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Publications (6)9.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Mice were exposed to starvation for 3 days. Body temperature and various parameters were examined. By starvation, body temperature, blood glucose and ACTH decreased, especially on days 2 and 3. The level of corticosterone increased at this time. On the other hand, the number of lymphocytes yielded by the liver, spleen and thymus decreased from day 1 to 3. The change of the distribution of lymphocyte subsets was unique because NK, NKT and extrathymic T cells were stress-resistant in the liver. Conventional T and B cells were stress-sensitive. Reflecting the increased proportion of NK and NKT cells, NK and NKT activities were augmented. The increased proportion of NKT cells produced both IFNgamma and IL-4 (Th0-type profile). The proportion and some functions of granulocytes and macrophages increased on Day 1 after starvation. These results suggest that starvation has a potential to increase the functions of unconventional lymphocytes and myeloid cells.
    Cellular Immunology 07/2009; 259(1):66-73. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of acute stress on the immune system was examined in mice. Restraint stress decreased the number of lymphocytes in the liver, whereas the number of lymphocytes remained unchanged in the spleen and thymus. In the liver, the decrease in number appeared at 1.5 h and fell to a third of he control level at 3 h. The proportions of IL-2Rbeta(+)CD3(int) cells, NKT cells, CD44(+) T cells and B cells were changed in the liver. The absolute numbers of IL-2Rbeta(+)CD3(int) cells, NKT cells and CD3(+)CD44(+) cells remained constant in the liver under the stress, while those of total T cells and NK cells decreased. The levels of hyaluronan (HA) in various tissues and sera were then examined. The expression of hyaluronan binding protein (HABP) was found to increase in the skin, liver and kidney as shown by immunohistochemical staining. An increase of HA in sera due to stress was seen at 3 h. The present results suggest that the activation of CD44(+) T cells and unconventional T cells (i.e., innate immunity) in the blood and the elevated levels of HA (ligand for CD44) in the tissues and blood are crucial responses to acute stress exposure.
    Biomedical Research 02/2009; 30(3):157-63. · 1.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mice were exposed to restraint stress for 3h. During this period, low body temperature (hypothermia, 39 degrees C-->less than 37 degrees C) and high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia, 150 mg/dl-->up to 220 mg/dl) were simultaneously induced. Reflecting a stress-induced phenomenon, blood levels of catecholamines increased at that time. Administration of adrenaline (alpha-stimulus), but neither noradrenaline (alpha but less than adrenaline) nor isoproterenol (beta), induced a similar stress-induced pattern of body temperature and blood glucose variations. This alpha-adrenergic effect was confirmed using alpha- and beta-blockers in adrenaline-induced hypothermia and hyperglycemia. By applying this alpha-stimulus, the effect on immunoparameters was then investigated. Stress-resistant lymphocyte populations were found to be NK cells, extrathymic T cells and NKT cells, especially in the liver. Functional assays showed that both NK-cell cytotoxicity and NKT-cell cytotoxicity were augmented by alpha-stimulus. These results suggest that alpha-stimulus is one of the important factors in the stress-induced phenomenon and that it eventually produces hypothermia, hyperglycemia and innate-immunity activation seen during stress.
    Immunology Letters 01/2008; 115(1):43-9. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Since high levels of hyperthermia induce immunosuppression to a certain extent (i.e., granulocytosis and lymphocytopenia) in patients, we applied mild hyperthermia in volunteers using equipment enabling well-controlled hyperthermia. Restricted control of rectal temperature at 39.4 (+/- 0.2) degrees C for 30 min was conducted and various parameters of the body were examined. The most prominent change observed during exposure to hyperthermia was elevated levels of pH and PO(2) in the blood, even in the venous blood. A transient elevation of ACTH, cortisol and growth hormone in the blood was also seen during this time. In parallel with this phenomenon, the number of total lymphocytes and those of its subsets (especially CD57(+) or CD56(+) NK cells and NKT cells) increased. More interestingly, the proportion of HLA-DR (MHC class II antigens) increased in NK and NKT cells, and their intensity on the surface of CD20(+) B cells increased. These results suggest that mild hyperthermia is important for modulation of the functions of the circulatory, endocrine and immune systems.
    Biomedical Research 07/2007; 28(3):119-25. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mushroom (shiitake) extracts were dispersed with lecithin micelles to prepare superfine particles (0.05 to 0.2 microm in diameter) of beta-1,3-glucan (micellary mushroom extracts). When mice were fed with these micelles of beta-glucan (0.75 mg/day/mouse, smaller amounts of beta-glucan), the number of lymphocytes yielded by the small intestine increased by up to 40%. More interestingly, the ratio of CD8alphabeta(+)TCRalphabeta(+) cells/CD8alphaalpha(+)TCRalphabeta(+) cells increased prominently. In parallel with this deviation in the distribution of lymphocyte subsets, tumor cytotoxicity against P815 cells and cytokine productions were also augmented. In other words, phylogenetically developed lymphocytes (CD8alphabeta(+), TCRalphabeta(+)) were much more effectively activated by the oral administration of micellary beta-glucan. These results suggest that smaller amounts of micellary beta-glucan might be useful for the potentiation of intestinal immunity.
    Biomedical Research 05/2007; 28(2):71-7. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of low-dose irradiation on the immune system was investigated in mice. When a 0.2 Gy dose of X-ray irradiation was administered every other day for a total of four times, the number of lymphocytes yielded by the liver, spleen and thymus decreased at the initial stage (around day 10). At this stage, NK cells, extrathymic T cells and NKT cells were found to be radioresistant. In other words, conventional lymphocytes were radiosensitive, even in the case of low-dose irradiation. However, the number of lymphocytes in all tested immune organs increased beyond the control level at the recovery stage (around day 28). Enumeration of the absolute number of lymphocyte subsets showed that the most prominently expanding populations were NK cells, extrathymic T cells and NKT cells, especially in the liver where primordial lymphocytes are primarily present. Functional and phenotypic activation of these populations also occurred at the recovery stage. It raised a possibility that an initial activation of macrophages by low-dose irradiation then mediated the present phenomenon. These results suggest that low-dose irradiation eventually has the potential to induce a hormesis effect on the immune system.
    Cellular Immunology 12/2006; 244(1):50-6. · 1.74 Impact Factor