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Publications (3)6.63 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to analyse the prevalence, infection pattern, duration and outcome of long-term, type-specific, persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in a routine cytology-based cervical screening population of West German women followed up for 7.5 years. From a screening population of 31,000 women, a strictly selected cohort of 100 patients with > or =18-month persistent, type-specific HPV infection were prospectively followed up for a mean of 35.52 months (+/-13.0). HPV type prevalence and odds ratios for regression, progression and steady state were analysed, as well as the influence of age and HPV coinfection on outcome. Altogether, 21 different genotypes were detected. Seventy-two percent of women were infected with high-risk HPVs, 24% with low-risk and 4% with unknown risk HPV types; 44% of cases had coinfections with multiple HPV types. The risk of progression in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions was the highest for infections with high-risk HPVs [odds ratio: 2.2 (0.79-6.11, 95% confidence interval)], whereas cases with low-risk and unknown risk HPVs tended to regress or remained unchanged during follow-up. The mean duration of infections showed considerable variation among the different HPV types and risk groups detected and ranged between 19.7 and 54.3 months. Age was not significantly associated with disease progression and infection duration, and histology had a poor sensitivity for detecting high-grade dysplasia. In conclusion, detecting long-term persistent HPV infections by genotyping may help to identify women with cervical intraepithelial lesions who are at lower and higher risk of developing high-grade precancer and cancer. This may influence future screening strategies and therapy decisions.
    European journal of cancer prevention: the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) 05/2009; 18(4):307-15. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence is accumulating for the aetiological role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in the pathogenesis of potentially malignant oral mucosal lesions and squamous cell carcinomas. Paraffin tissue sections from 49 patients with 'white patches' of the oral mucosa were investigated histologically, by broad-spectrum PCR followed by genotyping and chromogenic in situ hybridisation (CISH). Histologically, 33 flat hyperplasias and 16 papillary hyperplasias were diagnosed. Twenty-two of 28 samples studied (78.6%) were positive for HPV DNA by PCR and six were negative. The following HPV types were detected in decreasing order of prevalence: HPV 35, HPV 6, HPV16, HPV 53, HPV 18, HPV 51 and HPV 55. Seventeen samples (60.7%) contained high-risk HPV DNA. Using CISH, >or= 1 HPV signals were detected at least in a few epithelial cells in 95% of cases studied. All but one case were positive with the high-risk HPV probe and all HPV infections contained low viral load. Concordant positive results both by PCR and CISH were detected in 14 of 19 cases (73.7%) analysed. The high prevalence of HPV infection in hyperplastic 'white patches' of the oral mucosa supports the putative role of HPV at an early stage of oral carcinogenesis. These results further indicate that the majority of white oral mucosal lesions - flat, exophytic, wart-like or papillary proliferations - could be considered as the clinical manifestations of oral HPV infection. This finding has clinical relevance regarding therapy and patient management and may help in elucidating the role of HPV infection in oral carcinogenesis.
    Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine 12/2008; 38(2):181-7. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The availability of vaccines against certain HPV types and the development of broad spectrum genotyping methods have increased interest in co-infections with different HPV types. In the present study, the prevalence and type-specific composition of multiple HPV infections were investigated in a routine cervical screening population in West Germany both at a cross-sectional level and longitudinally. Four hundred eighty-nine out of 8,090 women were diagnosed with multiple HPV infections once or repeatedly. During the 7.5-year study period, the cumulative prevalence of HPV co-infections was 15.3% in contrast to the cross-sectional prevalence of 3.8% at single visits. The overall cumulative prevalence within the cohort of all women screened was 6.9%. Using consensus PCR with sequencing and type-specific PCRs, two to three HPV types were detected simultaneously, whereas broad spectrum methods detected up to seven different genotypes in one sample. Nevertheless, the most common pattern of co-infection occurred with two to three HPV types irrespective of the age of the patient, cytology and histology of the lesions and the method used. The most common genotypes detected were HPV 16, 31, 53, 51, 52, and 66, and the most common pattern of co-infection was double infection with HPV 16 and 31. These results show that rates and patterns of multiple HPV infections are largely dependent on the methodology used and the time interval between tests. Given the significance of HPV vaccination and its expected influence on immunized populations, it is essential to gain additional insights into the natural course and pathogenic effect of multiple HPV infection longitudinally.
    Journal of Medical Virology 11/2008; 80(10):1814-23. · 2.37 Impact Factor