Yeon-Jung Kim

Catholic University of Korea, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (4)8.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II expression is critical for the presentation of antigens in the immune response to viral infection. Consequently, some viruses regulate the MHC class II-mediated presentation of viral antigens as a mechanism of immune escape. In this study, we found that Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection transiently increased IK expression, which reduced the expression of MHC class II (I-A/I-E) on splenic B cells. Interestingly, CVB3-induced IK elevated cAMP, a downstream molecule of the G protein-coupled receptors, which inhibited MHC class II presentation on B cells. Transgenic mice expressing truncated IK showed lower expression of MHC class II on B cells than did wild-type mice after CVB3 infection. Taken together, these results imply that IK plays a role in downregulating MHC class II expression on B cells during CVB3 infection through the induction of cAMP.
    Viral immunology 02/2013; 26(1):13-24. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to systemically investigate the possibility of using coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) to deliver foreign genes in vivo, a recombinant strain of CVB3 encoding the renilla gene (CVB3- renilla) was constructed. The recombinant CVB3 resulted in extensive and transient expression of the renilla protein within mouse organs, especially the pancreas. The level of expression was generally dependent upon the viral titer present. Moreover, the CVB3-renilla strain was completely attenuated. Interestingly, the recombinant CVB3 vector was expressed much more strongly in mouse organs than was a comparable adenoviral vector. The CVB3-renilla strain did not express the renilla gene in mice with pre-existing coxsackievirus-specific neutralizing antibodies, but direct organ-specific administration of the virus during openperitoneum surgery was able to circumvent this immunity. This coxsackievirus vector may represent a useful means for delivering and expressing foreign genes in mouse models in an acute and extensive fashion.
    Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 04/2009; 19(3):307-13. · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) is a common agent of viral myocarditis, a major cause of sudden cardiac death, and ultimately dilated cardiomyopathy. However, there is no vaccine in clinical use. In this study, we identified the conserved amino acid sequences in the C-terminal region of the VP2 of the coxsackievirus B group and some echoviruses. The mutant virus, YYFF, with phenylalanines substituted for two tyrosines in these conserved sequences was highly attenuated in vivo and could induce a high neutralizing antibody titer and a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte response against CVB3. Thereby, mutant-virus-immunized mice showed a 100% survival rate and protection against inflammation of the heart and pancreas after lethal dose challenge. Thus, this mutant virus is a good candidate for an attenuated CVB3 vaccine.
    Vaccine 02/2009; 27(13):1974-83. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Coxsackieviruses are important human pathogens that induce myocarditis and pancreatitis. However, there are no vaccines or therapeutic reagents for their clinical treatment. Although RNA interference (RNAi)-based approaches to the prevention of viral production have been developed recently, limitations to the in vivo delivery systems and variations in the viral target sequences still hamper the strategy. In this study, to overcome these limitations, we have constructed recombinant lentivirus-delivered short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) against sequences in highly conserved cis-acting replication element (CRE) within the 2C protein of coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3), designated MET-2C. A recombinant lentivirus, designated Met-2C lenti, was constructed that contains the MET-2C sequence, which acts as a shRNA. Met-2C lenti clearly reduced viral production in CVB3-infected cells in vitro. Moreover, the mice injected intraperitoneally with Met-2C lenti had significant reductions in viral titers, viral myocarditis, and proinflammatory cytokines after challenge with CVB3, compared with those in GFP lenti infected control mice. Moreover, Met-2C lenti improved survival rate compared with that of the GFP lenti infected control group. Therefore, Met-2C lenti is potentially a clinical therapeutic agent for the treatment of viral myocarditis.
    Virus Genes 03/2008; 36(1):141-6. · 1.84 Impact Factor