[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in male in most Western countries, including France. Despite a significant morbidity and mortality to a lesser extent, the etiology of prostate cancer remains largely unknown. Indeed, the only well-established risk factors to date are age, ethnicity and a family history of prostate cancer. We present, here, the rationale and design of the EPIdemiological study of Prostate CAncer (EPICAP), a population-based case-control study specifically designed to investigate the role of environmental and genetic factors in prostate cancer. The EPICAP study will particularly focused on the role of circadian disruption, chronic inflammation, hormonal and metabolic factors in the occurrence of prostate cancer.
EPICAP is a population-based case-control study conducted in the departement of Herault in France. Eligible cases are all cases of prostate cancers newly diagnosed in 2012-2013 in men less than 75 years old and residing in the departement of Herault at the time of diagnosis. Controls are men of the same age as the cases and living in the departement of Herault, recruited in the general population.The sample will include a total of 1000 incident cases of prostate cancer and 1000 population-based controls over a 3-year period (2012-2014).The cases and controls are face-to-face interviewed using a standardized computed assisted questionnaire. The questions focus primarily on usual socio-demographic characteristics, personal and family medical history, lifestyle, leisure activities, residential and occupational history. Anthropometric measures and biological samples are also collected for cases and controls.
The EPICAP study aims to answer key questions in prostate cancer etiology: (1) role of circadian disruption through the study of working hours, chronotype and duration/quality of sleep, (2) role of chronic inflammation and anti-inflammatory drugs, (3) role of hormonal and metabolic factors through a detailed questionnaire, (4) role of individual genetic susceptibility of genes involved in biological pathways of interest. The EPICAP study will also allow us to study prognostic factors and tumor aggressiveness.Taken together, the EPICAP study will provide a comprehensive framework to go further in the understanding of prostate cancer occurrence and its prognosis.
BMC Cancer 02/2014; 14(1):106. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although cancer survivors are known to be at greater risk of developing second primary cancer (SPC), SPC incidence estimates in France are thus far lacking. We used a multivariate approach to compute these estimates and analyzed the effect of patient characteristics (gender, age at diagnosis, first cancer site, year of diagnosis and follow-up) on SPC risk.
Data from ten French population-based cancer registries were used to establish a cohort of all patients diagnosed with a first cancer between 1989 and 2004 and followed up until December 31, 2007. The person-year approach was used to estimate standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and excess absolute risks (EARs) of metachronous SPC. Multivariate Poisson regression models were then used to model SIRs and EARs separately by gender, adjusting for age, year of diagnosis, follow-up and first cancer site.
Among the 289,967 followed-up patients with a first primary cancer, 21,226 developed a SPC. The SIR was of 1.36 (95% CI, 1.35-1.38) and the EAR was of 39.4 excess cancers per 10,000 person-years (95% CI, 37.4-41.3). Among male and female patients, multivariate analyses showed that age, year of diagnosis, follow-up and first cancer site were often independently associated with SIRs and EARs. Moreover, the EAR of SPC remained elevated during patient follow-up.
French cancer survivors face a dramatically increased risk of SPC which is probably related to the high rate of tobacco and alcohol consumption in France. Multivariate modeling of SPC risk will facilitate the construction of a tailored prediction tool to optimize SPC prevention and early detection strategies.
BMC Cancer 02/2014; 14(1):94. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The incidence of glioblastoma (GBM) has increased in patients aged 70 years or older, and will continue to grow. Elderly GBM patients have been excluded from most clinical trials; furthermore, optimal care management as well as benefit/risk ratio of GBM treatments are still being debated. This study describes oncological patterns of care, prognostic factors, and survival for patients ≥70 years in France. We identified patients over 70 with newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed GBM on data previously published by the French Brain Tumor DataBase. We included 265 patients. Neurological deficits and mental status disorders were the most frequent symptoms. The surgery consisted of resection (RS n = 95) or biopsy (B n = 170); 98 patients did not have subsequent oncological treatment. After surgery, first-line treatment consisted of radiotherapy (RT n = 76), chemotherapy (CT n = 52), and concomitant radiochemotherapy (CRC n = 39). The median age at diagnosis was 76, 74, and 73 years, respectively, for the untreated, B + RT and/or CT, RS ± RT and/or CT groups. Median survival (in days, 95 % CI) with these main strategies, when analyzed according to surgical groups, was: B-CT n = 41, 199[155-280]; B-CRC n = 21, 318[166-480]; B-RT n = 37, 149[130-214]; RS-CT n = 11, 245[211-na]; RS-CRC n = 18, 372[349-593]; RS-RT n = 39, 269[218-343]. This population study for elderly GBM patients is one of the most important in Europe, and could be considered as a historical cohort to compare future treatments. Moreover, we can hypothesize that elderly patients (versus patients <70 years) are undertreated. Karnofsky performance status seems to be the most relevant clinical predictive factor, and RS and CRC have a positive impact on survival for elderly GBM patients in the general population, at least when feasible.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:Whether women are more or equally susceptible to the carcinogenic effects of cigarette smoke on the lungs compared with men is a matter of controversy. Using a large French population-based case-control study, we compared the lung cancer risk associated with cigarette smoking by gender.Methods:The study included 2276 male and 650 female cases and 2780 male and 775 female controls. Lifetime smoking exposure was represented by the comprehensive smoking index (CSI), which combines the duration, intensity and time since cessation of smoking habits. The analysis was conducted among the ever smokers. All of the models were adjusted for age, department (a regional administrative unit), education and occupational exposures.Results:Overall, we found that the lung cancer risk was similar among men and women. However, we found that women had a two-fold greater risk associated with a one-unit increase in CSI than men of developing either small cell carcinoma (OR=15.9, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 7.6, 33.3 and 6.6, 95% CI 5.1, 8.5, respectively; P<0.05) or squamous cell carcinoma (OR=13.1, 95% CI 6.3, 27.3 and 6.1, 95% CI 5.0, 7.3, respectively; P<0.05). The association was similar between men and women for adenocarcinoma.Conclusion:Our findings suggest that heavy smoking might confer to women a higher risk of lung cancer as compared with men.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 14 January 2014; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.821 www.bjcancer.com.
British Journal of Cancer 01/2014; · 5.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of family history of cancer and personal history of other medical conditions in the aetiology of the oral cavity cancer in France.
We used data from 689 cases of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma and 3481 controls included in a population-based case--control study, the ICARE study. Odds-ratios (ORs) associated with family history of cancer and personal medical conditions and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression and were adjusted for age, gender, area of residence, education, body mass index, tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking.
Personal history of oral candidiasis was related to a significantly increased risk of oral cavity cancer (OR 5.0, 95% CI 2.1-12.1). History of head and neck cancers among the first-degree relatives was associated with an OR of 1.9 (95% CI 1.2-2.8). The risk increased with the number of first-degree relatives with head and neck cancer.
A family history of head and neck cancer is a marker of an increased risk of oral cavity cancer and should be taken into account to target prevention efforts and screening. Further studies are needed to clarify the association between oral cavity cancer and personal history of candidiasis.
BMC Cancer 11/2013; 13(1):560. · 3.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Young women are not usually screened for breast cancer (BC). The trends in incidence in this population may better reflect changes in risk factors. However, studies on this subject are scarce and heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to describe the trends in incidence of BC in women under 40 from 1990 to 2008, using pooled European data. Thirty-seven European population-based cancer registries from Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland participated in this study. World age-standardized incidence rates were first analyzed graphically and then using a Poisson regression model, in order to estimate average annual percent changes (AAPCs). The overall incidence rate of BC in the area covered increased linearly during the study period by 1.19% (0.93; 1.46) on average per year. This increase varied between countries from 0.20% (-0.53; 0.64) in Bulgaria to 2.68% (1.97; 3.40) in Portugal. In Italy, after a significant rise of 2.33% (1.14; 3.54) per year, BC incidence began decreasing in 2002 by -2.30% (-4.07; -0.50) yearly. The rise in incidence was greater for women under 35 and for ductal carcinomas. This increase can be due to a rise in risk factors and/or changes in diagnosis and surveillance practices, but we could not clearly distinguish between these two non-exclusive explanations.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Biological markers are crucial factors in order to differentiate female breast cancers and to determine the right therapy. This study aims at evaluating whether testing for biomarkers for female breast cancer has similar frequency and characteristics across and within countries. METHODS: Population-based cancer registries of the Association for cancer registration and epidemiology in Romance language countries (GRELL) were asked to complete a questionnaire on biomarkers testing. The data collected referred to invasive female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2009. The investigation focused on 1) the overexpression and amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 oncogene (HER2); 2) the expression of oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors; and 3) the proliferation index (PI). Weighted percentages, the heterogeneity among and within countries, and the correlation between responses and calendar years were evaluated. The study was based on 19,644 breast cancers. RESULTS: Overall, 85.9% of the cases were tested for HER2, 91.8% for both ER and PgR, and 74.1% for proliferative markers. For HER2 and ER-PgR, the frequency of testing increased from 2004 to 2009. Testing varied among countries (HER2 from 82.0% to 95.9%, ER-PgR from 89.3% to 98.9%, PI from 10% to 92%) and also within the same country (e.g. HER2 in Italy from 51% to 99%) as well as within single cancer registries. The most relevant differences were in the scores for positive/negative/not clearly defined HER2 (e.g. HER2 was defined positive if IHC 3+ in 21/33 registries), and in the cut-off of positive cells for ER/PgR (from >0% to >30%) and PI positivity (from >0% to >20%). CONCLUSIONS: Biological markers are widely tested in the Romance language countries; however, the parameters defining their positivity may vary, raising concerns about homogeneity in breast cancer classification and treatment.
Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 05/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate the magnitude of over-diagnosis and of potential and actual over-treatment regarding prostate cancer, taking comorbidities into account. Materials and methods: We used a sample collected by the French cancer registries of 1840 cases (T1: 583; T2: 1257) diagnosed in 2001. The proportion of over-diagnosed and over-treated patients was estimated by comparing life expectancy (LE), including or not comorbidities, with natural LE with cancer, using several assumptions from the literature. We distinguished potential and actual over-treatment according to the treatment that patients actually received. Results: Among patients with T1 tumors the proportion of potential over-treatment using LE adjusted for comorbidity varied from 29.5% to 53.5%, using LE adjusted on comorbidities, and varied from 9.3% to 22.2% regarding actual over-treatment. Between 7.7% and 24.4% of patient's receiving a radical prostatectomy, and between 30.8% and 62.5% of those receiving radiotherapy, were over-treated. Among patients with T2 tumors, the proportions of potential and actual over-treatment were 0.9% and 2.0%. Two per cent of patients receiving a radical prostatectomy and 4.9% of those receiving radiotherapy were over-treated. Comorbidities dramatically increased these proportions to nearly 100% of patients, with more than two comorbidities being potentially over-treated and around 33% actually over-treated. Conclusions: According to the French incidence, 3200-4800 French patients may be over-treated, among whom a large proportion of patients had comorbidities. The real issue is to offer the most appropriate treatment to people with low-grade tumors and comorbidities.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Waiting times are key indicators of a health's system performance, but are not routinely available in France. We studied waiting times for diagnosis and treatment according to patients' characteristics, tumours' characteristics and medical management options in a sample of 1494 breast cancers recorded in population-based registries. The median waiting time from the first imaging detection to the treatment initiation was 34 days. Older age, co-morbidity, smaller size of tumour, detection by organised screening, biopsy, increasing number of specimens removed, multidisciplinary consulting meetings and surgery as initial treatment were related to increased waiting times in multivariate models. Many of these factors were related to good practices guidelines. However, the strong influence of organised screening programme and the disparity of waiting times according to geographical areas were of concern. Better scheduling of diagnostic tests and treatment propositions should improve waiting times in the management of breast cancer in France.
Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 03/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed to describe cancer incidence (2000-2008) and survival (2000-2004) in France in adolescents and young adults (AYA). All cases of cancer diagnosed in 15-24 years, recorded by all French population-based registries (14% of the French population), over the 2000-2008 period, were included. Incidence change over time was described with the conventional annual percentage change (cAPC). The survival of cases diagnosed (2000-2004) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier method. A total of 1022 in adolescents and 1396 in young adults were diagnosed. Overall incidence rates were 219.4/10(6) in 15-19 year olds and 293.1/10(6) in 20-24 year olds. The most frequently diagnosed cancers in male AYA were malignant gonadal germ-cell tumors and Hodgkin's disease, and were melanoma, thyroid carcinoma, and Hodgkin's disease in females. The age-standardized rates appeared stable over time in AYA, with a cAPC of +2.0% (P = 0.68). The 5-year overall survival for all cancers was different between genders and age groups, with 78.8% (95%CI: 75.6-82.0) for males and 85.2% (95%CI: 82.2-88.1) for females (P = 0.01), and 78.5% (95%CI: 75.0-82.1) in 15-19 year olds and 84.3% (95% CI: 81.6-87.0) in 20-24 year olds (P = 0.02). Noteworthy, the frequency and the distribution of tumor types in AYA are unique and different from the observed at any other age group. Survival in French AYA has improved over time. Epidemiological data might reflect major trends in the risk factors and preventive interventions. Thus, further research into etiology of cancers affecting AYA should become key priorities for cancer control among AYA.
Pediatric Hematology and Oncology 01/2013; · 0.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Long-term population-based survival data detailed by cancer subtype are important to measure the overall outcomes of malignancy managements. We provide net survival estimates at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years post-diagnosis on 37,549 haematological malignancy (HM) patients over 15 years old diagnosed between 1989 and 2004 and actively followed until 2008 by French population-based cancer registries. These are, to our knowledge, the first unbiased estimates of ten-year net survival in HMs detailed by subtypes. HMs were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases-Oncology-3. Net survival was estimated with the unbiased Pohar-Perme method. The results are reported by sex and age-classes. The changes of these indicators by periods of diagnosis were tabulated and the trends of the net mortality rates over time since diagnosis graphed. Five and 10-year age-standardized net survivals after HMs varied widely from 81% and 76% for classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) to 18% and 14% for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Even in HMs with the most favourable prognoses, the net survival decreased between 5 and 10 years post-diagnosis. Women had better prognoses than men and age at diagnosis was an unfavourable prognostic factor for most HMs. In patients less than 55 years old, the net mortality rate decreased to null values five years post-diagnosis in AML and ten years post-diagnosis in CHL, precursor non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic myelogenous leukaemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma. The prognoses improved for various HMs over the study period. The obtained unbiased indicators are important to evaluate national cancer plans.
International Journal of Cancer 10/2012; · 6.20 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this case-control study was to compare two different statistical methods in the identification of dietary patterns by use of principal component analysis (PCA) and variable clustering (VC) and to examine their association with the risk of breast cancer (BC).
A dose-response association was then performed by the use of an adaptation of free knot spline function in logistic models.
A "Western" pattern was revealed by PCA and VC and was then shown to be associated with a nonsignificant increase of BC risk. Only PCA identified a "meat/alcohol" pattern. Above the spline threshold, BC risk increased significantly (OR ≥ s vs. < s = 2.56, 95% CI 1.54-4.27). When we used PCA, a "Mediterranean" pattern was identified, but no association between BC risk and this pattern was shown. VC split the "Mediterranean" dietary pattern in two: "raw vegetables and olive oil" and "fish." Above the spline threshold, the "fish" pattern tended to protect against BC risk (OR ≥ s vs. < s = 0.77, 95% CI 0.58-1.01), whereas an excess of raw vegetables and olive oil increased BC risk (OR 1 se = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.06-1.32).
Some results from the PCA and the VC methods were similar, whereas others were different but gave complementary results.
Annals of epidemiology 05/2012; 22(7):499-510. · 2.95 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This work aimed at prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis was available. The objectives were to (i) create a national database and network to perform epidemiological studies, (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols, and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST.
The methodology is based on a multidisciplinary national network already established by the French Brain Tumor DataBase (FBTDB) (Recensement national histologique des tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central [RnhTPSNC]), and the active participation of the Scientific Societies involved in neuro-oncology in France.
From 2004 to 2009, 43,929 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included gliomas (42,4%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (4,4%), tumors of the meninges (32,3%), nerve sheath tumors (9,2%), lymphomas (3,4%) and others (8,3%). Cryopreservation was reported for 9603 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age at diagnosis, sex, percentage of resections and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology, according to the WHO classification.
Many current applications and perspectives for the FBTDB are illustrated in the discussion. To our knowledge, this work is the first database in Europe, dedicated to PCNST, including clinical, surgical and histological data (with also cryopreservation of the specimens), and which may have major epidemiological, clinical and research implications.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and purposeThis work aimed at prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis was available. The objectives were to (i) create a national database and network to perform epidemiological studies, (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols, and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST.Methods
The methodology is based on a multidisciplinary national network already established by the French Brain Tumor DataBase (FBTDB) (Recensement national histologique des tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central [RnhTPSNC]), and the active participation of the Scientific Societies involved in neuro-oncology in France.ResultsFrom 2004 to 2009, 43,929 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included gliomas (42,4%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (4,4%), tumors of the meninges (32,3%), nerve sheath tumors (9,2%), lymphomas (3,4%) and others (8,3%). Cryopreservation was reported for 9603 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age at diagnosis, sex, percentage of resections and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology, according to the WHO classification.Discussion/conclusionMany current applications and perspectives for the FBTDB are illustrated in the discussion. To our knowledge, this work is the first database in Europe, dedicated to PCNST, including clinical, surgical and histological data (with also cryopreservation of the specimens), and which may have major epidemiological, clinical and research implications.RésuméObjectifCe travail a pour objectif de recenser de manière prospective l’ensemble des cas de tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central (TPSNC), ayant un diagnostic histologique, en France. Les buts sont de créer une base de données et un réseau national pour favoriser la mise en place d’études épidémiologiques, biologiques et cliniques, et d’harmoniser la prise en charge des patients atteints de TPSNC.MéthodeLa méthodologie est basée sur l’existence d’un réseau national multidisciplinaire déjà établi par le Recensement national histologique des tumeurs primitives du système nerveux central (RnhTPSNC) (French Brain Tumor DataBase [FBTDB]), et la participation active des sociétés savantes impliquées en neuro-oncologie.RésultatsDe 2004 à 2009, 43 929 cas incidents de TPSNC ayant une confirmation histologique ont été recensés : gliomes (42,4 %), ensemble des autres tumeurs neuroépithéliales (4,4 %), tumeurs des méninges (32,3 %), tumeurs des nerfs intracrâniens et/ou intrarachidiens (9,2 %), lymphomes (3,4 %), et autres (8,3 %). La cryopréservation a été notée pour 9603 cas de TPSNC. Une intervention d’exérèse a été réalisée dans 78 % des cas, et une biopsie dans 22 %. L’âge médian au diagnostic, le sexe, le pourcentage de tumeurs réséquées, et le nombre de cas cryopréservés sont détaillés pour chaque histologie.Discussion/conclusionLes principales applications actuelles et futures du RnhTPSNC sont présentées dans la discussion. À notre connaissance, ce travail constitue la première base de données en Europe, dédiée aux TPSNC, qui recense des données cliniques, chirurgicales et histologiques (incluant la cryopréservation), et ses applications et perspectives sont très nombreuses.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Compare the survival of middle and lower rectal cancer (MLRC) patients before and after the 1994 issue of rectal cancer (RC) consensus conference recommendations.
Cases of MLRC noted in the Hérault department of France in 1992 (n=58) and 2000 (n=93) yielded exhaustive epidemiological, clinical-pathological and treatment data that were used to compare MLRC patient management and survival in these two periods.
Significantly more lymph nodes (≥ 8) were harvested in 2000 (≥ 8, 47%) than in 1992. In all, 45 patients (77.6%) received radiotherapy in 1992, and 74 (82%) in 2000. Chemotherapy was employed in 15 patients (25.9%) in 1992 and in 39 patients (43%) in 2000. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy, together with sphincter conservation, were dependent upon the year. Overall 5-year relative survival for rectal cancer in the Hérault department did not vary between 1992 (56%) and 2000 (56%). Independent poor prognostic factors were the same in both years: age over 75 years, lymph node involvement and metastases. Management place and year had no significant impact on prognosis.
The recommendations made have had little impact on disease management and the quality of anatomic pathology reports, and have not improved 5-year relative survival.
Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 12/2011; 36(2):156-61. · 0.80 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the risk of lung cancer associated with occupations and industries.
A French population-based case-control study included 2923 cases and 3555 controls. Lifelong occupational history was collected. Two lists of occupations known (A) or suspected (B) to be associated with lung cancer were used. Occupations and industries not included in these lists were also explored.
Among men, the smoking-adjusted odds ratio was 1.97 for list A (attributable fraction: 12.3%), 1.4 for list B (due especially to carpenters/joiners and transport workers). Among unlisted occupations, excess risks were found for welders, plumbers, and several construction crafts. Odds ratios among women were elevated for list A, list B (due especially to launderers/dry cleaners), cleaners and hairdressers.
These results confirm the role of known occupations and give insight into new occupational risk factors among men and women.
Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 08/2011; 53(9):1068-77. · 1.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study aimed at modelling the effect of organized breast cancer screening on mortality in France. It combined results from a Markov model for breast cancer progression, to predict number of cases by node status, and from relative survival analyses, to predict deaths. The method estimated the relative risk of mortality at 8 years, in women aged 50-69, between a population screened every two years and a reference population.
Analyses concerned cases diagnosed between 1990 and 1996, with a follow-up up to 2004 for the vital status. Markov models analysed data from 3 screening programs (300,000 mammographies) and took into account opportunistic screening among participants to avoid bias in parameter's estimates. We used survival data from cancers in the general population (n=918, 7 cancer registries) and from screened cancers (n=565, 3 cancer registries), after excluding a subgroup of screened cases with a particularly high survival. Sensitivity analyses were performed.
Markov model main analysis lacked of fit in two out of three districts. Fit was improved in stratified analyses by age or district, though some lack of fit persisted in two districts. Assuming 10% or 20% overdiagnosed screened cancers, mortality reduction was estimated as 23% (95% CI: 4, 38%) and 19% (CI: -3, 35%) respectively. Results were highly sensitive to the exclusion in the screened cancers survival analysis. Conversely, RR estimates varied moderately according to the Markov model parameters used (stratified by age or district).
The study aimed at estimating the effect of screening in a screened population compared to an unscreened control group. Such a control group does not exist in France, and we used a general population contaminated by opportunistic screening to provide a conservative estimate. Conservative choices were systematically adopted to avoid favourable estimates. A selection bias might however affect the estimates, though it should be moderate because extreme social classes are under-represented among participants. This modelling provided broad estimates for the effect of organized biennial screening in France in the early nineteen-nineties. Results will be strengthened with longer follow-up.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This work aimed to prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis is available. The objectives were to (i) create a national registry and a network to perform epidemiological studies; (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols; and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST. For 5 years, 25 756 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included glioma (48.9%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (5%), meningioma (28.8%), nerve sheath tumors (8.4%), lymphoma (3.2%) and others (5.7%). Cryopreservation was reported for 6018 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections (R) were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age (MA), sex, percentage R and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology; for example, out of 6053 glioblastomas (MA 63 years, male 59.4%, R 62%, 1611 were cryopreserved), and out of 37 atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (MA 2 years, male 56.8%, R 94%, 17 were cryopreserved). This database or databank dedicated to PCNST cases contains detailed data on clinical, histological and other characteristics, such as the inclusion of data on cryopreserved specimens that are not available in other European registries. Therefore, this is a valuable resource that can be used for planning future epidemiological and clinical research.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This report, an audit requested by the French government, describes oncological patterns of care, prognostic factors, and survival for patients with newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) in France. The French Brain Tumor DataBase, which is a national multidisciplinary (neurosurgeons, neuropathologists, radiotherapists, neurooncologists, epidemiologists, and biostatisticians) network, prospectively collected initial data for the cases of GBM in 2004, and a specific data card was used to retrospectively collect data on the management and follow-up care of these patients between January 1, 2004, and December 1, 2006. We recorded 952 cases of GBM (male/female ratio 1.6, median age 63.9 years, mean preoperative Karnofsky performance status [KPS] 79). Surgery consisted of resection (RS; n = 541) and biopsy (n = 411); 180 patients did not have subsequent oncological treatment. After surgery, first-line treatment (n = 772) consisted of radiotherapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) concomitant +/- adjuvant in 314 patients, RT alone in 236 patients, chemotherapy (CT) alone in 157 patients, and other treatment modalities in 65 patients. Median overall survival was 286 days (95% CI, 266-314) and was significantly affected by age, KPS, and tumor location. Median survival (days, 95% CI) associated with these main strategies, when analyzed by a surgical group, were as follows: RS + RT-TMZ((n=224)): 476 (441-506), biopsy + RT-TMZ((n=90)): 329 (301-413), RS + RT((n=147)): 363 (331-431), biopsy + RT((n=89)): 178 (153-237), RS + CT((n=61)): 245 (190-361), biopsy + CT((n=96)): 244 (198-280), and biopsy only((n=118)): 55 (46-71). This study illustrates the usefulness of a national brain tumor database. To our knowledge, this work is the largest report of recent GBM management in Europe.