V Karavasilis

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloníki, Kentriki Makedonia, Greece

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Publications (39)130.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Aims: The aim of this article was to evaluate afatinib (BIBW 2992), an ErbB family blocker, and nintedanib (BIBF 1120), a triple angiokinase inhibitor, in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients. Patients & methods: Patients were randomized to receive nintedanib (250 mg twice daily), afatinib (40 mg once daily [q.d.]), or alternating sequential 7-day nintedanib (250 mg twice daily) and afatinib (70 mg q.d. [Combi70]), which was reduced to 40 mg q.d. (Combi40) due to adverse events. The primary end point was progression-free rate at 12 weeks. Results: Of the 85 patients treated 46, 20, 16 and three received nintedanib, afatinib, Combi40 and Combi70, respectively. At 12 weeks, the progression-free rate was 26% (seven out of 27 patients) for nintedanib, and 0% for afatinib and Combi40 groups. Two patients had a ≥50% decline in PSA (nintedanib and the Combi40 groups). The most common drug-related adverse events were diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and lethargy. Conclusion: Nintedanib and/or afatinib demonstrated limited anti-tumor activity in unselected advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.
    Future Oncology 02/2014; 10(2):219-31. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although lymphomas involving the prostate gland are rare, they should always be considered in the differential diagnosis. We report a case of primary prostatic NHL in a 70-year-old man presented with hematuria and urinary obstructive symptoms. Routine laboratory tests were within normal limits and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 0,01 ng/ml. The patient underwent radical prostatectomy. Histologically, two different coexisting patterns of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, infiltrating the prostatic tissue, were identified. The diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) presenting with an associated low-grade lymphoma of MALT-type was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The patient received chemotherapy without any complication and has been followed-up for 2 years since surgical resection with no recurrence. The clinicopathologic characteristics of prostatic lymphomas are discussed, while reviewing the current English-language literature. Hippokratia. 2012; 16 (1): 86-89
    Hippokratia 01/2013; 16:86-89. · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We undertook this phase I study to investigate the feasibility of the combination of temozolomide (TMZ) and lapatinib (LP) and to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of LP in patients with relapsed high-grade gliomas. Eligible patients were enrolled in this dose escalation study of LP. TMZ was administered at a fixed dose of 200 mg/m(2) d1-d5 every 28 days. Starting dose of LP was set at 1,000 mg daily continuously, escalated by 250 mg in cohorts of minimum three patients. Translational research investigations were also undertaken in available biopsy material. Between January 2009 and December 2010, 16 patients were entered into the study at three LP levels: 1,000 mg sid (11 patients), 1,250 mg sid (4 patients) and 1,500 mg sid (1 patient). A total of 55 cycles had been delivered. Fourteen patients had stopped treatment because of disease progression, and two because of toxicity. Three patients received 10, 11 and 17 cycles of treatment. Dose-limiting hematological toxicity was observed in 2 patients at the second LP dose level of 1,250 mg sid. MTD was defined at LP 1,000 mg sid. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and survival were 2.4 and 5.9 months, respectively. EGFR amplification and EGFRvIII expression were not related to PFS. Combination of TMZ and LP is feasible with manageable toxicity. The activity of this combination in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme is further investigated in a recently initiated phase II trial.
    Journal of Neurology 01/2013; · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: The association between two polymorphisms of ERCC1 and treatment outcomes after platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced urothelial cancer (UC) was examined. Materials & methods: Genotyping of 19007C>T and 8092C>A polymorphisms was determined by PCR amplification and RFLP in 113 advanced UC patients, treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Results: Seventy eight patients (69%) were carriers of the 19007T polymorphic allele: 51 (45%) heterozygotes and 27 (24%) homozygotes. Fifty three (47%) patients were carriers of the 8092A polymorphic allele: the frequencies of C/A and A/A genotypes were 37% and 10%, respectively. The T/T genotype was independently associated with prolonged median cancer-specific survival (not-reached vs 14.8 months; p = 0.026). There was no interaction between T/T or any other genotype with the type of platinum derivative (cisplatin/carboplatin). Conclusion: 19007C>T, especially in its homozygotic state, but not 8092C>A polymorphism, could be a useful prognostic marker in advanced UC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Original submitted 17 July 2012; Revision submitted 21 September 2012.
    Pharmacogenomics 11/2012; 13(14):1595-1607. · 3.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background–aim: ALK1 (ALK) translocation is a rare event in NSCLC, which more often seem to harbor aberrant ALK gene copies. Herein, we investigated the still undefined impact of ALK gene copies and of ALK mRNA expression on NSCLC patient outcome. Methods: The presence and relative quantity of two ALK exon spanning transcript targets located before (ALK-5’) and after (ALK-3’) the translocation breakpoints of this gene were assessed with qRT-PCR in 198 NSCLC RNA samples from paraffin tissues upon stringent intra- and inter-run assay performance validation. ALK mRNA expression was compared with ALK gene status assessed with FISH. Patients had been treated in the adjuvant and/or 1st line setting. None of them received crizotinib. Results: Four patterns of ALK mRNA expression emerged: tumors negative for both transcripts (85/198, 42.9%) or positive for both (56/198, 28.3%), which were considered as close to normal (ALK-N); and, ALK-5’ positive only (34/198, 17.2%) or ALK-3’ positive only (23/198, 11.6%), which were termed as aberrant (ALK-A). ALK translocation was observed in 9/124 cases (7.3%). ALK copies >2.2 were noticed in 40 cases (32.3%) with >6 copies in 26 cases (21%) and overall complex gene gain patterns. ALK mRNA was unrelated to ALK translocation, but ALK-3’ was associated with increased ALK gene copies (p = 0.017). ALK-A was more common in stage IIIB-IV tumors, while ALK mRNA and gene copy gains were not associated with gender, smoking and histology. ALK gene status was not associated with patient outcome. In comparison to patients with tumors expressing ALK-N, those with ALK-A had a significantly shorter overall survival (OS, median 29.3 vs. 13.1 months, CI95% 19.1-39.6 vs. 5.4-20.9, p = 0.0007). The same unfavorable impact of ALK-N vs. ALK-A was observed on stage IIIB-IV patient OS (median 17.5 vs. 11 months, CI95% 9.1-26.0 vs. 6.6-15.3, p = 0.0050). Conclusions: ALK gene status and mRNA expression seem to suffer a complex pathology in NSCLC. When expressed, ALK mRNA may be fragmented, possibly due to currently unknown genomic alterations. Aberrant ALK mRNA expression appears to have an unfavorable prognostic impact on NSCLC patient outcome; its role on NSCLC biology merits further evaluation.
    37th ESMO Congress, Vienna, Austria; 09/2012
  • R Ferraldeschi, C Pezaro, V Karavasilis, J de Bono
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    ABSTRACT: Suppression of gonadal androgens by medical or surgical castration remains the mainstay of treatment for patients with advanced prostate cancer. However, the response to treatment is not durable, and transition to a "castration-resistant" state is invariable. Recent advances in our understanding of the androgen receptor signaling pathway have led to the development of therapeutic strategies to overcome castration resistance. This article reviews current concepts and challenges behind targeting continued androgen receptor signaling in castration-resistant prostate cancer and provides an overview of recently completed and ongoing clinical trials of novel hormonal agents, with a focus on abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide (MDV3100). Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Medicine Volume 64 is January 07, 2013. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates.
    Annual review of medicine 09/2012; · 9.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have become a treatment option in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, despite their use in this disease, a significant number of patients will eventually develop resistance and relapse. In this study, we aimed to characterize several molecular events involved in potential resistance mechanisms to anti-EGFR treatment and correlate our findings with clinical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of patients with NSCLC who received anti-EGFR TKIs in any line within the participating centers were reviewed and available paraffin embedded tissue was retrieved. Mutational analysis for EGFR, KRAS, BRAF and intron-exon 14 deletions of MET; FISH analysis for chromosomal gain or amplification for EGFR, MET and the deletion marker D7S486 were performed. Furthermore, the expression of EGFR and MET were analysed by immunohistochemistry. All results were correlated with treatment outcomes. RESULTS: Between 10/2001 and 12/2009 from an initial cohort of 72 treated patients, 59 cases (28 gefitinib/ 31 erlotinib) were included in the analysis. The majority had adenocarcinoma histology (68%), and received treatment in the second line setting (56%). Disease control rate (DCR) was 25.4% for all patients. EGFR and RAS mutational rates were 33% and 10% respectively, no other mutations were identified. High EGFR expressing tumors were found in 7 of 45 cases and pEGFR positivity (IHC) was found in 56% of the cases; MET expression was found in 48% of tumors. EGFR gene amplification was found in 4 cases, two cases showed high polysomy; overall, 13% cases were FISH positive for EGFR. High polysomy of MET gene was detected in 1/43 cases tested. D7S486 locus deletion was detected in 15/37 (40%) of cases. EGFR mutational status and gene gain were both associated with more favorable DCR. No other associations between examined biomarkers and DCR or survival were noted. CONCLUSIONS: EGFR mutational status is a predictor for disease control in patients with NSCLC treated with anti-EGFR TKIs. The predictive role of several other molecules involved in potential resistance to anti-EGFR TKIs is worthy of additional investigation.
    Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 09/2012; 31(1):77. · 3.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: BRCA1 (B), ERCC1 (E), RRM1 (R) and TYMS (T) mRNA expression has been extensively studied with respect to NSCLC patient outcome upon various chemotherapy agents. However, these markers have not been introduced into clinical practice yet. One of the reasons seems to be lack of a standard approach for the classification of the reported high/low mRNA expression. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic/predictive impact of B, E, R, T in routinely-treated NSCLC patients by taking into account the expression of these genes in the normal lung parenchyma. METHODS: B, E, R, T mRNA expression was examined in 276 NSCLC samples (real-time PCR). The normal range of B, E, R, T transcript levels was first determined in matched tumor - normal pairs and then applied to the entire tumor series. Four main chemotherapy categories were examined: taxanes-without-platinum (Tax); platinum-without-taxanes (Plat); taxanes/platinum doublets (Tax/Plat); and, all-other combinations. RESULTS: In comparison to remotely located normal lung parenchyma, B, E, R, T mRNA expression was generally increased in matched tumors, as well as in the entire tumor series. Therefore, tumors were classified as expressing normal or aberrant B, E, R, T mRNA. In general, no marker was associated with overall and progression free survival (OS, PFS). Upon multivariate analysis, aberrant intratumoral TYMS predicted for shorter PFS than normal TYMS in 1st line chemo-naive treated patients (p=0.012). In the same setting, specific interactions were observed for aberrant TYMS with Plat and Tax/Plat (p=0.003 and p=0.006, respectively). Corresponding patients had longer PFS in comparison to those treated with Tax (Plat: HR=0.234, 95% CI:0.108-0.506, Wald's p<0.0001; Tax/Plat: HR=0.242, 95% CI:0.131-0.447, Wald's p<0.0001). Similar results were obtained for PFS in 1st line chemo-naive and (neo)adjuvant pre-treated patients. Adenocarcinoma, early disease stage, and treatment with Tax/Plat doublets independently predicted for prolonged OS in patients who received only one line of treatment (adjuvant or 1st line). CONCLUSION: Classifying intratumoral B, E, R, T mRNA expression in comparison to normal lung may facilitate standardization of these parameters for prospective studies. With this approach, NSCLC patients with aberrant intratumoral TYMS expression will probably fare better with platinum-based treatments.
    BMC Cancer 08/2012; 12(1):342. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although lymphomas involving the prostate gland are rare, they should always be considered in the differential diagnosis. We report a case of primary prostatic NHL in a 70-year-old man presented with hematuria and urinary obstructive symptoms. Routine laboratory tests were within normal limits and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) was 0,01 ng/ml. The patient underwent radical prostatectomy. Histologically, two different coexisting patterns of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, infiltrating the prostatic tissue, were identified. The diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) presenting with an associated low-grade lymphoma of MALT-type was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The patient received chemotherapy without any complication and has been followed-up for 2 years since surgical resection with no recurrence. The clinicopathologic characteristics of prostatic lymphomas are discussed, while reviewing the current English-language literature.
    Hippokratia 01/2012; 16(1):86-9. · 0.59 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Cancer 09/2011; 47(Supplement: 1):S586-S586. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This phase Ib trial assessed safety, tolerability, and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of figitumumab (CP-751,871), a fully human monoclonal antibody targeting the insulin-like growth factor type 1 receptor (IGF-IR), in combination with docetaxel. Patients with advanced solid tumours were treated with escalating dose levels of figitumumab plus 75 mg m(-2) docetaxel every 21 days. Safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics (PKs), and biomarker responses were evaluated. In 46 patients, no dose-limiting toxicities were attributable to the treatment combination. Grade 3 and 4 toxicities included neutropaenia (n=28), febrile neutropaenia (n=11), fatigue (n=10), leukopaenia (n=7), diarrhoea (n=5), hyperglycaemia, lymphopaenia, cellulitis, DVT, and pain (all n=1). The MTD was not reached. Four partial responses were observed; 12 patients had disease stabilisation of > or =6 months. Pharmacokinetic and biomarker analyses showed a dose-dependent increase in plasma exposure, and complete sIGF-IR downregulation at doses of >or =3 mg kg(-1). Pharmacokinetics of docetaxel in combination was similar to when given alone. Out of 18 castration-resistant prostate cancer patients, 10 (56%) had > or =5 circulating tumour cells (CTCs) per 7.5 ml of blood at baseline: 6 out of 10 (60%) had a decline from > or =5 to <5 CTCs and 9 out of 10 (90%) had a > or =30% decline in CTCs after therapy. Figitumumab and docetaxel in combination are well tolerated. Further evaluation is warranted.
    British Journal of Cancer 07/2010; 103(3):332-9. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Confirmed doubling of CA125 value is one definition of progression in ovarian cancer patients. If asymptomatic, the management of these patients is unclear. To provide information which may assist in therapeutic decision making, we set out to determine the independent prognostic significance for the rate of rise in CA125 during surveillance in ovarian cancer patients as measured by CA125 doubling time. Clinical information was obtained through a 2-staged chart review of ovarian cancer patients treated in our department from 1994 to 2003. We searched for patients who met criteria for CA125 progression and doubling during surveillance following first-line therapy. A total of 296 patients were initially identified. During surveillance, the median doubling time of CA125 was 40 d and the median survival for patients with a CA125 doubling time of 40 d was 10.6 months compared to 22.1 months for those with doubling time>40 d. In a univariate analysis, age, high-grade, suboptimal cytoreduction, short CA125 doubling time, short time to progression and high CA125 at progression were significantly associated with poor survival, but in a multivariate analysis, a short CA125 doubling time of <or=40 d and a short time to disease progression (<or=180 d) were the only independent adverse prognostic factors (p=0.001). Second stage review identified 28 new patients who provided a confirmatory set that supported the adverse survival trend for patients with short CA125 doubling time. The rate of rise of CA125 during surveillance carries independent prognostic significance, and should be considered when making therapeutic decisions.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 03/2010; 46(8):1359-64. · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. This paper aimed to assess the utility of second-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcoma. Materials and Methods. A retrospective search of a prospectively maintained database identified patients treated between 1991 and 2005. Patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumours, small round cell tumours, and Ewing's sarcoma were excluded. Response was assessed using WHO and RECIST. Patients who achieved stable disease for 6 months or more were classified as having disease control. Results. Three hundred and seventy-nine patients received second-line chemotherapy. Eighty-six (22.7%) achieved disease control. Median duration of response was 11 months (95% CI: 9-13). On multivariate analysis, pathological subtype, absence of lung metastases, and the use of combination chemotherapy were independent predictors of disease control. Twenty-eight (16.1%) patients who failed to respond to first-line therapy achieved disease control. Eight (2.1%) patients had sufficient downstaging to enable complete surgical resection. Progression-free survival was 23% at 6 months. Median overall survival was 8 months (95% CI: 7-10 months). On multivariate analysis, synovial histology and absence of lung metastases were associated with improved survival. Conclusion. Second-line chemotherapy can provide clinical benefit in over 20% of soft-tissue sarcoma patients.
    Sarcoma 01/2010; 2010:264360.
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    ABSTRACT: Thymidylate synthase (TS) and Topoisomerase I (Topo I) are significant biomarkers in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aimed to study the expression of TS and Topo I in patients with resected CRC who received adjuvant chemotherapy and correlated it with clinical outcome. All patients diagnosed with CRC between 1989 and 2007 and treated with adjuvant chemotherapy within Hellenic Cooperative Oncology Group's (HeCOG) protocols, were identified. Archival paraffin-embedded tumor tissues were used for immunohistochemical detection of TS and Topo I. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue microarray slides using monoclonal antibodies against TS and Topo I. The results were correlated with survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS). A cohort of 498 patients with a median age of 61 years and Dukes' stage B (49%) and C (51%) fulfilled the criteria of the study. All patients received adjuvant 5-FU-based chemotherapy, 38% irinotecan-containing. Positive TS and Topo I expression was found in 43% and 48% of cases, respectively. Five-year OS was 74% and DFS was 68%. In univariate analysis no association of TS and Topo I expression with OS and DFS was identified. In multivariate analysis however, Topo I expression was associated with a reduced risk of death (HR = 0.61, 95% CI 0.42-0.88, p = 0.009). In the irinotecan-treated subgroup, those patients who expressed Topo I had a better OS (HR = 0.47, 95% CI 0.23-0.94, p = 0.033). Patients with resected CRC expressing Topo I seem to benefit from irinotecan-containing adjuvant chemotherapy. However randomised prospective trials are needed to confirm these results.
    BMC Cancer 09/2009; 9:339. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase blockade can promote heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) acetylation, abrogating androgen receptor signaling. A phase II trial of the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) romidepsin was conducted in patients with progressing, metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). A dose of 13 mg/m(2) was administered i.v. over 4 h on days 1, 8 and 15 every 28 days. The primary end point was rate of disease control defined as no evidence of radiological progression at 6 months. A sample size of 16 assessable patients in stage 1 and nine assessable patients in stage 2 was selected; progression to stage 2 required one or more patients with disease control in stage 1 (H(o) = 0.10, H(a) = 0.30; alpha and beta = 0.10). Thirty-five patients were enrolled. Two patients achieved a confirmed radiological partial response (RECIST) lasting > or = 6 months, along with a confirmed prostate-specific antigen decline of > or = 50%. Eleven patients experienced toxicity necessitating early discontinuation. The commonest adverse events were nausea (30 patients; 85.7%), fatigue (28 patients; 80.0%), vomiting (23 patients; 65.7%) and anorexia (20 patients; 57.1%). There was no significant cardiac toxicity. At the dose and schedule selected, romidepsin demonstrated minimal antitumor activity in chemonaive patients with CRPC. Further studies of improved HDACi, alone and in combination with other therapies, should nevertheless be investigated.
    Annals of Oncology 07/2009; 21(1):109-13. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To determine the safety, maximum tolerated dose, and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic profile of a histone deacetylase inhibitor, LAQ824, in patients with advanced malignancy. Patients and Methods: LAQ824 was administered i.v. as a 3-h infusion on days 1, 2, and 3 every 21 days. Western blot assays of peripheral blood mononuclear cell lysates and tumor biopsies pretherapy and posttherapy evaluated target inhibition and effects on heat shock protein-90 (HSP90) client proteins and HSP72. Thirty-nine patients (22 male; median age, 53 years; median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 1) were treated at seven dose levels (mg/m(2)): 6 (3 patients), 12 (4 patients), 24 (4 patients), 36 (4 patients), 48 (4 patients), 72 (19 patients), and 100 (1 patient). Dose-escalation used a modified continual reassessment method. Dose-limiting toxicities were transaminitis, fatigue, atrial fibrillation, raised serum creatinine, and hyperbilirubinemia. A patient with pancreatic cancer treated at 100 mg/m(2) died on course one at day 18 with grade 3 hyperbilirubinemia and neutropenia, fever, and acute renal failure. The area under the plasma concentration curve increased proportionally with increasing dose; median terminal half-life ranged from 8 to 14 hours. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell lysates showed consistent accumulation of acetylated histones posttherapy from 24 mg/m(2); higher doses resulted in increased and longer duration of pharmacodynamic effect. Changes in HSP90 client protein and HSP72 levels consistent with HSP90 inhibition were observed at higher doses. No objective response was documented; 3 patients had stable disease lasting up to 14 months. Based on these data, future efficacy trials should evaluate doses ranging from 24 to 72 mg/m(2). LAQ824 was well tolerated at doses that induced accumulation of histone acetylation, with higher doses inducing changes consistent with HSP90 inhibition.
    Clinical Cancer Research 11/2008; 14(20):6663-73. · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary objectives of phase-I trials include the definition of drug toxicities and the recommendation of phase-II doses. In order to safeguard the well-being of its participants, a common inclusion criterion is that of life expectancy >3 months. However, previous studies have shown that about 20% of these patients do not survive beyond this time-point. We identified 97 patients who died within the first 90 days of treatment out of a total of 654 consecutively treated phase-I patients, from June 2003 to June 2007. This cohort was compared to a control group comprising 215 patients who lived >90 days on phase-I studies and were treated from January 2005 to June 2006. In keeping with our recently reported phase-I survival risk score, multivariate analysis demonstrated that patients who died within the first 90 days had lower albumin (p=0.010), greater number of metastatic sites (p=0.00001) and higher frequency of elevated LDH (p=0.0002). This analysis also showed that 86% of patients who died during the first 90 days had an increased risk score of 2/3 compared to 39% in the control group. Furthermore, three additional factors were identified, namely younger age (p=0.024), higher white cell count (p=0.028) and poorer ECOG PS (p=0.012) but the addition of these did not improve the ability to predict 90-day mortality compared to the afore-mentioned risk score. There is good evidence that our easily derivable scoring system provides an objective method to identify patients with a very limited life expectancy in whom participation in phase-I trials should be carefully evaluated.
    European Journal of Cancer 07/2008; 44(11):1536-40. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify factors that may prevent or delay patients referred for consideration of phase I studies from commencing such a study. A retrospective audit of phase I study referrals for the period 1st March to 31st August 2005 to the Drug Development Unit was performed. All reasons that led to either delay or recruitment failure were documented and analysed. Data from 176 patients (105M/71F) were analysed. Median age at referral was 59 years and median performance status (PS) was 1. Of these, 56 (32%) were successfully recruited in a phase I trial. The median time from trial allocation to commencement of treatment was 4.8 weeks. Poor or deteriorating PS was the reason for delay or recruitment failure in 43 (35%) of non-recruited patients. Poor or deteriorating PS was the most common factor limiting accrual to phase I trials. Better patients' selection on this basis might improve recruitment rates.
    European Journal of Cancer 06/2008; 44(7):978-82. · 5.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of palliative chemotherapy was investigated in a large group of patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) treated on routine palliative protocols. Patients with STS who had first-line chemotherapy for advanced and/or metastatic disease between 1991 and 2005 were identified from the Royal Marsden Hospital's sarcoma database. Patients with Ewing sarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, desmoplastic small round cell tumor, and gastrointestinal stromal tumors were excluded from the study. In all, 488 patients (242 male, 246 female) fulfilled the study criteria. The median age was 49 years and the majority (83%) received chemotherapy for metastatic disease. The most common histologic subtypes were leiomyosarcoma (35%) synovial sarcoma (13%), liposarcoma (10%), and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (10%). In all, 61% received single-agent chemotherapy, usually doxorubicin. An objective response was reported in 33% of patients (53% in those with synovial sarcoma); 22% had stable disease and 45% derived 'clinical benefit' (objective responses + stable disease for >or= 6 months). Median duration of response was 9 months and median posttreatment overall survival (OS) was 12 months. In multivariate analysis, age <40 years, liposarcoma, and synovial histology were found to be positive, and bone involvement to be negative, independent prognostic factors. Patients treated with combination chemotherapy experienced longer OS than those treated with a single agent. Palliative chemotherapy may be beneficial in approximately half of patients with advanced STS. Synovial sarcoma and liposarcoma subtypes have a better prognosis. However, the overall poor outcome of these patients indicates the need to continue the search for more effective agents.
    Cancer 04/2008; 112(7):1585-91. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), one of three ligand-activated transcription factors named PPAR, has been identified as a molecular target for cancer chemopreventive agents. PPARgamma was initially understood as a regulator of adipocyte differentiation and glucose homeostasis while later on, it became evident that it is also involved in cell differentiation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis, biological processes which are deregulated in cancer. It is now established that PPARgamma ligands can induce cell differentiation and yield early antineoplastic effects in several tumor types. Moreover, several bioactive natural products with cancer protecting potential are shown to operate through activation of PPARgamma. Overall, PPARgamma appears to be a prevalent target ally to cancer chemopreventive agents and therefore pursuing research in this area is of great relevance.
    PPAR Research 02/2008; 2008:436489. · 2.69 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

486 Citations
130.68 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2013
    • Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
      • Laboratory of Ecology
      Thessaloníki, Kentriki Makedonia, Greece
  • 2010–2012
    • Papageorgiou Hospital
      Saloníki, Central Macedonia, Greece
    • The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2000–2006
    • University of Ioannina
      • School of Medicine
      Ioánnina, Ipeiros, Greece
  • 1999–2006
    • University Hospital of Ioannina
      Yannina, Epirus, Greece