Jiro Sakamoto

RIKEN, Вако, Saitama, Japan

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Publications (27)15.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Kyphotic deformity associated with vertebral fracture is believed to be a significant risk factor for additional vertebral fractures. However, previously published research is limited. To estimate the biomechanical stresses that kyphotic deformity, with an initial vertebral fracture, places on adjacent vertebrae using three dimensional finite element(FE)of the spine, head and ribs. Basic Science METHODS: The authors received no institutional or private funding sources for this study; there are no specific conflicts of interest and associated biases in this study. Total Human Model for Safety, a three dimensional FE model of the human body, was used and adjusted to represent an elderly osteoporotic female. The twelfth thoracic vertebra(T12), which is a frequent site of osteoporotic vertebral fractures, was transformed to a wedge shape at 0°, 10° and 20° to create normal model, a 10° kyphosis model and a 20° kyphosis model. Additionally compensated postures were created for the 10° kyphosis and 20° kyphosis models. Thus, five models were created: A) a normal model; B) a 10° kyphosis model; C) a 20° kyphosis model; D) a 10° kyphosis model with compensated posture; E) a 20° kyphosis model with compensated posture. Compressive principal stresses (CPS) on T1 to L5 in each model were calculated. The highest CPS value was 7.78 MPa placed on the anterior part of the T10 vertebra in the 20° kyphosis model. In the 20° kyphosis model, the higher CPS values showed bimodal peaks at T6, 7 in the midthoracic spine and T10, 11 in the two superior adjacent vertebrae. The maximum CPS values in the A, B, C, D and E models at T10 were 3.12 MPa, 6.74 MPa, 7.78 MPa, 6.61 MPa and 5.78 MPa. At T11 they were 1.70 MPa, 4.41 MPa, 6.45 MPa, 4.07 MPa and 4.79 MPa. The existence of an initial vertebral fracture at T12 caused an increase in stress on adjacent vertebrae. Higher CPS values showed bimodal peaks in midthoracic vertebrae and in two superior adjacent vertebrae when T12 was transformed to a wedge-shape in the 20° kyphosis model. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society 11/2014; · 2.90 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Biomechanical Science and Engineering 01/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis can lead to bone compressive fractures in the lower lumbar vertebrae. In order to assess the recovery of vertebral strength during drug treatment for osteoporosis, it is necessary not only to measure the bone mass but also to perform patient-specific mechanical analyses, since the strength of osteoporotic vertebrae is strongly dependent on patient-specific factors, such as bone shape and bone density distribution in cancellous bone, which are related to stress distribution in the vertebrae. In the present study, patient-specific general (not voxel) finite element analyses of osteoporotic vertebrae during drug treatment were performed over time. We compared changes in bone density and compressive principal strain distribution in a relative manner using models for the first lumbar vertebra based on computer tomography images of four patients at three time points (before therapy, and after 6 and 12 months of therapy). The patient-specific mechanical analyses indicated that increases in bone density and decreases in compressive principal strain were significant in some osteoporotic vertebrae. The data suggested that the vertebrae were strengthened structurally and the drug treatment was effective in preventing compression fractures. The effectiveness of patient-specific mechanical analyses for providing useful and important information for the prognosis of osteoporosis is demonstrated.
    Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials. 01/2010; 3(1):31-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Hip resurfacing is becoming a popular procedure for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head. However, the biomechanical changes that occur after femoral resurfacing have not been fully investigated with respect to the individual extent of the necrosis. In this study, we evaluated biomechanical changes at various extents of necrosis and implant alignments using the finite element analysis method. We established 3 patterns of necrosis by depth from the surface of femoral head and 5 stem angles. For these models, we evaluated biomechanical changes associated with the extent of necrosis and the stem alignment. Our results indicate that stress distribution near the bone-cement interface increased with expansion of the necrosis. The maximum stress on the prosthesis was decreased with stem angles ranging from 130° to 140°. The peak stress of cement increased as the stem angle became varus. This study indicates that resurfacing arthroplasty will have adverse biomechanical effects when there is a large extent of osteonecrosis and excessive varus or valgus implantation of the prosthesis.
    The Journal of arthroplasty 10/2009; 25(8):1282-9. · 1.79 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Computational Science and Technology 01/2008; 2(4):609-619.
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    ABSTRACT: Closing-opening correction (COC) osteotomy is a useful procedure for severe angular kyphosis. However, there is no previous research on the reconstructed vertebrae with kyphotic malalignment in the presence of osteoporosis. Finite-element (FE) analysis was performed to estimate the biomechanical stress with both osteoporotic grades and corrective kyphotic angles during COC osteotomy for osteoporotic angular kyphosis. FE models of COC osteotomy were created by changing three major parameters: (1) grade of osteoporosis; (2) kyphotic angle; and (3) compensated posture when standing still. Osteoporosis was graded at four levels: A, normal (nonosteoporotic); B, low-grade osteoporosis; C, middle-grade osteoporosis; D, high-grade osteoporosis. The kyphotic angle ranged from 0 degrees as normal to 15 degrees and 30 degrees as moderate and severe kyphosis, respectively. FE analyses were performed with and without assumed compensated posture in kyphotic models of 15 degrees and 30 degrees . Along each calculated axis of gravity, a 427.4-N load was applied to evaluate the maximum compressive principal stress (CPS) for each model. The CPS values for the vertebral element were the highest at the anterior element of T10 in all FE models. The maximum CPS at T10 increased based on the increases in both the grade of osteoporosis and the kyphotic angle. Compensated posture made the maximum CPS value decrease in the 15 degrees and 30 degrees kyphotic models. The highest CPS value was 40.6 MPa in the high-grade osteoporosis (group D) model with a kyphotic angle of 30 degrees . With the normal (nonosteoporotic) group A, the maximum CPS at T10 was relatively low. With middle- and high-grade osteoporosis (groups C and D, respectively), the maximum CPS at T10 was relatively high with or without compensated posture, except for the 0 degrees model. Lack of correction in osteoporotic kyphosis leads to an increase in CPS. This biomechanical study proved the advantage of correcting the kyphotic angle to as close as possible to physiological alignment in the thoracolumbar spine, especially in patients with high-grade osteoporosis.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Science 08/2007; 12(4):354-60. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Biomechanics - J BIOMECH. 01/2007; 40.
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    ABSTRACT: Bisphosphonate prevents the fracture by controlling the function of osteoclasts and inhibiting bone absorption powerfully for osteoporosis. It is shown clinically that both alendronate and risedronate reduce postmenopausal osteoporosis patient's vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. Recently it became clear that bisphosphonate not only reduces bone absorption, but also improves bone quality such as bone microarchitecture and material properties. Furthermore, we showed using finite element analysis that internal use of bisphosphonate reduces strain of the cancellous bone inside vertebral body within one year, and notably decreases the region of high strain which is easy to break. Internal use of bisphosphonate improves the bone density distribution inside vertebral body, and strengthens the structure of load support of the spine. The structural improvement of spine leads to prevention of fracture.
    Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine 10/2006; 64(9):1651-6.
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    ABSTRACT: A finite-element study of posterior alone or anterior/posterior combined instrumentation following total spondylectomy and replacement with a titanium mesh cage used as an anterior strut. To compare the effect of posterior instrumentation versus anterior/posterior instrumentation on transmission of the stress to grafted bone inside a titanium mesh cage following total spondylectomy. The most recent reconstruction techniques following total spondylectomy for malignant spinal tumor include a titanium mesh cage filled with autologous bone as an anterior strut. The need for additional anterior instrumentation with posterior pedicle screws and rods is controversial. Transmission of the mechanical stress to grafted bone inside a titanium mesh cage is important for fusion and remodeling. To our knowledge, there are no published reports comparing the load-sharing properties of the different reconstruction methods following total spondylectomy. A 3-dimensional finite-element model of the reconstructed spine (T10-L4) following total spondylectomy at T12 was constructed. A Harms titanium mesh cage (DePuy Spine, Raynham, MA) was positioned as an anterior replacement, and 3 types of the reconstruction methods were compared: (1) multilevel posterior instrumentation (MPI) (i.e., posterior pedicle screws and rods at T10-L2 without anterior instrumentation); (2) MPI with anterior instrumentation (MPAI) (i.e., MPAI [Kaneda SR; DePuy Spine] at T11-L1); and (3) short posterior and anterior instrumentation (SPAI) (i.e., posterior pedicle screws and rods with anterior instrumentation at T11-L1). The mechanical energy stress distribution exerted inside the titanium mesh cage was evaluated and compared by finite-element analysis for the 3 different reconstruction methods. Simulated forces were applied to give axial compression, flexion, extension, and lateral bending. In flexion mode, the energy stress distribution in MPI was higher than 3.0 x 10 MPa in 73.0% of the total volume inside the titanium mesh cage, while 38.0% in MPAI, and 43.3% in SPAI. In axial compression and extension modes, there were no remarkable differences for each reconstruction method. In left-bending mode, there was little stress energy in the cancellous bone inside the titanium mesh cage in MPAI and SPAI. This experiment shows that from the viewpoint of stress shielding, the reconstruction method, using additional anterior instrumentation with posterior pedicle screws (MPAI and SPAI), stress shields the cancellous bone inside the titanium mesh cage to a higher degree than does the system using posterior pedicle screw fixation alone (MPI). Thus, a reconstruction method with no anterior fixation should be better at allowing stress for remodeling of the bone graft inside the titanium mesh cage.
    Spine 01/2006; 30(24):2783-7. · 2.16 Impact Factor
  • Juhachi Oda, Jiro Sakamoto, Kenichi Sakano
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    ABSTRACT: A woodpecker strikes its beak toward a tree repeatedly. But, the damage of brain or the brain concussion doesn't occur by this action. Human cannot strike strongly the head without the damage of a brain. Therefore, it is predicted that the brain of a woodpecker is protected from the shock by some methods and that the woodpecker has the original mechanism to absorb a shock. In this study, the endoskeltal structure, especially head part structure of woodpecker is dissected and the impact-proof system is analyzed by FEM and model experiment. From the results, it is obvious that the woodpecker has the original impact-proof system as the unique states of hyoid bone, skull, tissue and brain. Moreover it is considered that woodpecker has the advanced impact-proof system relating with not only the head part but also with the whole body.
    JSME International Journal Series A 01/2006; 49(3):390-396. · 0.30 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Biomechanics - J BIOMECH. 01/2006; 39.
  • Daisuke Tawara, Jiro Sakamoto, Juhachi Oda
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    ABSTRACT: Mechanical property of bone is inhomogeneous and its variation depends on individual. It influences on the total stiffness and stress condition of the bone. Therefore, mechanical analysis considering inhomogeneous property is necessary for patients oriented evaluation of bone in clinic. If the finite element method is used, the inhomogeneous analysis is possible by giving a material property to an element one by one. So that, extreme fine meshing is required. In this study, we improved the ``ADVENTURE system'', which had developed by JSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) as a large-scale finite element analysis system, to be applicable to stress analysis of inhomogeneous bone problems. We applied the improved program to a composite beam model with graded material property and ensured its validity by comparing between the theoretical and calculated results. Furthermore, it was applied to stress analysis of proximal femur based on CT images and its efficiency was discussed.
    Nihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A 01/2005; 48(2):292-298.
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    ABSTRACT: The stresses exerted on the instrumentation and adjacent bone were evaluated for three reconstruction methods after a total sacrectomy: a modified Galveston reconstruction (MGR), a triangular frame reconstruction (TFR), and a novel reconstruction (NR). To perform finite-element analysis of reconstruction methods used after a total sacrectomy. When a sacral tumor involves the first sacral vertebra, a total sacrectomy is necessary. It is mandatory to reconstruct the continuity between the spine and the pelvis after a total sacrectomy. However, no previous reports have described a biomechanical study of the reconstructed lumbosacral spine. A finite-element model of the lumbar spine and pelvis was constructed. Then three-dimensional MGR, TFR, and NR models were reconstructed, and a finite-element analysis was performed to account for the stresses on the bones and instrumentation. With excessive stress concentrated at the spinal rod in MGR, there is a strong possibility that the rod between the spine and the pelvis may fail. Although there was no stress concentration on the instruments in TFR, excessive stress on the iliac bones around the sacral rod was above the yield stress of the iliac bone. Such stress may cause a loosening of the sacral rod from the iliac bone. In NR, excessive stress concentration was not detected in the rod or the bones. This reconstruction has a low risk of instrument failure and loosening. If the patient were to stand or sit immediately after MGR or TFR instrumentation, failure or loosening may occur. The NR has a low risk of instrument failure and loosening after a total sacrectomy.
    Spine 08/2003; 28(14):1567-72. · 2.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: When a sacral tumor involves the first sacral vertebra, total sacrectomy is necessary. It is mandatory to reconstruct the continuity between the spine and the pelvis after total sacrectomy. In this study, strain and stress on the instruments and the bones were evaluated for two reconstruction methods: a modified Galveston reconstruction (MGR) and a triangular frame reconstruction (TFR). Compressive loading tests were performed using polyurethane vertebral models, and a finite element model of a lumbar spine and pelvis was constructed. Then three-dimensional MGR and TFR models were reconstructed, and finite element analysis was performed to account for the stress on the bones and instruments. With MGR, excessive stress was concentrated at the spinal rod, and there was a strong possibility that the rod between the spine and the pelvis might fail. Although there was no stress concentration on the instruments with TFR, excessive stress on the iliac bone around the sacral rod was more than the yielding stress of the iliac bone. Such stress may cause loosening of the sacral rod from the iliac bone. If the patient were to stand or sit immediately after MGR or TFR, instrumentation failure or loosening might occur.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Science 02/2002; 7(6):658-64. · 0.96 Impact Factor
  • JSME International Journal Series C 01/2001; · 0.12 Impact Factor
  • JSME International Journal Series A 01/2001; · 0.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Total sacrectomy is the most efficient surgical treatment for preventing the recurrence of malignant sacral tumors. This treatment requires a reconstructed structure as a replacement for the sacrum, which can support the weight of the upper body. On the other hand, large components cannot be used to reconstruct the structure because of the risk of infection. Therefore, the reconstructed structures of the sacrum must be designed under the severe requirement of the ability of support a heavy weight with minimum structural components. Although several designs of reconstructed structures, in which the lumber vertebrae are connected to the pelvis by metal rods, bars and screws, have been proposed, the size and layout of the instruments have depended on only constraints due to operative procedures, not mechanical considerations. The reliability of the reconstructed structures has been proved empirically, but quantitative evaluations of rigidity and mechanical stress have not been sufficient. In this study, finite-element analyses of two types of reconstruction, which are applied in clinical use, were carried out to obtain stress distribution and total deformation. Advantages and disadvantages of the reconstructed structures were discussed by comparing the results. Furthermore, an improved reconstructed structure was proposed and its mechanical effectiveness was examined by finite-element analysis and a model experiment.
    JSME International Journal Series C 01/2001; · 0.12 Impact Factor
  • Juhachi Oda, Jiro Sakamoto
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    ABSTRACT: A special finite-element method for multiple laminated structure, previously proposed by the authors, is presented here. It can provide attractive results without three-dimensional finite-element discretization and can be applied to electronic packaging problems. The thermal stress analysis of the basic IC model, the practical IC model with lead fingers and the electronic printed board with solder bump joints are selected as the problems to deal with, and analyzed in detail.From the results of the basic IC model, the influences of varying chip size and package thickness for the stress distributions, are presented. The causes of failure for the real IC device are presented from the results of the practical IC model. In addition, influences of the solder joint arrangements for the thermal stresses are presented from the results of the electronic printed board with solder bump joints.
    Finite Elements in Analysis and Design 01/1998; 30(1):147-162. · 1.39 Impact Factor
  • Jiro Sakamoto, Juhachi Oda
    36th Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference; 04/1995
  • Koetsu Yamazaki, Jiro Sakamoto, Masami Kitano
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    ABSTRACT: A practical design sensitivity calculation technique of displacements and stresses for three-dimensional bodies based on the direct differentiation method of discrete boundary integral equations is formulated in detail. Then the sensitivity calculation technique is applied to determine optimum shapes of minimum weight subjected to stress constraints, where an approximated subproblem is constructed repeatedly and solved sequentially by the mathematical programming method. The shape optimization technique suggested here is applied to determine optimum shapes of a cavity in a cube and a connecting rod.
    AIAA Journal 05/1994; 32:1295-1301. · 1.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

101 Citations
15.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010
    • RIKEN
      Вако, Saitama, Japan
  • 1991–2010
    • Kanazawa University
      • • Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology
      • • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
      • • Department of Human and Mechanical Systems Engineering
      Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan