Masaaki Fujimura

Chibaken Saiseikai Narashino Hospital, Tiba, Chiba, Japan

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Publications (13)18.33 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pre-chemotherapeutic factors to assess the prognosis of patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma have not yet been completely established. The immune response of the host to the tumor is lymphocytedependent. However, the effect of lymphocytes on chemotherapy prognosis is unknown. In this study, we investigated the correlation between pre-chemotherapeutic lymphocyte counts and the clinical characteristics of urothelial carcinoma and determined the effectiveness of lymphocytes as a prognostic predictor for metastatic urothelial carcinoma treated with chemotherapy. Between April 2003 and March 2011, data from 34 patients withunresectable or metastatic urothelial carcinoma were retrospectively subjected to multivariate regression analysis to determine the patient characteristics with independent prognostic significance for survival. The median patient age was 71 ; 21 patients were male and 13 female. The number of primary tumors in the pelvis, ureter, and bladder were four, six, and 24, respectively. Seventeen patients underwent prior curative resections, and visceral metastases at chemotherapy were detected in 14 patients. The median lymphocyte count at chemotherapy was 1,292/ml. Cancer-specific survival was significantly lower in patients withlymph ocyte counts <1,000/ml than in patients with lymphocyte counts ≥1,000/μl (p=0. 001). During multivariate analysis, visceral metastasis and lymphocyte counts were independent factors for predicting poor prognosis. In addition, lymphocyte counts of <1, 000/ml or positive visceral metastases also affected survival. This information may be useful for identifying patients who are likely to benefit from chemotherapy.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 05/2014; 60(5):215-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Tertiary syphilis is recently a rare disease in Japan. In this paper, we report a rare case of syphilitic orchitis. The patient was in his early forties. The left scrotal contents were swelling and a low echoic nodule measuring about 30 mm in diameter was detected on ultrasonography. Serum alpha fetoprotein, lactate dehydrogenase, and beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin were within the normal range, whereas Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay and rapid plasma reagin were strongly positive. High orchiectomy was performed for suspicion of testicular tumor. Histological findings showed the non-specific inflammatory granuloma with lympho-plasmatic infiltration. It was diagnosed as granulomatous inflammation of left testis caused by syphilis.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 01/2012; 58(1):53-5.
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    ABSTRACT: A 66-year-old woman visited our hospital complaining of painful, irritative urinary symptoms and macroscopic hematuria. Cystoscopy revealed a non-papillary tumor covered with necrotic tissue on the right side of the posterior wall of the bladder. Transurethral resection was performed ; histologically, the tumor was found to be composed of carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements. The carcinomatous element consisted of urothelial and squamous cell carcinomas. The sarcomatous element was composed of osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and spindle cell sarcoma. Immunohistochemical examination showed that the carcinomatous component was positive for cytokeratin and the sarcomatous component was positive for S-100 protein. The patient underwent total cystectomy with ileal conduit under the diagnosis of carcinosarcoma. Pathological examination showed no residual tumor. She was followed up with no signs of recurrence or metastasis. Computed tomography (CT) at nine months following surgery showed no evidence of recurrence. However, thirteen months after the operation, she complained of lower abdominal pain, and CT demonstrated a bulky intrapelvic tumor and right hydronephrosis. Her condition worsened rapidly and she died one month later.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 04/2011; 57(4):199-202.
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperuricaemia is a significant factor in a variety of diseases, including gout and cardiovascular diseases. The kidney plays a dominant role in maintaining plasma urate levels through the excretion process. Human renal urate transporter URAT1 is thought to be an essential molecule that mediates the reabsorption of urate on the apical side of the proximal tubule. In this study the pharmacological characteristics and clinical implications of URAT1 were elucidated. Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells stably expressing URAT1 (MDCK-URAT1) were established and examined the interactions of URAT1 with various drugs such as benzbromarone and its metabolites including 6-hydroxybenzbromarone, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and urate transport inhibitors including E3040 and probenecid. MDCK-URAT1 cells exhibited a time- and dose-dependent increase in urate uptake, with a Km value of 570.7 µmol/L. When an URAT1-green fluorescent protein fusion protein construct was expressed in MDCK cells, the protein was sorted mainly to the apical side of the membrane. The drugs except for captoril dose-dependently inhibited urate uptake mediated by URAT1, with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50) ) values ranging 0.05-716 µmol/L. Comparing these IC(50) values with intratubular concentrations of unbound drugs in humans, it is thought that URAT1 is a target molecule of uricosuric drugs, including 6-hydroxybenzbromarone, probenecid, indomethacin and salicylate, to inhibit urate reabsorption in vivo. In addition, a cell line that stably expressing URAT1 could be a useful tool for the development of uricosuric drugs.
    Nephrology 02/2011; 16(2):156-62. · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No established treatment exists for urachal carcinoma,except curative resection,and its prognosis is poor. More than 80% of urachal carcinomas are adenocarcinomas. We report a case of advanced urachal carcinoma treated with S-1 and cisplatin combination (S-1/CDDP) chemotherapy. The patient,a 61-year-old woman,presented with macroscopic hematuria. A tumor was detected on the bladder dome and transurethral resection was performed. Histopathological findings indicated poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels were 3.5 ng/ml and 140 U/ml respectively. Magnetic resonance images indicated an extension of this tumor to the retroperioneal space. Metastasis to her right ischium was suspected from bone scintigraphy results. The tumor was diagnosed as stage IVB (Sheldon's category) urachal carcinoma. After one cycle of S-1/CDDP chemotherapy,the size of the tumor on the bladder dome decreased,after which total cystectomy was performed. The surgical margin of the cystectomy specimen was negative for malignant cells,although poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma was still observed in this specimen. The findings of this study indicate that this therapy might be beneficial for treating advanced urachal carcinomas. This is the second report of successful treatment of advanced urachal carcinoma with S-1/CDDP chemotherapy.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 08/2010; 56(8):447-51.
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    ABSTRACT: A 68-year-old man was referred to our hospital with complaints of palpation, hematemesis and melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a huge ulcer in the stomach, and based on biopsy findings, he was pathologically diagnosed as having diffuse large B-cell type malignant lymphoma. A computed tomographic scan demonstrated prostatic enlargement and swelling of the left external iliac lymph nodes. Since his serum PSA level was 13.0 ng/ml, prostatic needle biopsy was performed. Histological findings revealed diffuse large B-cell type malignant lymphoma and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of the prostate. The patient achieved complete response after eight cycles of combination chemotherapy with rituximab cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine and predonisolone. At the same time of chemotherapy, androgen deprivation therapy was initiated. The current his PSA level is 0.2 ng/ml or less.
    Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology 11/2009; 100(7):698-702.
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    ABSTRACT: A 69-year-old woman presented with macroscopic hematuria and severe anemia. Cystoscopy revealed flat edematous mucosa with continuous bleeding. Transurethral coagulation and a biopsy of the urinary bladder were performed. Histopathological examination of the biopsy revealed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type. Results of a computed tomography scan and gallium scintigraphy suggested that it was a primary malignant lymphoma of the urinary bladder. A urinary tract infection was found and she was treated with antibiotics for 2 weeks. Because of the detection of a Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection in the gastric mucosal biopsy specimens, the patient was subsequently administered HP eradication therapy. Consequently, the lymphoma disappeared and the woman has had no tumor recurrence for the past 25 months.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 01/2009; 54(12):783-6.
  • International Journal of Urology 01/2009; 181(4):518-519. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to determine the incidence of inguinal hernia (IH) after surgery for prostatic diseases. Medical records of 395 patients who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP; n = 155), open simple prostatectomy (OP; n = 35), or transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP; n = 205) at the Chibaken Saiseikai Narashino Hospital from April 2000 to March 2007 were retrospectively evaluated. The incidence of IH was 23.9% in the RRP group, 18.9% in the OP group, and 2% in the TURP group. Overall, 91.9% in the RRP and 83.3% in the OP group developed an IH within 2 years postoperatively. The laterality of IH after open surgery was mainly on the right side. Subclinical IH were seen in 25% of RRP cases. The existence of subclinical IH was the only significant risk factor for postoperative IH in this analysis. Furthermore, OP and RRP procedures significantly increased the risk of postoperative IH compared with TURP. The hernia-free ratios were significantly lower after RRP and OP than after TURP (vs RRP: P < 0.001; vs OP: P < 0.001). Our findings confirm that a lower abdominal incision itself is associated with postoperative IH in patients undergoing prostate surgery. Attention must be paid to pre-existing subclinical IH through careful preoperative assessment. Patients should be followed for more than 2 years due to the high incidence of postoperative IH.
    International Journal of Urology 01/2009; 16(1):110-3. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The heterodimeric complex composed of rBAT (related to b(0,+) amino acid transporter), a single-membrane-spanning glycosylated heavy chain, and b(0,+)AT, a putative 12-membrane-spanning non-glycosylated light chain, is an amino acid transporter that mediates the activity of system b(0,+), a major apical transport system for cystine and dibasic amino acids in renal proximal tubule and small intestine. The C-terminus of b(0,+)AT has been proposed to play an important role in the functional expression of the heterodimeric transporters. In the present study, to reveal the roles of the C-terminus, we analysed b(0,+)AT mutants whose C-termini were sequentially deleted or replaced by site-directed mutagenesis in polarized MDCKII (Madin-Darby canine kidney II), non-polarized HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney-293) and HeLa cells. Although the deletion of C-terminus of b(0,+)AT did not affect the formation of a heterodimer with rBAT, it resulted in the loss of apparent transport function, owing to the failure of the plasma-membrane targeting of rBAT-b(0,+)AT heterodimeric complex associated with incomplete glycosylation of rBAT. A motif-like sequence Val(480)-Pro(481)-Pro(482) was identified in the C-terminus of b(0,+)AT to be responsible for the C-terminus action in promoting the trafficking of rBAT-b(0,+)AT heterodimeric complex from the ER (endoplasmic reticulum) to Golgi apparatus. This is, to our knowledge, the first demonstration of the active contribution of the C-terminus of a light-chain subunit to the intracellular trafficking of heterodimeric transporters. Because the motif-like sequence Val(480)-Pro(481)-Pro(482) is well conserved among the C-termini of light-chain subunits, common regulatory mechanisms could be proposed among heterodimeric amino acid transporters.
    Biochemical Journal 12/2008; 417(2):441-8. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: From April 2005 to September 2007, 480 patients underwent transrectal prostate biopsy at our institution. The clinical data including age, serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) level, prostate volume and body mass index (BMI) were obtained, and the cancer detection rates and pathological findings were evaluated in 305 cases with a PSA concentration of 4.0 to 10.0 ng/ml. Prostate volume was calculated from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. The 305 patients were categorized according to their BMI into three groups (normal, less than 22 kg/m2 ; overweight, 22-25 kg/m2 ; and obese, more than 25 kg/m2). Cancer detection rates and histopathologic findings were compared between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was also performed. Prostate cancer was detected in 127 patients. No significant differences in BMI were observed between biopsy-positive and biopsy-negative cases (p = 0.965), and the detection rates of prostate cancer observed in the three groups were not significantly different. There was a significant association between BMI and the findings of high Gleason score (more than 4+3) (p = 0.048). BMI was not a contributory factor of prostate cancer detection for cases with intermediate PSA levels; however, patients with high BMI may have high-grade malignancy features.
    Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica 08/2008; 54(7):479-83.
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    ABSTRACT: A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of lower abdominal mass and weight loss. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging studies revealed a large tumor occupying the pelvis and expanding into inferior vena cava, which reached to the renal pedicle. Open biopsy was undergone under general anesthesia. Histopathological diagnosis was inflammatory fibrosarcoma. Five courses of chemotherapy including vincristine, actinomycin-D and cyclophosphamide (VAC) resulted in 35% reduction of the tumor volume in one direction, indicating that VAC could be an alternative effective therapy for inoperable inflammatory fibrosarcoma.
    Nippon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology 12/2006; 97(7):848-51.
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    ABSTRACT: Cystinuria is caused by the inherited defect of apical membrane transport systems for cystine and dibasic amino acids in renal proximal tubules. Mutations in either SLC7A9 or SLC3A1 gene result in cystinuria. The mutations of SLC7A9 gene have been identified mainly from Italian, Libyan Jewish, North American, and Spanish patients. In the present study, we have analyzed cystinuria cases from oriental population (mostly Japanese). Mutation analyses of SLC7A9 and SLC3A1 genes were performed on 41 cystinuria patients. The uptake of 14C-labeled cystine in COS-7 cells was measured to determine the functional properties of mutants. The protein expression and localization were examined by Western blot and confocal laser-scanning microscopy. Among 41 patients analyzed, 35 were found to possess mutations in SLC7A9. The most frequent one was a novel missense mutation P482L that affects a residue near the C-terminus end of the protein and causes severe loss of function. In MDCK II and HEK293 cells, we found that P482L protein was expressed and sorted to the plasma membrane as well as wild type. The alteration of Pro482 with amino acids with bulky side chains reduced the transport function of b(0,+)AT/BAT1. Interestingly, the mutations of SLC7A9 for Japanese cystinuria patients are different from those reported for European and American population. The results of the present study contribute toward understanding the distribution and frequency of cystinuria-related mutations of SLC7A9.
    Kidney International 05/2006; 69(7):1198-206. · 8.52 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

51 Citations
18.33 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2014
    • Chibaken Saiseikai Narashino Hospital
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 2006
    • Chiba University
      • Department of Urology
      Chiba-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan