B Tretarre

Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori di Milano, Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (117)318.8 Total impact

  • Annals of Oncology 04/2015; 26(suppl 1):i6-i6. DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdv044.02 · 6.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Worldwide data for cancer survival are scarce. We aimed to initiate worldwide surveillance of cancer survival by central analysis of population-based registry data, as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems, and to inform global policy on cancer control. Individual tumour records were submitted by 279 population-based cancer registries in 67 countries for 25·7 million adults (age 15-99 years) and 75 000 children (age 0-14 years) diagnosed with cancer during 1995-2009 and followed up to Dec 31, 2009, or later. We looked at cancers of the stomach, colon, rectum, liver, lung, breast (women), cervix, ovary, and prostate in adults, and adult and childhood leukaemia. Standardised quality control procedures were applied; errors were corrected by the registry concerned. We estimated 5-year net survival, adjusted for background mortality in every country or region by age (single year), sex, and calendar year, and by race or ethnic origin in some countries. Estimates were age-standardised with the International Cancer Survival Standard weights. 5-year survival from colon, rectal, and breast cancers has increased steadily in most developed countries. For patients diagnosed during 2005-09, survival for colon and rectal cancer reached 60% or more in 22 countries around the world; for breast cancer, 5-year survival rose to 85% or higher in 17 countries worldwide. Liver and lung cancer remain lethal in all nations: for both cancers, 5-year survival is below 20% everywhere in Europe, in the range 15-19% in North America, and as low as 7-9% in Mongolia and Thailand. Striking rises in 5-year survival from prostate cancer have occurred in many countries: survival rose by 10-20% between 1995-99 and 2005-09 in 22 countries in South America, Asia, and Europe, but survival still varies widely around the world, from less than 60% in Bulgaria and Thailand to 95% or more in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and the USA. For cervical cancer, national estimates of 5-year survival range from less than 50% to more than 70%; regional variations are much wider, and improvements between 1995-99 and 2005-09 have generally been slight. For women diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2005-09, 5-year survival was 40% or higher only in Ecuador, the USA, and 17 countries in Asia and Europe. 5-year survival for stomach cancer in 2005-09 was high (54-58%) in Japan and South Korea, compared with less than 40% in other countries. By contrast, 5-year survival from adult leukaemia in Japan and South Korea (18-23%) is lower than in most other countries. 5-year survival from childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is less than 60% in several countries, but as high as 90% in Canada and four European countries, which suggests major deficiencies in the management of a largely curable disease. International comparison of survival trends reveals very wide differences that are likely to be attributable to differences in access to early diagnosis and optimum treatment. Continuous worldwide surveillance of cancer survival should become an indispensable source of information for cancer patients and researchers and a stimulus for politicians to improve health policy and health-care systems. Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (Toronto, Canada), Cancer Focus Northern Ireland (Belfast, UK), Cancer Institute New South Wales (Sydney, Australia), Cancer Research UK (London, UK), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Atlanta, GA, USA), Swiss Re (London, UK), Swiss Cancer Research foundation (Bern, Switzerland), Swiss Cancer League (Bern, Switzerland), and University of Kentucky (Lexington, KY, USA). Copyright © 2014 Allemani et al. Open Access article distributed under the terms of CC BY. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    The Lancet 03/2015; 385:977-1010. DOI:10.1016/50140-6736(14)62038-9 · 39.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To provide head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) survival estimates with respect to patient previous history of cancer. Data from ten French population-based cancer registries were used to establish a cohort of all male patients presenting with a HNSCC diagnosed between 1989 and 2004. Vital status was updated until December 31, 2007. The 5-year overall and net survival estimates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier and Pohar-Perme estimators, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression models were used to assess the effect of cancer history adjusted for age and year of HNSCC diagnosis. Among the cases of HNSCC, 5553 were localized in the oral cavity, 3646 in the oropharynx, 3793 in the hypopharynx and 4550 in the larynx. From 11.0% to 16.8% of patients presented with a previous history of cancer according to HNSCC. Overall and net survival were closely tied to the presence, or not, of a previous cancer. For example, for carcinoma of the oral cavity, the five-year overall survival was 14.0%, 5.9% and 36.7% in case of previous lung cancer, oesophagus cancer or no cancer history, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that previous history of cancer was a prognosis factor independent of age and year of diagnosis (p<.001). Previous history of cancer is strongly associated with survival among HNSCC patients. Survival estimates based on patients' previous history of cancer will enable clinicians to assess more precisely the prognosis of their patients with respect to this major comorbid condition. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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    ABSTRACT: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) research has been limited to binary choice. Recently, the method was generalized based on the Lehmann assumption also known as the proportional hazards specification. This model accommodates a variety of research questions such as covariate adjustments. By applying this method to three-class ROC analysis, simple analytical forms of ROC surface and volume under the surface were derived without and with covariates. Furthermore, the model parameters and the corresponding asymptotic variances were evaluated. Simulation studies were performed to assess the validity of our proposed method in finite samples and extension work for dimension higher than three-class is considered.
    Journal of Statistical Computation and Simulation 02/2015; 85(3). DOI:10.1080/00949655.2013.831863 · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) represents a heterogeneous group of diseases that is known to carry a considerable risk of second primary cancer (SPC). However, little attention has been paid to SPC risk assessment according to NHL subtypes. Data from 10 French population-based cancer registries were used to establish a cohort of 7,546 patients with a first diagnosis of NHL (eight subtypes) between 1989 and 2004. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of metachronous SPC were estimated. Among the 7,546 patients diagnosed with a NHL, the overall SPC risk was 25% higher than that in the reference population (SIR = 1.25 95% CI 1.15-1.36). In univariate analysis, the SPC risk differed by lymphoma subtype. Interestingly, multivariate analysis showed that SPC risk did not differ significantly across NHL subtypes after adjustment for the other covariates (p=0.786). NHL patients have an increased risk of SPC that is not influenced by the histological NHL subtype.
    Leukemia and Lymphoma 02/2015; DOI:10.3109/10428194.2015.1007505 · 2.61 Impact Factor
  • Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.annder.2014.09.049 · 0.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Diffuse WHO grade II and III gliomas (DGII/IIIG) are rare tumors, with few specific epidemiological studies. We aimed at describing the geographical distribution of a homogeneous series of histologically confirmed DGII/IIIG, over a four-year period (2006-2009), at a national level. The methodology is based on a multidisciplinary national network already established by the French Brain Tumor DataBase and data collected directly from every neuropathology department. Personal home addresses were collected for confirmed cases. For each region, the incidence of DGII/IIIG was analyzed and standardized on the age and sex distribution of the French population. The number of patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed DGII/IIIG was 4,790. The overall crude rate was 19.4/10(6). To enable international comparisons, standardized rates were calculated as follows: 19.8/10(6), 18.8/10(6) and 16.0/10(6) (reference population, Europe, US and world, respectively). The geographical distribution by region showed significant differences, with higher incidence rates in Northeast and central parts of France. This work is the first studying the geographical distribution of a pure series of DGII/IIIG at a national level. It demonstrates significant heterogeneity in the distribution, and raises the question of the role of environmental and/or genetic risk(s) factor(s) for DGII/IIIG.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 08/2014; 120(3). DOI:10.1007/s11060-014-1585-0 · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this work was to detail the incidence and mortality trends of invasive and in situ breast cancer (BC) in France, especially regarding the development of screening, over the 1990-2008 period. Data issued from nine population-based cancer registries were studied. The incidence of invasive BC increased annually by 0.8 % from 1990 to 1996 and more markedly by 3.2 % from 1996 to 2003, and then sharply decreased until 2006 (-2.3 % per year), especially among women aged 50-69 years (-4.9 % per year). This trend was similar whatever the introduction date of the organized screening (OS) program in the different areas. The incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ steadily increased between 1990 and 2005, particularly among women aged 50-69 years and 70 and older. At the same time, the mortality from BC decreased annually by 1.1 % over the entire study period. This decrease was more pronounced in women aged 40-49 and 50-69 and, during the 1990-1999 period, in the areas where OS began in 1989-1991. The similarity in the incidence trends for all periods of implementation of OS in the different areas was striking. This suggests that OS alone does not explain the changes observed in incidence rate. Our study highlights the importance of closely monitoring the changes in incidence and mortality indicators, and of better understanding the factors causing variation.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 08/2014; 147(1). DOI:10.1007/s10549-014-3073-9 · 4.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to draw a picture of diagnostic assessment and patterns of care for rectal cancer in France using population-based registries data. The study included a random sample of 669 cases of rectal cancers diagnosed in 2005. Diagnostic assessment was performed by colonoscopy in 91.4% of the cases. An abdominal computed tomography was performed in 59.4% of the cases and chest computed tomography in 47.8%. An R0 resection was performed in 65.8% of cases and an R1/R2 resection in 16.1%. A rectal endosocography was performed in 40.4% and MRI in 10.4%. The sphincter was preserved in 73.6% of patients aged younger than 75 years of age and in 62.5% of those older than 75 years of age (P=0.002). In cases of R0 resection, neoadjuvant radiotherapy was performed in 47.8% of patients younger than 75 years of age and in 34.1% of older patients (P=0.007). Postoperative chemotherapy was administered in 23.9% of stage II and 67.8% of stage III resected patients. The management of rectal cancers can be improved. Preoperative staging has not reached its full development; very few patients received neoadjuvant treatment, whereas adjuvant chemotherapy was often performed, although its benefit is still unclear. The management of elderly patients was less optimal than that of younger patients.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 05/2014; 26(7). DOI:10.1097/MEG.0000000000000116 · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have investigated rectal cancer management at the population level. We compared how rectal cancers diagnosed in Italy (2003-2005) and France (2005) were managed, and evaluated the extent to which management adhered to European guidelines. Samples of 3938 Italian and 2287 French colorectal cancer patients were randomly extracted from 8 and 12 cancer registries respectively. Rectal cancer patients (860 Italian, 559 French) were analysed. Logistic regression models estimated odds ratios (ORs) of being treated with curative intent, receiving sphincter-saving surgery, and receiving preoperative radiotherapy. Similar proportions of Italian and French patients were treated with curative intent (70% vs. 67%; OR=0.92 [0.73-1.16]); the respective proportions receiving sphincter-saving surgery were 21% and 33% (OR=1.15 [0.86-1.53]). In about 50% of those treated with curative intent, ≥12 lymph nodes were harvested in both countries. The proportion receiving postoperative radiotherapy was higher in Italy than in France (25% vs. 11%, p<0.01), but French patients were more likely to receive preoperative radiotherapy (52% vs. 21%; OR=4.06 [2.79-5.91]). The proportions of patients receiving preoperative radiotherapy and the numbers of lymph nodes sampled were low in both countries. Centralising treatment and potentiating screening would be practical ways of improving outcomes and adhering to guidelines.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 04/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2014.03.009 · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in male in most Western countries, including France. Despite a significant morbidity and mortality to a lesser extent, the etiology of prostate cancer remains largely unknown. Indeed, the only well-established risk factors to date are age, ethnicity and a family history of prostate cancer. We present, here, the rationale and design of the EPIdemiological study of Prostate CAncer (EPICAP), a population-based case-control study specifically designed to investigate the role of environmental and genetic factors in prostate cancer. The EPICAP study will particularly focused on the role of circadian disruption, chronic inflammation, hormonal and metabolic factors in the occurrence of prostate cancer. EPICAP is a population-based case-control study conducted in the departement of Herault in France. Eligible cases are all cases of prostate cancers newly diagnosed in 2012-2013 in men less than 75 years old and residing in the departement of Herault at the time of diagnosis. Controls are men of the same age as the cases and living in the departement of Herault, recruited in the general population.The sample will include a total of 1000 incident cases of prostate cancer and 1000 population-based controls over a 3-year period (2012-2014).The cases and controls are face-to-face interviewed using a standardized computed assisted questionnaire. The questions focus primarily on usual socio-demographic characteristics, personal and family medical history, lifestyle, leisure activities, residential and occupational history. Anthropometric measures and biological samples are also collected for cases and controls. The EPICAP study aims to answer key questions in prostate cancer etiology: (1) role of circadian disruption through the study of working hours, chronotype and duration/quality of sleep, (2) role of chronic inflammation and anti-inflammatory drugs, (3) role of hormonal and metabolic factors through a detailed questionnaire, (4) role of individual genetic susceptibility of genes involved in biological pathways of interest. The EPICAP study will also allow us to study prognostic factors and tumor aggressiveness.Taken together, the EPICAP study will provide a comprehensive framework to go further in the understanding of prostate cancer occurrence and its prognosis.
    BMC Cancer 02/2014; 14(1):106. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-14-106 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although cancer survivors are known to be at greater risk of developing second primary cancer (SPC), SPC incidence estimates in France are thus far lacking. We used a multivariate approach to compute these estimates and analyzed the effect of patient characteristics (gender, age at diagnosis, first cancer site, year of diagnosis and follow-up) on SPC risk. Data from ten French population-based cancer registries were used to establish a cohort of all patients diagnosed with a first cancer between 1989 and 2004 and followed up until December 31, 2007. The person-year approach was used to estimate standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and excess absolute risks (EARs) of metachronous SPC. Multivariate Poisson regression models were then used to model SIRs and EARs separately by gender, adjusting for age, year of diagnosis, follow-up and first cancer site. Among the 289,967 followed-up patients with a first primary cancer, 21,226 developed a SPC. The SIR was of 1.36 (95% CI, 1.35-1.38) and the EAR was of 39.4 excess cancers per 10,000 person-years (95% CI, 37.4-41.3). Among male and female patients, multivariate analyses showed that age, year of diagnosis, follow-up and first cancer site were often independently associated with SIRs and EARs. Moreover, the EAR of SPC remained elevated during patient follow-up. French cancer survivors face a dramatically increased risk of SPC which is probably related to the high rate of tobacco and alcohol consumption in France. Multivariate modeling of SPC risk will facilitate the construction of a tailored prediction tool to optimize SPC prevention and early detection strategies.
    BMC Cancer 02/2014; 14(1):94. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-14-94 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The incidence of glioblastoma (GBM) has increased in patients aged 70 years or older, and will continue to grow. Elderly GBM patients have been excluded from most clinical trials; furthermore, optimal care management as well as benefit/risk ratio of GBM treatments are still being debated. This study describes oncological patterns of care, prognostic factors, and survival for patients ≥70 years in France. We identified patients over 70 with newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed GBM on data previously published by the French Brain Tumor DataBase. We included 265 patients. Neurological deficits and mental status disorders were the most frequent symptoms. The surgery consisted of resection (RS n = 95) or biopsy (B n = 170); 98 patients did not have subsequent oncological treatment. After surgery, first-line treatment consisted of radiotherapy (RT n = 76), chemotherapy (CT n = 52), and concomitant radiochemotherapy (CRC n = 39). The median age at diagnosis was 76, 74, and 73 years, respectively, for the untreated, B + RT and/or CT, RS ± RT and/or CT groups. Median survival (in days, 95 % CI) with these main strategies, when analyzed according to surgical groups, was: B-CT n = 41, 199[155-280]; B-CRC n = 21, 318[166-480]; B-RT n = 37, 149[130-214]; RS-CT n = 11, 245[211-na]; RS-CRC n = 18, 372[349-593]; RS-RT n = 39, 269[218-343]. This population study for elderly GBM patients is one of the most important in Europe, and could be considered as a historical cohort to compare future treatments. Moreover, we can hypothesize that elderly patients (versus patients <70 years) are undertreated. Karnofsky performance status seems to be the most relevant clinical predictive factor, and RS and CRC have a positive impact on survival for elderly GBM patients in the general population, at least when feasible.
    Neurosurgical Review 02/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10143-014-0528-8 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Whether women are more or equally susceptible to the carcinogenic effects of cigarette smoke on the lungs compared with men is a matter of controversy. Using a large French population-based case–control study, we compared the lung cancer risk associated with cigarette smoking by gender. Methods: The study included 2276 male and 650 female cases and 2780 male and 775 female controls. Lifetime smoking exposure was represented by the comprehensive smoking index (CSI), which combines the duration, intensity and time since cessation of smoking habits. The analysis was conducted among the ever smokers. All of the models were adjusted for age, department (a regional administrative unit), education and occupational exposures. Results: Overall, we found that the lung cancer risk was similar among men and women. However, we found that women had a two-fold greater risk associated with a one-unit increase in CSI than men of developing either small cell carcinoma (OR=15.9, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 7.6, 33.3 and 6.6, 95% CI 5.1, 8.5, respectively; P<0.05) or squamous cell carcinoma (OR=13.1, 95% CI 6.3, 27.3 and 6.1, 95% CI 5.0, 7.3, respectively; P<0.05). The association was similar between men and women for adenocarcinoma. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that heavy smoking might confer to women a higher risk of lung cancer as compared with men.
    British Journal of Cancer 01/2014; 110(5). DOI:10.1038/bjc.2013.821 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Cancer survival is a key measure of the effectiveness of health-care systems. EUROCARE—the largest cooperative study of population-based cancer survival in Europe—has shown persistent differences between countries for cancer survival, although in general, cancer survival is improving. Major changes in cancer diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation occurred in the early 2000s. EUROCARE-5 assesses their effect on cancer survival in 29 European countries. Methods In this retrospective observational study, we analysed data from 107 cancer registries for more than 10 million patients with cancer diagnosed up to 2007 and followed up to 2008. Uniform quality control procedures were applied to all datasets. For patients diagnosed 2000–07, we calculated 5-year relative survival for 46 cancers weighted by age and country. We also calculated country-specific and age-specific survival for ten common cancers, together with survival differences between time periods (for 1999–2001, 2002–04, and 2005–07). Findings 5-year relative survival generally increased steadily over time for all European regions. The largest increases from 1999–2001 to 2005–07 were for prostate cancer (73·4% [95% CI 72·9–73·9] vs 81·7% [81·3–82·1]), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (53·8% [53·3–54·4] vs 60·4% [60·0–60·9]), and rectal cancer (52·1% [51·6–52·6] vs 57·6% [57·1–58·1]). Survival in eastern Europe was generally low and below the European mean, particularly for cancers with good or intermediate prognosis. Survival was highest for northern, central, and southern Europe. Survival in the UK and Ireland was intermediate for rectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, skin melanoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but low for kidney, stomach, ovarian, colon, and lung cancers. Survival for lung cancer in the UK and Ireland was much lower than for other regions for all periods, although results for lung cancer in some regions (central and eastern Europe) might be affected by overestimation. Survival usually decreased with age, although to different degrees depending on region and cancer type. Interpretation The major advances in cancer management that occurred up to 2007 seem to have resulted in improved survival in Europe. Likely explanations of differences in survival between countries include: differences in stage at diagnosis and accessibility to good care, different diagnostic intensity and screening approaches, and differences in cancer biology. Variations in socioeconomic, lifestyle, and general health between populations might also have a role. Further studies are needed to fully interpret these findings and how to remedy disparities. Funding Italian Ministry of Health, European Commission, Compagnia di San Paolo Foundation, Cariplo Foundation.
    The Lancet Oncology 12/2013; DOI:10.1016/51470-2045(13)70546-1 · 24.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of family history of cancer and personal history of other medical conditions in the aetiology of the oral cavity cancer in France. We used data from 689 cases of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma and 3481 controls included in a population-based case--control study, the ICARE study. Odds-ratios (ORs) associated with family history of cancer and personal medical conditions and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated by unconditional logistic regression and were adjusted for age, gender, area of residence, education, body mass index, tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking. Personal history of oral candidiasis was related to a significantly increased risk of oral cavity cancer (OR 5.0, 95% CI 2.1-12.1). History of head and neck cancers among the first-degree relatives was associated with an OR of 1.9 (95% CI 1.2-2.8). The risk increased with the number of first-degree relatives with head and neck cancer. A family history of head and neck cancer is a marker of an increased risk of oral cavity cancer and should be taken into account to target prevention efforts and screening. Further studies are needed to clarify the association between oral cavity cancer and personal history of candidiasis.
    BMC Cancer 11/2013; 13(1):560. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-13-560 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Young women are not usually screened for breast cancer (BC). The trends in incidence in this population may better reflect changes in risk factors. However, studies on this subject are scarce and heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to describe the trends in incidence of BC in women under 40 from 1990 to 2008, using pooled European data. Thirty-seven European population-based cancer registries from Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland participated in this study. World age-standardized incidence rates were first analyzed graphically and then using a Poisson regression model, in order to estimate average annual percent changes (AAPCs). The overall incidence rate of BC in the area covered increased linearly during the study period by 1.19% (0.93; 1.46) on average per year. This increase varied between countries from 0.20% (-0.53; 0.64) in Bulgaria to 2.68% (1.97; 3.40) in Portugal. In Italy, after a significant rise of 2.33% (1.14; 3.54) per year, BC incidence began decreasing in 2002 by -2.30% (-4.07; -0.50) yearly. The rise in incidence was greater for women under 35 and for ductal carcinomas. This increase can be due to a rise in risk factors and/or changes in diagnosis and surveillance practices, but we could not clearly distinguish between these two non-exclusive explanations.
    06/2013; 37(5). DOI:10.1016/j.canep.2013.05.001
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term population-based survival data detailed by cancer subtype are important to measure the overall outcomes of malignancy managements. We provide net survival estimates at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years post-diagnosis on 37,549 haematological malignancy (HM) patients over 15 years old diagnosed between 1989 and 2004 and actively followed until 2008 by French population-based cancer registries. These are, to our knowledge, the first unbiased estimates of ten-year net survival in HMs detailed by subtypes. HMs were classified according to the International Classification of Diseases-Oncology-3. Net survival was estimated with the unbiased Pohar-Perme method. The results are reported by sex and age-classes. The changes of these indicators by periods of diagnosis were tabulated and the trends of the net mortality rates over time since diagnosis graphed. Five and 10-year age-standardized net survivals after HMs varied widely from 81% and 76% for classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) to 18% and 14% for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Even in HMs with the most favourable prognoses, the net survival decreased between 5 and 10 years post-diagnosis. Women had better prognoses than men and age at diagnosis was an unfavourable prognostic factor for most HMs. In patients less than 55 years old, the net mortality rate decreased to null values five years post-diagnosis in AML and ten years post-diagnosis in CHL, precursor non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic myelogenous leukaemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma. The prognoses improved for various HMs over the study period. The obtained unbiased indicators are important to evaluate national cancer plans.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/2013; 132(10). DOI:10.1002/ijc.27889 · 5.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Biological markers are crucial factors in order to differentiate female breast cancers and to determine the right therapy. This study aims at evaluating whether testing for biomarkers for female breast cancer has similar frequency and characteristics across and within countries. METHODS: Population-based cancer registries of the Association for cancer registration and epidemiology in Romance language countries (GRELL) were asked to complete a questionnaire on biomarkers testing. The data collected referred to invasive female breast cancer cases diagnosed between 2004 and 2009. The investigation focused on 1) the overexpression and amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 oncogene (HER2); 2) the expression of oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptors; and 3) the proliferation index (PI). Weighted percentages, the heterogeneity among and within countries, and the correlation between responses and calendar years were evaluated. The study was based on 19,644 breast cancers. RESULTS: Overall, 85.9% of the cases were tested for HER2, 91.8% for both ER and PgR, and 74.1% for proliferative markers. For HER2 and ER-PgR, the frequency of testing increased from 2004 to 2009. Testing varied among countries (HER2 from 82.0% to 95.9%, ER-PgR from 89.3% to 98.9%, PI from 10% to 92%) and also within the same country (e.g. HER2 in Italy from 51% to 99%) as well as within single cancer registries. The most relevant differences were in the scores for positive/negative/not clearly defined HER2 (e.g. HER2 was defined positive if IHC 3+ in 21/33 registries), and in the cut-off of positive cells for ER/PgR (from >0% to >30%) and PI positivity (from >0% to >20%). CONCLUSIONS: Biological markers are widely tested in the Romance language countries; however, the parameters defining their positivity may vary, raising concerns about homogeneity in breast cancer classification and treatment.
    Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland) 05/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.breast.2013.04.012 · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate the magnitude of over-diagnosis and of potential and actual over-treatment regarding prostate cancer, taking comorbidities into account. Materials and methods: We used a sample collected by the French cancer registries of 1840 cases (T1: 583; T2: 1257) diagnosed in 2001. The proportion of over-diagnosed and over-treated patients was estimated by comparing life expectancy (LE), including or not comorbidities, with natural LE with cancer, using several assumptions from the literature. We distinguished potential and actual over-treatment according to the treatment that patients actually received. Results: Among patients with T1 tumors the proportion of potential over-treatment using LE adjusted for comorbidity varied from 29.5% to 53.5%, using LE adjusted on comorbidities, and varied from 9.3% to 22.2% regarding actual over-treatment. Between 7.7% and 24.4% of patient's receiving a radical prostatectomy, and between 30.8% and 62.5% of those receiving radiotherapy, were over-treated. Among patients with T2 tumors, the proportions of potential and actual over-treatment were 0.9% and 2.0%. Two per cent of patients receiving a radical prostatectomy and 4.9% of those receiving radiotherapy were over-treated. Comorbidities dramatically increased these proportions to nearly 100% of patients, with more than two comorbidities being potentially over-treated and around 33% actually over-treated. Conclusions: According to the French incidence, 3200-4800 French patients may be over-treated, among whom a large proportion of patients had comorbidities. The real issue is to offer the most appropriate treatment to people with low-grade tumors and comorbidities.
    04/2013; 37(4). DOI:10.1016/j.canep.2013.03.014

Publication Stats

3k Citations
318.80 Total Impact Points


  • 2009–2013
    • Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori di Milano
      • Dipartimento di Medicina Predittiva e per la Prevenzione
      Milano, Lombardy, Italy
    • Istituto Superiore di Sanità
      • National Centre for Epidemiology, Surveillance and Health Promotion
      Roma, Latium, Italy
    • CRO Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano
      Aviano, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy
    • German Cancer Research Center
      • Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research
      Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany
    • Centro di Riferimento per l'Epidemiologia e la Prevenzione Oncologica in Piemonte
      Torino, Piedmont, Italy
  • 2008–2009
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Nîmes
      Nismes, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
    • University of Florence
      Florens, Tuscany, Italy
  • 2007
    • University of Burgundy
      Dijon, Bourgogne, France
  • 2006
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy
      Nancy, Lorraine, France
  • 2005
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble
      Grenoble, Rhône-Alpes, France
  • 2002
    • Institut du Cancer de Montpellier Val d'Aurelle
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France