Michael J Anderson

Leidos Biomedical Research, Maryland, United States

Are you Michael J Anderson?

Claim your profile

Publications (3)19.69 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We previously reported that naive, tumor-specific CD8(+) (TcR-I) T cells transferred into prostate tumor-bearing mice traffic to the prostate where they become tolerized. We now report that TcR-I cells suppress the proliferation of naive T cells. This suppression is mediated at least in part by secreted factors, and the suppressive activity can be blocked by Abs directed against TGF-beta. We further report that TcR-I cells must infiltrate the prostate to acquire suppressive activity. Delivery of tumor-specific CD4(+) T cells prevents the conversion of TcR-I cells into suppressor cells. Taken together, our findings may have critical implications for sustaining T cell responsiveness during immunotherapy, as the development of suppressor cells in the tumor microenvironment may eliminate the potency of T cells primed in the periphery or delivered during adoptive immunotherapy.
    The Journal of Immunology 10/2009; 183(8):4848-52. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We reported previously that tumor-specific CD8(+) T cells (TcR-I) become tolerant in the transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate (TRAMP) model. In this study, we show that CD4(+) TcR transgenic (TcR-II) T cells transferred into TRAMP mice became activated in lymph nodes, trafficked to the prostate, and initially functioned as T(H)1 cells. Although a single cotransfer of TcR-II cells delayed TcR-I cell tolerization, repeated transfer of TcR-II cells was required to prevent TcR-I cell tolerization and significantly slowed progression of TRAMP prostate tumors. After transfer of TcR-II cells, dendritic cells within the tumor expressed higher levels of costimulatory molecules and displayed an enhanced ability to stimulate proliferation of naive T cells. Blockade of CD40-CD40L interactions during TcR-II transfer resulted in a profound reduction in dendritic cell stimulatory capacity and a partial loss of TcR-I effector functions and tumor immunity. These data show that sustained provision of activated tumor-specific CD4(+) T cells alters the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, ultimately leading to the control of tumor growth. These findings will assist in the design of more effective immunotherapeutic approaches for cancer.
    Cancer Research 09/2009; 69(15):6256-64. · 8.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this report, we studied T cell responses to a prostate cancer Ag by adoptively transferring tumor Ag-specific T cells into prostate tumor-bearing mice. Our findings demonstrate that CD8(+) T cells initially encountered tumor Ag in the lymph node and underwent an abortive proliferative response. Upon isolation from the tumor, the residual tumor-specific T cells were functionally tolerant of tumor Ag as measured by their inability to degranulate and secrete IFN-gamma and granzyme B. We next sought to determine whether providing an ex vivo-matured, peptide-pulsed dendritic cell (DC) vaccine could overcome the tolerizing mechanisms of tumor-bearing transgenic adenocarcinoma of the mouse prostate model mice. We demonstrate that tumor Ag-specific T cells were protected from tolerance following provision of the DC vaccine. Concurrently, there was a reduction in prostate tumor size. However, even when activated DCs initially present tumor Ag, T cells persisting within the tolerogenic tumor environment gradually lost Ag reactivity. These results suggest that even though a productive antitumor response can be initiated by a DC vaccine, the tolerizing environment created by the tumor still exerts suppressive effects on the T cells. Furthermore, our results demonstrate that when trying to elicit an effective antitumor immune response, two obstacles must be considered: to maintain tumor Ag responsiveness, T cells must be efficiently primed to overcome tumor Ag presented in a tolerizing manner and protected from the suppressive mechanisms of the tumor microenvironment.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2007; 178(3):1268-76. · 5.52 Impact Factor