M Del Sette

Sant´Andrea Hospital, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (113)359.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSECerebral vasomotor reserve (VMR) is the capability of cerebral arterioles to change their diameter in response to various stimuli, such hypercapnia. Changes of VMR due to transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have been poorly studied.METHODS Twenty-five healthy subjects underwent anodal/cathodal and sham tDCS on right primary motor area. Before and after tDCS, we assessed VMR by Transcranial Color-Coded Sonography (TCCS) calculating trought Breath Holding Index (BHI) and Heart Rate Variability (HRV), in particular after Valsalva manouver.RESULTSA-tDCS decreased VMR and BHI (p < 0.05), whereas C-tDCS increased VMR, and BHI (p < 0.05); Sham doesn't provide statistically significant of both VMR, BHI and HRV (p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS Our study confirms that tDCS induces a modification of bilateral VMR with a polarity-specific effect; based on this bilateral MFV and BHI modifications, we can speculate an involvement of the SNS in the VMR regulation.
    Journal of neuroimaging: official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging 09/2014; · 3.36 Impact Factor
  • Atti del IV Meeting dell'associazione Italiana per lo studio del sistema periferico, S2-S2; 04/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Fifteen days after a respiratory infection, a 45-year-old woman presented with paresthesias in the hands and feet, bilateral loss of vision, fever, headache, and impairment of consciousness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed predominant lesions in the optic tracts, optic chiasm, and hypothalamus. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed elevated protein level, and lymphocytic pleocytosis. Neurophysiological studies disclosed a demyelinating sensorimotor polyneuropathy. Serum anti-Mycoplasma pneumoniae immunoglobulin (Ig)M, anti-GM1 IgG, and anti-AQP4 IgG were positive. This case, which is remarkable for post-infectious meningoencephalitis-like onset, MRI picture, and dysimmunity to central and peripheral nervous system autoantigens, underpins the pivotal diagnostic role of anti-AQP4-IgG, and expands the list of clinico-pathological findings that can associate with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders.
    Multiple Sclerosis 02/2014; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common congenital anatomical defect in the general population with a mean prevalence of 20 %. Transcranial Doppler sonography and echocardiography, both with infusion of agitated saline as an echo contrast, have been introduced for the diagnosis of PFO. Transesophageal echocardiography is considered the gold standard. Several studies have suggested an association between cryptogenetic stroke and PFO, but the role of this condition as a risk factor for stroke is still debated. The aims of this prospective multicentre study are the evaluation of PFO prevalence in the whole ischemic stroke population and the identification of a stroke recurrence profile risk in patients with PFO. All consecutive patients admitted for acute ischemic stroke and with a confirmed diagnosis at discharge are eligible cases for the study. Demographic and vascular risk factors are registered. Clinical severity is summarized by the National Institute of Health stroke scale. Echocardiographic and transcranial studies are performed in each patient to detect the presence of PFO. Prevalence of PFO will be calculated with 95 % CIs. Univariate analysis will be performed to detect the correlation of PFO with different registered factors and multivariable analysis with PFO as independent variable. The present study should contribute to better identify the role of PFO in ischemic stroke risk and recurrence-related events. Qualifying findings of the study are represented by the high number of enrolled patients, the prospective methodology of the study and the presence of secondary instrumental endpoints.
    Neurological Sciences 01/2014; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: The most common cause of sudden isolated and prolonged global aphasia is acute stroke, affecting the cortical or subcortical language network. However, an aphasic status epilepticus (ASE) has to be considered as a possible differential diagnosis in awake patients presenting with acute and prolonged language impairment. ASE is suggestive of a localized dysfunction of language processing in the dominant hemisphere. ASE is a rare phenomenon and few cases are reported in the current literature. In the differential diagnosis between ASE and stroke with aphasia, FDG-PET imaging could be used when EEG shows no clear evidence of epileptic activity. Case Presentation: We described a case of a 74 year-old woman who presented sudden onset of isolated and prolonged global aphasia; she suffered 5 months before of a left temporo-occipital hemorrhage and 20 days before a left hemispheric ischemic stroke. A new ischemic or hemorrhagic event was excluded by neuroimaging (CT and MRI, including DWI). Since several EEGs did not show ictal epileptic pattern, but only inter-ictal slow waves in the left temporal region, an FDG-PET was performed, resulting in two hypermetabolic areas in the left temporal and occipital lobes. The aphasia improved after anti-epileptic therapy. Discussion and Conclusion: In conclusion, this is a case of post-stroke ASE, in which the evidence of hypermetabolism on FDG-PET allowed a definite diagnosis of epilepsy, despite the non-ictal EEG pattern.
    International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal. 01/2014; 2(5):186-191.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a possible cause of multiple sclerosis (MS).
    Multiple Sclerosis 10/2013; 19(11):1508-1517. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Concerning intravenous thrombolysis, only inconclusive data are available for patients older than 90. We retrospectively evaluated 11 such patients whom we treated with thrombolysis from June 2007 through April 2012, comparing them to 41 patients of the same age whom we treated conventionally in the same period. Baseline clinical data were superimposable, except for shorter onset-to-hospital time for thrombolyzed patients. Mortality and hemorrhagic transformation did not differ. Functional status (modified Rankin scale) 3 months after was better in treated patients, even when compared to controls who arrived early in the hospital. Treated patients were more often discharged home or to intensive rehabilitation, less often to a nursing home. We conclude that safety and effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis in eligible nonagenarians are evident in a setting of everyday practice, and that patients 90 years or older should not be denied thrombolysis solely on the basis of their age.
    European Neurology 07/2013; 70(1-2):84-87. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Natural killer (NK) cells can bridge innate and acquired immunity, and play a role in autoimmunity. A few studies evaluated the distribution of NK cells and the expression of their receptors in chronic immune-mediated demyelinating polyneuropathies. We investigated NK cell distribution and NK cell receptor expression in 20 naïve patients with anti-MAG polyneuropathy (MAG-PN). METHODS: Using flow cytometry, we analysed NK cells and a series of NK cell receptors in the peripheral blood of patients with MAG-PN, and, as controls, in patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating peripheral polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and in healthy subjects. Six MAG-PN patients were also tested after rituximab treatment. RESULTS: At baseline the percentage of NK cells did not differ among the groups. KIR2DL2 receptor expression in MAG-PN patients was higher, andCD94/NKG2A receptor expression in both MAG-PN and CIDP patients was lower than in healthy controls. These abnormalities did not correlate with any clinical or demographic variable. No modification was found after rituximab therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that MAG-PN shows abnormalities in NK cell receptors that characterise other autoimmune diseases, and cannot help in differential diagnosis with CIDP. The impairment of the relevant CD94/NKG2A inhibitory pathway, which might play a central role in the development and perpetuation of MAG-PN, warrants further functional investigations.
    Journal of the neurological sciences 06/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To test whether the use of a striatum weighted image may improve registration accuracy and diagnostic outcome in patients with parkinsonian syndromes (PS). METHODS: Weighted images were generated by increasing signal intensity of striatal voxels and used as intermediate dataset for co-registering the brain image onto template. Experimental validation was performed using an anthropomorphic striatal phantom. (123) I-FP-CIT SPECT binding ratios were manually determined in 67 PS subjects an and compared to those obtained using unsupervised standard (UWR) and weighted registered (WR) approach. Normalized cost function was used to evaluate the accuracy of phantom and subjects registered images to the template. Reproducibility between unsupervised and manual ratios was assessed by using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland and Altman analysis. Correlation coefficient was used to assess the dependence of semi-quantitative ratios on clinical findings. RESULTS: Weighted method improves accuracy of brain registration onto template as determined by cost function in phantom (0.86 ± 0.06vs.0.98 ± 0.02; Student's t test, P = 0.04) and in subject scans (0.69 ± 0.06vs.0.53 ± 0.06; Student's t test, P < 0.0001). Agreement between manual and unsupervised derived binding ratios as measured by ICC was significantly higher on WR as compared to UWR images (0.91vs.0.76). Motor UPDRS score was significantly correlated with manual and unsupervised derived binding potential. In phantom as well as in subjects studies, correlations were more significant using the WR method (BPm:R(2) = 0.36,p = 0.0001; BPwr:R(2) = 0.368,P = 0.0001; BPuwr:R(2) = 0.300,P = 0.0008). CONCLUSION: Weighted registration improves accuracy of binding potential estimates and may be a promising approach to enhance the diagnostic outcome of SPECT imaging, correlation with disease severity, and for monitoring disease progression in parkinsonian syndromes. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 04/2013; · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been proposed as a "congenital malformation" implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, numerous studies failed to confirm its presence in MS patients. This paper presents the rationale, design, and methodology adopted in the CoSMo study, conducted with the aim of verifying whether or not CCSVI is linked to MS. The primary endpoint of the CoSMo study is to compare the prevalence of CCSVI in patients with MS versus patients affected by other neurodegenerative diseases (OND) and healthy volunteers. CoSMo is a multicenter, blinded, prevalence study recruiting 2,000 adult subjects, involving 43 MS centers across Italy. Assessment of the presence or absence of CCSVI is performed by color-coded duplex (CCD) sonography and two out of the five criteria according to Zamboni are necessary for the diagnosis of CCSVI. Local CCD examination carried out by a certified sonologist and the central image readings performed by experts in the field are blinded. An advanced protocol is also described in this paper. The application of a rigorous methodological design will definitively confirm whether an association exists between CCSVI and MS. Should an association be observed, this study also further examines the link between CCSVI and the severity of MS. The addition of subgroups without MS and OND also provides information on whether CCSVI is specific to MS only. Results from the CoSMo study will play a crucial role in the possible studies concerning the potential treatment of CCSVI in MS.
    Neurological Sciences 01/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact on stroke outcome of statin use in the acute phase after IV thrombolysis. METHODS: Multicenter study on prospectively collected data of 2,072 stroke patients treated with IV thrombolysis. Outcome measures of efficacy were neurologic improvement (NIH Stroke Scale [NIHSS] ≤ 4 points from baseline or NIHSS = 0) and major neurologic improvement (NIHSS ≤ 8 points from baseline or NIHSS = 0) at 7 days and favorable (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] ≤ 2) and excellent functional outcome (mRS ≤ 1) at 3 months. Outcome measures of safety were 7-day neurologic deterioration (NIHSS ≥ 4 points from baseline or death), symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage type 2 with NIHSS ≥ 4 points from baseline or death within 36 hours, and 3-month death. RESULTS: Adjusted multivariate analysis showed that statin use in the acute phase was associated with neurologic improvement (odds ratio [OR] 1.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.26-2.25; p < 0.001), major neurologic improvement (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.11-1.85; p = 0.006), favorable functional outcome (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.18-2.26; p = 0.003), and a reduced risk of neurologic deterioration (OR: 0.31, 95% CI 0.19-0.53; p < 0.001) and death (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.28-0.82; p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Statin use in the acute phase of stroke after IV thrombolysis may positively influence short- and long-term outcome.
    Neurology 01/2013; · 8.25 Impact Factor
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    Multiple Sclerosis 01/2013; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) are in vivo imaging techniques that, using a wide range of tracers, allow the non-invasive tracking of pathophysiological processes in healthy and diseased brain. One of most promising of the various PET and SPECT applications is the investigation of pathophysiological aspects of neurodegenerative disorders. This is an extremely important area of investigation given the aging of the global population and the high prevalence of brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease in elderly persons. Clinical translation of advances in molecular imaging research into clinical practice may, by overcoming the limitations of a diagnostic approach that relies exclusively on clinical judgment and structural imaging, lead to better clinical management of affected patients.
    Clinical and Translational Imaging. 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: To test whether the use of a striatum weighted image may improve registration accuracy and diagnostic outcome in patients with parkinsonian syndromes (PS), weighted images were generated by increasing signal intensity of striatal voxels and used as intermediate dataset for co‐registering the brain image onto template. Experimental validation was performed using an anthropomorphic striatal phantom. 123I‐FP‐CIT SPECT binding ratios were manually determined in 67 PS subjects and compared to those obtained using unsupervised standard (UWR) and weighted registered (WR) approach. Normalized cost function was used to evaluate the accuracy of phantom and subjects registered images to the template. Reproducibility between unsupervised and manual ratios was assessed by using intra‐class correlation coefficient (ICC) and Bland and Altman analysis. Correlation coefficient was used to assess the dependence of semi‐quantitative ratios on clinical findings. Weighted method improves accuracy of brain registration onto template as determined by cost function in phantom (0.86 ± 0.06 vs. 0.98 ± 0.02; Student's t‐test, P = 0.04) and in subject scans (0.69 ± 0.06 vs. 0.53 ± 0.06; Student's t‐test, P 2 = 0.36, P = 0.0001; BPwr: R2 = 0.368, P = 0.0001; BPuwr: R2 = 0.300, P = 0.0008). Weighted registration improves accuracy of binding potential estimates and may be a promising approach to enhance the diagnostic outcome of SPECT imaging, correlation with disease severity, and for monitoring disease progression in Parkinsonian syndromes. J. Cell. Physiol. 228: 2086–2094, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 01/2013; 228(10). · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background and Purposes: In a case-control study in patients with acute ischemic stroke and extracranial internal carotid artery (eICA) occlusion, thrombolytic treatment was associated with increased mortality. The aim of this cohort study was to assess the efficacy and safety of thrombolysis in patients with eICA occlusion compared to those without eICA occlusion. Methods: Consecutive patients treated with intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator within 4.5 h from symptom onset included in the Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke - International Stroke Thrombolysis Registry (SITS-ISTR) in 20 Italian centres were analyzed. Acute carotid occlusion was diagnosed using ultrasound examination, angio-CT scan or angio-MRI. Since the SITS-ISTR database did not plan to report the site of vessel occlusion, each participating center provided the code of the patient with eICA occlusion. Patients were divided into 2 groups, those with and those without eICA occlusion. Main outcome measures were: death, disability (modified Rankin Scale, mRS, 3-6) and any intracranial bleeding at 3 months. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to reveal predictors for main outcomes. The following variables of interest were included in the analysis: presence of eICA occlusion, age, gender, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, previous stroke, current smoking, antiplatelet treatment at stroke onset, baseline NIHSS score, baseline blood glucose, cholesterol and blood pressure, history of hypertension and stroke onset to treatment time. Results: A total of 1,761 patients without eICA occlusion and 137 with eICA occlusion were included in the study. At 3 months, 42 patients were lost to follow-up (3 with eICA occlusion). Death occurred in 30 (22.4%) patients with eICA occlusion and in 175 (10.2%) patients without (p < 0.0001). Death or disability at 3 months occurred in 91 of 134 patients with eICA occlusion (67.9%) compared with 654 of 1,722 patients without eICA occlusion (37.9%, p < 0.0001). No or minimal disability at 3 months (mRS 0-1) was reported in 25 (18.7%) patients with eICA occlusion and in 829 (48.2%) patients without (p < 0.0001). Any intracranial bleeding detected by CT or MRI at posttreatment imaging was seen in 16 (11.7%) patients with eICA occlusion and in 314 (17.8%) of those without (p = 0.09). The proportion of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage was 5.8% for patients with eICA occlusion and 8.0% for patients without (p = 0.16). At logistic regression analysis, eICA occlusion was associated with mortality (odds ratio, OR 5.7; 95% confidence interval, CI 2.9-11.1) and mortality or disability (OR 5.0; 95% CI 2.9-8.7) at 90 days. Conclusions: This cohort study in patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with thrombolysis showed an association between eICA occlusion and adverse outcome.
    Cerebrovascular Diseases 12/2012; 34(5-6):430-435. · 2.81 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences 12/2012; 24(1):E28-9. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system with a disabling progressive course. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has recently been described as a vascular condition characterized by restricted venous outflow from the brain, mainly due to blockages of the internal jugular and azygos veins. Despite a wide variability among studies, it has been found to be associated with MS. Data from a few small case series suggest possible improvement of the clinical course and quality of life by performing percutaneous balloon angioplasty (PTA) of the stenotic veins.Study design and methodsThis is a multicenter, randomized, parallel group, blinded, sham-controlled trial to assess the efficacy and safety of PTA. Participants with relapsing remitting MS or secondary progressive MS and a sonographic diagnosis of CCSVI will be enrolled after providing their informed consent. Each participant will be centrally randomized to receive catheter venography and PTA or catheter venography and sham PTA. Two primary end points with respect to efficacy at 12 months are (1) a combined end point obtained through the integration of five functional indicators, walking, balance, manual dexterity, bladder control, and visual acuity, objectively measured by instruments; and (2) number of new brain lesions measured by T2-weighted MRI sequences. Secondary end points include annual relapse rate, change in Expanded Disability Status Scale score, proportion of patients with zero, one or two, or more than two relapses; fatigue; anxiety and depression; general cognitive state; memory/attention/calculus; impact of bladder incontinence; and adverse events. Six hundred seventy-nine patients will be recruited. The follow-up is scheduled at 12 months. Patients, treating neurologists, trained outcome assessors, and the statistician in charge of data analysis will be masked to the assigned treatment. DISCUSSION: The study will provide an answer regarding the efficacy of PTA on patients' functional disability in balance, motor, sensory, visual and bladder function, cognitive status, and emotional status, which are meaningful clinical outcomes, beyond investigating the effects on inflammation. In fact, an important part of patients' expectations, sustained and amplified by anecdotal data, has to do precisely with these functional aspects.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.gov NCT01371760.
    Trials 10/2012; 13(1):183. · 2.21 Impact Factor
  • Journal of clinical virology: the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology 09/2012; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To systematically review the ultrasonographic criteria proposed for the diagnosis of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI). The authors analyzed the five ultrasonographic criteria, four extracranial and one intracranial, suggested for the diagnosis of CCSVI in multiple sclerosis (MS), together with the references from which these criteria were derived and the main studies that explored the physiology of cerebrospinal drainage. The proposed CCSVI criteria are questionable due to both methodological and technical errors: criteria 1 and 3 are based on a scientifically incorrect application of data obtained in a different setting; criteria 2 and 4 have never been validated before; criterion 2 is technically incorrect; criteria 3 and 5 are susceptible to so many external factors that it is difficult to state whether the data collected are pathological or a variation from the normal. It is also unclear how it was decided that two or more of these five ultrasound criteria may be used to diagnose CCSVI, since no validation of these criteria was performed by different and independent observers nor were they blindly compared with a validated gold-standard investigation. The European Society of Neurosonology and Cerebral Hemodynamics (ESNCH) has considerable concerns regarding the accuracy of the proposed criteria for CCSVI in MS. Therefore, any potentially harmful interventional treatment such as transluminal angioplasty and/or stenting should be strongly discouraged.
    Journal of Neurology 05/2012; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0136-9

Publication Stats

1k Citations
359.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2014
    • Sant´Andrea Hospital
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1988–2013
    • Università degli Studi di Genova
      • Dipartimento di Medicina sperimentale (DIMES)
      Genova, Liguria, Italy
  • 2012
    • Università degli Studi di Perugia
      Perugia, Umbria, Italy
  • 2010
    • Azienda Sanitaria Locale 5 Spezzino
      Spezia, Liguria, Italy
  • 2000
    • Università degli Studi di Brescia
      Brescia, Lombardy, Italy