Feng-Lin Hsu

Taipei Medical University, T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan

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Publications (65)162.4 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Pterosins are abundant in ferns, and pterosin A was considered a novel activator of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, which is crucial for regulating blood glucose homeostasis. However, the distribution of pterosins in different species of ferns from various places in Taiwan is currently unclear. To address this question, the distribution of pterosins, glucose-uptake efficiency, and protective effects of pterosin A on β-cells were examined. Our results showed that three novel compounds, 13-chloro-spelosin 3-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), (3R)-Pterosin D 3-O-β-d-(3'-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside (2), and (2R,3R)-Pterosin L 3-O-β-d-(3'-p-coumaroyl)-glucopyranoside (3), were isolated for the first time from four fern species (Ceratopteris thalictroides, Hypolepis punctata, Nephrolepis multiflora, and Pteridium revolutum) along with 27 known compounds. We also examined the distribution of these pterosin compounds in the mentioned fern species (except N. multiflora). Although all pterosin analogs exhibited the same effects in glucose uptake assays, pterosin A prevented cell death and reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This paper is the first report to provide new insights into the distribution of pterosins in ferns from Taiwan. The potential anti-diabetic activity of these novel phytocompounds warrants further functional studies.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 02/2015; 16(2):2497-2516. DOI:10.3390/ijms16022497 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Five new 5β,19-epoxycucurbitane triterpenoids, taikugausins A-E (1-5), together with 5β,19-epoxy-25-methoxycucurbita-6,23-diene-3β,19-diol (6), have been isolated and characterized from the 70 % EtOH extract of the fresh fruits of Momordica charantia. The chemical structures of compounds 1-6 were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses, especially 2D NMR (HMQC, HMBC, and NOESY) experiments and HRESIMS data. The relationship between NMR chemical shifts and the configuration of C-19 with an OMe group in 5β,19-epoxycucurbitane are described. Among them, compounds 3 and 4 exhibited remarkable anti-inflammatory activities by the inhibition of nitric oxide production at the concentration of 10 µg/mL. In addition, 3 and 4 also showed moderate cytotoxicity against WiDr, Hep G2, MCF-7, and HEp-2 human tumor cell lines. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
    Planta Medica 12/2014; 81(1). DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1383307 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical studies show that hyperuricemia is a risk factor in the progression and development of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. Elevated serum levels of uric acid induce renal injury via an inflammation response, but the detailed mechanism is still under study. To better understand the effect of hyperuricemia on the kidney, we used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to investigate the role of uric acid in the mouse kidney. Partial least-squares discriminant analysis revealed significant differences between control and hyperuricemia groups in urine metabolic profiles. We identified 33 metabolites from 76 highly reproducible peaks and found abnormal uric acid levels related to comprehensive kidney injury, including excretive function and energy metabolism. Additionally, inflammation induced by the interleukin 6/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling pathway participated in hyperuricemia-induced kidney injury. This study helps understand the relationship between hyperuricemia and kidney injury. Metabolomics may be a useful strategy for early diagnosis of kidney damage.
    Food and Chemical Toxicology 09/2014; 74. DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2014.08.017 · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abnormal serum urate levels are recognized as a critical factor in the progression of several chronic diseases. To evaluate the antihyperuricemic effect of Davallia formosana, the inhibitory activities of 15 isolated phytochemicals, including five novel compounds of 6,8-dihydroxychromone-7-C- β -d-glucopyranoside (1), 6,8,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavanone-7-C- β -d-glucopyranoside (2), 6,8,4'-trihydroxyflavanone-7-C- β -d-glucopyranoside (3), 8-(2-pyrrolidinone-5-yl)-catechin-3-O- β -d-allopyranoside (4), and epiphyllocoumarin-3-O- β -d-allopyranoside (5), were examined against xanthine oxidase (XOD) and in a potassium oxonate-(PTO-) induced acute hyperuricemic mice model. The results indicated that compounds 3 and 5 significantly inhibited XOD activity in vitro and reduced serum uric acid levels in vivo. This is the first report providing new insights into the antihyperuricemic activities of flavonoid glycosides which can possibly be developed into potential hypouricemic agents.
    Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 05/2014; 2014:873607. DOI:10.1155/2014/873607 · 2.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Eight new cucurbitane-type glycosides, kuguasaponins A–H (1–8), and six known compounds (9–14), were isolated by the bioassay-directed fractionation of the fruits of Momordica charantia. The structures of the compounds were established via spectroscopic analyses, including NMR, IR, and MS techniques. The stereochemistry of the isolated cucurbitanes was further determined using X-ray crystallographic analysis, NOESY experiments, and acid hydrolysis, as well as comparison with the cucurbitanes reported in the literature. The HPLC profiles of the active fraction by an ELSD detector were established and used to identify the 7 main peaks of the isolated cucurbitanes. Pharmacological studies on the anti-hyperglycaemic effects revealed that compounds 2, 3, 7, 8, and 13 exhibited strong bioactivities at 10 μM based on the glucose uptake assay. In addition, compounds 2–5, and 14 exhibited moderate cytotoxicity against MCF-7, Doay, HEp-2, and WiDr human tumour cell lines and no activity against the M10 cell line.
    Journal of Functional Foods 01/2014; 6. DOI:10.1016/j.jff.2013.11.025 · 4.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: This study describes a novel carrier, the ethosome-based system, which is composed of non-ionic surfactants, ethanol, and water. METHODS: Brij(®) 52 (non-ionic surfactants), soya phosphatidylcholine (PC), cholesterol, and the major compounds (caffeine and gallic acid) of black tea extracts were dissolved in the ethanolic phase. The aqueous phase containing Paragon III was heated to 60 °C and mixed with the previous solution. Finally, 3.4 ml NaOH (6.5 N) was added to adjust the pH level to 4.05. The mixture was centrifuged at 2000 g for two minutes, and the precipitate was taken as the end product. Black tea extracts were applied in ethosome-based formulations, and the efficacy of these formulations in penetrating nude mouse skin and in dyeing white hairs was investigated. RESULTS: Compared with an ethanolic solution and black tea extracts, the non-ionic ethosomal delivery system dramatically enhanced the adsorption of black tea extracts onto hair surfaces in vitro. The non-ionic ethosomal system was much more efficient in delivering and facilitating the adsorption of black tea extracts to the hair surface than hydroalcoholic black tea extracts. CONCLUSIONS: This formulation may have potential for development as a hair dye and protective agent.
    International journal of dermatology 05/2013; 52(7). DOI:10.1111/ijd.12014 · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report here that bioassay-guided fractionations of EtOH extract of Momordica charantia fruits led to the isolation of fifteen cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides including four new compounds, kuguaosides A-D (1-4), along with eleven known ones, charantoside A (5), momordicosides I (6), F1 (7), F2 (8), K (9), L (10), and U (11), goyaglycosides-b (12) and -d (13), 7b,25-dihydroxycucurbita-5,23(E)-dien-19-al 3-O-b-D-allopyranoside (14), and 25-hydroxy-5b,19-epoxycucurbita-6,23-dien-19-on-3b-ol 3-O-b-D-glucopyranoside (15). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods. We also established the HPLC-ELSD fingerprinting profile of anti-proliferative fraction of which 11 main peaks were identified. Biological evaluation showed that several isolated cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides had anti-proliferative activities against MCF-7, WiDr, HEp-2, and Doay human tumor cell lines. In addition, compound 14 showed the potent hypoglycemic activities by glucose uptake assay.
    Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 02/2013; 61(12). DOI:10.1021/jf3041116 · 3.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thirteen polyphenolics were isolated from fresh pods of Caesalpinia pulcherrima using various methods of column chromatography. The structures of these polyphenolics were elucidated as gallic acid (1), methyl gallate (2), 6-O-galloyl-d-glucoside (3), methyl 6-O-galloyl-β-d-glucoside (4), methyl 3,6-di-O-galloyl-α-d-glucopyranoside (5), gentisic acid 5-O-α-d-(6'-O-galloyl)glucopyranoside (6), guaiacylglycerol 4-O-β-d-(6'-O-galloyl)glucopyranoside (7), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenol 1-O-β-d-(6'-O-galloyl) glucopyranoside (8), (+)-gallocatechin (9), (+)-catechin (10), (+)-gallocatechin 3-O-gallate (11), myricetin 3-rhamnoside (12), and ampelopsin (13). All isolated compounds were tested for their antioxidant activities in the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), hydroxyl, and peroxynitrite radicals scavenging assays. Among those compounds, 11, 12, and 2 exhibited the best DPPH-, hydroxyl-, and peroxynitrite radical-scavenging activities, respectively. Compound 7 is a new compound, and possesses better scavenging activities towards DPPH but has equivalent hydroxyl radical scavenging activity when compared to BHT. The paper is the first report on free radical scavenging properties of components of the fresh pods of Caesalpinia pulcherrima. The results obtained from the current study indicate that the free radical scavenging property of fresh pods of Caesalpinia pulcherrima may be one of the mechanisms by which this herbal medicine is effective in several free radical mediated diseases.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2012; 13(5):6073-88. DOI:10.3390/ijms13056073 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives  The primary objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using niosomes as a delivery vehicle for the dermal administration in vitro of black tea extract (BTE) as a sunscreen. Methods  Multi-lamellar niosomes were obtained by means of a previously reported method of lipid hydration films. In vitro penetration experiments through nude mouse skin were carried out to evaluate the potential of niosomes as a dermal formulation. The nude mouse skin membrane allowed the effects of penetration with a niosome formulation to be evaluated. Penetration rates of caffeine- and gallic acid-loaded niosomes in a steady state were higher than dispersion in aqueous solutions. Results  For skin permeation, higher transdermal absorption rates were seen with solutions of caffeine and gallic acid. Conclusions  In the near future, BTE as a sunscreen agent will be dermally delivered by niosomes.
    International journal of dermatology 08/2012; 52(2). DOI:10.1111/j.1365-4632.2012.05587.x · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 1. Tanshinone IIA, one of the active components of the Radix of Salvia miltiorrhiza, is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases. However, the intracellular mechanism of action of tanshinone IIA remain to be determined. The aims of the present study were to test the hypothesis that tanshinone IIA alters strain-induced endothelin (ET)-1 expression and nitric oxide (NO) production, as well as to identify the putative signalling pathways involved, in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). 2. Cultured HUVEC were exposed to cyclic strain in the presence of 1-10 μmol/L tanshinone IIA. Expression of ET-1 was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and ELISA. Phosphorylation of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) and activating transcription factor (ATF) 3 was assessed by western blot analysis. 3. Tanshinone IIA (3 and 10 μmol/L) inhibited strain-induced ET-1 expression. In contrast, NO production, eNOS phosphorylation and ATF3 expression were enhanced by tanshinone IIA. The eNOS inhibitor N(G) -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME; 100 μmol/L), the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 (5 μmol/L) and the soluble guanylyl cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3-a] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ; 10 μmol/L) inhibited tanshinone IIA-induced increases in ATF3 expression. Moreover, treatment of HUVEC with either an NO donor (3,3-bis [aminoethyl]-1-hydroxy-2-oxo-1-triazene; 500 μmol/L) or an ATF3 activator (carbobenzoxy-L-leucyl-L-leucyl-L-leucinal; 5 μmol/L) resulted in the repression of strain-induced ET-1 expression. The inhibitory effect of tanshinone IIA on strain-induced ET-1 expression was significantly attenuated by l-NAME, ODQ and the transfection of small interfering RNA for ATF3. 4. In conclusion, tanshinone IIA inhibits strain-induced ET-1 expression by increasing NO and upregulating ATF3 in HUVEC. The present study provides important new insights into the molecular pathways that may contribute to the beneficial effects of tanshinone IIA in the cardiovascular system.
    Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 01/2012; 39(1):63-8. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1681.2011.05637.x · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coumarin derivative 1, 5,7-dihydroxy-6-(3-methyl-1-butyryl)-4-phenyl-chromen- 2-one, has been reported to possess radical scavenging activity and DNA protection. We have synthesized a series of coumarins with structural modifications at positions C4, C5, C6 and C7 and evaluated them for their anti-UVC properties. Coumarin 7, 6-benzoyl-5,6-dihydroxy-4-phenyl-chromen-2-one, was found to have the most potent activity in protecting porcine γ-crystallin against UVC insults. Results of fluorescence assays indicated that compound 7 was capable of decreasing the loss of intensity while lens crystallins and DNA PUC19 were irradiated with UVC. Presence of compound 7 decreased hydroxyl radical levels determined by probe 1b and the free iron concentrations determined by Ferrozine reagent. The chelation assay showed that compound 7 was chelated to metal via 6-CO and 5-OH on the benzopyrone ring. The observed protective effects of compound 7 towards crystallins from insults of UVC and free radicals may be due to its iron-chelating activity and its peak absorption at 254 nm.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2011; 12(10):7059-76. DOI:10.3390/ijms12107059 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microbiota in the gut are considered an important environmental factor associated with host metabolism and physiology. Although gut microbiota are known to contribute to hepatic lipogenesis and fat storage, little is known about how the condition influences the deposition of glycogen in the liver. To better understand and characterize the host energy metabolism in guts lacking microbiota, we compared the liver metabolome of specific pathogen-free and germ-free mice by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with partial least-squares discriminant analysis. We identified 30 of 52 highly reproducible peaks in chromatograms of liver tissue extracts from the two groups of mice. The two groups showed significant differences in metabolic profile. Changes in liver metabolism involved metabolites such as amino acids, fatty acids, organic acids and carbohydrates. The metabolic profile of germ-free mice suggests that they synthesize glycogen and accumulate it in the liver through gluconeogenesis and glycogenesis. Our findings shed light on a new perspective of the role of gut microbiota in energy metabolism and will be useful to help study probiotics, obesity and metabolic diseases.
    The Journal of nutritional biochemistry 08/2011; 23(7):752-8. DOI:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2011.03.019 · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From the screening of 21 microbial strains, Absidia pseudocylindrospora ATCC 24169 and Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 were found to reproducibly transform isosteviol lactam (4α-carboxy-13α-amino-13,16-seco-ent-19-norbeyeran-16-oic acid 13,16-lactam) (3) into various compounds. Preparative-scale transformation of 3 with Abs. pseudocylindrospora yielded two new hydroxylated compounds (4 and 5), with conservation of the lactam ring. Preparative-scale transformation of 3 with Asp. niger afforded seven new compounds, 6 and 9-14, together with the known compounds 7 and 8. A single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiment confirmed the structure of 14. The suppressive effects of compounds 1-14 on the lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene in RAW 264.7 macrophages were examined by a reverse-transcription real-time PCR analysis. With the exception of 7, all other compounds significantly reduced levels of iNOS mRNA relative to control cells, which were induced by LPS alone. Compounds 2, 3, and 5 were similar in activity to dexamethasone, while 9 was more potent.
    Journal of Natural Products 06/2011; 74(6):1379-85. DOI:10.1021/np100915q · 3.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines the synthesis and antibacterial activities of 5,7-dihydroxycoumarin derivatives, whose structures were confirmed using analytical and spectral data. Twenty compounds were tested for their antibacterial activities against five microbial species such as E. coli, S. aureus, K. pneumonia, P. aeruginosa, and S. typhimurium were studied. Compounds 5 and 12 exhibited the most potent activity against Staphylococcus aureus with a MIC value of 2.5 µg/mL for each of the compounds.
    Archiv der Pharmazie 06/2011; 344(6):386-93. DOI:10.1002/ardp.201000233 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic neurodegenerative disorders are having an increasing impact on public health as human longevity increases. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system and is characterized by motor system disorders resulting in loss of dopamine-producing brain cells. Pueraria thomsonii Benth. (Fabaceae) is an herbal medicine that has traditionally been used as an antipyretic agent. In the present study, the active constituents, daidzein and genistein, were isolated from P. thomsonii. Both compounds exhibited neurocytoprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced cytotoxicity in nerve growth factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells. Neither daidzein nor genistein affected 6-OHDA-induced cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation according to flow cytometric analysis. Rather, they inhibited caspase-8 and partially inhibited caspase-3 activation, providing a protective mechanism against 6-OHDA-induced cytotoxicity in NGF-differentiated PC12 cells. The present results imply that daidzein and genistein may be useful in the development of future strategies for the treatment of PD.
    Phytochemistry 12/2010; 71(17-18):2147-56. DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.08.015 · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proanthocyanidins are potent antioxidants associated with protection against diseases. We tested the reducing capacity, iron chelating activity, and anti-auto-oxidation ability of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE). The mechanisms underlying GSPE attenuation of oxidative processes induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), a neurotoxin used to induce Parkinson's disease, were investigated in cell-based systems. At high concentrations, GSPE (50 µg/µL) was a mild pro-oxidant in a Fenton-type reaction. GSPE (300 µg/mL) was as potent as 30 µM deferoxamine in its iron-chelating capacity, and as efficient as 5 mM ascorbic acid in delaying 6-OHDA auto-oxidation. In PC-12 cell cultures, 100 and 300 µg/mL GSPE significantly protected (P < 0.05) cells from 6-OHDA-induced (400 µM) toxicity. GSPE-induced cytoprotection is enhanced by a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (NOSI), implying that the cytoprotective effect of GSPE does not require NOS activation. In conclusion, the iron-chelating activity of GSPE minimizes its pro-oxidant activity and delays 6-OHDA auto-oxidation to provide cytoprotection.PRACTICAL APPLICATIONSParkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. The recognized pharmacological strategies to prevent or treat Parkinson's disease include the minimization of oxidative stress, iron release and excitotoxicity resulting from excess nitric oxide formation. One of the best ways to delay or prevent the onset of the disease is to improve the biological antioxidant status by providing additional radical scavengers that are not pro-oxidants. The pro-oxidant activity, such as that of the antioxidant ascorbic acid, enhances radical cycling under certain conditions, and therefore may be detrimental. Grape seed proanthocyanidin extracts (GSPEs) are used as a dietary supplement in food products in several countries. Our current report provides evidence that GSPE has limited pro-oxidant activity, presumably because of its iron-chelating abilities, and protects cells from neurotoxic insults. GSPE may be effective as a dietary supplement for prophylactic use against the progressive neurodegeneration seen in Parkinson's disease.
    Journal of Food Biochemistry 01/2010; 34(2):244 - 262. DOI:10.1111/j.1745-4514.2009.00276.x · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Exhaustive exercise and endurance exercise training modify the physiological status of the body differently. The present study aimed to evaluate the alteration in biochemical composition with exhaustive and endurance exercises in rats using metabolomics strategy. The metabolite profile of liver tissue was investigated on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Data further underwent partial least-squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) to compare the effects on metabolites in sedentary control, exhaustively exercised and endurance trained rats. GC-MS detected 115 highly reproducible peaks in chromatograms from individual liver tissue extracts, and we identified 55 of them. The three groups showed significant differences in metabolic profile. Changes in liver metabolism involved metabolites such as amino acids, fatty acids, organic acids, and carbohydrates. Endurance training elevated the greater rate of tricarboxylic acid cycle and antioxidant activity, and exhaustive exercise led to accumulated urea markers and an inflammation response in liver. In addition, GC-MS-based metabolomic analysis is a promising tool to investigate a pathological status with different exercise programs.
    Arbeitsphysiologie 10/2009; 108(3):557-66. DOI:10.1007/s00421-009-1247-7 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microbial transformation of isosteviol oxime (ent-16-E-hydroxyiminobeyeran-19-oic acid) (2) with Aspergillus niger BCRC 32720 and Absidia pseudocylindrospora ATCC 24169 yielded several compounds. In addition to bioconverting the d-ring to lactone and lactam moieties, 4alpha-carboxy-13alpha-hydroxy-13,16-seco-ent-19-norbeyeran-16-oic acid 13,16-lactone (7) and 4alpha-carboxy-13alpha-amino-13,16-seco-ent-19-norbeyeran-16-oic acid 13,16-lactam (10), one known compound, ent-1beta,7alpha-dihydroxy-16-oxo-beyeran-19-oic acid (6), and five new compounds, ent-7alpha-hydroxy-16-E-hydroxyiminobeyeran-19-oic acid (3), ent-1beta,7alpha-dihydroxy-16-E-hydroxyiminobeyeran-19-oic acid (4), ent-1beta-hydroxy-16-E-hydroxyiminobeyeran-19-oic acid (5), ent-8beta-cyanomethyl-13-methyl-12-podocarpen-19-oic acid (8), and ent-8beta-cyanomethyl-13-methyl-13-podocarpen-19-oic acid (9), were isolated from the microbial transformation of 2. Elucidation of the structures of these isolated compounds was primarily based on 1D and 2D NMR, and HRESIMS data, and 3-5 were further confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analyses. Additionally, the inhibitory effects of all of these compounds were evaluated on NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Among the compounds tested, 5 and 10 significantly inhibited NF-kappaB activation, with 5 showing equal potency to dexamethasone; 3 and 6-9 significantly inhibited AP-1 activation, particularly 8, which showed more inhibitory activity than dexamethasone.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 08/2009; 17(17):6348-53. DOI:10.1016/j.bmc.2009.07.029 · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A number of hydroxylated diterpenoids were obtained from the microbial transformation of isosteviol lactone (4alpha-carboxy-13alpha-hydroxy-13,16-seco-ent-19-norbeyeran-16-oic acid 13,16-lactone) (2) with Mucorrecurvatus MR 36, Aspergillusniger BCRC 31130, and Absidiapseudocylindrospora ATCC 24169. Incubation of 2 with M. recurvatus and Asp.niger led to isolation of seven known compounds (1 and 3-8). Incubation of 2 with Abs. pseudocylindrospora produced 5 and six previously unreported compounds (9-14). The structures of these isolated compounds were deduced by high-field NMR techniques ((1)H, (13)C, DEPT, COSY, NOESY, HSQC, and HMBC), and those of 9 and 11 were further confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analyses. Subsequently, the inhibitory effects on activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages of all of these compounds were evaluated. Compounds 2-5, 8, 9, 11, and 12 exhibited significant inhibitory activity, while 3 was more potent than the reference compound of dexamethasone.
    Phytochemistry 05/2009; 70(6):759-64. DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2009.03.015 · 3.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We observed previously that two carbohydrate epitopes, extended type 1 chain Le(a)-Le(a) and Le(b)-Le(a), are expressed strongly in human gastric or colorectal cancer and cell lines derived therefrom, but their expression in human normal colorectal cells is highly limited. A monoclonal antibody, termed GNX-8, was established through immunization of "KM mice" with colonic cancer cell line Colo205, and with purified Le(b)-Le(a) glycosphingolipid, followed by screening human IgG directed to this antigen. KM mice possess human chromosome fragments and are capable of producing human immunoglobulin. GNX-8 reacted specifically with extended type 1 chain epitope Le(b)-Le(a), bound to all five colonic cancer cell lines so far tested, and displayed strong complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). The antigens defined by GNX-8, expressed in Colo205 cells, were: (i) glycosphingolipids with epitope Le(b)-Le(a), whose reactivity was abolished upon defucosylation; (ii) glycoproteins with molecular mass range from 32 to >175 kDa, which were depleted in cells cultured in the presence of benzyl-alpha-GalNAc, indicating that these epitopes are O-linked glycans.Immunohistological reactivity of GNX-8 at 1 mug/ml, applied on tissue sections from colorectal and various other types of cancer, was much stronger than that with various normal cells and tissues. GNX-8 reactivity with normal cells required a much higher concentration (150 mug/ml), and this reactivity was based on cross-reaction with non-extended, normal blood group Le(b) antigen. Growth of subcutaneous xenograft of human colonic cancer cells, Colo205 or DLD-1, in nude mice or SCID mice, was strongly inhibited by administration of GNX-8. These observations, taken together, indicate that antibody GNX-8, directed specifically to Le(b)-Le(a) antigen, provides a novel direction of immunotherapy for human colorectal cancer. (c) 2009 UICC.
    International Journal of Cancer 01/2009; DOI:10.1002/ijc.25131 · 5.01 Impact Factor

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1k Citations
162.40 Total Impact Points


  • 2002–2014
    • Taipei Medical University
      • • College of Pharmacy
      • • Graduate Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology
      • • Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences
      • • School of Pharmacy
      T’ai-pei, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2007
    • Sri Venkateswara University
      • Department of Chemistry
      Tirumalai, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • 2005
    • Tajen University
      • Department of Pharmacy
      Taitung City, Taiwan, Taiwan
  • 2002–2004
    • National Cheng Kung University
      • College of Medicine
      臺南市, Taiwan, Taiwan