S Dupont

Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix"), Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (90)224.11 Total impact

  • Seizure 09/2014; · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • S. Dupont
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    ABSTRACT: All’interno del vasto arsenale terapeutico farmacologico antiepilettico che non conta meno di 23 farmaci antiepilettici, la scelta del farmaco più appropriato può, talvolta, rivelarsi delicata. Malgrado ciò, esistono dei criteri di scelta obiettivi basati, allo stesso tempo, sul profilo del paziente (tipo di epilessia, sesso, età, comorbilità, ecc.) e su quello del farmaco (farmacocinetica, profilo di tolleranza, di efficacia, ecc.), che permettono di scegliere il «farmaco giusto per il paziente giusto». La farmacoterapia deve sempre essere accompagnata da un’informazione chiara sulle motivazioni del trattamento, sulle sue modalità di attuazione, sui suoi potenziali effetti secondari e, ovviamente, sulle regole igieniche da rispettare per rinforzare l’efficacia del trattamento. Di fronte a dei casi conclamati di farmacoresistenza, occorre ipotizzare molto rapidamente la soluzione delle terapie alternative, tra cui la chirurgia, e non dimenticare mai che la prescrizione di un nuovo farmaco antiepilettico può, talvolta, rivelarsi miracolosa, persino di fronte a dei casi di insuccessi farmacologici ripetuti.
    EMC - Neurologia. 08/2014; 14(3):1–14.
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    ABSTRACT: Our knowledge on temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with hippocampal sclerosis has evolved towards the view that this syndrome affects widespread brain networks. Diffusion weighted imaging studies have shown alterations of large white matter tracts, most notably in left temporal lobe epilepsy, but the degree of altered connections between cortical and subcortical structures remains to be clarified. We performed a whole brain connectome analysis in 39 patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (20 right and 19 left) and 28 healthy subjects. We performed whole-brain probabilistic fiber tracking using MRtrix and segmented 164 cortical and subcortical structures with Freesurfer. Individual structural connectivity graphs based on these 164 nodes were computed by mapping the mean fractional anisotropy (FA) onto each tract. Connectomes were then compared using two complementary methods: permutation tests for pair-wise connections and Network Based Statistics to probe for differences in large network components. Comparison of pair-wise connections revealed a marked reduction of connectivity between left TLE patients and controls, which was strongly lateralized to the ipsilateral temporal lobe. Specifically, infero-lateral cortex and temporal pole were strongly affected, and so was the perisylvian cortex. In contrast, for right TLE, focal connectivity loss was much less pronounced and restricted to bilateral limbic structures and right temporal cortex. Analysis of large network components revealed furthermore that both left and right hippocampal sclerosis affected diffuse global and interhemispheric connectivity. Thus, left temporal lobe epilepsy was associated with a much more pronounced pattern of reduced FA, that included major landmarks of perisylvian language circuitry. These distinct patterns of connectivity associated with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis show how a focal pathology influences global network architecture, and how left or right-sided lesions may have differential and specific impacts on cerebral connectivity.
    NeuroImage 05/2014; · 6.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are paroxysmal behavioral changes resembling epileptic seizures. However, PNES is of psychological origin, not as the result of excessive neuronal discharge. Some recent studies using video-EEG monitoring revealed an unexpected percentage of PNES in the elderly. We report an 85-year-old female who had developed a late PNES with a clinical feature mimicking a convulsive status epilepticus. We have reviewed the literature on PNES in the elderly and discuss their characterization. The prevalence of PNES in old age is unknown; the number of reported cases is still limited and substantial data of PNES in the elderly is strongly lacking. As in adults, PNES is frequently misdiagnosed in the elderly resulting in the overuse of anti-epileptic drugs.
    NPG Neurologie - Psychiatrie - Gériatrie 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Songs constitute a natural combination of lyrics and melodies, but it is unclear whether and how these two song components are integrated during the emergence of a memory trace. Network theories of memory suggest a prominent role of the hippocampus, together with unimodal sensory areas, in the build-up of conjunctive representations. The present study tested the modulatory influence of the hippocampus on neural adaptation to songs in lateral temporal areas. Patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis and healthy matched controls were presented with blocks of short songs in which lyrics and/or melodies were varied or repeated in a crossed factorial design. Neural adaptation effects were taken as correlates of incidental emergent memory traces. We hypothesized that hippocampal lesions, particularly in the left hemisphere, would weaken adaptation effects, especially the integration of lyrics and melodies. Results revealed that lateral temporal lobe regions showed weaker adaptation to repeated lyrics as well as a reduced interaction of the adaptation effects for lyrics and melodies in patients with left hippocampal sclerosis. This suggests a deficient build-up of a sensory memory trace for lyrics and a reduced integration of lyrics with melodies, compared to healthy controls. Patients with right hippocampal sclerosis showed a similar profile of results although the effects did not reach significance in this population. We highlight the finding that the integrated representation of lyrics and melodies typically shown in healthy participants is likely tied to the integrity of the left medial temporal lobe. This novel finding provides the first neuroimaging evidence for the role of the hippocampus during repetitive exposure to lyrics and melodies and their integration into a song.
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 01/2014; 8:111. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ictal bradycardia and ictal asystole (IA) are rare but severe complications of epileptic seizures. They are difficult to recognize within a seizure and their consequences remain unclear. Herein we aimed to extend the description of electrical and clinical features of seizures with IA and/or syncope. Among 828 patients with epilepsy who were admitted for presurgical video-electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring evaluation between 2003 and 2012, we selected those presenting IA and/or syncope. We studied the electroclinical sequence of these manifestations and their correlation with electrocardiogram (ECG), and we compared seizures with or without IA among the same patients. Nine (1.08%) of 828 patients (four men, mean age 43 ± 6 years) showed IA. Six patients had temporal lobe epilepsy and the others had frontal, temporooccipital, or occipital epilepsy, demonstrated by intracranial EEG in two. In these patients, 59 of 103 recorded seizures induced a reduction of heart rate (HR), leading to IA in 26. IAs were mostly (80%) symptomatic, whereas ictal HR decreases alone were not. In seizures with IA, we identified usual ictal symptoms, and then symptoms related primarily to cerebral hypoperfusion (pallor, atonia, early myoclonic jerks, loss of consciousness, hypertonia, and fall) and secondarily to cerebral reperfusion (skin flushing, late myoclonic jerks). At 32 ± 18 s after the onset of the seizure, the HR decreased progressively during 11 ± 6 s, reaching a sinusal pause for 13 ± 7 s. The duration of the IA was strongly correlated with electroclinical consequences. IA was longer in patients with atonia (14.8 ± 7 vs. 5.7 ± 3 s), late myoclonic jerks (15.8 ± 7 vs. 8 ± 6 s), hypertonia (19 ± 4.5 vs. 8.3 ± 5 s), and EEG hypoperfusion changes (16 ± 5.6 vs. 6.9 ± 5.5 s). IA may induce a fall during atonia or hypertonia. Surface and intracerebral EEG recordings showed that ictal HR decrease and IA often occurred when seizure activity became bilateral. Finally, we identified one patient with ictal syncopes but without IA, presumably related to vasoplegia. We provide a more complete description of the electroclinical features of seizures with IA, of the mechanism of falls, and distinguish between hypoperfusion and reperfusion symptoms of syncope. Identification of the mechanisms of syncope may improve management of patients with epilepsy. A pacemaker can be proposed, when parasympathetic activation provokes a negative chronotropic effect that leads to asystole. It is less likely to be useful when vasoplegic effects predominate.
    Epilepsia 12/2013; · 3.96 Impact Factor
  • S. Dupont
    Revue Neurologique 12/2012; 168(12):881–882. · 0.51 Impact Factor
  • S Dupont
    Revue Neurologique 12/2012; 168(12):881-882. · 0.51 Impact Factor
  • S. Dupont
    Pratique Neurologique - FMC 04/2012; 3(2):149–152.
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical outcome in patients with nonlesional refractory partial epilepsies could be improved by a more precise definition of the epileptogenic zone (EZ). The value of interictal FDG-PET hypometabolism, voxel-based-morphometry (VBM) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is still debated. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of these noninvasive techniques in localizing the EZ with stereo-electroencephalography (SEEG) results. Twenty patients with nonlesional partial epilepsy (13 temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and 7 extra-temporal (extra-TLE)) underwent structural MRI, DTI and FDG-PET. FDG-PET was analyzed visually (vPET) blinded and unblinded and by statistical parametric mapping (SPM) (sPET). Individual modifications of grey matter volume and mean diffusivity increase were compared to a control group with SPM. The best sensitivity was provided by vPET unblinded (75%) and the best specificity (60%) by DTI. The sensitivity of vPET blinded (55%) was lower and those of sPET (40%) and VBM (35%) were still lower. In TLE, vPET analyzed either blinded or unblinded, performed the best and additional use of the other tools improved slightly the sensitivity. For extra-TLE, combining vPET and DTI results increased the number of pertinent abnormalities detected especially for circumscribed changes in frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). Combining vPET and DTI was the more efficient strategy for extra-TLE, allowing the detection of pertinent abnormalities in FLE when FDG-PET alone was not contributive. Combining sPET or VBM with vPET was less useful.
    Epilepsy research 08/2011; 97(1-2):170-82. · 2.48 Impact Factor
  • Sophie Dupont
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, barbiturates, oxcarbazepine do not allow oral contraceptives. The pregnancy must be planned. Every patient in childbearing age should be informed by her practitioner. The rule is to optimize the antiepileptic treatment before the pregnancy: less drugs, less dosages. This optimization will depend on the epileptic syndrome and the nature of the treatment. Valproate of sodium should be avoided, if possible, during pregnancy. Preconceptional supplementation by folic acid should be considered. Antiepileptic drugs monitoring is required during pregnancy. Natural delivery with peridural anaesthesiology is mandatory. The breast feeding must be considered individually.
    La Presse Médicale. 03/2011; 40(3):279–286.
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed at determining if the recovery of mean diffusivity (MD) in the contralateral non sclerotic hippocampus is correlated with a change in memory outcome after surgery in patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Verbal and non-verbal memory scores and MD were assessed in 23 patients with MTLE before and after surgical treatment of epilepsy. The recovery of MD in the left hippocampus was correlated with the performance on verbal memory tests, and the recovery of MD in all patients was correlated with the performance on non-verbal memory tests. This finding strengthens the hypothesis that reversible diffusion abnormalities in the contralateral hippocampus in MTLE are linked to the active epileptic process that seems to interfere with memory abilities.
    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 03/2011; 82(3):340-3. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epilepsy surgery concerns any patient with pharmacoresistant partial epilepsy, responsible for disability. Children and adult patients can be candidates for epilepsy surgery. A presurgical evaluation, adapted to each patient, must identify the most precisely the cortical area, where the seizures originate, using converging data: the clinical and electroencephalographic semiology of the seizures, the structural and sometimes functional brain imagings, and evaluate if the removal of the epileptogenic focus may induce a neurological or cognitive deficit, using neuropsychological tests and sometimes functional brain imagings. Such therapeutical strategy should be evoked as soon as possible in patients for whom the epilepsy becomes pharmacoresistant, and these patients should be oriented in specialized centres. The results of epilepsy surgery vary according to the lobar origin of the epileptogenic focus and to the existence of a visible lesion on brain MRI. A multidisciplinary evaluation of the benefits and risks should be presented to the patient. Results of the surgery are usually excellent when a focus is clearly identified and the neuropsychological tests did not predict a deficit.
    La Presse Médicale 02/2011; 40(3):293-300. · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Sophie Dupont
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, barbiturates, oxcarbazepine do not allow oral contraceptives. The pregnancy must be planned. Every patient in childbearing age should be informed by her practitioner. The rule is to optimize the antiepileptic treatment before the pregnancy: less drugs, less dosages. This optimization will depend on the epileptic syndrome and the nature of the treatment. Valproate of sodium should be avoided, if possible, during pregnancy. Preconceptional supplementation by folic acid should be considered. Antiepileptic drugs monitoring is required during pregnancy. Natural delivery with peridural anaesthesiology is mandatory. The breast feeding must be considered individually.
    La Presse Médicale 01/2011; 40(3):279-86. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epilepsy surgery concerns any patient with pharmacoresistant partial epilepsy, responsible for disability. Children and adult patients can be candidates for epilepsy surgery. A presurgical evaluation, adapted to each patient, must identify the most precisely the cortical area, where the seizures originate, using converging data: the clinical and electroencephalographic semiology of the seizures, the structural and sometimes functional brain imagings, and evaluate if the removal of the epileptogenic focus may induce a neurological or cognitive deficit, using neuropsychological tests and sometimes functional brain imagings. Such therapeutical strategy should be evoked as soon as possible in patients for whom the epilepsy becomes pharmacoresistant, and these patients should be oriented in specialized centres. The results of epilepsy surgery vary according to the lobar origin of the epileptogenic focus and to the existence of a visible lesion on brain MRI. A multidisciplinary evaluation of the benefits and risks should be presented to the patient. Results of the surgery are usually excellent when a focus is clearly identified and the neuropsychological tests did not predict a deficit.
    Presse Medicale. 01/2011; 40(3):293-300.
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Mutations in SCN1A can cause genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+, inherited missense mutations) or Dravet syndrome (DS, de novo mutations of all types). Although the mutational spectra are distinct, these disorders share major features and 10% of DS patients have an inherited SCN1A mutation. OBJECTIVES AND PATIENTS 19 selected families with at least one DS patient were studied to describe the mechanisms accounting for inherited SCN1A mutations in DS. The mutation identified in the DS probands was searched in available parents and relatives and quantified in the blood cells of the transmitting parent using quantitative allele specific assays. RESULTS Mosaicism in the blood cells of the transmitting parent was demonstrated in 12 cases and suspected in another case. The proportion of mutated allele in the blood varied from 0.04-85%. In the six remaining families, six novel missense mutations were associated with autosomal dominant variable GEFS+ phenotypes including DS as the more severe clinical picture. CONCLUSION The results indicate that mosaicism is found in at least 7% of families with DS. In the remaining cases (6/19, 32%), the patients were part of multiplex GEFS+ families and seemed to represent the extreme end of the GEFS+ clinical spectrum. In this latter case, additional genetic or environmental factors likely modulate the severity of the expression of the mutation.
    Journal of Medical Genetics 06/2010; 47(6):404-10. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent reports show that humans and animals do not acquire information about routes and object locations in the same way. In spatial memory, a specific sub-system is hypothesized to be involved in encoding, storing and recalling navigational information, and it is segregated from the sub-system devoted to small-scale environment. We assessed this hypothesis in a sample of patients treated surgically for intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. We found double dissociations between learning and recall of spatial positions in large space versus small space. These results strongly support the hypothesis that two segregate systems process navigational memory for large-scale environments and spatial memory in small-scale environments.
    Experimental Brain Research 05/2010; 206(2):171-7. · 2.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To retrospectively determine whether blood oxygen level-dependent functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can aid prediction of postoperative memory changes in epileptic patients after temporal lobe surgery. This study was approved by the local ethics committee, and informed consent was obtained from all patients. Data were analyzed from 25 patients (12 women, 13 men; age range, 19-52 years) with refractory epilepsy in whom temporal lobe surgery was performed after they underwent preoperative functional MR imaging, the Wada test, and neuropsychological testing. The functional MR imaging protocol included three different memory tasks (24-hour delayed recognition, encoding, and immediate recognition). Individual activations were measured in medial temporal lobe (MTL) regions of both hemispheres. The prognostic accuracy of functional MR imaging for prediction of postoperative memory changes was compared with the accuracy of the Wada test and preoperative neuropsychological testing by using a backward multiple regression analysis. An equation that was based on left functional MR imaging MTL activation during delayed recognition, side of the epileptic focus, and preoperative global verbal memory score was used to correctly predict worsening of verbal memory in 90% of patients. The right functional MR imaging MTL activation did not substantially correlate with the nonverbal memory outcome, which was only predicted by using the preoperative nonverbal global score. Wada test data were not good predictors of changes in either verbal or nonverbal memory. Findings suggest that functional MR imaging activation during a delayed-recognition task is a better predictor of individual postoperative verbal memory outcome than is the Wada test.
    Radiology 04/2010; 255(1):128-34. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and tolerability of zonisamide in a study allowing flexible dosing in a more diverse and less refractory population than assessed in randomized controlled trials. This 19-week, non-comparative study of adjunctive zonisamide included 281 adults who had at least four partial-onset seizures within 8 weeks on one or two antiepileptic drugs. Alterations to zonisamide doses were allowed after titration, except during two fixed-dose periods (weeks 10-13 and 16-19). At the end of the second fixed-dose period (median dose 300 mg/day), the median reduction in monthly seizure frequency was 33.3-41.1%; > or =50% responder rate was 40.9-44.2%; and seizure freedom rate was 15.0-15.9%, depending on the analysis used. The most common adverse events were fatigue (16.7%) and somnolence (15.3%). Zonisamide demonstrated efficacy in a setting more reflective of clinical practice and was generally well tolerated.
    Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 03/2010; 121(3):141-8. · 2.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Seizures are frequent in the elderly, but their diagnosis can be challenging. The objective of this work was to develop and validate an expert-based algorithm for the diagnosis of seizures in elderly people. A multidisciplinary group of neurologists and geriatricians developed a diagnostic algorithm using a combination of selected clinical, electroencephalographical and radiological criteria. The algorithm was validated by multicentre retrospective analysis of data of patients referred for specific symptoms and classified by the experts as epileptic patients or not. The algorithm was applied to all the patients, and the diagnosis provided by the algorithm was compared to the clinical diagnosis of the experts. Twenty-nine clinical, electroencephalographical and radiological criteria were selected for the algorithm. According to criteria combination, seizures were classified in four levels of diagnosis: certain, highly probable, possible or improbable. To validate the algorithm, the medical records of 269 elderly patients were analyzed (138 with epileptic seizures, 131 with non-epileptic manifestations). Patients were mainly referred for a transient focal deficit (40%), confusion (38%), unconsciousness (27%). The algorithm best classified certain and probable seizures versus possible and improbable seizures, with 86.2% sensitivity and 67.2% specificity. Using logistical regression, 2 simplified models were developed, the first with 13 criteria (Se 85.5%, Sp 90.1%), and the second with 7 criteria only (Se 84.8%, Sp 88.6%). In conclusion, the present study validated the use of a revised diagnostic algorithm to help diagnosis epileptic seizures in the elderly. A prospective study is planned to further validate this algorithm.
    Epilepsy research 03/2010; 89(2-3):339-48. · 2.48 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
224.11 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2001–2014
    • Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix")
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2009–2013
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      • Centre de Recherche de l'Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Epinière
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Assistance Publique – Hôpitaux de Paris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2012
    • L'Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle Épinière
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2010
    • UPMC
      Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
    • University of Lille Nord de France
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2008
    • Hôpitaux Universitaires La Pitié salpêtrière - Charles Foix
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2004–2008
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Montpellier
      • Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Medical Information
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 1999–2003
    • Cea Leti
      Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2000–2002
    • Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission
      Fontenay, Île-de-France, France