registry. This study included 102 ED visits by patients with AF, of whom 38 were hospitalized and 64 were discharged. Thirty-six of the discharged patients required anticoagulation according to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines/European Society of Cardiology guidelines. Of these patients, 28 (78%) were recommended anticoagulation medication and 8 (25%) were not: 5 because of contraindications and 3 because of unknown reasons. No patient returned to the ED with a thromboembolic event during the 8-month follow-up period. The prevalence of anticoagulation recommendation for stroke prevention and compliance with clinical guidelines were found to be greater than previously reported. Our data show that most of the patients with AF and risk factors for stroke were recommended anticoagulation medication. This study illustrates the importance of applying clinical guidelines in daily practice and integrating them into patients' medical files in the ED.
    American Journal of Emergency Medicine 02/2007; 25(1):1-5. · 1.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Open access endoscopy facilitates the performance of colonoscopy on a physician's request, without a prior consultation with a gastroenterologist. To investigate: (1) the rates of relevant endoscopic findings in patients referred by family physicians compared to other specialists; (2) whether there is overuse of open-access colonoscopy in our country where the examination is free of charge for the patient; (3) whether a high rate of pre-malignant and malignant incidental findings might justify a more liberal approach to the indications of colonoscopy. Prospective study including all consecutive ambulatory patients referred for open access colonoscopy. The indication for the examination was tabulated according to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) guidelines. Endoscopic findings were classified into relevant or normal; each relevant finding was correlated with the indication for which the examination was performed. A total of 34.2% of patients had a colonoscopy performed for an inappropriate indication; family physicians had a slightly higher rate of appropriate indications compared with the other specialists. However, a relevant endoscopic finding was diagnosed only in 14.0% of their referred cases, compared with 22.8% of the other specialists (p = 0.032). Polyps larger than 5 mm or a malignant tumor were diagnosed in 20.7% of the colonoscopies; 19 out of the 83 cases (23%) were diagnosed in examinations performed for inappropriate indications. It was found that 34% of the colonoscopies were performed for inappropriate indications. A higher proportion of relevant endoscopic findings was diagnosed among patients referred by surgeons, oncologists and internists as compared with those referred by family physicians. Considering that as much as 23% of polyps and malignant tumors were found in cases performed for inappropriate indications, we suggest that a liberal approach to the indications for colonoscopy--probably age over 50 years--may benefit the patients.
    Harefuah 12/2006; 145(11):803-6, 863, 862.
  • Daniel Hardoff, Ada Tamir, Tal Snir
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This pilot study surveyed Israeli adolescents' preferences regarding health services as a preliminary step for a national survey. A total of 444 students filled a questionnaire including demographics, personal health data, and preferences regarding 31 statements on health care, based on a Philadelphia questionnaire. Factors of most significant impact in seeking health care were cleanliness, integrity, respectfulness, knowledge, and competence. The 10 top statements important to Israeli teens included 9 of the 11 top statements of the Philadelphia teens. Future research may demonstrate change in outcome if adolescents' desires were attended based on a cultural adapted questionnaire.
    Journal of Adolescent Health 11/2006; 39(4):614-6. · 2.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Age and Ageing 10/2005; 34(5):507-10. · 3.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate sound localization ability in totally deaf patients with unilateral cochlear implants and to estimate the ability to improve this function by training. A controlled case series. Nine patients with monaural cochlear implants were asked to identify the source of 50 randomly distributed sound stimuli coming from five different directions anteriorly or laterally. After some training, patients were retested. There were two control groups. One comprised nine adults with normal hearing, and the other comprised nine adults with normal hearing but one ear plugged. The mean initial score of the study group (maximal score 100) was 41.5 (range 23-63). Patients who had used cochlear implants longer had better sound localization ability (Spearman's correlation coefficient = 0.92). On retesting, after an average of 6.3 training sessions, their mean score improved to 66 (range 32-95), (p = 0.008). The improvement was more pronounced in postlinguals than in prelinguals (p = 0.016). Spontaneous development of sound localization ability in totally deaf patients with unilateral cochlear implants is proportional to the time interval between implantation and initial testing. Improvement appears to be influenced by training, and to be greater in postlingual than in prelingual implantees.
    Cochlear Implants International 04/2005; 6(1):1-9.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The neural mismatch theory assumes that the intersensory conflicts leading to motion sickness are resolved by changes in the relative weighting of the various senses that contribute to orientation. If this sensory rearrangement persists after disembarkment, it might result in mal de debarquement (MD): ataxia and a rocking sensation sometimes felt after landing. The objective of the present study was to examine possible changes in sensory organization in naval crew members with differing susceptibility to MD with computerized dynamic posturography (CDP). Cross-sectional parallel-group design. Seventeen subjects susceptible to MD (SMD) and 17 subjects nonsusceptible to MD (NSMD) (healthy male volunteers aged 18-22) participated in the study. CDP was performed twice with each subject, before and immediately after sailing, using the EquiTest system (NeuroCom, Inc., Clackamas, OR). The SMD group showed a significant reduction in their scores on sensory organization tests 3, 4, and 5 after sailing. Sensory pattern analysis revealed reduced use of inputs from the vestibular and visual systems to maintain balance. Prolonged latencies of the motor responses to unexpected pitch perturbations were also recorded in the postsailing CDP of the SMD group. Reduced performance on the presailing CDP task, which presents the greatest challenge to the vestibular system, was found to control for the presence of MD postsailing. The results show that MD is associated with postural instability, slower motor reflexes, and larger sways in response to abrupt changes in the body's center of gravity. These findings may be explained by under reliance on vestibular and visual inputs and increased dependence on the somatosensory system for the maintenance of balance.
    The Laryngoscope 04/2004; 114(3):581-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor
  • Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 04/2004; 52(3):474-5. · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The treatment of osteoporosis among postmenopausal women represents a major public health challenge since long-term therapy is needed to prevent fractures and chronic disability. To assess compliance with osteoporosis drug therapy among Israeli postmenopausal women treated with either a bisphosphonate (alendronate) or a selective estrogen receptor modulator (raloxifene); to identify factors affecting compliance among these patients; and to compare adherence to the treatment in these two groups. Our study included 178 consecutive patients aged 67.41 +/- 8.52 years who were treated for osteoporosis with alendronate or raloxifene in the Metabolic Bone Diseases Unit. All the patients received supplementation with calcium carbonate 1,500 mg and 600 IU vitamin D daily. Compliance was assessed at a clinic visit 6 months after starting therapy. The dropout rate was 23% (41 patients): 20 patients (31%) in the raloxifene group and 21 (18%) in the alendronate group (P = 0.0041). The main reasons for dropout were side effects and/or noncompliance, 16 and 24 patients (39% and 58.53%) respectively. The most frequent side effect was abdominal pain in 9 patients (42.8%) who discontinued alendronate use. The reasons for non-compliance were a fear of side effects and high drug price in 6 (30%) and 4 (20%) patients respectively in the raloxifene group, and inconvenience caused by medication use in 3 patients (14.3%) in the alendronate group. Logistic regression analysis of factors that may influence compliance included age, previous fractures, family history of osteoporosis, bone density T-score less than -2.5, and presence and number of concomitant diseases. Age was the only statistically significant parameter in this model: 67.8 +/- 8.8 in non-compliant versus 64.11 +/- 7.4 in compliant patients (P = 0.029). At least 20% of the patients discontinued chronic treatment for osteoporosis during the initial 6 months of therapy. The main reasons were gastrointestinal side effects in the alendronate group and fear of side effects and high drug price in the raloxifene group. Older age was the only statistically significant factor influencing compliance.
    The Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 01/2004; 5(12):859-62. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lactose intolerance (LI) is a common enzymatic insufficiency, manifesting by poor tolerance of dairy products, leading to low calcium intake and poor calcium absorption from dairy products. These changes might lead to an impairment of bone metabolism [1]. To evaluate the impact of LI on quantitative bone parameters in axial and appendicular skeletal sites. To assess the impact of calcium intake from dairy and non-dairy nutritional sources, calcium regulating hormones and bone turnover on quantitative bone parameters in LI patients. We evaluated calcium intake and bone status in sixty-six patients with LI, 49 women and 17 men, aged 20 to 78. Bone mass was assessed at the lumbar spine (LS), total hip (TH) and femoral neck (FN) by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and at the radius, tibia, phalanx by quantitative ultrasound. Serum calcium, albumin, inorganic phosphate, calcium regulating hormones and markers of bone turnover were evaluated. Total daily calcium intake was below the recommended by the American Dietetic Association [2] in all study participants (mean 692 mg/day +/- 162). Elevated level of urinary deoxypyridinoline crosslinks (DPD) was observed in 63 (96%) patients and was negatively correlated with total daily calcium intake (r = -0.998, p = 0.025) and with nondairy calcium intake (r = -0.34, p = 0.015). Parathyroid hormone (PTH) level in the upper third of normal range (45-65 ng/L) was observed in 11 (17%) patients. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) was inversely correlated with total calcium intake (r = -0.4, p = 0.001), dairy calcium intake (r = -0.83, p = 0.05), non-dairy calcium intake (r = -0.29, p = 0.043), 25OHD(3) serum level (r = -0.3, p = 0.007) and positively correlated with bone turnover markers (deoxypyridinoline crosslinks [DPD], r = 0.36, p = 0.01 and bone specific alkaline phosphatase [BSAP] r = 0.36, p = 0.01). Decrease in quantitative bone parameters compared to age-matched controls was observed in the axial and in the appendicular skeleton in men and in postmenopausal women: mean z-score for LS -0.87 +/- 0.22 and -1.32 +/- 0.65, p = 0.004 and 0.015, tibia -1.15 +/- 0.53 and -0.44 +/- 0.044, p < 0.001 and 0.27, phalanx -0.98 +/- 0.22 and -0.52 +/- 0.98, p < 0.001. We observed decrease in bone mass in patients with serum PTH in the upper tertile of normal range in the FN (z-score -0.57 +/- 0.6 versus -0.03 +/- 0.9, p = 0.025), TH (-0.51 +/- 0.96 versus 0.04 +/- 0.9, p = 0.05) and radius (-1.84 +/- 0.27 versus -0.07 +/- 1.61, p = 0.025, respectively). z-scores in FN and TH positively correlated with serum 25OHD(3) level (r = 0.31, 0.29; p = 0.014, 0.019). In postmenopausal women serum 25OHD(3) level correlated also with LS z-scores (r = 0.52, p = 0.004); FN and TH z-scores negatively correlated with DPD level (r = -0.51, p = 0.02 and r = -0.55, p = 0.04). LI state may lead to increased bone turnover and decreased bone mass especially in men and postmenopausal women. Impaired vitamin D status and low calcium intake may be deleterious to bone in this condition.
    Journal of the American College of Nutrition 07/2003; 22(3):201-7. · 1.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a major cause of morbidity in liver transplant recipients and is associated with multiple factors. To evaluate bone mineral density (BMD), bone turnover and calcium-regulating hormones in 29 patients (17 men, 12 women) 2-12 yrs following liver transplantation for non-alcoholic liver diseases. Fifteen patients (52%) were on immunosuppressive treatment with tacrolimus and 14 (48%) with cyclosporine. Eleven patients (38%) were currently on prednisone, 18 patients (62%) had stopped glucocorticoid treatment 6 months to 11 yrs prior to the study. Nineteen patients (65.5%) had decreased BMD according to WHO criteria, 17 (58.2%) at the femoral neck, 13 (44.8%) at the lumbar spine. Nineteen patients (65.5%) had a subnormal (<15 ng/mL) serum level of 25 (OH) D3. These patients had significantly lower BMD at the femoral neck (p = 0.02). Femoral neck BMD negatively correlated with serum parathyroid hormone level (p = 0.06, r = -0.35), length of the post-transplantation period (p = 0.025, r = -0.416) and duration of glucocorticoid treatment (p = 0.029, r = -0.406), regardless of its cumulative dose. Symptomatic fractures were less frequent in tacrolimus treated patients than in cyclosporine users (p = 0.03). Decreased BMD is frequent following liver transplantation and is affected by vitamin D deficiency, cyclosporine use, and the duration of glucocorticoid therapy, but not by its cumulative dose. Achievement and maintenance of optimal vitamin D status and shortening of glucocorticoid treatment period may have a favorable effect on bone preservation.
    Clinical Transplantation 02/2003; 17(1):13-9. · 1.49 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

561 Citations
176.69 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1989–2009
    • Carmel Medical Center
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 1982–2004
    • Rambam Medical Center
      • • Department of Orthopedic Surgery A
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 1984–2003
    • Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
      • Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 1992–2000
    • Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa
      H̱efa, Haifa District, Israel
  • 1999
    • Sheba Medical Center
      Gan, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1993–1994
    • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
      • Faculty of Health Sciences
      Be'er Sheva`, Southern District, Israel
  • 1988
    • Western Galilee Hospital
      Nahariya, Northern District, Israel