[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have reported previously that interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) induces apoptosis that is counteracted by an epidermal growth factor (EGF) --> Ras --> extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)-dependent survival response in human epidermoid cancer KB cells. We have studied the effects of the cytokine on the cAMP-dependent pathway in these cells. A decrease in the intracellular cAMP levels was recorded in KB cells treated with IFN-alpha, whereas forskolin induced an increase in the production of cAMP that was reduced in the presence of IFN-alpha, suggesting a reduction in the activity of adenylate cyclase (AC) induced by IFN-alpha. These effects were paralleled by significant change in the expression of some AC catalytic subunit(s) and by reduction in the activity of protein kinase A (PKA). 8-Br-cAMP completely antagonized the reduction of PKA activity induced by IFN-alpha, whereas PKA inhibitor KT5720 enhanced the reduction of the enzyme activity induced by IFN-alpha. We have found that IFN-alpha induced a decrease in cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) phosphorylation without changes in its total expression. The concomitant treatment with IFN-alpha and 8-Br-cAMP potentiated and KT5720 counteracted apoptosis induced by IFN-alpha alone. In conclusion, these data suggest that the decrease in AC/cAMP pathway activity is a survival response to the apoptosis induced by IFN-alpha. Therefore, this pathway could represent a target to enhance the antitumor activity of IFN-alpha.
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research 02/2007; 27(2):129-36. · 3.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The adenylate cyclase (AC)/cAMP/cAMP-dependent protein kinase pathway controls many biological phenomena. The molecular mechanisms by which cAMP induces alternative commitment towards differentiation or proliferation are not still completely known. The differentiation of myoblast cell lines into myocytes/myotubes represents a well-established model of skeletal muscle differentiation. We analyzed the AC/cAMP pathway during terminal differentiation of H9c2 myoblasts. When cultured in low-serum containing medium, H9c2 myoblasts exit the cell cycle and differentiate into myocytes/myotubes. A key step of this process is the expression of myogenin, an essential transcription factor for the terminal differentiation into myocytes. During this phenomenon we observed a decrease in both cAMP levels and AC activity, which suggests a functional negative role of cAMP on the differentiation process of H9c2 cells. 8-Br-cAMP and other cAMP-elevating agents, such as forskolin, IBMX, and isoproterenol, negatively affected skeletal muscle differentiation of H9c2 myoblasts. Both AC activity down-regulation and intracellular cAMP reduction were accompanied by significant variations in the levels of membrane proteins belonging to the AC system (AC catalytic subunit, G(alphai-1), G(alphas)). The functional relationship between intracellular cAMP content and protein levels of AC system is discussed.
Journal of Cellular Physiology 04/2004; 198(3):408-16. · 4.22 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of nontoxic, low concentrations (10(-8) M) of retinoic acid (RA) for a relatively long time (28 days) on a Kirsten ras-virus transformed cell line (Ki-SVC1), derived from the rat seminal vesicle epithelium, was investigated. In these experimental conditions, the cell treatment with RA induced a decrease of the proliferation rate, apoptosis and a marked reduction of both anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenicity. These biological responses were either preceded or associated with important changes in adenylate cyclase/protein kinase C signaling pathways, the activation of important apoptosis-linked genes and a marked decrease of the v-Ki-ras p21 protein. The significance of these findings is discussed.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 05/2000; 1496(2-3):285-95. · 4.66 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stably transfected Balb-C 3T3 fibroblasts (clone 5), overexpressing a catalytically active tissue transglutaminase, showed a basal adenylate cyclase activity lower than control cells (clone 1). Several modulators of the adenylate cyclase activity (forskolin, Mn2+ and pertussis toxin) showed the existence of a marked negative control on the adenylate cyclase activity present in clone 5 cells. Very interestingly, this same marked negative control was also found in a Balb-C 3T3 fibroblast clone stably transfected with a mutagenized human tissue transglutaminase (mut277 cys > ser) virtually devoid of transglutaminase catalytic activity (clone Ser). Conversely, a significant increase of the adenylate cyclase activity was observed in bovine aortic endothelial cells after the lowering of tissue transglutaminase expression levels by the transfection of an eukaryotic expression vector containing the gene for tissue transglutaminase in antisense orientation. All these findings suggest a possible role for type II tissue transglutaminase as a negative modulator of the adenylate cyclase activity in different cell types, beside its transglutaminase enzyme activity.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 07/1997; 1357(1):115-22. · 4.66 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Both cytoplasmic and membrane-bound protein kinase C activities are increased in: Harvey-Sarcoma Virus, infected thyroid epithelial cells. The cytoplasmic kinase C increase is found in the chromatographic fraction eluted at lower salt concentration (100 mM NaCl-S100), while the more acidic protein fraction eluted at higher salt concentration (35 mM NaCl-S350) is virtually absent. Although the cytoplasmic S100 fraction from the control and ras-virus infected cells display a comparable PBt2 binding activity, they are different in the Ca+2-dependence and the TPA down regulation. In addition, the membranes from the control and ras-virus infected cells are different phosphate acceptors in place of the H1 histones.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/1989; 157(3):1093-103. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The activity of the adenylate cyclase catalytic subunit is higher in Harvey and Kirsten Murine Sarcoma Viruses-infected thyroid epithelial cells than in uninfected control cells either in the presence of Mg2+ alone or following stimulation by Mn2+ or forskolin. The higher activity is associated with an increased cAMP cellular content. The Gpp(NH)p and F- anion are more effective positive modulators in the control than in the virus infected cells: these results exclude therefore that the ras p21 proteins can act as the G-protein alpha-subunit and suggest that they negatively interfere with the G-protein modulation of the adenylate cyclase system.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/1987; 142(2):527-35. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The high affinity (low Km) cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) is activated by GTP, while the cyclic AMP PDE is not. GTP and its hydrolysis-resistant analogue, guanylylimidodiphosphate (GppNHp), display a half-maximal stimulating effect at almost the same concentration (5 X 10(-6) M). The GTP stimulating effect is not observed when the socalled cyclic GMP low affinity (high Km) PDE is operative. GTP cooperates with the increase of the substrate concentration on removing the IBMX inhibitory effect. The isolation through a classical chromatographic procedure on a DEAE-cellulose column, of a PDE fraction specific for cyclic GMP, results in the loss of the GTP stimulating effect.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 1.1. The effects of polyamines spermine, spermidine and putrescine have been investigated on the adenylate cyclase and phosphodiesterase activities bound to E. coli B-cell membranes.2.2. Putrescine, which is physiologically present in bacteria, affects the cAMP metabolism in a coordinate manner, depressing the adenylate cyclase and stimulating the phosphodiesterase activities. In vivo this is reflected by a decreased cAMP efflux toward the external medium.3.3. Spermidine stimulates the phosphodiesterase activities but has no effect on the adenylate cyclase; furthermore no effect was observed in vivo on the cAMP efflux. li[4. Spermine stimulates both the enzymic activities but with a prevailing effect on the adenylate cyclase. In vivo the effect is an increase in the cAMP efflux.4.5. In vivo the intracellular cAMP content is anyway not modified in presence of polyamines, in contrast with (and may be because of) the broad variation of the nucleotide efflux toward the external medium.
International Journal of Biochemistry 02/1981; 13(6):701-5.