[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In our institution, we have redefined our criteria for direct availability of red blood cell (RBC) units in the operation room. In this study, we sought to evaluate the safety of applying this new logistical policy of blood transfusion in the first preliminary group of patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive techniques for aortic valve replacement (AVR) have been developed as an alternative to conventional AVR for patients with high operative risk. Yet, these techniques are still associated with an increased risk of postoperative conduction disorders. The study aim was to identify the incidence and fate of postoperative conduction disorders in patients undergoing sutureless (SU) AVR with the Perceval S bioprosthesis.
The Journal of heart valve disease 05/2014; 23(3):319-24. · 1.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and aim of the studyIn the present study, we investigated the survival of patients who received postoperative renal replacement therapy (RRT) after cardiac surgery. We specifically focused on factors predicting long-term outcome in elderly patients.Methods
Data of all patients that received unintentional renal replacement therapy following cardiac surgery between 2004 and 2010 were analyzed. Logistic- and Cox regression analyses were performed to detect the predictors of early and late mortality, respectively.ResultsDuring the study period, 11,899 patients underwent cardiac surgery in our center. Post-operative RRT was performed in 138 patients (1.2%). In this group of patients, 30-day mortality included 72 patients (52%) and the total overall mortality included 107 patients (77.5%). Regression analyses revealed that age predicted 30-day mortality (odds ratio = 1.08 [1.03 to 1.12]) as well as late mortality (odds ratio = 1.05 [1.02 to 1.07].Conclusions
Patients requiring RRT after cardiac surgery have a poor prognosis with a high mortality. Older age predicted both 30-day and late mortality in these patients.
Journal of Cardiac Surgery 04/2014; · 1.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surgical correction of pectus excavatum (PE) has shifted to the modern minimally invasive Nuss procedure, which proved to be safe and effective. In order to restore the dented deformity, custom-curved metal bars provide continuous retrosternal pressure but cross the habitat of the internal mammary arteries (IMAs) directly affecting their patency. In this initial report, we sought to assess the patency of the IMAs in the first 6 patients who underwent Nuss bar removal in our department.
In 2010, we started to perform correction of PE using the Nuss bar technique. In 2013, observational analysis was performed on the first 6 patients who underwent removal of the Nuss bar. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) was performed in order to assess the patency of both IMAs directly after removal.
In 4 (67%) patients, IMA patency was affected unilaterally (total obstruction or highly decreased flow pattern) corresponding with the lowest retrosternal side.
According to our preliminary results, the oppressive force of Nuss bars interferes with IMA patency and thereby compromises future usability in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We recommend that patients undergoing CABG following the Nuss procedure undergo preoperative evaluation of IMA patency. This study will be continued to include a larger number of patients including follow-up CTA one year after removal of the bar.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 03/2014; · 1.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: This study analyzes the efficacy in myocardial protection of two types of cardioplegia solutions, namely, blood and crystalloid cardioplegia, both given intermittently in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Adult patients undergoing primary isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between January 1998 and January 2011 with cardiopulmonary bypass, using either blood or crystalloid cardioplegia, were identified in our database. Propensity score matching was performed to create comparable patient groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors for perioperative myocardial damage. The primary endpoint of the study was the maximum creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) value within 5 days postoperatively with a cut-off point of 100 U/L. Early mortality and perioperative low cardiac output syndrome in both groups were compared. RESULTS: The study included 7138 CABG patients: 3369 patients using crystalloid cardioplegia and 3769 using blood cardioplegia. After propensity score matching, 2585 patients per study group remained for the analysis. Wilcoxon signed-rank test revealed significantly higher CK-MB levels in patients operated with the use of blood cardioplegia. Multivariate regression analysis identified blood cardioplegia as an independent risk factor for elevated CK-MB levels. However, it was associated with lower aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. The type of cardioplegia had no influence on early mortality, postoperative low cardiac output syndrome or intensive care unit stay. CONCLUSIONS: Blood cardioplegia was identified as an independent risk factor for elevated levels of CK-MB after CABG, but was associated with lower AST levels. The authors conclude that the type of cardioplegia had no significant influence on clinical outcome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Data relating to the impact of body mass index (BMI) on outcomes after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) are scarce and controversial. The study aim was to investigate the predictive value of BMI for early and late mortality after isolated AVR.
Data obtained from patients who underwent isolated AVR between January 1998 and December 2010 at the authors' institution were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were allocated to five groups according to the preoperative BMI: underweight (BMI < 20 kg/m2); normal weight (BMI 20.0-24.9 kg/m2); overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2); obese (BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m2); and morbidly obese (BMI > 34.9 kg/m2). Logistic and Cox regression analyses were performed to identify the independent predictors of early and late mortality, respectively.
After excluding 20 patients who were lost to follow up, and 30 patients with missing preoperative BMI data, a total of 1,758 patients was included in the analysis. The mean follow up was 5.6 +/- 3.5 years (range: 0-13.4 years), and the mean BMI 26.8 +/- 4.3 kg/m2 (range: 17-52 kg/m2). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed no association between early mortality and the BMI groups. Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed 'underweight' to be an independent predictor for late mortality (hazard ratio 2.89; 95% confidence interval 1.63-5.13, p < 0.0001).
'Underweight' is an independent predictor for late mortality after AVR surgery. Morbid obesity did not prove to be predictive of a worse late survival.
The Journal of heart valve disease 09/2013; 22(5):608-14. · 1.07 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: The predictive value of preoperative hemoglobin (HB) level on the outcome of patients undergoing valve surgery is not well established. This study evaluated the predictive value of preoperative HB level on survival after aortic valve replacement (AVR). DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. SETTING: A single-center study performed in an educational hospital. PARTICIPANTS: All consecutive patients (n = 1,808) who underwent AVR between January 1998 and December 2010. INTERVENTIONS: AVR. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Patients were classified into 4 groups according to the preoperative HB level: very low (HB of <12g/dL in men and <11g/dL in women), low (HB of 12-13g/dL in men and 11-12g/dL in women), normal (HB of 13-14.5g/dL in men and 12-13.5g/dL in women), and high normal (HB of ≥14.5g/dL in men and ≥13.5g/dL in women). The mean follow-up duration was 5.58±3.5 years, and the median follow-up duration was 5.38 years. The mean preoperative HB was 14±1.6g/dL for men and 13.0±2.1g/dL for women. Early mortality (≤30 days) was 6.1% in the very-low-HB group, 5.4% in the low-HB group, 3.2% in the normal HB group, and 2.3% in the high-normal-HB group (p = 0.37). Late mortality (>30 days) was 26.1% in the very-low-HB group, 23.7% in the low-HB group, 17.1% in the normal-HB group, and 12.6% in the high-normal-HB group (p<0.0001). The multivariate logistic regression model did not identify low HB as an independent predictor for early mortality. Cox regression multivariate analysis revealed both HB level, as a continuous variable, (p = 0.006), and very-low-HB level (p<0.0001), as independent predictors of late mortality. Cox regression analyses, corrected for confounders, demonstrated that low-HB level is an independent predictor for higher overall mortality (hazard ratio = 2.00, CI 1.41-2.85, p≤0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing AVR, preoperative low-HB level is an independent risk factor for late mortality, but not for early mortality.
Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 05/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: AIM: The PAS-Port® Proximal Anastomosis System (Cardica, Inc, Redwood City, CA, USA) has been used worldwide since March 2003. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of the PAS-Port® Proximal Anastomosis System. METHODS:All the patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in the Catharina Hospital Eindhoven between August 2006 and April 2010 were included in a non-randomized retrospective case-control study, if they had at least one proximal vein graft anastomosis. Study end-points consisted of overall survival, coronary reintervention and postoperative stroke. RESULTS:The study included 312 patients (201 cases, 111 controls). After 36 months of follow-up there was no difference in survival between cases and controls (92.2% vs. 93.7%, P=0.52). No significant difference could be detected between cases and controls with respect to overall coronary reintervention-free survival (93% vs. 96.4%, P=0.20) and freedom from coronary reintervention due to proximal vein graft failure (98% vs. 100% P=0.14). The use of the PAS-Port system could not be identified as an independent risk factor of coronary reintervention (p=0.21). Postoperative stroke rates of cases and controls (2% vs. 0.9%, P=0.42) were comparable. CONCLKUSION:The clinical outcomes in patients treated with the PAS-Port® Proximal Anastomosis System were satisfactory compared with those treated with the conventional hand-sewing technique. The use of the PAS-Port system was not associated with higher adverse outcome in terms of overall survival, stroke, coronary reintervention-free survival and freedom from reintervention due to proximal vein graft failure.
The Journal of cardiovascular surgery 11/2012; · 1.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES
Various studies have shown different parameters as independent risk factors in predicting the success of fast-track postoperative management in cardiac surgery. In the present study, we evaluated our 7-year experience with the fast-track protocol and investigated the preoperative predictors of successful outcome.METHODS
Between 2004 and 2010, 5367 consecutive patients undergoing cardiac surgery were preoperatively selected for postoperative admission in the postanaesthesia care unit (PACU) and were included in this study. These patients were then transferred to the ordinary ward on the same day of the operation. The primary end-point of the study was the success of the PACU protocol, defined as discharge to the ward on the same day, no further admission to the intensive care unit and no operative mortality. Logistic regression analysis was performed to detect the independent risk factors for failure of the PACU pathway.RESULTSOf 11 895 patients undergoing cardiac surgery, 5367 (45.2%) were postoperatively admitted to the PACU. The protocol was successful in 4510 patients (84.0%). Using the multivariate logistic regression analysis, older age and left ventricular dysfunction were found to be independent risk factors for failure of the PACU protocol [odds ratio of 0.98/year (0.97-0.98) and 0.31 (0.14-0.70), respectively].CONCLUSIONS
Our fast-track management, called the PACU protocol, is efficient and safe for the postoperative management of selected patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Age and left ventricular dysfunction are significant preoperative predictors of failure of this protocol.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 09/2012; · 1.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short and long-term operative results of patients who underwent a Bentall procedure in a 12-year period. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 170 patients who underwent an elective Bentall procedure between January 1998 and July 2010. All pre- and perioperative variable were entered into a multivariate regression model to identify significant predictors of early and late mortality. The early mortality rate was 11.2% (19/170 patients). Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified prior cardiac operation and cardiopulmonary bypass time as independent risk factors for early mortality, with odds ratios of 5.75 (95% confidence interval: 1.850-17.874; p=0.003) and 1.011 (95% confidence interval: 1.003-1.019; p=0.008), respectively. The Kaplan-Meier curve shows an overall survival of 78%±4% at 5 years and 66%±10% at 10 years. Cox regression analysis revealed no independent risk factors for late mortality. The Bentall procedure is still the procedure of choice for aortic root replacement. Improvements in perioperative management in recent years has improved the early outcome, and in our experience, the late results of this technique were satisfactory.
Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals 08/2012; 20(4):418-25.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Elevated cardiac enzymes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery have been identified as a risk factor for worse postoperative outcome. Cardiac enzymes play an important role in the diagnosis of perioperative myocardial infarction. This study aims to investigate the predictive value of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) with respect to early and late mortality after CABG.
Patients undergoing isolated CABG in a single center between January 1998 and December 2010 were prospectively enrolled in our database. Patients were arbitrarily divided into 4 groups according to the postoperative AST level: group 1 (AST < 50 U/L), group 2 (AST = 51 to 100 U/L), group 3 (AST = 101 to 200 U/L), group 4 (AST = 201 to 300 U/L), and group 5 (AST > 300 U/L). The impact of biomedical variables on early mortality was determined using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Risk factors for late mortality were identified using Cox proportional hazard regression analyses.
The study population consisted of 13,505 patients who underwent isolated CABG. Postoperative AST level was identified as a risk factor for early (odds ratio = 3.6 [2.5 to 5.4], p < 0.0001) and late mortality (hazard ratio = 1.4 [1.2 to 1.7], p < 0.001). After correction for other risk factors, AST level was an independent predictor of worse survival.
Elevated postoperative AST level is an independent predictor of early and late mortality after CABG. Although it is not a specific indicator for cardiac damage, it can reflect ischemic effects on the other organs as an indirect sign of depressed cardiac function.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 07/2012; 94(5):1492-8. · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a novel therapy for treatment of severe aortic stenosis. Although 30% to 50% of patients develop new left bundle-branch block (LBBB), its effect on clinical outcome is unclear.
Data were collected in a multicenter registry encompassing TAVI patients from 2005 until 2010. The all-cause mortality rate at follow-up was compared between patients who did and did not develop new LBBB. Of 679 patients analyzed, 387 (57.0%) underwent TAVI with the Medtronic CoreValve System and 292 (43.0%) with the Edwards SAPIEN valve. A total of 233 patients (34.3%) developed new LBBB. Median follow-up was 449.5 (interquartile range, 174-834) days in patients with and 450 (interquartile range, 253-725) days in patients without LBBB (P=0.90). All-cause mortality was 37.8% (n=88) in patients with LBBB and 24.0% (n=107) in patients without LBBB (P=0.002). By multivariate regression analysis, independent predictors of all-cause mortality were TAVI-induced LBBB (hazard ratio [HR], 1.54; confidence interval [CI], 1.12-2.10), chronic obstructive lung disease (HR, 1.56; CI, 1.15-2.10), female sex (HR, 1.39; CI, 1.04-1.85), left ventricular ejection fraction ≤50% (HR, 1.38; CI, 1.02-1.86), and baseline creatinine (HR, 1.32; CI, 1.19-1.43). LBBB was more frequent after implantation of the Medtronic CoreValve System than after Edwards SAPIEN implantation (51.1% and 12.0%, respectively; P<0.001), but device type did not influence the mortality risk of TAVI-induced LBBB.
All-cause mortality after TAVI is higher in patients who develop LBBB than in patients who do not. TAVI-induced LBBB is an independent predictor of mortality.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Several short-term and midterm follow-up studies of the Symmetry aortic connector system showed controversial results. The objective of the present study was assessing the long-term clinical outcome of patients operated with the Symmetry device and to compare the results with hand-sewn control patients.Methods A retrospective case-control study of 156 (46 cases, 110 controls) consecutive patients, that underwent off-pump coronary revascularization, between January 2001 and December 2004, was conducted. Study endpoints were all-cause mortality, coronary reintervention and postoperative stroke.Results There was no difference in survival between cases and controls (89.1 vs. 82.4%, p = 0.27) after 8 years of follow-up. No significant difference could be detected between cases and controls with respect to overall long-term coronary reintervention free survival (82.6 vs. 88.9%, p = 0.41) and freedom from coronary reintervention due to proximal vein graft failure (91.3 vs. 96.3%, p = 0.24). The use of Symmetry device could not be identified as independent risk-factor of coronary reintervention due to proximal vein graft failure (p = 0.25). Furthermore, postoperative stroke rates were comparable between cases and controls (0.0 vs. 0.9%, p = 1.00).Conclusion This study suggests that the use of the Symmetry Bypass Connector was not associated with adverse outcome in terms of overall survival, long-term coronary reintervention free survival, freedom from reintervention due to proximal vein graft failure and postoperative stroke.
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 06/2012; · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiac herniation after pneumonectomy is recognized as a rare complication. This case report describes two cases. The mortality rate of this complication remains high as reported in the literature; in early-recognized cases 50 % and in late or unrecognized cases 100 %. In the following two cases a pneumonectomy was performed as a treatment for lung cancer. Within 48 h after the initial operative treatment, the clinical situation of the patients got worse and radiographic examinations showed a strongly deviated heart. After suspicion of the diagnosis, the patients were immediately transferred to the operation theatre for emergency thoracotomy. Per-operative the diagnosis was confirmed and the heart was returned into its original position while the defect in the pericardial sac was closed with a bovine pericardial patch. Both patients survived these procedures and did not suffer from any further complication.
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 05/2012; 60(10):668-72.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using antegrade selective cerebral perfusion (ASCP) with moderate hypothermia on hospital mortality after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection (AAAD).
Between January 1998 and December 2008, 142 consecutive patients were operated on for AAAD. Patients were divided into two subgroups: the cohort of patients operated on from January 1998 until December 2003 (without ASCP) (P1998-2003, n=64) and the cohort operated on from January 2004 until December 2008 (with ASCP)(P2004-2008, n=78).
The difference in hospital mortality was statistically significant (P1998-2003: 42.2%; P2004-2008: 14.1%, p<0.0005). Survival rates were 51.6±6.2% vs. 75.1±5.5% and 45.9±6.2% vs. 69.7±7.3% for one and four years, respectively (p=0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that ASCP was the only independent protective factor of hospital mortality (p=0.047).
In patients operated on for AAAD, antegrade selective cerebral perfusion with moderate hypothermia is a significant factor in decreasing hospital mortality.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Following guidelines, aortic valve replacement (AVR) in asymptomatic patients with severe aortic valve stenosis is often postponed until symptoms do occur. Delaying AVR will inevitably lead to progression of left ventricular hypertrophy. We studied the relationship between septum wall thickness indexed for body surface area (SWTI) as a measure for LV hypertrophy and 30-day and late all-cause mortality after AVR.
This study included the data of adult patients who underwent isolated AVR between January 2006 and December 2010 and in whom a reliable measurement of the septum wall thickness could be made. The patients were stratified into three groups according to their SWTI. The SWTI was less than 6 mm/m(2) in 136 patients, between 6 and 8 mm/m(2) in 307 patients, and more than 8 mm/m(2) in 126 patients.
Death occurred in 10 patients within 30 days (1.8%), and 41 patients died during follow-up (7.2%). Univariate logistic regression analysis revealed only endocarditis as predictor of early mortality. Multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed SWTI as a continuous variable as well as a categorical (group) variable to be a predictor of late mortality. Compared with the group SWTI less than 6 mm/m(2), odds ratio for the group with SWTI 6 to 8 mm/m(2) was 3.4 (p = 0.046), and for the group with SWTI more than 8 mm/m(2), it was 6.0 (p = 0.005).
In patients undergoing AVR, the SWTI was a strong predictor of late mortality. Whether avoidance of progression of left ventricular hypertrophy by early AVR leads to better outcome remains to be investigated.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 05/2012; 94(1):66-71. · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The EuroSCORE as a predictor for midterm survival after isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) and combined AVR with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery was tested. Survival in different risk-stratification groups also was compared to the survival of the general Dutch population.
A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.
A single-center study performed in an educational hospital.
All patients (N = 1,652) who underwent AVR with (n = 711) or without (n = 941) CABG surgery from January 2004 through December 2009.
AVR with or without CABG surgery.
Univariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify the additive and the logistic EuroSCOREs as independent predictors of midterm mortality. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to compare the survival of different patients' risk subgroups, based on both the additive and the logistic EuroSCOREs, with the normal Dutch population matched for age and sex. Both additive and logistic EuroSCOREs were significant predictors of midterm mortality after isolated AVR and AVR with CABG surgery. This was also true for the different risk-stratification groups. Except for survival after AVR with CABG surgery in the high-risk group based on the additive EuroSCORE, no difference was found between survival after surgery and survival of the age- and sex-matched normal population.
Both EuroSCORE models can predict midterm survival after isolated AVR and combined AVR with CABG surgery. However, the EuroSCORE is not a predictor for midterm survival when comparing the patient groups with the general Dutch population matched for age and sex. Except for high-risk patients undergoing AVR with CABG surgery, other risk subgroups have similar midterm survival to that of their age- and sex-matched cohorts of the Dutch population.
Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 03/2012; 26(4):617-23. · 1.06 Impact Factor