[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect and mechanism of capillarisin from Artemisia capillaris (A. capillaris) on rabbit penile corpus cavernosum (PCC). The pre-contracted New Zealand White rabbit (2.5-3.0 kg) penis with phenylephrine (Phe; 10⁻⁵ M) was treated with various concentrations of ethanol extract of A. capillaris (0.1, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg/mL) and capillarisin, the active component of A. capillaris (10⁻⁷, 10⁻⁶, 10⁻⁵ and 10⁻⁴ M). Capillarisin was also applied to PCC tissues contracted with Phe, which were pre-incubated with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5 Is). Cyclic nucleotides in the perfusate were measured by radioimmunoassay. The tissues were pre-incubated with Nω nitro-l-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME, 10⁻³ M) and 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ, 10⁻⁵ M) to block nitric oxide (NO) synthase and guanylate cyclase, respectively. Capillarisin induced penile relaxation and enhanced PDE5 Is-induced relaxation. Capillarisin increased cGMP and cAMP in the perfusate. The application of capillarisin on PCC pre-treated with L-NAME and ODQ significantly inhibited the relaxation. Capillarisin exerts the relaxing effect on PCC by activating the NO-cGMP and adenylyl cAMP signaling pathways and may become an alternative medicine for patients who want to use natural products to improve erectile function or do not completely respond to PDE5 Is.
Phytotherapy Research 11/2011; 26(6):800-5. · 2.07 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: What's known on the subject? And what does the study add? Schisandra chinensis extract (SCE) has been known to have relaxative effects on penile smooth muscle. A recent study showed that SCE could enhance slidenafil citrate-induced relaxation of penile corpus cavernosum. The current study investigated the mechanism of action of SCE and its constituents on corporal smooth muscle cells. And this study shows that SCE induced relaxation of CSM primarily through an endothelium independent pathway and the relaxation effects of SCE on corporal smooth muscle are, in part, due to the activation of K(+) channels and inhibition of TRPC6 channels, resulting in decreased [Ca(2+)].
• To evaluate the relaxant effects of Schisandra chinensis extract (SCE) on corporal tissue in the penis and to investigate the mechanism of action of SCE and its constituents on corporal smooth muscle (CSM) cells.
• The fruit of SC was collected and extracted with ethanol. Six SC lignans (schisandrol A, schisandrol B, schisandrin A, schisandrin B, gomisin N, and schisandrin C) were isolated and purified, and the chemical structures were confirmed by (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and (13)C-NMR data. • Isolated rabbit CSM strips were mounted in an organ-bath system, and the effects of SCE were evaluated. • To estimate the intracellular Ca(2+) level ([Ca(2+)](i)), we used a Fura-2 fluorescent technique, and a conventional whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to measure the calcium-sensitive K(+) channels (K(Ca)), inward rectifier K(+) channels (K(IR)), and canonical transient receptor potential cation channel 6 (TRPC6) currents.
• SCE induced concentration-dependent relaxation in contracted CSM tissue, and the removal of the endothelium did not significantly affect their relaxation potencies. • In CSM cells, extracellular application of SCE significantly increased whole-cell K(Ca) currents (117.4%) and K(IR) currents (110.0%). These effects were completely abolished by charybdotoxin or BaCl(2). • In contrast, carbachol-induced TRPC6 channel activity was significantly inhibited (87.3%) by SCE in green fluorescent protein-TRPC6 pcDNA transfected HEK 293 cells. [Ca(2+)](i) measurements showed that SCE effectively reduced basal [Ca(2+)](i) in both cell lines (CSM cells and A7r5 cells) and the [Arg8]-vasopressin (AVP)-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase in A7r5 cells. • Among the six SC lignans, schisandrin A and schisandrin B most effectively attenuated the AVP-induced [Ca(2+)](i) increase.
• SCE induced relaxation of CSM that occurred primarily via an endothelium-independent pathway. • The relaxation effects of SCE on CSM were, in part, due to the activation of K(+) channels and inhibition of TRPC6 channels, resulting in decreased [Ca(2+)](i).
BJU International 09/2011; 109(9):1404-13. · 3.05 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: SK&F 96365 has been widely used as an inhibitor of transient receptor potential (TRP) calcium channels in various physiological settings. However, growing evidence suggests that SK&F 96365 affects several cellular and molecular processes via uncharacterized off-target mechanisms. In this study, we showed that SK&F 96365 induces apoptosis and autophagy in A7r5 vascular smooth muscle cells. The combined suppression of apoptosis and autophagy provoked necrosis rather than rescued cell death in the cells treated with SK&F 96365. In addition, we found that SK&F 96365 inhibits Akt–mTOR signaling pathways, which is comparable with the efficacy of other known Akt inhibitors. Our findings suggest that SK&F 96365 can be a useful agent for delineating the molecular mechanisms underlying crosstalk among cell death pathways.Highlights► SK&F 96365 induces apoptosis and autophagy. ► Combined suppression of SK&F 96365-induced apoptosis and autophagy provokes necrosis. ► SK&F 96365 inhibits Akt–mTOR signaling pathways.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research 07/2011; 1813(12):2157-2164. · 4.81 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels are Ca(2+)-permeable, nonselective cation channels that are widely expressed in numerous cell types. Here, we demonstrate a new mechanism of TPRC isofom 5 (TRPC5) regulation, via cAMP signaling via Gα(s). Monovalent cation currents in human embryonic kidney-293 cells transfected with TRPC5 were induced by G protein activation with intracellular perfusion of GTPγS or by muscarinic stimulation. This current could be inhibited by a membrane-permeable analog of cAMP, 8-bromo-cAMP, by isoproterenol, by a constitutively active form of Gα(s) [Gα(s) (Q227L)], and by forskolin. These inhibitory effects were blocked by the protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitors, KT-5720 and H-89, as well as by two point mutations at consensus PKA phosphorylation sites on TRPC5 (S794A and S796A). Surface expression of several mutated versions of TRPC5, quantified using surface biotinylation, were not affected by Gα(s) (Q227L), suggesting that trafficking of this channel does not underlie the regulation we report. This mechanism of inhibition was also found to be important for the closely related channel, TRPC4, in particular for TRPC4α, although TRPC4β was also affected. However, this form of regulation was not found to be involved in TRPC6 and transient receptor potential vanilloid 6 function. In murine intestinal smooth muscle cells, muscarinic stimulation-induced cation currents were mediated by TRPC4 (>80%) and TRPC6. In murine intestinal smooth muscle cells, 8-bromo-cAMP, adrenaline, and isoproterenol decreased nonselective cation currents activated by muscarinic stimulation or GTPγS. Together, these results suggest that TRPC5 is directly phosphorylated by G(s)/cAMP/PKA at positions S794 and S796. This mechanism may be physiologically important in visceral tissues, where muscarinic receptor and β(2)-adrenergic receptor are involved in the relaxation and contraction of smooth muscles.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ginseng was known to be an effective natural product that enhances penile erection. However, the precise biological function and mechanisms of action of ginseng with regard to erectile function remain unknown. The principal objective of this study was to identify ginsenoside (principal molecular ingredients of ginseng)-induced activation of large-conductance K(Ca) channel in human corporal smooth muscle cells, and to determine ginseng's mechanism of action on penile erection. Electrophysiological studies using cultured human corporal smooth muscle cells were conducted. We evaluated the effects of total ginsenosides (TGS) and ginsenoside Rg3 on large-conductance K(Ca) channel by determining whole-cell currents and single-channel activities. There was an increase in outward current dependent on TGS concentration (at +60 mV, 1 μg ml(-1); 168.3±59.3%, n=6, P<0.05, 10 μg ml(-1); 173.2±36.8%, n=4, P<0.05, 50 μg ml(-1); 295.3±62.3%, n=19, P<0.001, 100 μg ml(-1); and 462.3±97.1%, n=5, P<0.001) and Rg3 concentration (at +60 mV, 1 μM (0.78 μg ml(-1)); 222.8±64.8%, n=11, P<0.0001, 10 μM; 672.6±137.1%, n=10, P<0.0001, 50 μM; and 1713.3±234.7%, n=15, P<0.001) in the solution that was blocked completely by tetraethylammonium (TEA). Channel opening in cell-attached mode and channel activity in the inside-out membrane patches was also increased significantly by 50 μg of TGS or 10 μM of Rg3. The results of this study suggested that the activation of large-conductance K(Ca) channels by ginsenoside could be one mechanism of ginsenoside-induced relaxation in corporal smooth muscle.
International journal of impotence research 06/2011; 23(5):193-9. · 2.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ginsenosides play a role in a number of physiological and pharmacological functions in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study was to clarify the potential role for transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels in ginsenoside Rg3-inhibited growth and survival of AGS cells, the most common human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line. The AGS cells were treated with varying concentrations of Rg3. Sub-G1 analysis, caspase-3 activity and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage analysis were conducted to determine whether AGS cell death occurs by apoptosis. TRPM7 channel blockers (La(3+) or 2-APB) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were used in this study to confirm the role of TRPM7 channels. Furthermore, TRPM7 channels were over-expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells to identify the role of TRPM7 channels in AGS cell growth and survival. The addition of Rg3 to the culture medium inhibited AGS growth and survival. Experimental results showed sub-G1 was markedly increased, caspase-3 activity was elevated, and degree of PARP cleavage was increased. TRPM7 channel blockade, either by La(3+) or 2-APB or by suppressing TRPM7 expression with siRNA, blocked the Rg3-induced inhibition of cell growth and survival. Furthermore, TRPM7 channel over-expression in HEK 293 cells exacerbated Rg3-induced cell death. These findings indicate that ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits the growth and survival of gastric cancer cell which is because of the blockade of TRPM7 channel activity. Therefore, TRPM7 channels may play an important role in the survival of gastric cancer.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the role of prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α))) on pacemaker activity in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) from mouse small intestine.
In this study, effects of PGF(2α) in the cultured ICC cells were investigated with patch clamp technology combined with Ca(2+) image analysis.
Externally applied PGF(2α) (10 μmol/L) produced membrane depolarization in current-clamp mode and increased tonic inward pacemaker currents in voltage-clamp mode. The application of flufenamic acid (a non-selective cation channel inhibitor) or niflumic acid (a Cl(-) channel inhibitor) abolished the generation of pacemaker currents but only flufenamic acid inhibited the PGF(2α)-induced tonic inward currents. In addition, the tonic inward currents induced by PGF(2α) were not inhibited by intracellular application of 5'-[-thio]diphosphate trilithium salt. Pretreatment with Ca(2+) free solution, U-73122, an active phospholipase C inhibitor, and thapsigargin, a Ca(2+)-ATPase inhibitor in endoplasmic reticulum, abolished the generation of pacemaker currents and suppressed the PGF(2α)-induced tonic inward currents. However, chelerythrine or calphostin C, protein kinase C inhibitors, did not block the PGF(2α)-induced effects on pacemaker currents. When recording intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) concentration using fluo-3/AM, PGF(2α) broadly increased the spontaneous [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations.
These results suggest that PGF(2α) can modulate pacemaker activity of ICC by acting non-selective action channels through phospholipase C-dependent pathway via [Ca(2+)]i regulation.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2011; 17(9):1143-51. · 2.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fluid and HCO(3)(-) secretion are fundamental functions of epithelia and determine bodily fluid volume and ionic composition, among other things. Secretion of ductal fluid and HCO(3)(-) in secretory glands is fueled by Na(+)/HCO(3)(-) cotransport mediated by basolateral solute carrier family 4 member 4 (NBCe1-B) and by Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange mediated by luminal solute carrier family 26, member 6 (Slc26a6) and CFTR. However, the mechanisms governing ductal secretion are not known. Here, we have shown that pancreatic ductal secretion in mice is suppressed by silencing of the NBCe1-B/CFTR activator inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) receptor-binding protein released with IP(3) (IRBIT) and by inhibition of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1). In contrast, silencing the with-no-lysine (WNK) kinases and Ste20-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) increased secretion. Molecular analysis revealed that the WNK kinases acted as scaffolds to recruit SPAK, which phosphorylated CFTR and NBCe1-B, reducing their cell surface expression. IRBIT opposed the effects of WNKs and SPAK by recruiting PP1 to the complex to dephosphorylate CFTR and NBCe1-B, restoring their cell surface expression, in addition to stimulating their activities. Silencing of SPAK and IRBIT in the same ducts rescued ductal secretion due to silencing of IRBIT alone. These findings stress the pivotal role of IRBIT in epithelial fluid and HCO(3)(-) secretion and provide a molecular mechanism by which IRBIT coordinates these processes. They also have implications for WNK/SPAK kinase-regulated processes involved in systemic fluid homeostasis, hypertension, and cystic fibrosis.
The Journal of clinical investigation 03/2011; 121(3):956-65. · 15.39 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Members of the SLC26 family of anion transporters mediate the transport of diverse molecules ranging from halides to carboxylic acids and can function as coupled transporters or as channels. A unique feature of the two members of the family, Slc26a3 and Slc26a6, is that they can function as both obligate coupled and mediate an uncoupled current, in a channel-like mode, depending on the transported anion. To identify potential features that control the two modes of transport, we performed in silico modeling of Slc26a6, which suggested that the closest potential fold similarity of the Slc26a6 transmembrane domains is to the CLC transporters, despite their minimal sequence identity. Examining the predicted Slc26a6 fold identified a highly conserved glutamate (Glu(-); Slc26a6(E357)) with the predicted spatial orientation similar to that of the CLC-ec1 E148, which determines coupled or uncoupled transport by CLC-ec1. This raised the question of whether the conserved Glu(-) in Slc26a6(E357) and Slc26a3(E367) have a role in the unique transport modes by these transporters. Reversing the Glu(-) charge in Slc26a3 and Slc26a6 resulted in the inhibition of all modes of transport. However, most notably, neutralizing the charge in Slc26a6(E357A) eliminated all forms of coupled transport without affecting the uncoupled current. The Slc26a3(E367A) mutation markedly reduced the coupled transport and converted the stoichiometry of the residual exchange from 2Cl(-)/1HCO(3)(-) to 1Cl(-)/1HCO(3)(-), while completely sparing the current. These findings suggest the possibility that similar structural motif may determine multiple functional modes of these transporters.
The Journal of General Physiology 02/2011; 137(2):239-51. · 4.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The progression of prostate cancer is associated with escape from cell cycle arrest and apoptosis under androgen-depleted conditions. Here, we found that geraniol, a naturally occurring monoterpene, induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in cultured cells and tumor grafted mice using PC-3 prostate cancer cells. Geraniol modulated the expression of various cell cycle regulators and Bcl-2 family proteins in PC-3 cells in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we showed that the combination of sub-optimal doses of geraniol and docetaxel noticeably suppresses prostate cancer growth in cultured cells and tumor xenograft mice. Therefore, our findings provide insight into unraveling the mechanisms underlying escape from cell cycle arrest and apoptosis and developing therapeutic strategies against prostate cancer.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2011; 407(1):129-34. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aberrant regulation of cell cycle confers a limitless replicative potential, which is a hallmark of cancer. Currently, the compounds targeting the cell cycle are undergoing cancer clinical trials. In this study, we demonstrated that icilin, a cooling compound, induces G1 arrest in PC-3 prostate cancer cells without cell death. Icilin modulated the expression level of various cell cycle regulators at transcription or post-translational levels. In addition, icilin activated JNK and p38 kinase pathways, but not ERK. Both JNK and p38 kinases cooperatively mediated icilin-induced G1 arrest, which was rescued by pharmacologic inhibition of these kinases. The action of icilin on G1 arrest was unrelated to the activation of TRPM8 calcium channel. Our findings suggest that icilin is a valuable chemical probe for future investigation aiming at delineating the molecular mechanisms of cell cycle regulation in prostate cancer.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2011; 406(1):30-5. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sulphur mustard (SM) is an alkylating agent whose mechanism is not fully understood. To investigate the early action of SM, we examined the effect of SM on contraction of vascular smooth muscles. Phenylephrine (PE)-induced contraction was reduced by SM, but only marginally by 70 mM KCl(-) . Additional reduction was induced by nifedipine in SM-treated arteries. In the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) , contraction of arteries by PE was reduced, which was fully recovered by addition of 2 mM Ca(2+) . However, recovery was attenuated by pre-treatment with SM. The effect of SM on contraction by PE was not influenced by pre- and post-treatment with Phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate. Calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII) was implicated as being responsible for the action of SM, because the contractile mechanisms of vascular smooth muscle via both Ca(2+) -calmodulin-myosin light chain kinase axis and protein kinase C-proline-rich tyrosine kinase axis were not related to the action of SM. Elevation of phosphorylated CaMKII level by Ionomycin or PE was attenuated by treatment of SM on western blot. CaMKII may be a candidate target molecule of SM in early stage contraction of vascular smooth muscle.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are a superfamily of Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels that translate cellular stimuli into electrochemical signals. Aberrant activity of TRP channels has been implicated in a variety of human diseases, such as neurological disorders, cardiovascular disease and cancer. To facilitate the understanding of the molecular network by which TRP channels are associated with biological and disease processes, we have developed the TRIP (TRansient receptor potential channel-Interacting Protein) Database (http://www.trpchannel.org), a manually curated database that aims to offer comprehensive information on protein-protein interactions (PPIs) of mammalian TRP channels. The TRIP Database was created by systematically curating 277 peer-reviewed literature; the current version documents 490 PPI pairs, 28 TRP channels and 297 cellular proteins. The TRIP Database provides a detailed summary of PPI data that fit into four categories: screening, validation, characterization and functional consequence. Users can find in-depth information specified in the literature on relevant analytical methods and experimental resources, such as gene constructs and cell/tissue types. The TRIP Database has user-friendly web interfaces with helpful features, including a search engine, an interaction map and a function for cross-referencing useful external databases. Our TRIP Database will provide a valuable tool to assist in understanding the molecular regulatory network of TRP channels.
Nucleic Acids Research 01/2011; 39(Database issue):D356-61. · 8.28 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ca2+ influx by store-operated Ca2+ channels is a key component of the receptor-evoked Ca2+ signal. In all cells examined,
TRPC channels mediate significant portion of the receptor-stimulated Ca2+ influx. Recent studies have revealed how STIM1 activates
TRPC1 in response to store depletion; however the role of STIM1 in TRPC channels activation by receptor stimulation is not
fully understood. Here, we establish mutants of TRPC channels that cannot be activated by STIM1 but are activated by the charge-swap
STIM1(K684E,K685E). Significantly, wild-type (WT), but not the mutant TRPC channels, are inhibited by scavenging STIM1 with
Orai1(R91W), indicating STIM1-dependence of WT and STIM1-independence of mutant TRPC channels. Importantly, mutant TRPC channels
are robustly activated by receptor-stimulation. Moreover, STIM1 and STIM1(K684E,K685E) reciprocally affect receptor-activated
WT and mutant TRPC channels. Together, these findings indicate that TRPC channels can function as STIM1-dependent and STIM1-independent,
which increases versatility of TRPC channels function and their role in receptor-stimulated Ca2+ influx.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2010; · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ca(2+) influx by store-operated Ca(2+) channels is a key component of the receptor-evoked Ca(2+) signal. In all cells examined, transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels mediate a significant portion of the receptor-stimulated Ca(2+) influx. Recent studies have revealed how STIM1 activates TRPC1 in response to store depletion; however, the role of STIM1 in TRPC channel activation by receptor stimulation is not fully understood. Here, we established mutants of TRPC channels that could not be activated by STIM1 but were activated by the "charge-swap" mutant STIM1(K684E,K685E). Significantly, WT but not mutant TRPC channels were inhibited by scavenging STIM1 with Orai1(R91W), indicating the STIM1 dependence and independence of WT and mutant TRPC channels, respectively. Importantly, mutant TRPC channels were robustly activated by receptor stimulation. Moreover, STIM1 and STIM1(K684E,K685E) reciprocally affected receptor-activated WT and mutant TRPC channels. Together, these findings indicate that TRPC channels can function as STIM1-dependent and STIM1-independent channels, which increases the versatility of TRPC channel function and their role in receptor-stimulated Ca(2+) influx.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 10/2010; 285(49):38666-73. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: TRPML3 is a H(+)-regulated Ca(2+) channel that shuttles between intracellular compartments and the plasma membrane. The A419P mutation causes the varitint-waddler phenotype as a result of gain-of-function (GOF). The mechanism by which A419P leads to GOF is not known. Here, we show that the TRPML3 pore is dynamic when conducting Ca(2+) to change its conductance and permeability, which appears to be mediated by trapping Ca(2+) within the pore. The pore properties can be restored by strong depolarization or by conducting Na(+) through the pore. The A419P mutation results in expanded channel pore with altered permeability that limits modulation of the pore by Ca(2+). This effect is specific for the A419P mutation and is not reproduced by other GOF mutations, including A419G, H283A, and proline mutations in the fifth transmembrane domain. These findings describe a novel mode of a transient receptor potential channel behavior and suggest that pore expansion by the A419P mutation may contribute to the varitint-waddler phenotype.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/2010; 285(22):16513-20. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels play an important role in modulating intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) levels.
We examined the hypothesis that overexpression of TRPC6(DN) (dominant negative) may contribute to decreased [Ca(2+)](i) levels in corporal smooth muscle (CSM). We also investigated whether gene transfer of TRPC6(DN) could restore erectile function in diabetic rats.
For the in vitro study, the K(Ca), K(ATP), and TRPC6(DN) channel genes were transferred using cDNA, into cultured human CSM cells and human embryonic kidney cells. For the in vivo study, young adult rats were divided into three groups: normal controls; diabetic controls transfected with vector only; and a diabetic group transfected with pcDNA of the TRPC6(DN) gene.
After gene transfer, the effects of reducing [Ca(2+)](i) levels were assessed by Fura-2-based imaging analysis. The intracavernosal pressure (ICP) response to cavernosal nerve stimulation was assessed after intracorporal injection of TRPC6(DN) pcDNA. The transgene expression of the TRPC6(DN) was examined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in rats transfected with TRPC6(DN) pcDNA.
Gene transfer of ion channels effectively reduced [Ca(2+)](i). Among these channels, transfer of the TRPC6(DN) gene resulted in the greatest reduction of [Ca(2+)](i) in human CSM. The mean (+/-standard error of the mean) ratio of ICP to mean arterial pressure (BP) in the gene-transfer rats was 79.4 +/- 2.4% (N = 8). This was significantly higher than that in control rats (55.6 +/- 3.7% [N = 8]), and similar to that in the young control rats (83 +/- 2.2% [N = 12]). The RT-PCR showed expression of TRPC6(DN) genes in the transfected rats.
Gene transfer of TRPC6(DN) not only reduced [Ca(2+)](i) in human CSM but also restored erectile function in diabetic rats. These results suggest that pcDNA transfer of TRPC6(DN) may represent a promising new form of therapy for the treatment of male erectile dysfunction in the future.
Journal of Sexual Medicine 03/2010; 7(3):1126-38. · 3.51 Impact Factor