Anselm Kampik

University Hospital München, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (643)1267.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Clinicopathological studies of the vitreoretinal interface (VRI) improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of vitreal maculopathy, facilitate differential diagnoses and help to develop new treatment strategies. The aim of the study was to provide a comprehensive overview on clinicopathological correlations of the VRI. A semi-structured literature search was performed in the Medline and Embase databases for relevant original studies on clinicopathological correlations of vitreal maculopathy, in addition to the latest books and review articles. Age-related vitreous changes with persistent vitreomacular adhesions on the retinal surface promote cellular migration and proliferation onto the vitreal side of the internal limiting membrane (ILM), thereby cementing the vitreomacular adhesions and strengthening the traction forces on retinal layers. Cellular or fibrocellular proliferation at the vitreomacular interface can be seen in all vitreal maculopathies. Furthermore, vitreoschisis in the context of anomalous posterior vitreous detachment causes the presence of vitreous cortex collagen fibrils on the vitreal side of the ILM which is associated with epiretinal membrane formation. Glial cells, hyalocytes and myofibroblasts represent the major cell types in the epiretinal cell proliferation. Glial cells and hyalocytes are capable of transdifferentiation into myofibroblasts which possess strong contractive properties and are well known for the production of extracellular matrix components. Removing vitreomacular adhesions and vitreous cortex collagen fibrils from the retinal surface is most important for successful treatment. In cases with epiretinal cell proliferation, however, removal of the ILM during macular surgery is mandatory to avoid reproliferation and recurrence. Improving the detection of epiretinal cell proliferation and cell distribution in patient eyes by optical coherence tomography or by introduction of new technologies should be addressed in the future.
    Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 01/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: To correlate the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis with changes in the preoperative prophylaxis over a 20-year period. Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany. Retrospective chart review. Patients diagnosed with postoperative endophthalmitis from 1990 to 2009 after intraocular surgery performed at the same institution were included. Because of changes in the preoperative prophylaxis during the study period, 3 groups were formed for data analysis: Period 1 (1990 to 1992), no standardized prophylaxis regimen; period 2 (1993 to 1998), preoperative topical medication, povidone-iodine 10.0% periorbitally, and 1 drop of povidone-iodine 1.0% in the conjunctiva sac; and period 3 (1999 to 2009), similar to period 2 except with irrigation of the conjunctival sac with 10 mL of povidone-iodine 1.0%. The overall rate of postoperative endophthalmitis was 0.113% (77/68 323) for all intraocular surgeries. It decreased significantly from 0.291% (16/5505) in period 1 to 0.170% (33/19 413) in period 2 to 0.065% (28/43 405) in period 3 (P < .001). In cataract surgery, the overall rate of postoperative endophthalmitis was 0.125% (30/24 034). It decreased in each subsequent period, from 0.338% (9/2662) in period 1 to 0.224% (15/6696) in period 2 to 0.041% (6/14 676) in period 3 (P < .001). Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was the most commonly isolated organism (47.4%). The rate of postoperative endophthalmitis decreased over a 20-year period at a single academic institution. Although multiple factors might have contributed to this decline, implementation of a preoperative prophylaxis protocol using copious povidone-iodine might have been the most important contributor. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 01/2015; 41(1):58-66. · 2.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate if a standardized combination therapy regimen, utilizing 3 monthly ranibizumab injections followed by navigated laser photocoagulation, reduces the number of total ranibizumab injections required for treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). A 12-month, prospective comparison of 66 patients with center-involving DME: 34 patients with combination therapy were compared to 32 patients treated with ranibizumab monotherapy. All patients initially received 3 monthly ranibizumab injections (loading phase) and additional injections pro re nata (PRN). Combination therapy patients additionally received navigated laser photocoagulation after the loading phase. Main outcome measures were mean number of injections after the loading phase and change in BCVA from baseline to month 12. Navigated laser combination therapy and ranibizumab monotherapy similarly improved mean BCVA letter score (+8.41 vs. +6.31 letters, p = 0.258). In the combination group significantly less injections were required after the 3 injection loading phase (0.88±1.23 vs. 3.88±2.32, p< = 0.001). By month 12, 84% of patients in the monotherapy group had required additional ranibizumab injections as compared to 35% in the combination group (p< = 0.001). Navigated laser combination therapy demonstrated significant visual gains in most patients. Retreatment rate and number of injections were significantly lower compared to ranibizumab monotherapy and compared to the results of conventional laser combination therapy previously reported in pivotal anti-VEGF studies.
    PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e113981. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is the standard examination for assessment of the vitreoretinal interface (VRI); therefore, it is essential to select the appropriate scan modalities to detect the total amount of morphological changes, not only at the VRI but also in all layers of the retina and in both the foveal and parafoveal areas. For the success of a surgical intervention in the treatment of vitreomacular interface disorders, morphological changes, especially in the outer retinal layers, have been determined to be of prognostic interest in high-resolution OCT. This article gives an overview of current OCT examination procedures as well as correlative aspects of morphological and functional findings.
    Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 12/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: This is a prospective, randomized, multicenter, investigator-initiated trial to evaluate the 12-month effectiveness of isovolemic hemodilution (IH) with prompt versus deferred intravitreal injections (IVI) of ranibizumab 0.5 mg for the treatment of macular edema secondary to early central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: Eyes with macular edema due to CRVO having occurred not more than 8 weeks previously received either monthly ranibizumab IVI in combination with IH (group I, n = 28) or IH alone (group II, n = 30). From month 2 to 12, the patients in both groups could be treated with monthly intravitreal ranibizumab. The main outcome variables were gain of visual acuity and the course of central retinal thickness as measured with optical coherence tomography. Results: At 12 months, eyes in group I on average gained +28.1 (+/-19.3) letters compared to +25.2 (+/-20.9) letters in group II (p = 0.326). This result was achieved with significantly fewer injections in group II. Additionally, 30% of the eyes in group II did not need ranibizumab IVI during the 12 months of the trial. Conclusion: Ranibizumab IVI in addition to IH proved to be highly effective in increasing visual acuity and reducing macular edema secondary to CRVO. Initial IH in early CRVO may be a first treatment option in patients anxious about IVI. (c) 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Ophthalmologica 12/2014; · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) occurs as a common complication after cataract surgery. Gefitinib is a selective inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) which represents a potential pharmacological target for PCO prevention. In this in vitro study, we assessed the effect and biocompatibility of Gefitinib in PCO prophylaxis. The effect of Gefitinib on the key pathological features of PCO was assessed in vitro. We determined growth in the human capsular bag model, prepared from sixteen cadaver eyes that underwent sham cataract surgery. Furthermore, two lens epithelial cell lines, HLE-B3 and FHL-124, were used to determine concentration-based effects on cell proliferation. In addition, cell-migration, matrix-contraction, and cell spreading were investigated. To exclude toxic concentrations, Gefitinib was assessed for its biocompatibility on six different human ocular cell types from the anterior and posterior segment of the eye. Gefitinib significantly increased the time until confluence of the capsular bag compared to controls (p < 0.001)). In both human lens epithelial cell lines (HLE-B3 and FHL-124), proliferation decreased significantly and as equally strong after incubation with Gefitinib (p < 0.001), as did chemotactic migration (p = 0.004), matrix contraction (p = 0.001), and cell-spreading (p = 0.001). At the IC50 concentration, Gefitinib was well tolerated by six different human ocular cell types of the anterior and posterior segment. The specific EGFR inhibitor Gefitinib might become of clinical relevance in PCO prophylaxis as it attenuated cellular growth and other pathological PCO factors in the ex vivo human capsular bag model and in two human lens epithelial cell lines, while showing good biocompatibility in vitro.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 12/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To describe characteristics of epiretinal cells at the vitreoretinal interface by correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM).
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 11/2014; 252(12). · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report on epiretinal membrane (ERM) characteristics and photoreceptor layer integrity of lamellar macular holes (LMHs) and macular pseudoholes (MPHs), and to compare with clinical course in operated and untreated eyes.
    Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.) 10/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of a single intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin 125 μg across relevant subpopulations of patients with symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA)/vitreomacular traction (VMT), including when associated with macular hole.
    Ophthalmology 09/2014; · 6.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: To evaluate if repeated flicker-defined form (FDF) perimetry can detect visual field (VF) defects in glaucoma suspects with normal findings in achromatic standard automated perimetry (SAP). Methods: Patients with optic nerve heads (ONHs) or retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) findings clinically suspicious for glaucoma and normal SAP were enrolled. Patients underwent VF testing with FDF perimetry (Heidelberg Edge Perimetry, HEP) at two consecutive visits (HEP I and HEP II) and confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph (HRT). Abnormal HEP was defined by cluster-point analysis (CPA) and by the HEP specific glaucoma hemi-field test (GHT). Results were compared with an age-matched control group of healthy individuals. Results: In 65 eyes of 36 glaucoma suspects, the mean deviation (MD) in SAP was -0.9 ± 1.3 dB. In HEP I and HEP II, mean MD was -3.6 ± 3.0 and -3.3 ± 3.7 dB, respectively (p = 0.276). The HRT assessed CDR was significantly correlated with the MD in HEP II (r = -0.281, p = 0.04). In HEP I, VF defects on CPA testing were found in 38 study eyes (58.5%). In HEP II, 34 eyes (51.8%) had VF defects on CPA testing. In 46 eyes of 46 age-matched healthy individuals in the control group, the mean MD was -0.2 ± 1.1 and -1.6 ± 2.3 dB in SAP and HEP testing, respectively. The FDF was abnormal in 21.7% in the control group compared to 58.5% in the glaucoma suspect group in HEP I. Conclusions: In more than half of the patients with ONHs or RNFLs clinically suspicious for glaucoma and normal SAP second FDF perimetry depicts VF defects.
    Current Eye Research 09/2014; · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde 08/2014; 231(8):793-794. · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some studies have shown a significant reduction of postoperative pain by additional regional anesthesia in 20-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (20-G-ppV) with the patient under general anesthesia (AN). This observational study examined whether the advantages of additional retrobulbar anesthesia can also be observed with 23-gauge vitrectomy in AN.
    Der Ophthalmologe 07/2014; · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • Martin M Nentwich, Anselm Kampik
    MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 06/2014; 156 Suppl 1:26-8.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the fulfilment of retreatment criteria in recurrent neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) for a pro-re-nata treatment regime with ranibizumab in routine clinical care.
    British Journal of Ophthalmology 06/2014; · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background To evaluate the outcome of surgical management of advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the conjunctiva (American Joint Committee Cancer-classification >III) and the rate of recurrences after treatment during follow-up. Second, to investigate the incidence of orbital exenteration during follow-up.Methods Thirty-eight cases with SCC >grade T3 AJCC were retrospectively analysed at a University Eye Hospital Munich. Tumour stage, type of treatment, follow-up time, risk factors and-if present-recurrence were documented.ResultsThe mean follow-up was 24.2 months (22.3-71 months). The most frequent surgical procedure was local tumour excision (n=25 patients, 71%). Orbital exenteration was performed in 10 patients (28%). Twenty patients (57%) did not show a progressive disease during follow-up. Of the patients with primary local excision, 13 (52%) had recurrence. Average time to recurrence for all treated patients was 24 months in the mean (minimum 4 months, maximum 68 months, SD, 22). Patients following orbital exenteration had recurrence of disease in 20% (n=2). None of the patients with primarily local tumour excision required an orbital exenteration.Conclusion Advanced-stage SCC can be treated surgically. An extensive surgical approach is sometimes inevitable. Patients with surgical excision of advanced-stage disease should be reviewed closely as recurrences may occur and even after more than 5 years. However, on early detection, most of these recurrences can be handled by local excision.Eye advance online publication, 23 May 2014; doi:10.1038/eye.2014.79.
    Eye (London, England) 05/2014; · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the image quality of wide-angle cross-sectional and reconstructed fundus images based on ultra-megahertz swept-source Fourier domain mode locking (FDML) OCT compared to current generation diagnostic devices. A 1,050 nm swept-source FDML OCT system was constructed running at 1.68 MHz A-scan rate covering approximately 70° field of view. Twelve normal eyes were imaged with the device applying an isotropically dense sampling protocol (1,900 × 1,900 A-scans) with a fill factor of 100 %. Obtained OCT scan image quality was compared with two commercial OCT systems (Heidelberg Spectralis and Stratus OCT) of the same 12 eyes. Reconstructed en-face fundus images from the same FDML-OCT data set were compared to color fundus, infrared and ultra-wide-field scanning laser images (SLO). Comparison of cross-sectional scans showed a high overall image quality of the 15× averaged FDML images at 1.68 MHz [overall quality grading score: 8.42 ± 0.52, range 0 (bad)-10 (excellent)] comparable to current spectral-domain OCTs (overall quality grading score: 8.83 ± 0.39, p = 0.731). On FDML OCT, a dense 3D data set was obtained covering also the central and mid-peripheral retina. The reconstructed FDML OCT en-face fundus images had high image quality comparable to scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) as judged from retinal structures such as vessels and optic disc. Overall grading score was 8.36 ± 0.51 for FDML OCT vs 8.27 ± 0.65 for SLO (p = 0.717). Ultra-wide-field megahertz 3D FDML OCT at 1.68 MHz is feasible, and provides cross-sectional image quality comparable to current spectral-domain OCT devices. In addition, reconstructed en-face visualization of fundus images result in a wide-field view with high image quality as compared to currently available fundus imaging devices. The improvement of >30× in imaging speed over commercial spectral-domain OCT technology enables high-density scan protocols leading to a data set for high quality cross-sectional and en-face images of the posterior segment.
    Albrecht von Graæes Archiv für Ophthalmologie 05/2014; · 1.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eye diseases that are relevant regarding their macroeconomic costs and their impact on society include cataract, diabetic retinopathy, age-related maculopathy, glaucoma and refractive errors.
    Der Ophthalmologe : Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft. 05/2014; 111(5):420-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Comparison of scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) based ’en face’ imaging techniques of patients with epiretinal membranes (ERM) and evaluation of accuracy of preoperative diagntostic imaging. Methods A consecutive, prospective series of 53 study eyes of 46 patients with clinically diagnosed and in optical coherence tomography (OCT) confirmed symptomatic ERMs were included in this study. Spectral domain (SD-) OCT volume scans (20°x20° with 49 horizontal sections, ART 15) including SLO en face and fundus autofluorescence (FAF) images of the macula were obtained with HRA2 (Heidelberg Retina Angiograph-Optical Coherence Tomography, Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). In addition, wide-field SLO color and FAF images (Optomap 200Tx, Optos PLC, Dunfermline, UK) were performed also covering the macular area. En face images of both devices were graded for each included study eye based on SD-OCT cross sectional scans. Results Grading of SD-OCT (HRA2) based SLO en face green-blue enhanced multi-color, green reflectance, blue reflectance and standard multi-color visualization revealed a better detectability of ERM than SD-OCT-based en face infrared or FAF images or wide-field SLO (Optomap) based pseudo-color, red laser separation, green laser separation, or FAF images. Both FAF visualizations, HRA2 and Optomap based, achieved low mean scores. SD-OCT based en face thickness map visualization revealed good visualization but poor demarcation of epiretinal membranes. Conclusions In summary, en face regular or enhanced multicolor SLO images acquired with HRA2 allow a better visualization of epiretinal membranes for preoperative evaluation compared to SD-OCT based en face thickness map or pseudo-color images acquired with Optomap while infrared or FAF images are least suitable to depict epiretinal membranes.
    Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology 04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Introduction: After cataract surgery, residual lens epithelial cells migrate and proliferate within the capsular bag resulting in posterior capsule opacification (PCO). The up-regulation of TGF-β2, EGF and FGF-2 has been identified as a key factor in PCO pathogenesis leading to actin fiber assembly and alterations in the migration pattern. In this in vitro study, the influence of Erlotinib as a selective EGFR inhibitor is investigated on the cellular features indicated, which might promote a future clinical application. Methods: Expression of EGF, FGF-2 and TGF-β2 was measured using RT-PCR and ELISA in human lens epithelial cells (HLEC). Computational data of an in vitro time lapse microscopy assay were used for statistical analysis of single cell migration with a particular focus on cell-cell interaction; cell velocity distribution; and displacement before, during and after mitosis. The effect of Erlotinib on the actin-cytoskeleton was evaluated using Alexa Fluor 488 Phalloidin and epifluorescence microscopy. Results: EGF and TGF-β2 mRNA expression and protein levels are reduced by Erlotinib, while FGF-2 expression remained stable. Overall fluidity of cell-cell interaction is less in the presence of Erlotinib compared to the control and the velocity distribution across all cells becomes less uniform within the cell cluster. After mitosis, HLEC move significantly faster without EGFR inhibition, which can be completely blocked by Erlotinib. Furthermore, Erlotinib diminishes the amount of actin stress fibers and the stress fiber diameter. Conclusion: As a novel effect of Erlotinib on HLEC, we describe the down-regulation of EGF and TGF-β2 expression, both are crucial factors for PCO development. Cellular movement displays complex alterations under EGFR inhibition, which is partly explained by actin fiber depletion. These findings further underline the role of Erlotinib in pharmacologic PCO prophylaxis.
    Current eye research 03/2014; · 1.51 Impact Factor
  • Eye (London, England) 03/2014; 28(3):366. · 1.97 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

7k Citations
1,267.48 Total Impact Points


  • 2000–2014
    • University Hospital München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
    • City University London
      • Division of Optometry and Visual Science
      London, ENG, United Kingdom
  • 1995–2014
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      • Eye Clinic
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2013
    • University of Münster
      Muenster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 2012
    • University of Melbourne
      • Centre for Eye Research Australia
      Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 2002–2010
    • Stanford University
      • • Department of Ophthalmology
      • • Department of Medicine
      Stanford, CA, United States
  • 2009
    • Universität Regensburg
      Ratisbon, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2007
    • Technische Universität München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2006
    • Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg
      • Poliklinik für Augenheilkunde
      Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany
  • 1989–1995
    • University of Wuerzburg
      • Department of Ophtalmology
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany