Anselm Kampik

University Hospital München, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (639)1162.64 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is the standard examination for assessment of the vitreoretinal interface (VRI); therefore, it is essential to select the appropriate scan modalities to detect the total amount of morphological changes, not only at the VRI but also in all layers of the retina and in both the foveal and parafoveal areas. For the success of a surgical intervention in the treatment of vitreomacular interface disorders, morphological changes, especially in the outer retinal layers, have been determined to be of prognostic interest in high-resolution OCT. This article gives an overview of current OCT examination procedures as well as correlative aspects of morphological and functional findings.
    Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This is a prospective, randomized, multicenter, investigator-initiated trial to evaluate the 12-month effectiveness of isovolemic hemodilution (IH) with prompt versus deferred intravitreal injections (IVI) of ranibizumab 0.5 mg for the treatment of macular edema secondary to early central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: Eyes with macular edema due to CRVO having occurred not more than 8 weeks previously received either monthly ranibizumab IVI in combination with IH (group I, n = 28) or IH alone (group II, n = 30). From month 2 to 12, the patients in both groups could be treated with monthly intravitreal ranibizumab. The main outcome variables were gain of visual acuity and the course of central retinal thickness as measured with optical coherence tomography. Results: At 12 months, eyes in group I on average gained +28.1 (+/-19.3) letters compared to +25.2 (+/-20.9) letters in group II (p = 0.326). This result was achieved with significantly fewer injections in group II. Additionally, 30% of the eyes in group II did not need ranibizumab IVI during the 12 months of the trial. Conclusion: Ranibizumab IVI in addition to IH proved to be highly effective in increasing visual acuity and reducing macular edema secondary to CRVO. Initial IH in early CRVO may be a first treatment option in patients anxious about IVI. (c) 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Ophthalmologica 12/2014; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe characteristics of epiretinal cells at the vitreoretinal interface by correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM).
    11/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: To report on epiretinal membrane (ERM) characteristics and photoreceptor layer integrity of lamellar macular holes (LMHs) and macular pseudoholes (MPHs), and to compare with clinical course in operated and untreated eyes.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 10/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of a single intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin 125 μg across relevant subpopulations of patients with symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA)/vitreomacular traction (VMT), including when associated with macular hole.
    Ophthalmology 09/2014; · 5.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: To evaluate if repeated flicker-defined form (FDF) perimetry can detect visual field (VF) defects in glaucoma suspects with normal findings in achromatic standard automated perimetry (SAP). Methods: Patients with optic nerve heads (ONHs) or retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) findings clinically suspicious for glaucoma and normal SAP were enrolled. Patients underwent VF testing with FDF perimetry (Heidelberg Edge Perimetry, HEP) at two consecutive visits (HEP I and HEP II) and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT). Abnormal HEP was defined by cluster-point analysis (CPA) and by the HEP specific glaucoma hemi-field test (GHT). Results were compared with an age-matched control group of healthy individuals. Results: In 65 eyes of 36 glaucoma suspects, the mean deviation (MD) in SAP was -0.9 ± 1.3 dB. In HEP I and HEP II, mean MD was -3.6 ± 3.0 and -3.3 ± 3.7 dB, respectively (p = 0.276). The HRT assessed CDR was significantly correlated with the MD in HEP II (r = -0.281, p = 0.04). In HEP I, VF defects on CPA testing were found in 38 study eyes (58.5%). In HEP II, 34 eyes (51.8%) had VF defects on CPA testing. In 46 eyes of 46 age-matched healthy individuals in the control group, the mean MD was -0.2 ± 1.1 and -1.6 ± 2.3 dB in SAP and HEP testing, respectively. The FDF was abnormal in 21.7% in the control group compared to 58.5% in the glaucoma suspect group in HEP I. Conclusions: In more than half of the patients with ONHs or RNFLs clinically suspicious for glaucoma and normal SAP second FDF perimetry depicts VF defects.
    Current eye research. 09/2014;
  • Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde 08/2014; 231(8):793-794. · 0.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some studies have shown a significant reduction of postoperative pain by additional regional anesthesia in 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (20-G-ppV) with the patient under general anesthesia (AN). This observational study examined whether the advantages of additional retrobulbar anesthesia can also be observed with 23-gauge vitrectomy in AN.
    Der Ophthalmologe 07/2014; · 0.53 Impact Factor
  • Martin M Nentwich, Anselm Kampik
    MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 06/2014; 156 Suppl 1:26-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the fulfilment of retreatment criteria in recurrent neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) for a pro-re-nata treatment regime with ranibizumab in routine clinical care.
    The British journal of ophthalmology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Background To evaluate the outcome of surgical management of advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the conjunctiva (American Joint Committee Cancer-classification >III) and the rate of recurrences after treatment during follow-up. Second, to investigate the incidence of orbital exenteration during follow-up.Methods Thirty-eight cases with SCC >grade T3 AJCC were retrospectively analysed at a University Eye Hospital Munich. Tumour stage, type of treatment, follow-up time, risk factors and-if present-recurrence were documented.ResultsThe mean follow-up was 24.2 months (22.3-71 months). The most frequent surgical procedure was local tumour excision (n=25 patients, 71%). Orbital exenteration was performed in 10 patients (28%). Twenty patients (57%) did not show a progressive disease during follow-up. Of the patients with primary local excision, 13 (52%) had recurrence. Average time to recurrence for all treated patients was 24 months in the mean (minimum 4 months, maximum 68 months, SD, 22). Patients following orbital exenteration had recurrence of disease in 20% (n=2). None of the patients with primarily local tumour excision required an orbital exenteration.Conclusion Advanced-stage SCC can be treated surgically. An extensive surgical approach is sometimes inevitable. Patients with surgical excision of advanced-stage disease should be reviewed closely as recurrences may occur and even after more than 5 years. However, on early detection, most of these recurrences can be handled by local excision.Eye advance online publication, 23 May 2014; doi:10.1038/eye.2014.79.
    Eye (London, England) 05/2014; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the image quality of wide-angle cross-sectional and reconstructed fundus images based on ultra-megahertz swept-source Fourier domain mode locking (FDML) OCT compared to current generation diagnostic devices. A 1,050 nm swept-source FDML OCT system was constructed running at 1.68 MHz A-scan rate covering approximately 70° field of view. Twelve normal eyes were imaged with the device applying an isotropically dense sampling protocol (1,900 × 1,900 A-scans) with a fill factor of 100 %. Obtained OCT scan image quality was compared with two commercial OCT systems (Heidelberg Spectralis and Stratus OCT) of the same 12 eyes. Reconstructed en-face fundus images from the same FDML-OCT data set were compared to color fundus, infrared and ultra-wide-field scanning laser images (SLO). Comparison of cross-sectional scans showed a high overall image quality of the 15× averaged FDML images at 1.68 MHz [overall quality grading score: 8.42 ± 0.52, range 0 (bad)-10 (excellent)] comparable to current spectral-domain OCTs (overall quality grading score: 8.83 ± 0.39, p = 0.731). On FDML OCT, a dense 3D data set was obtained covering also the central and mid-peripheral retina. The reconstructed FDML OCT en-face fundus images had high image quality comparable to scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) as judged from retinal structures such as vessels and optic disc. Overall grading score was 8.36 ± 0.51 for FDML OCT vs 8.27 ± 0.65 for SLO (p = 0.717). Ultra-wide-field megahertz 3D FDML OCT at 1.68 MHz is feasible, and provides cross-sectional image quality comparable to current spectral-domain OCT devices. In addition, reconstructed en-face visualization of fundus images result in a wide-field view with high image quality as compared to currently available fundus imaging devices. The improvement of >30× in imaging speed over commercial spectral-domain OCT technology enables high-density scan protocols leading to a data set for high quality cross-sectional and en-face images of the posterior segment.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 05/2014; · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eye diseases that are relevant regarding their macroeconomic costs and their impact on society include cataract, diabetic retinopathy, age-related maculopathy, glaucoma and refractive errors.
    Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 05/2014; 111(5):420-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: After cataract surgery, residual lens epithelial cells migrate and proliferate within the capsular bag resulting in posterior capsule opacification (PCO). The up-regulation of TGF-β2, EGF and FGF-2 has been identified as a key factor in PCO pathogenesis leading to actin fiber assembly and alterations in the migration pattern. In this in vitro study, the influence of Erlotinib as a selective EGFR inhibitor is investigated on the cellular features indicated, which might promote a future clinical application. Methods: Expression of EGF, FGF-2 and TGF-β2 was measured using RT-PCR and ELISA in human lens epithelial cells (HLEC). Computational data of an in vitro time lapse microscopy assay were used for statistical analysis of single cell migration with a particular focus on cell-cell interaction; cell velocity distribution; and displacement before, during and after mitosis. The effect of Erlotinib on the actin-cytoskeleton was evaluated using Alexa Fluor 488 Phalloidin and epifluorescence microscopy. Results: EGF and TGF-β2 mRNA expression and protein levels are reduced by Erlotinib, while FGF-2 expression remained stable. Overall fluidity of cell-cell interaction is less in the presence of Erlotinib compared to the control and the velocity distribution across all cells becomes less uniform within the cell cluster. After mitosis, HLEC move significantly faster without EGFR inhibition, which can be completely blocked by Erlotinib. Furthermore, Erlotinib diminishes the amount of actin stress fibers and the stress fiber diameter. Conclusion: As a novel effect of Erlotinib on HLEC, we describe the down-regulation of EGF and TGF-β2 expression, both are crucial factors for PCO development. Cellular movement displays complex alterations under EGFR inhibition, which is partly explained by actin fiber depletion. These findings further underline the role of Erlotinib in pharmacologic PCO prophylaxis.
    Current eye research 03/2014; · 1.51 Impact Factor
  • Eye (London, England) 03/2014; 28(3):366. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    Armin Wolf, Anselm Kampik
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    ABSTRACT: To assess healthcare processes during treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients under real-life conditions and evaluate efficacy of monthly visual acuity (VA) assessment in a pro re nata treatment regime. A multicentre, prospective, non-interventional study based in Germany included neovascular AMD patients treated with intravitreal ranibizumab. Patients completed a 3-month loading phase with monthly intravitreal injections of 0.5 mg ranibizumab, followed by a 12-month maintenance phase during which investigators documented VA, additional injections, metamorphopsias, routine ophthalmological examinations and adverse events at monthly follow-up visits. Efficacy analysis included change from baseline in best-corrected VA (BCVA) based on descriptive statistics. A total of 2,232 patients were enrolled throughout Germany and 1,729 patients (mean age 77.8 years, 63.2 % women) comprised the efficacy population with a complete set of data. In the clinical setting recorded in our study, only a minority of patients underwent optical coherence tomography during the maintenance phase (71 of 1,729 patients). Patients received a mean total of 4.5 injections; three injections during upload phase and 1.5 additional injections during maintenance phase. Over half of the patients (51.4 %) did not receive additional injections. Mean decimal BCVA increased during the upload phase, (from LogMAR mean of 0.201 at baseline to 0.219 at Month 4) but displayed a decline over time (0.192 at Month 15). Ranibizumab treatment in a real-life setting demonstrated efficacy in neovascular AMD patients, as shown by initial gains in BCVA. However, maintenance and improvement of these gains during the maintenance phase in a clinical routine setting remained below those expected compared with MARINA, ANCHOR and CATT trials, most likely due to a low number of retreatments, and the high number of patients with a poor response in regard to improvements of VA who were not investigated in these studies. This phase IV non-interventional health services research study was conducted under the Novartis internal registration code, CRFB002ADE10.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 01/2014; · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study reported here was to evaluate characteristics of the anterior-segment via anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and corneal biomechanical properties using an ocular response analyzer and their changes by peripheral laser iridotomy (PI) in patients with pigmentary glaucoma (PG). Seventeen eyes with PG were included consecutively. AS-OCT and ocular response analyzer measurements were taken before and 3 months after PI. Baseline morphology and change in morphology were analyzed by correlation and multiple linear regression analysis. The main parameters assessed were anterior-chamber (AC) angles and volume as well as corneal hysteresis (CH) and corneal resistance factor. AC angles were found to have decreased significantly in each quadrant after PI (P<0.001), with the highest effect seen in the temporal quadrant, which decreased from 57.0°±9.6° to 44.1°±5.2° (± standard deviation). Mean AC volume decreased significantly from 213.1±36.4 to 187.0±23.4 mm(3) (P<0.001). CH and corneal resistance factor did not change after PI. CH was found to correlate with the preoperative superior and inferior angle width (Spearman's rho 0.553 and 0.615, respectively, P<0.05). Biomechanical parameters showed no predictive value on the change of AC angles or volume. PI in eyes with PG results in a highly significant reduction in the AC angles and volume as visualized by AS-OCT, with the largest effect seen in the temporal quadrant. CH is strongly positively correlated with the superior and inferior preoperative AC angles, emphasizing the importance of the biomechanical properties of the cornea for glaucoma pathogenesis in PG, but corneal biomechanical properties cannot predict PI-related AC changes.
    Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.) 01/2014; 8:119-126.
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    ABSTRACT: Due to their high prevalence, retinal vascular diseases including age related macular degeneration (AMD), retinal vein occlusions (RVO), diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema have been major therapeutic targets over the last years. The pathogenesis of these diseases is complex and yet not fully understood. However, increased proliferation, migration and angiogenesis are characteristic cellular features in almost every retinal vascular disease. The introduction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) binding intravitreal treatment strategies has led to great advances in the therapy of these diseases. While the predominant part of affected patients benefits from the specific binding of VEGF by administering an anti-VEGF antibody into the vitreous cavity, a small number of non-responders exist and alternative or additional therapeutic strategies should therefore be evaluated. The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central signaling pathway that eventually triggers up-regulation of cellular proliferation, migration and survival and has been identified to play a key role in angiogenesis. In the present study we were able to show that both retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells as wells as human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) are inhibited in proliferating and migrating after treatment with temsirolimus in non-toxic concentrations. Previous studies suggest that the production of VEGF, platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and other important cytokines is not only triggered by hypoxia but also by mTOR itself. Our results indicate that temsirolimus decreases VEGF and PDGF expression on RNA and protein levels significantly. We therefore believe that the mTOR inhibitor temsirolimus might be a promising drug in the future and it seems worthwhile to evaluate complementary therapeutic effects with anti-VEGF drugs for patients not profiting from mono anti-VEGF therapy alone.
    PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e88203. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Comparison of scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) based ’en face’ imaging techniques of patients with epiretinal membranes (ERM) and evaluation of accuracy of preoperative diagntostic imaging. Methods A consecutive, prospective series of 53 study eyes of 46 patients with clinically diagnosed and in optical coherence tomography (OCT) confirmed symptomatic ERMs were included in this study. Spectral domain (SD-) OCT volume scans (20°x20° with 49 horizontal sections, ART 15) including SLO en face and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) images of the macula were obtained with HRA2 (Heidelberg Retina Angiograph-Optical Coherence Tomography, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). In addition, wide-field SLO color and FAF images (Optomap 200Tx, Optos PLC, Dunfermline, UK) were performed also covering the macular area. En face images of both devices were graded for each included study eye based on SD-OCT cross sectional scans. Results Grading of SD-OCT (HRA2) based SLO en face green-blue enhanced multi-color, green reflectance, blue reflectance and standard multi-color visualization revealed a better detectability of ERM than SD-OCT-based en face infrared or FAF images or wide-field SLO (Optomap) based pseudo-color, red laser separation, green laser separation, or FAF images. Both FAF visualizations, HRA2 and Optomap based, achieved low mean scores. SD-OCT based en face thickness map visualization revealed good visualization but poor demarcation of epiretinal membranes. Conclusions In summary, en face regular or enhanced multicolor SLO images acquired with HRA2 allow a better visualization of epiretinal membranes for preoperative evaluation compared to SD-OCT based en face thickness map or pseudo-color images acquired with Optomap while infrared or FAF images are least suitable to depict epiretinal membranes.
    Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2014;
  • Der Ophthalmologe 01/2014; 111(2). · 0.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

7k Citations
1,162.64 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2000–2014
    • University Hospital München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
    • City University London
      • Division of Optometry and Visual Science
      London, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 1995–2014
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Eye Clinic
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2013
    • University of Münster
      Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2012
    • University of Melbourne
      • Centre for Eye Research Australia
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2002–2010
    • Stanford University
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Stanford, CA, United States
  • 2009
    • Universität Regensburg
      Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2007
    • Technische Universität München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2006
    • Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg
      • Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde
      Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
  • 1989–1995
    • University of Wuerzburg
      • Department of Ophtalmology
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany