Shuhei Sato

Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama, Japan

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Publications (40)74.72 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of thallium-201 (201Tl) scintigraphy for differentiating malignant bone tumors from benign bone lesions. Between January 2006 and December 2012, 279 patients with bone lesions (51 malignant and 228 benign) underwent 201Tl scintigraphy before treatment. To evaluate 201Tl uptake, we investigated tumor-to-background contrast (TBC) as well as TBC washout rate (WR). The differences of TBC on early and delayed images and WR were estimated by the Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to determine the cut-off TBC values for differentiating malignant bone tumors from benign bone lesions. There were statistically significant differences in median TBC between malignant tumors and benign lesions. These differences occurred for early imaging (1.57 vs. 0.09, p < 0.001) as well as for delayed imaging (0.83 vs. 0.07, p < 0.001). However, there was no statistical difference in WR between malignant tumors and benign lesions (44 vs. 43 %, NS). The chosen TBC cut-off value was 0.68 for early imaging and 0.38 for delayed imaging. Using these cut-off values, the prediction of malignancy had a 77 % sensitivity, 74 % specificity, and 75 % accuracy for early imaging and an 80 % sensitivity, 76 % specificity, and 77 % accuracy for delayed imaging. 201Tl scintigraphy may have the ability to distinguish malignant bone tumors from benign bone lesions.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12149-015-0990-6 · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac CT is an excellent tool for evaluating the anatomy of a secundum atrial septal defect (ASD). However, a comprehensive assessment of its usefulness, including measurement of the pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio in secundum ASD patients, has not been performed. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of CT for assessing the hemodynamics of secundum ASD in adults compared with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), transthoracic echocardiography, and invasive catheterization. Fifty adult patients with secundum ASD were enrolled. Cardiac CT scans (128-slice multidetector CT instrument) were acquired. These were followed by 2-dimensional reconstruction of the secundum ASDs to determine the defect size, the rim length between the outer edge of the defect, and the pulmonary to systemic blood flow (Qp/Qs) ratio. The maximum sizes of the secundum ASDs derived from CT and TEE studies were comparable (21.2 ± 8.0 vs 20.0 ± 7.3 mm; P = .41; r = 0.960; P < .001). The rim lengths for the aortic, mitral, and tricuspid valves; the inferior vena cava; and posterior atrium were also comparable between CT and TEE measurements. The mean Qp/Qs ratio that was derived from CT measurements was comparable with that found by invasive catheterization (2.3 ± 0.7 vs 2.3 ± 0.8; P = .73; r = 0.786; P < .001). Cardiac CT is feasible for assessing pathology and the severity of secundum ASD in adults. Copyright © 2015 Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography 05/2015; 9(4). DOI:10.1016/j.jcct.2015.04.007 · 4.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this prospective study were to assess the relationship between tumor aggressiveness and Tc-99m (V) dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) uptake in chondrogenic bone tumors and the value of Tc-99m (V) DMSA scintigraphy for differentiating benign from malignant tumors. Twenty-four patients with chondrogenic tumors (19 benign and five malignant) underwent Tc-99m DMSA (V) scintigraphy. Radiopharmaceutical uptake was classified using a three-point scale to allow a visual-only analysis, and a tumor-to-background contrast (TBC) was computed using regions of interest to provide a semiquantitative analysis. Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to assess the correlation between tumor aggressiveness and TBC. The difference in TBC between benign and malignant tumors was analyzed with the Mann-Whitney U-test. An appropriate cutoff value of TBC was chosen for the diagnosis of malignancy of a tumor using receiver operating characteristic analysis. Six benign tumors showed negative uptake (uptake score 0), whereas 13 benign tumors showed positive uptake (n=10 uptake score 1; n=3 uptake score 2). All chondrosarcomas showed positive uptake (n=2 uptake score 1; n=3 uptake score 2). A significant correlation was found between tumor aggressiveness and TBC. A significant difference was seen in TBC between benign and malignant tumors. With the chosen cutoff value of TBC equal to 0.611, the sensitivity was 80.0%, specificity was 78.9%, the positive predictive value was 50.0%, and the negative predictive value was 93.8%. Tc-99m (V) DMSA scintigraphy may have the potential to improve diagnostic methods for detecting chondrosarcomas using visual and/or semiquantitative analyses.
    Nuclear Medicine Communications 04/2015; DOI:10.1097/MNM.0000000000000328 · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is associated with the incidence of congestive heart failure. We evaluated the association between CAC and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in elderly patients without coronary artery disease. Coronary computed tomography was performed in 1,021 consecutive patients >55 years of age who were suspected of having coronary artery disease. A total of 530 patients (age, 70 ± 8 years; 56 % men) with a LV ejection fraction >50 % and without obstructive coronary artery disease and a history of coronary artery disease were included in the analysis. LVDD was defined according to a standard algorithm by echocardiography (septal e' <8, lateral e' <10, and left atrial volume index ≥34 mL/m(2)). A total of 224 of 530 patients had LVDD. CAC scores in patients with LVDD were higher than those in patients without LVDD (p < 0.01). The prevalence of LVDD in patients with CAC scores ≥400 was greater than that in patients with CAC scores of 0-9 (58 vs. 34 %, p < 0.01). After adjustment for confounding factors, the CAC score was associated with LVDD, with an odds ratio of 1.96 (95 % confidence interval: 1.11-3.43, p = 0.02) for a CAC score ≥400 compared with a CAC score of 0-9. A CAC score ≥400 was associated with LVDD in elderly patients without CAD in this population. Further prospective studies are needed to evaluate the clinical relevance of CAC as a risk of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
    Heart and Vessels 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00380-015-0645-5 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multi-detector coronary CT angiography (CCTA) can detect coronary stenosis, but it has a limited ability to evaluate myocardial perfusion. We evaluated the usefulness of first-pass CT-myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in combination with CCTA for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 145 patients with suspected CAD were enrolled. We used 64-row multi-detector CT (Definition Flash, Siemens). The same coronary CCTA data were used for first-pass CT-MPI without drug loading. Images were reconstructed by examining the signal densities at diastole as colour maps. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed by comparison with invasive coronary angiography. First-pass CT-MPI in combination with CCTA significantly improved diagnostic performance compared with CCTA alone. With per-vessel analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value increased from 81% to 85%, 87% to 94%, 63% to 79% and 95% to 96%, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for detecting CAD also increased from 0.84 to 0.89 (p=0.02). First-pass CT-MPI was particularly useful for assessing segments that could not be directly evaluated due to severe calcification and motion artefacts. First-pass CT-MPI has an additional diagnostic value for detecting coronary stenosis, in particular in patients with severe calcification.
    Heart (British Cardiac Society) 04/2014; 100(13). DOI:10.1136/heartjnl-2013-305468 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Excess visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is closely associated with the presence of coronary artery plaques that are vulnerable to rupture. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) have more VAT than patients without DM, but the extent to which VAT contributes to the characteristics of coronary plaques before and after the development of DM is not fully understood. We retrospectively evaluated 456 patients (60% male, age 64 +/- 16 years) who were suspected to have cardiovascular disease and underwent 64-slice computed tomography angiography (CTA). Seventy-one (16%) patients had vulnerable plaques (CT density < 50 Hounsfield Units, positive remodeling index > 1.05, and adjacent spotty areas of calcification). Patients were divided into tertiles according to the VAT area. There were stepwise increases in noncalcified and vulnerable plaques with increasing tertiles of VAT area in patients without DM, but not in patients with DM. Multivariate analysis showed that a larger VAT area was significantly associated with a higher risk of vulnerable plaque in patients without DM (odds ratio 3.17, 95% confidence interval 1.08-9.31, p = 0.04), but not in patients with DM. The VAT area is associated with the characteristics of coronary plaques on CTA in patients without DM, but not in patients with DM. VAT may be a significant cardiometabolic risk factor that is associated with plaque vulnerability before the development of DM. CTA findings may help to improve risk stratification in such patients.
    Cardiovascular Diabetology 03/2014; 13(1):61. DOI:10.1186/1475-2840-13-61 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A relatively large number of women in their 40s with high-density breasts, in which it can be difficult to detect lesions, are encountered in mammography cancer screenings in Japan. Here, we retrospectively investigated factors related to breast density. Two hundred women (40-49 years old) were examined at the screening center in our hospital. Multivariate analysis showed that factors such as small abdominal circumference, high HDL cholesterol, and no history of childbirth were related to high breast density in women in their 40s undergoing mammography. Other non-mammographic screening methods should be considered in women with abdominal circumferences <76cm, HDL-C >53mg/dl, and no history of childbirth, as there is a strong possibility of these women having high-density breasts that can make lesion detection difficult.
    Acta medica Okayama 08/2013; 67(4):213-7. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A high mammographic breast density is considered to be a risk factor for breast cancer. However, only a small number of studies on the association between breast density and lifestyle have been performed. A cross-sectional study was performed using a survey with 29 questions on life history and lifestyle. The breast density on mammography was classified into 4 categories following the BI-RADS criteria. The subjects were 522 women with no medical history of breast cancer. The mean age was 53.3 years old. On multivariate analysis, only BMI was a significant factor determining breast density in premenopausal women (parameter estimate, -0.403;p value, 0.0005), and the density decreased as BMI rose. In postmenopausal women, BMI (parameter estimate, -0.196;p value, 0.0143) and number of deliveries (parameter estimate, -0.388;p value, 0.0186) were significant factors determining breast density;breast density decreased as BMI and number of deliveries increased. Only BMI and number of deliveries were identified as factors significantly influencing breast density. BMI was inversely correlated with breast density before and after menopause, whereas the influence of number of deliveries on breast density was significant only in postmenopausal women in their 50 and 60s.
    Acta medica Okayama 06/2013; 67(3):145-151. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively evaluated the accumulation of fluorodeoxy glucose (FDG) in pulmonary malignancies without local recurrence during 2-year follow-up on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Thirty tumors in 25 patients were studied (10 non-small cell lung cancers;20 pulmonary metastatic tumors). PET/CT was performed before RFA, 3 months after RFA, and 6 months after RFA. We assessed the FDG accumulation with the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) compared with the diameters of the lesions. The SUVmax had a decreasing tendency in the first 6 months and, at 6 months post-ablation, FDG accumulation was less affected by inflammatory changes than at 3 months post-RFA. The diameter of the ablated lesion exceeded that of the initial tumor at 3 months post-RFA and shrank to pre-ablation dimensions by 6 months post-RFA. SUVmax was more reliable than the size measurements by CT in the first 6 months after RFA, and PET/CT at 6 months post-RFA may be more appropriate for the assessment of FDG accumulation than that at 3 months post-RFA.
    Acta medica Okayama 04/2013; 67(2):105-12. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of endometrial polyps in order to differentiate them from other endometrial lesions. MRI was retrospectively reviewed in 40 patients with pathologically proven endometrial polyps. Special attention was paid to the sizes, shapes, margins, internal structures, signal intensities, and post-contrast enhancement patterns. A central fibrous core, intratumoral cysts, and hemorrhage were seen in 30 (75%), 22 (55%), and 14 (35%) patients, respectively. The predominant signal intensity of the lesions showed iso-to slightly low signal intensity relative to the endometrium on T2-weighted images in 36 (90%), low signal intensity on diffusion-weighted images in 32 (80%), and strong or moderate enhancement on enhanced T1-weighted images in 28 patients (70%), respectively. In 32 (80%) patients, the endometrial polyps showed global or partial early enhancement. On dynamic study, rapid enhancement with a persistent strong enhancement pattern was seen in 17 (42.5%) and a gradually increasing enhancement pattern was seen in 17 patients (42.5%). These MRI features can be helpful to distinguish the endometrial polyps from various other endometrial lesions.
    Acta medica Okayama 12/2012; 66(6):475-85. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a bolus injection of landiolol hydrochloride, an ultrashort-acting β1-selective antagonist, as an additional treatment after premedication with an oral β-blocker to reduce heart rate prior to multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography (CAG). Methods and Results: A total of 458 patients who underwent MDCT CAG were retrospectively enrolled. Image quality and hemodynamic parameters were compared in patients before and after approval of landiolol hydrochloride. If heart rate reduction was insufficient after premedication with an oral β-blocker, a bolus injection of landiolol hydrochloride (n=66) or other drugs (n=30) was used. The percentage of evaluable images per segment in patients after approval of landiolol (99.3%) was greater than that in patients before approval of landiolol (97.4%, P<0.01). Heart rates before scanning in patients receiving landiolol hydrochloride were similar to those receiving other drugs. Heart rate was significantly reduced approximately 5min after injection of landiolol hydrochloride and increased shortly. No decrease in systolic blood pressure or other adverse effects was observed. Conclusions: Bolus injection of landiolol hydrochloride sufficiently reduced heart rate without significantly reducing systolic blood pressure and produced a high percentage of evaluable images, suggesting that bolus injection of landiolol hydrochloride as an additional pretreatment is feasible in MDCT CAG.
    Circulation Journal 10/2012; 77(1). DOI:10.1253/circj.CJ-12-0663 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) dual-time-point (DTP) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) with semiquantitative analyses for the initial staging in patients with malignant lymphoma. Forty-three patients had DTP PET/CT, with 60-min and 2-h scan [n = 8, Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL); n = 12, indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); n = 23, aggressive NHL]. A total of 524 lesions were evaluated (406 lymph nodes and 118 extra-nodal lesions). The maximum standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) on 2-h delayed scan (SUV(2)) was significantly higher than those on 1-h early scan (SUV(1)) for all groups (P < 0.0001 for HL; P < 0.0001 for indolent NHL; P < 0.0001 for aggressive NHL). Significant differences were detected between HL and indolent NHL, between indolent NHL and the aggressive NHL for both SUV(1) and SUV(2) (each P < 0.0001). No significant differences were detected between HL and aggressive NHL for both SUV(1) and SUV(2) (P = 0.6891 for SUV(1); P = 0.8828 for SUV(2)); however, significant differences were detected for the retention index of SUV(max) between these groups (P = 0.0238). DTP F-18 FDG PET/CT with a semiquantitative technique may have the potential to provide the more accurate diagnoses for the staging of malignant lymphoma and the more important role in predicting the histological grades of malignancy compared with single-time-point F-18 FDG-PET scan.
    Annals of Nuclear Medicine 06/2012; 26(8):616-21. DOI:10.1007/s12149-012-0619-y · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic usefulness of Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in the prediction of local recurrence of malignant lung tumors by analyzing the pre-radiofrequency ablation (RFA) maximal standardized uptake value (SUV(max)). We performed a historical cohort study of consecutive malignant lung tumors treated by RFA from January 2007 to May 2008 at Okayama University Hospital. We selected only lung tumors examined by PET/CT within 90 days before RFA and divided them (10 primary and 29 metastatic) into 3 groups according to their tertiles of SUV(max). We calculated recurrence odds ratios in the medium group and the high group compared to the low group using multivariate logistic analysis. After we examined the relationship between SUV(max) and recurrence in a crude model, we adjusted for some factors. Tumors with higher SUV(max) showed higher recurrence odds ratios (medium group; 1.84, high group; 4.14, respectively). The tumor size also increased the recurrence odds ratio (2.67); we thought this was mainly due to selection bias because we excluded tumors less than 10mm in diameter. This study demonstrated the pre-RFA SUV(max) in PET/CT may be a prognostic factor for local recurrence of malignant lung tumors.
    Acta medica Okayama 12/2011; 65(6):395-402. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether thallium-201 (201-Tl) scintigraphy can differentiate malignant from benign soft-tissue tumors. Between April 1995 and December 2005, 192 patients with soft-tissue tumors (85 malignant and 107 benign) underwent 201-Tl scintigraphy before treatment. Isotope uptake was used as a proxy for tumor-to-background ratio (TBR). The accuracy of TBR on early and delayed imaging was evaluated using the Mann-Whitney U and χ(2) tests. There was a statistically significant difference in mean TBR on early and delayed imaging of malignant and benign soft-tissue tumors (124% ± 109% vs. 22% ± 42%, and 82% ± 83% vs. 12% ± 25%, P < 0.0001). A TBR cutoff of 20% indicated the probability of malignancy on early and delayed imaging (82% sensitivity and 77% specificity; 82% sensitivity and 84% specificity, P < 0.0001). Well-differentiated liposarcomas showed low isotope accumulation, while pigmented villonodular synovitis and giant cell tumors of the tendon sheath showed high isotope accumulation. Thallium-201 scintigraphy can distinguish malignant from benign tumors with relatively high accuracy. With the exception of low grade liposarcomas and locally aggressive benign tumors, 201-Tl scintigraphy may be an effective diagnostic modality to differentiate malignant from benign soft-tissue tumors.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 11/2011; 36(11):982-6. DOI:10.1097/RLU.0b013e3182177407 · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the effectiveness of living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT), it is necessary to predict the recipient's postoperative lung function. Traditionally, Date's formula, also called the segmental ratio, has used the number of lung segments to estimate the forced vital capacity (FVC) of grafts in LDLLT. To provide a more precise estimate of graft FVC, we calculated the volumes of the lower lobe and total lung using three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and the volume ratio between them. We calculated the volume ratio in 52 donors and tested the difference between the segmental volume ratios with a one-tailed t-test. We also calculated the predicted graft FVC in 21 LDLLTs using the segmental ratio pFVC(c) and the volume ratio pFVC(v), and then found the Pearson's correlation coefficients for both pFVC(c) and pFVC(v) with the recipients' actual FVC (rFVC) measured spirometrically 6 months after surgery. Significant differences were found between the segmental ratio and the average volume ratio for both sides (right, p=0.03;left, p=0.0003). Both pFVC(c) and pFVC(v) correlated significantly with rFVC at 6 months after surgery (p=0.007 and 0.006). Both the conventional and the volumetric methods provided FVC predictions that correlated significantly with measured postoperative FVC.
    Acta medica Okayama 08/2011; 65(4):265-8. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the local efficacy of I-131 for F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET)-positive lesions. Whole-body FDG PET/CT was performed on 37 patients (55 cases: 16 men, 21 women; age range: 24-82 years; mean age ± standard deviation: 60.5 ± 16.0 years) with differentiated thyroid cancer after total thyroidectomy. The metastatic or recurrent lesions were divided into 5 categories: primary tumor bed, lymph node, lung, bone, and other. The well-defined lesions were measured on CT, and the sizes were compared before and after radioactive iodine therapy. The analysis was performed on 37 patients with 44 lesions (lymph node:24, lung:16, bone:4). Sixteen lesions (70%) were increased and 7 (30%) showed no change or reduction when there was positive accumulation on FDG PET/CT and negative accumulation on I-131 (F(+)I(-)) group. In the positive accumulation for both FDG PET/CT and I-131 (F(+)I(+)) group, 5 lesions (63%) were increased and 3 (37%) showed no change or reduction. There was no significant difference for the tendency to increase in size between the F(+)I(-) and the F(+)I(+) groups. Lesions which show positive accumulations on FDG PET/CT have a greater tendency to increase in size. FDG-avid lesions are resistant to radioactive iodine therapy with or without I-131 uptake.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 02/2011; 36(2):113-7. DOI:10.1097/RLU.0b013e318203bb6c · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated retrospectively the usefulness of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in the preoperative diagnosis of interruption of the aortic arch (IAA). Seven neonates with IAA underwent enhanced MDCT before a surgical repair operation between April 2006 and March 2010. The MDCT procedures were performed using either a 16- or 64-MDCT scanner without electrocardiographic gating or respiratory arrest. High-quality CT images were obtained in all cases. One patient was diagnosed to be IAA type A, and 6 were diagnosed to be IAA type B (Celoria and Patton classification). The Celoria and Patton classification of IAA types and subtype classification by MDCT were confirmed by surgery. Our results show that the information from MDCT was sufficient for a preoperative diagnosis of IAA and allowed omission of a cardiac catheter examination before surgery.
    Japanese journal of radiology 01/2011; 29(1):46-50. DOI:10.1007/s11604-010-0517-y · 0.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose dual-time-point (DTP) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for intrathoracic lymph node (LN) metastases in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thirty-four patients had DTP PET/CT, with 60 minutes and 2-hour scans (n=19, NSCLC; n=15, benign pulmonary disease). LN diagnoses were confirmed by surgery or clinical follow-up (n=14, metastatic LNs; n=45, nonmetastatic LNs; n=39, inflammatory LNs). The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in the metastatic group was significantly higher than those in the nonmetastatic and inflammatory groups on both early- and delayed-phase imaging (each P<0.0001). The retention index (RI) of SUVmax (RI-SUVmax) in the metastatic group was significantly higher than in the nonmetastatic (P=0.0008) and inflammatory groups (P=0.0074). No significant difference was found between SUVmax values of the nonmetastatic and inflammatory groups on early- (P=0.6461) or delayed-phase (P=0.6913), or between RI-SUVmax values of the nonmetastatic and inflammatory groups (P=0.5717). For early-phase SUVmax, the cut-off value for highest accuracy with metastatic LNs was 3.61, yielding a sensitivity of 86.67% and a specificity of 88.00%. For delayed-phase SUVmax, the cut-off value was 4.00, yielding a sensitivity of 91.6% and specificity of 92.9%. For RI-SUVmax, the cut-off value was 20.91%, yielding a sensitivity of 73.6% and specificity of 75.9%. DTP PET/CT with a semiquantitative technique may improve diagnostic capacity for nodal staging of NSCLC.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 04/2009; 34(4):216-21. DOI:10.1097/RLU.0b013e31819a1f3d · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) has been widely used as an additional modality to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) using isotope. However, the significance of the number of LSG-visualized axillary nodes has not been fully understood. We analyzed this and discussed its potential as a modality to complement SLNB. Ninety-one breasts and axillary lymph nodal status were evaluated retrospectively. All patients were examined by LSG using isotope and subsequently by SLNB. Nine patients (9.9%) had no LSG-visualized axillary node, while 61 patients (67.0%) had only 1 node, and 21 patients (23.1%) had multiple nodes. Overall, sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification rate was 96.7%, and the mean number of removed SLNs was 1.5 nodes per patient. In patients with nonvisualized nodes, 66.7% of SLNs were successfully identified, while 100% of SLNs were identified in those with LSG-visualized nodes. Compared with patients with less than one visualized node, significantly more SLNs were removed in patients with multiple visualized nodes. The number of LSG-visualized nodes correlated with that of metastatic nodes. Preoperative LSG is effective in evaluating SLN status, and the LSG status could be associated with the number of dissected SLN. Moreover, the results of LSG potentially reflect the histological nodal status.
    Journal of Surgical Research 09/2008; 148(2):191-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2007.10.022 · 2.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate factors associated with radiation-induced bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) syndrome after breast-conserving therapy. A total of 702 women with breast cancer who received radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery at seven institutions between July 1995 and December 2006 were analyzed. In all patients, the whole breast was irradiated with two tangential photon beams. The criteria used for the diagnosis of radiation-induced BOOP syndrome were as follows: (1) radiotherapy to the breast within 12 months, (2) general and/or respiratory symptoms lasting for >or=2 weeks, (3) radiographs showing lung infiltration outside the radiation port, and (4) no evidence of a specific cause. Radiation-induced BOOP syndrome was seen in 16 patients (2.3%). Eleven patients (68.8%) were administered steroids. The duration of steroid administration ranged from 1 week to 3.7 years (median, 1.1 years). Multivariate analysis revealed that age (>or=50 years; odds ratio [OR] 8.88; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16-67.76; p = 0.04) and concurrent endocrine therapy (OR 3.05; 95% CI 1.09-8.54; p = 0.03) were significantly associated with BOOP syndrome. Of the 161 patients whose age was >or=50 years and who received concurrent endocrine therapy, 10 (6.2%) developed BOOP syndrome. Age (>or=50 years) and concurrent endocrine therapy can promote the development of radiation-induced BOOP syndrome after breast-conserving therapy. Physicians should carefully follow patients who received breast-conserving therapy, especially those who are older than 50 years and received concurrent endocrine therapy during radiotherapy.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 09/2008; 73(4):1049-54. DOI:10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.05.050 · 4.18 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

170 Citations
74.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998–2015
    • Okayama University
      • Department of Radiology
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan
  • 2009
    • Okayama Kyokuto Hospital
      Okayama, Okayama, Japan