[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives. We investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and mortality among Asian Americans. Methods. We pooled data from prospective cohort studies with 20 672 Asian American adults with no baseline cancer or heart disease history. We estimated hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) with Cox proportional hazards models. Results. A high, but not low, BMI was associated with increased risk of total mortality among individuals aged 35 to 69 years. The BMI was not related to total mortality among individuals aged 70 years and older. With a BMI 22.5 to < 25 as the reference category among never-smokers aged 35 to 69 years, the hazard ratios for total mortality were 0.83 (95% CI = 0.47, 1.47) for BMI 15 to < 18.5; 0.91 (95% CI = 0.62, 1.32) for BMI 18.5 to < 20; 1.08 (95% CI = 0.86, 1.36) for BMI 20 to < 22.5; 1.14 (95% CI = 0.90, 1.44) for BMI 25 to < 27.5; 1.13 (95% CI = 0.79, 1.62) for BMI 27.5 to < 30; 1.82 (95% CI = 1.25, 2.64) for BMI 30 to < 35; and 2.09 (95% CI = 1.06, 4.11) for BMI 35 to 50. Higher BMI was also related to increased cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality. Conclusions. High BMI is associated with increased mortality risk among Asian Americans. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print January 16, 2014: e1-e6. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301573).
American Journal of Public Health 01/2014; · 3.93 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Studies have previously examined the relation between a single measure of plasma fatty acids and risk of heart failure. However, it is unclear whether the use of repeated measures of fatty acids over time is required for the assessment of omega-3 fatty acids heart failure relation.
Using a nested case-control design, this ancillary study used 421 cases and 421 matched controls from the Physicians' Health Study to assess the variability of plasma phospholipid fatty acids over time and compare the results of omega-3 fatty acids heart failure associations using a single versus repeated measurements of plasma phospholipid fatty acids. Plasma omega-3 fatty acids were measured at baseline (1982) and approximately 15 years later using gas chromatography.
Spearman's correlation coefficients between baseline and follow-up measures of α-linolenic acid (ALA), EPA, DPA, and DHA were 0.20, 0.45, 0.28, and 0.50, respectively, in the control series. Multivariable adjusted odds ratios for heart failure per standard deviation higher plasma ALA were 0.98 (95 % CI 0.85-1.13) when using baseline ALA and 0.86 (95 % CI 0.74-1.01) when using the average of baseline and follow-up ALA measurements. Corresponding odds ratios for total long chain omega-3 FAs (EPA + DHA + DPA) were 0.87 (0.73-1.03) and 0.88 (0.75-1.04).
Our data demonstrate modest correlation between measurements of plasma phospholipid fatty acids spaced by 15 years. A single measurement of plasma phospholipid fatty acids appears reasonable to estimate the risk of heart failure over long-term follow-up.
European Journal of Nutrition 01/2014; · 3.13 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Screening and diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) is hampered by an inability to predict who has the potential to develop fatal disease and who has indolent cancer. Studies have identified multiple genetic risk loci for PCa incidence, but it is unknown whether they could be used as biomarkers for PCa-specific mortality (PCSM).
To examine the association of 47 established PCa risk single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with PCSM.
We included 10 487 men who had PCa and 11 024 controls, with a median follow-up of 8.3 yr, during which 1053 PCa deaths occurred.
The main outcome was PCSM. The risk allele was defined as the allele associated with an increased risk for PCa in the literature. We used Cox proportional hazards regression to calculate the hazard ratios of each SNP with time to progression to PCSM after diagnosis. We also used logistic regression to calculate odds ratios for each risk SNP, comparing fatal PCa cases to controls.
Among the cases, we found that 8 of the 47 SNPs were significantly associated (p<0.05) with time to PCSM. The risk allele of rs11672691 (intergenic) was associated with an increased risk for PCSM, while 7 SNPs had risk alleles inversely associated (rs13385191 [C2orf43], rs17021918 [PDLIM5], rs10486567 [JAZF1], rs6465657 [LMTK2], rs7127900 (intergenic), rs2735839 [KLK3], rs10993994 [MSMB], rs13385191 [C2orf43]). In the case-control analysis, 22 SNPs were associated (p<0.05) with the risk of fatal PCa, but most did not differentiate between fatal and nonfatal PCa. Rs11672691 and rs10993994 were associated with both fatal and nonfatal PCa, while rs6465657, rs7127900, rs2735839, and rs13385191 were associated with nonfatal PCa only.
Eight established risk loci were associated with progression to PCSM after diagnosis. Twenty-two SNPs were associated with fatal PCa incidence, but most did not differentiate between fatal and nonfatal PCa. The relatively small magnitudes of the associations do not translate well into risk prediction, but these findings merit further follow-up, because they may yield important clues about the complex biology of fatal PCa.
In this report, we assessed whether established PCa risk variants could predict PCSM. We found eight risk variants associated with PCSM: One predicted an increased risk of PCSM, while seven were associated with decreased risk. Larger studies that focus on fatal PCa are needed to identify more markers that could aid prediction.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: -Adult height has been hypothesized to be inversely associated with coronary heart disease but studies have produced conflicting results. We sought to examine the relationship between adult height and the prevalence of coronary artery calcium (CAC), a direct measure of subclinical atherosclerosis and surrogate marker of CHD. Method and Results-We evaluated the relationship between adult height and CAC in 2,703 participants from the NHLBI Family Heart Study who underwent cardiac computed tomography. We used generalized estimating equations to calculate the prevalence odds ratios for the presence of CAC (CAC>0) across sex-specific quartiles of height. The mean age of the sample was 54.8 years and 60.2% were female. There was an inverse association between adult height and CAC. After adjusting for age, race, field center, waist circumference, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive medications, diabetes, diabetic medications, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, lipid-lowering medications, and income, individuals in the tallest quartile had 30% lower odds of having prevalent CAC. The odds ratios (95% CI) for the presence of CAC across consecutive sex-specific quartiles of height were 1.0 (reference), 1.15 (0.86-1.53), 0.95(0.73-1.22), and 0.70 (0.53-0.93), p for trend <0.01. There was no evidence of effect modification for the relationship between adult height and CAC by age or socioeconomic status.
-The results of our study suggest an inverse, independent association between adult height and CAC.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We sought to test the hypothesis that plasma galectin 3 (Gal-3) is positively associated with the risk of heart failure (HF) in male subjects.
While Gal-3 has been reported as prognostic factor in HF patients, limited data are available on the role of Gal-3 in the development of HF. We used a prospective nested-case control study (n = 462 cases and 462 controls) within the Physicians' Health Study for current analyses. For each case of HF, we randomly selected one control among subjects that were alive and free of HF at the time of index case occurrence and matched on age, race, and time of blood collection. Gal-3 was measured using ELISA and we used conditional logistic regression to compute adjusted odds ratios. Mean age at baseline was 58.3 y and median log-Gal-3 was 1.50 (IQR: 1.20-1.73) ng/ml. Cubic splines suggested a non-linear relation between Gal-3 and HF. Odds ratios (95% CI) for HF were 1.0 (ref), 0.89 (0.58-1.38), 1.08 (0.71-1.67), and 1.57 (1.03-2.39) across consecutive quartiles of Gal-3 after adjustment for body mass index, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, C-reactive protein, alcohol, smoking, and exercise. The Gal-3-HF relation was seen for HF with and without antecedent coronary heart disease.
Our data are consistent with a positive non-linear association between Gal-3 and HF risk in male subjects.
European Journal of Heart Failure 12/2013; · 5.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Consumption of dark chocolate, a rich source of flavonoids, has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. However, underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms are not fully elucidated. We reviewed existing evidence on the effect of cocoa consumption on flow-mediated dilation (FMD) by conducting a literature search using PubMed and Embase for completed, randomized, controlled trials. The primary effect measure was the difference in means of the final measurement between the intervention and control groups. Nineteen clinical trials with a total of 454 participants were included. Treatment duration ranged from 2 hours to 12 weeks. Pooled estimate showed that intervention with dark chocolate significantly increased FMD levels by 2 % (95 % confidence interval 1.6-2.39 %) compared with placebo/control group. Similar results were seen when stratified by study design, geographic location, cocoa dose, or study quality. In addition, the effect size was greater in individuals with cardiovascular risk factors. In summary, intervention with cocoa improved endothelial function as measured by FMD.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To test whether long-term multivitamin supplementation affects the incidence of cataract or age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a large cohort of men.
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
A total of 14 641 US male physicians aged ≥50 years.
Daily multivitamin or placebo.
Incident cataract and visually significant AMD responsible for a reduction in best-corrected visual acuity to 20/30 or worse based on self-reports confirmed by medical record review.
During an average of 11.2 years of treatment and follow-up, a total of 1817 cases of cataract and 281 cases of visually significant AMD were confirmed. There were 872 cataracts in the multivitamin group and 945 cataracts in the placebo group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.91; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.83-0.99; P = 0.04). For visually significant AMD, there were 152 cases in the multivitamin group and 129 cases in the placebo group (HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 0.94-1.50; P = 0.15).
These randomized trial data from a large cohort of middle-aged and older US male physicians indicate that long-term daily multivitamin use modestly and significantly decreased the risk of cataract but had no significant effect on visually significant AMD.
Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Brain glioma is a relatively rare and fatal malignancy in adulthood with few known risk factors. Some observational studies have reported inverse associations between diabetes and subsequent glioma risk, but possible mechanisms are unclear. Methods: We conducted a pooled analysis of original data from five nested case-control studies and two case-control studies from the U.S. and China that included 962 glioma cases and 2,195 controls. We examined self-reported diabetes history in relation to glioma risk, as well as effect modification by seven glioma risk-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We also examined the associations between 13 diabetes risk-associated SNPs, identified from genome-wide association studies, and glioma risk. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using multivariable-adjusted logistic regression models. Results: We observed a 42% reduced risk of glioma for individuals with a history of diabetes (OR=0.58, 95% CI: 0.40-0.84). The association did not differ by sex, study design, or after restricting to glioblastoma, the most common histological sub-type. We did not observe any significant per-allele trends among the 13 diabetes-related SNPs examined in relation to glioma risk. Conclusion: These results support an inverse association between diabetes history and glioma risk. The role of genetic susceptibility to diabetes cannot be excluded, and should be pursued in future studies together with other factors that might be responsible for the diabetes-glioma association. Impact: These data suggest the need for studies that can evaluate, separately, the association between type 1 and type 2 diabetes and subsequent risk of adult glioma.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 11/2013; · 4.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of self-reported multivitamin use in the Physicians' Health Study (PHS) cohort and its association with various lifestyle, clinical, and dietary factors to improve our understanding of who tends to use multivitamins.
Among 18,040 middle-aged and older men, information on lifestyle and clinical factors was collected from a baseline enrollment questionnaire, and supplement use and dietary factors were assessed through a food-frequency questionnaire. Four categories of multivitamin use were considered: (1) no supplement use, (2) use of multivitamins only, (3) use of multivitamins with other individual vitamin/mineral supplements, and (4) use of other supplements only. We used logistic regression to calculate multivariate odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals of taking multivitamin supplements for various lifestyle, clinical and dietary factors.
Overall, 36 % of men reported current multivitamin use. Men who were older, current smokers, and currently using aspirin were 143, 43, and 74 % more likely to use multivitamins only. Men having a history of hypercholesterolemia were 16 % more likely to use multivitamins only. A 14, 24, and 26 % greater likelihood of using multivitamins was also observed among men consuming more fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and tea, respectively. Similar associations were observed for the likelihood of using multivitamins with other supplements; however, men with higher physical activity, history of cancer, hypertension, higher consumption of nuts, and lower consumption of red meat and coffee were also more likely to use multivitamins with other supplements (all P < 0.05).
Self-reported multivitamin use associated with lifestyle, clinical and dietary factors may be an indicator of healthy behaviors. These results provide important information for the interpretation of the recent findings from the PHS II trial and consideration of results from observational studies of multivitamin use and chronic disease.
European Journal of Nutrition 10/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Telomere shortening has been implicated in neurodegenerative disorders. However, available data on the association between telomere length and Parkinson's disease (PD) are inconclusive.
A nested case-control design was used amongst men participating in the prospective Physicians' Health Study. A large proportion of participants provided blood samples in 1997 and they were followed through 2010. Men with self-reported PD were age-matched to controls in a 1:2 ratio. Quantitative PCR was used to determine the telomere repeat copy number to single gene copy number ratio (TSR) in genomic DNA extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. TSR was used as a measure for relative telomere length (RTL) in our analyses. Conditional logistic regression was used to determine the risk of PD associated with RTL.
Data on RTL were available from 408 cases and 809 controls. Median TSR was shorter in controls than in cases (47.7 vs. 50.2; P = 0.02). The age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for PD was 0.66 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-0.95; Ptrend over quartiles 0.02] comparing the lowest to the highest quartile. The pattern of association was unchanged when comparing RTL below versus above the median (age-adjusted OR 0.75; 95% CI 0.59-0.96). Associations were similar after additional adjustment for many covariates.
Contrary to what was expected, in this large nested case-control study amongst men shorter telomeres were associated with reduced PD risk. Future research on the nature of this counterintuitive association is warranted.
European Journal of Neurology 09/2013; · 4.16 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Our prior studies of lung cancer suggested that a novel biomarker (pro- surfactant protein B or pro-SFTPB) might serve as a predictive marker for this disease. We aimed to determine the potential utility of pro-SFTPB for distinguishing lung cancer cases from matched controls as a risk marker. Methods: Study subjects were drawn from the longitudinal Physicians' Health Study (PHS). Cases (n = 188) included individuals who were cancer-free at study enrollment but developed lung cancer during follow-up. Controls (n = 337) were subjects who did not develop lung cancer. Cases and controls were matched on date of study enrollment, age at enrollment, and smoking status and amount. Baseline plasma samples drawn at enrollment were analyzed for pro-SFTPB using ELISA to detect differences in protein expression levels for cases and controls. Results: Pro-SFTPB-non-detectable status was significantly associated with lung cancer risk (OR = 5.88, 95% CI 1.24, 27.48). Among subjects with detectable levels of the protein, increasing plasma concentration of pro-SFTPB was associated with higher lung cancer risk (OR = 1.41 per unit increase in log pro-SFTPB, 95% CI 1.08, 1.84). Conclusion: These results suggest a non-linear, J- shaped association between plasma pro-SFTPB levels and lung cancer risk, with both non-detectable and higher levels of the marker being associated with lung cancer. Impact: These results show promise of a risk marker that could contribute to predicting risk for lung cancer development and to narrowing the high risk population for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 07/2013; · 4.56 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Obesity and diabetes mellitus are associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. These associations may be secondary to consequences of peripheral insulin resistance, pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, or hyperglycemia itself. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a measure of hyperglycemia, whereas plasma insulin and proinsulin are markers of peripheral insulin resistance, and the proinsulin to insulin ratio marks pancreatic β-cell dysfunction.
This was a prospective, nested case-control study of 449 case patients and 982 control subjects with prediagnostic blood samples and no diabetes history from five prospective US cohorts followed through 2008. Two or three control subjects were matched to each case patient by year of birth, cohort, smoking, and fasting status. Pancreatic cancer risk was assessed by prediagnostic HbA1c, insulin, proinsulin, and proinsulin to insulin ratio with multivariable-adjusted logistic regression. All P values were two-sided.
The highest vs lowest quintiles of HbA1c, insulin, and proinsulin were associated with with an increased risk for pancreatic cancer (odds ratio [OR] = 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.17 to 2.72, P trend = .04 for HbA1c; OR = 1.57; 95% CI = 1.08 to 2.30; Ptrend = .002 for insulin; and OR = 2.22; 95% CI = 1.50 to 3.29; P trend < .001 for proinsulin). Proinsulin to insulin ratio was not associated with pancreatic cancer risk. Results were similar across studies (all P heterogeneity > .29). In cancers developing 10 or more years after blood collection, the associations with insulin and proinsulin became stronger (highest vs lowest quintile, OR = 2.77; 95% CI = 1.28 to 5.99 for insulin and OR = 3.60; 95% CI = 1.68 to 7.72 for proinsulin). In mutually adjusted models including HbA1c, insulin, and proinsulin, only proinsulin remained statistically significant ( highest vs lowest quintile, OR = 2.55; 95% CI = 1.54 to 4.21; Ptrend < .001).
Among participants from five large prospective cohorts, circulating markers of peripheral insulin resistance, rather than hyperglycemia or pancreatic β-cell dysfunction, were independently associated with pancreatic cancer risk.
JNCI Journal of the National Cancer Institute 07/2013; 105(14):1027-1035. · 14.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although an inverse association of red blood cell cis-vaccenic acid and risk of myocardial infarction has been reported, it is unclear whether cis-vaccenic acid might lower the risk of heart failure (HF) with antecedent coronary heart disease (CHD). We sought to examine the relation of plasma cis-vaccenic acid with HF with antecedent CHD.
This nested case-control study was based on 788 incident HF cases (of whom 258 cases had antecedent CHD) and 788 controls. Each control was selected using a risk set sampling technique at the time of the occurrence of the index case and matched on year of birth, age at blood collection, and race. Fatty acids were measured using gas chromatography and incident HF was self-reported on annual questionnaires and validation in a subsample using medical records.
In a multivariable conditional logistic regression, the odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for HF with prior CHD were 1.0 (ref), 0.72 (0.33-1.57), 0.28 (0.12-0.67), and 0.23 (0.09-0.58) across consecutive quartiles of cis-vaccenic acid (p_trend 0.0004). Each standard deviation of cis-vaccenic acid was associated with a 41% lower risk of HF with antecedent CHD (95% CI: 17%-59%) in a multivariable adjusted model.
Our data suggest that higher plasma levels of plasma cis-vaccenic acid may be associated with a lower risk of HF with antecedent CHD. Confirmation of these results in the general population including women and other ethnic groups is warranted.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies have reported beneficial effects of a Mediterranean diet rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) on coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. However, these findings remain inconsistent because some experimental studies have suggested atherogenic and lipotoxicity effects of long-chain and very-long-chain MUFAs on cardiomyocytes.
We examined whether red blood cell (RBC) long-chain and very-long-chain MUFAs are associated with risk of CAD in the Physicians' Health Study.
The ancillary study used a prospective nested case-control design to select 1000 cases of incident CAD and 1000 control subjects matched for age, year of birth, and time of blood collection. RBC MUFAs were measured by using gas chromatography, and CAD was validated by an endpoint committee. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate RRs.
The mean (±SD) age was 68.7 ± 8.7 y. In a multivariable model that was controlled for matching factors and established CAD risk factors and RBC saturated and omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids, ORs for CAD associated with each SD increase of 20:1n-9 and log 22:1n-9 were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.80, 1.00; P = 0.0441) and 0.83 (95% CI: 0.72, 0.95; P = 0.0086). However, only the 22:1n-9-CAD relation remained statistically significant after Bonferroni correction (P < 0.0125). RBC cis 18:1n-9 and 24:1n-9 were not associated with CAD risk.
Our data suggest an inverse association of RBC 22:1n-9 but not 20:1n-9, 18:1n-9, or 24:1n-9 with CAD risk after Bonferroni correction in the Physicians' Health Study.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 07/2013; · 6.50 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies have suggested that vitamin D deficiency might contribute to the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF); however, limited data are available on the association of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP)-a major transport protein for vitamin D-and the development of HF. Thus, we investigated whether plasma VDBP is inversely associated with HF risk. Using a prospective nested case-control design, we selected 464 cases and 464 matched controls from the Physicians' Health Study for the present analyses. VDBP was determined using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Self-reported HF was obtained through annual follow-up questionnaires and validated in a subsample by a review of the medical records. We used conditional logistic regression analyses to compute the adjusted odds ratios. The mean age was 58.6 years, and the median VDBP was 307.8 μg/ml (interquartile range 265.2 to 354.6). Plasma VDBP was not associated with HF in our study. Across the consecutive quintiles of VDBP, the odds ratio was 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI] reference), 1.05 (95% CI 0.66 to 1.65), 1.28 (95% CI 0.80 to 2.06), 1.07 (95% CI 0.65 to 1.75), and 1.28 (95% CI 0.76 to 2.15); p for linear trend = 0.41, after adjustment for matching factors, body mass index, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein. In conclusion, our data have shown no significant association between the plasma levels of VDBP and HF risk in apparently healthy male physicians.
The American journal of cardiology 06/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between adiponectin and incident heart failure (HF). DESIGN AND METHODS: In the current ancillary study to the Physicians' Health Study (PHS), we used a prospective nested case-control design to examine whether plasma adiponectin concentration was related to the risk of HF. We selected 787 incident HF cases and 787 matched controls for the current analysis. Each control was selected using a risk set sampling technique at the time of the occurrence of the index case and matched on year of birth, age at blood collection, and race. Adiponectin was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HF occurrence was self-reported in annual follow-up questionnaire. Validation of self-reported HF in this cohort has been published. RESULTS: The mean age was 58.7 years. In a conditional logistic regression adjusting for age, race, time of blood collection, year of birth, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, smoking, alcohol intake, and exercise, estimates of the relative risk (95% confidence interval) were 1.0 (reference), 0.74 (0.53-1.04), 0.67 (0.48-0.94), 0.70 (0.50-0.99), and 0.92 (0.65-1.30) from the lowest to the highest quintile of adiponectin, respectively, P for quadratic trend 0.004. Additional adjustment for potential mediating factors including diabetes, C-reactive protein, and BMI led to the attenuation of the estimate of effect (1.0 (reference), 0.81 (0.57-1.15), 0.75 (0.53-1.06), 0.83 (0.58-1.18), and 1.26 (0.87-1.81) across consecutive quintiles of adiponectin). CONCLUSIONS: Our data are consistent with a J-shaped association between total adiponectin and the risk of HF among US male physicians.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous studies have shown an inverse association between allergies and glioma risk; however, results for associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of allergy-related genes and glioma risk have been inconsistent and restricted to a small number of SNPs. The objective of this study was to examine the association between 166 SNPs of 21 allergy-related genes and glioma risk in a nested case-control study of participants from three large US prospective cohort studies. Blood collection took place between 1982 and 1994 among the 562 included Caucasian participants (143 cases and 419 matched controls) prior to case diagnosis. Custom Illumina assay chips were used for genotyping. Logistic regression analyses, controlling for age and study cohort, were used to determine associations between each SNP and glioma risk. Statistically significant associations were found between rs2494262 and rs2427824 of the FCER1A gene, which encodes the alpha chain of the high affinity immunoglobulin E receptor, and glioma risk (nominal trend p values 0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Significant associations were also found between SNPs in IL10, ADAM33, NOS1 and IL4R and glioma risk. However, our analyses were not corrected for multiple comparisons and need to be interpreted with caution. Our findings with FCER1A SNPs provide further support for the link between allergies and risk of glioma.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2013; · 3.12 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: -While previous studies have suggested that competitive athletes have a higher risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) than the general population, limited and inconsistent data are available on the association between regular physical activity (PA) and the risk of AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: -A systematic, comprehensive literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and COCHRANE until 2011. Extracted data from the eligible studies were meta-analyzed using fixed effects model. Four studies, which included 95,526 subjects, were eligible for meta-analysis. For all of the studies included, the extreme groups (i.e. maximum vs. minimal amount of PA) were used for the current analyses. The total number of participants belonging to the extreme groups was 43,672. The pooled odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for AF among regular exercisers was 1.08 (0.97-1.21). CONCLUSIONS: -Our data do not support a statistically significant association between regular PA and increased incidence of AF.
Circulation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology 03/2013; · 5.95 Impact Factor