[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an immunodeficiency caused by defects in the adhesion of leukocytes (especially neutrophils) to the blood vessel wall. As a result, patients with LAD suffer from severe bacterial infections and impaired wound healing, accompanied by neutrophilia. In LAD-I, mutations are found in ITGB2, the gene that encodes the β subunit of the β(2) integrins. This syndrome is characterized directly after birth by delayed separation of the umbilical cord. In the rare LAD-II disease, the fucosylation of selectin ligands is disturbed, caused by mutations in SLC35C1, the gene that encodes a GDP-fucose transporter of the Golgi system. LAD-II patients lack the H and Lewis Le(a) and Le(b) blood group antigens. Finally, in LAD-III (also called LAD-I/variant) the conformational activation of the hematopoietically expressed β integrins is disturbed, leading to leukocyte and platelet dysfunction. This last syndrome is caused by mutations in FERMT3, encoding the kindlin-3 protein in all blood cells that is involved in the regulation of β integrin conformation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Characterization of endothelial cell-biomaterial interaction is crucial for the development of blood-contacting biomedical devices and implants. However, a crucial parameter that has largely been overlooked is the cell-seeding density.
This study investigated how varying cell-seeding density influences human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation on three different substrata: gelatin, tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) and poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA).
The fastest proliferation was seen on gelatin, followed by TCPS and PLLA, regardless of seeding density. On both TCPS and gelatin, maximal proliferation was attained at an initial seeding density of 1000 cells/cm(2). At seeding densities above and below 1000 cells/cm(2), the proliferation rate decreased sharply. On PLLA, there was a decrease in cell numbers over 7 days of culture, below a certain threshold seeding density (c. 2500-3000 cells/cm(2)), which meant that some of the cells were dying off rather than proliferating. Above this threshold seeding density, HUVEC displayed slow proliferation. Subsequently, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis of eight gene markers associated with adhesion and endothelial functionality (VEGF-A, integrin-α5, VWF, ICAM1, ICAM2, VE-cadherin, endoglin and PECAM1) was carried out on HUVEC seeded at varying densities on the three substrata. A significant downregulation of gene expression was observed at an ultralow cell-seeding density of 100 cells/cm(2). This was accompanied by an extremely slow proliferation rate, probably because of an acute lack of intercellular contacts and paracrine signaling.
Hence, this study demonstrates that seeding density has a profound effect on the proliferation and gene expression profile of endothelial cells seeded on different biomaterial surfaces.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A patient was diagnosed with leukocyte adhesion deficiency-1. She was born in 1996 and her parents are not known to be related. Her leukocytes expressed less than 2% of the CD18 antigens relative to normal individuals. Molecular analysis revealed that she is a compound heterozygote. She inherited a 27,703bp deletion from her father (g.43201_PTTG1IP:10890del27703), spanning from intron 11 of the gene for the β2 integrin (ITGB2, CD18, NG_007270.2) to intron 2 of the gene for the Pituitary Tumor-Transforming Gene 1 Interacting Protein (PTTG1IP, NC_000021.8). The maternal allele has a g.23457C>A mutation at position -10 in intron 2 of the ITGB2 gene, resulting in the activation of a cryptic 3' splice site in intron 2 to include 43 intronic nucleotides (r.[59-43_59-1ins;59-10C>A]).
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2011; 404(4):1099-104. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Endothelial cell coverage of blood-contacting devices is crucial to their eventual success in the clinic. Two established
human cell lines derived from HUVEC (human umbilical vascular endothelial cells), CRL 2922 and CRL 2873, have been widely
utilized to study and model endothelial cell biology. However, it is not clear if these two cell lines would be useful for
modeling primary endothelial cell interaction with newly-formulated biomaterials in tissue engineering applications. Hence,
this study was conducted to compare the adhesion and proliferation characteristics of HUVEC grown on seven different substrata,
tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS), gelatin, chitosan, poly-L-lysine, hyaluronan, poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA), and polylactic-co-glycolic
acid (PLGA). The short-term adhesive behavior (2 h) of HUVEC on the various substrata was not closely-replicated by either
CRL 2873 or CRL 2922. This was likely because the 2 h timeframe is too short for identification of differences in the interaction
among the three cell types grown on various substrata. There was much faster proliferation of CRL 2922 on all seven substrata
when compared to HUVEC and CRL 2873. Moreover, the proliferation rates of CRL 2922 on the various substrata showed little
variation. In contrast, HUVEC and CRL 2873 displayed similar trends in proliferation rates, with gelatin and TCPS yielding
the highest rates, and PLLA and PLGA yielding the lowest rates. Hence, CRL 2873 is better suited for modeling primary endothelial
cell interaction with newly-formulated biomaterials than CRL 2922. The advantage of using CRL 2873 over HUVEC for biomaterial
screening is that it is immortalized and displays much less inter-batch variability than primary culture.
Keywordsadhesion–CRL 2873–CRL 2922–endothelial–HUVEC–proliferation
Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 01/2011; 16(1):127-135. · 1.28 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrins are alpha/beta heterodimers, but recent in vitro and in vivo experiments also suggest an ability to associate through their transmembrane domains to form homomeric interactions. While the results of some in vitro experiments are consistent with an interaction mediated by a GxxxG-like motif, homo-oligomers observed after in vivo cross-linking are consistent with an almost opposite helix-helix interface. We have shown recently that both models of interaction are compatible with evolutionary conservation data, and we predicted that the alpha-helices in both models would have a similar rotational orientation. Herein, we have tested our prediction using in vitro asparagine scan of five consecutive residues along the GxxxG-like motif of the transmembrane domain of alpha and beta integrins, alphaM and beta2. We show that Asn-mediated dimerization occurs twice for every turn of the helix, consistent with two almost opposite forms of interaction as suggested previously for alphaIIb and beta3 transmembrane domains. The orientational parameters helix tilt and rotational orientation of each of these two Asn-stabilized dimers were measured by site-specific infrared dichroism (SSID) in model lipid bilayers and were found to be consistent with our predicted computational models. Our results highlight an intrinsic tendency for integrin transmembrane alpha-helices to form two opposite types of homomeric interaction in addition to their heteromeric interactions and suggest that integrins may form complex and specific networks at the transmembrane domain during function.
Protein Science 06/2008; 17(5):930-8. · 2.74 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The current paradigm is that integrin is activated via inside-out signalling when its cytoplasmic tails and TMs (transmembrane helices) are separated by specific cytosolic protein(s). Perturbations of the helical interface between the alpha- and beta-TMs of an integrin, as a result of mutations, affect its function. Previous studies have shown the requirement for specific pairing between integrin subunits by ectodomain-exchange analyses. It remains unknown whether permissive alpha/beta-TM pairing of an integrin is also required for pairing specificity and the expression of a functionally regulated receptor. We performed scanning replacement of integrin beta2-TM with a TM of other integrin beta-subunits. With the exception of beta4 substitution, others presented beta2-integrins with modified phenotypes, either in their expression or ligand-binding properties. Subsequently, we adopted alphaLbeta2 for follow-on experiments because its conformation and affinity-state transitions have been well defined as compared with other members of the beta2-integrins. Replacement of beta2- with beta3-TM generated a chimaeric alphaLbeta2 of an intermediate affinity that adhered to ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule 1) but not to ICAM-3 constitutively. Replacing alphaL-TM with alphaIIb-TM, forming a natural alphaIIb/beta3-TM pair, reversed the phenotype of the chimaera to that of wild-type alphaLbeta2. Interestingly, the replacement of alphaLbeta2- with beta3-TM showed neither an extended conformation nor the separation of its cytoplasmic tails, which are well-reported hallmarks of an activated alphaLbeta2, as determined by reporter mAb (monoclonal antibody) KIM127 reactivity and FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) measurements respectively. Collectively, our results suggest that TM pairing specificity is required for the expression of a functionally regulated integrin.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type-1 (LAD-1) is an autosomal recessive immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the beta2 integrin, CD18, that impair CD11/CD18 heterodimer surface expression and/or function. Absence of functional CD11/CD18 integrins on leukocytes, particularly neutrophils, leads to their incapacity to adhere to the endothelium and migrate to sites of infection. We studied 3 LAD-1 patients with markedly diminished neutrophil CD18 expression, each of whom had a small population of lymphocytes with normal CD18 expression (CD18(+)). These CD18(+) lymphocytes were predominantly cytotoxic T cells, with a memory/effector phenotype. Microsatellite analyses proved patient origin of these cells. Sequencing of T-cell subsets showed that in each patient one CD18 allele had undergone further mutation. Interestingly, all 3 patients were young adults with inflammatory bowel disease. Somatic reversions of inherited mutations in primary T-cell immunodeficiencies are typically associated with milder clinical phenotypes. We hypothesize that these somatic revertant CD18(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) may have altered immune regulation. The discovery of 3 cases of reversion mutations in LAD-1 at one center suggests that this may be a relatively common event in this rare disease.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrins mediate cell adhesion in response to activation signals that trigger conformational changes within their ectodomain. It is thought that a compact bent conformation of the molecule represents its physiological low affinity state and extended conformations its active state. We have determined the structure of two integrin fragments of the beta2 subunit. The first structure, consisting of the plexin-semaphorin-integrin domain, hybrid, integrin-epidermal growth factor 1 (I-EGF1), and I-EGF2 domains (PHE2), showed an L-shaped conformation with the bend located between the I-EGF1 and I-EGF2 domains. The second structure, which includes, in addition, the I-EGF3 domain, showed an extended conformation. The major reorientation of I-EGF2 with respect to the other domains in the two structures is accompanied by a change of torsion angle of the disulfide bond between Cys(461)-Cys(492) by 180 degrees and the conversion of a short alpha-helix (residues Ser(468)-Cys(475)) into a flexible coil. Based on the PHE2 structure, we introduced a disulfide bond between the plexin-semaphorin-integrin domain and I-EGF2 domains in the beta2 subunit. The resultant alphaLbeta2 integrin (leukocyte function-associated antigen-1) variant was locked in a bent state and could not be detected with the monoclonal antibody KIM127 in Mg(2+)/EGTA. However, it retained the binding activity to ICAM-1. These results provide a structural hypothesis for our understanding of the transition between the resting and active states of leukocyte function-associated antigen-1.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 11/2007; 282(41):30198-206. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The integrin alphaLbeta2 mediates leukocyte adhesion and migration that are required for a functional immune system. It is known that inside-out signaling triggers alphaLbeta2 conformational changes, which affect its ligand-binding affinity. At least three alphaLbeta2 affinity states (low, intermediate, and high) were described. The cytosolic protein talin connects alphaLbeta2 to the actin filament. The talin head domain is also known to activate alphaLbeta2 ligand binding. However, it remains to be determined whether talin promotes an intermediate or high affinity alphaLbeta2. In this study using transfectants and T cells, we showed that talin induced an intermediate affinity alphaLbeta2 that adhered constitutively to its ligand intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 but not ICAM-3. Adhesion to ICAM-3 was induced when an additional exogenous activating agent was included. Similar profiles were observed with soluble ICAMs. In addition, the intermediate affinity alphaLbeta2 induced by talin allowed adhesion and migration of T cells on immobilized ICAMs.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2007; 282(33):24310-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The leukocyte beta2 integrins are heterodimeric adhesion receptors required for a functional immune system. Many leukocyte adhesion deficiency-1 (LAD-1) mutations disrupt the expression and function of beta2 integrins. Herein, we further characterized the LAD-1 mutation N329S in the beta2 inserted (I)-like domain. This mutation converted alphaLbeta2 from a resting into a high affinity conformer because alphaLbeta2N329S transfectants adhered avidly to ligand intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-3 in the absence of additional activating agent. An extended open conformation is adopted by alphaLbeta2N329S because of its reactivity with the beta2 activation reporter monoclonal antibodies MEM148 and KIM127. A corresponding mutation in beta3 generated constitutively active alphaIIbbeta3 that adhered to fibrinogen. This Asn is conserved in all human beta subunits, and it resides before the last helix of the I-like domain, which is known to be important in activation signal propagation. By mutagenesis studies and review of existing integrin structures, we conjectured that this conserved Asn may have a primary role in shaping the I-like domain by stabilizing the conformation of the alpha7 helix and the beta6-alpha7 loop in the I-like domain.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2007; 282(25):18225-32. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The leukocyte β2 integrins are heterodimeric adhesion receptors required for a functional immune system. Many leukocyte adhesion deficiency-1
(LAD-1) mutations disrupt the expression and function of β2 integrins. Herein, we further characterized the LAD-1 mutation N329S in the β2 inserted (I)-like domain. This mutation converted αLβ2 from a resting into a high affinity conformer because αLβ2N329S transfectants adhered avidly to ligand intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-3 in the absence of additional activating
agent. An extended open conformation is adopted by αLβ2N329S because of its reactivity with the β2 activation reporter monoclonal antibodies MEM148 and KIM127. A corresponding mutation inβ3 generated constitutively activeαIIbβ3 that adhered to fibrinogen. This Asn is conserved in all human β subunits, and it resides before the last helix of the I-like
domain, which is known to be important in activation signal propagation. By mutagenesis studies and review of existing integrin
structures, we conjectured that this conserved Asn may have a primary role in shaping the I-like domain by stabilizing the
conformation of theα7 helix and the β6-α7 loop in the I-like domain.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/2007; 282(25):18225-18232. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Part of the interaction between the alpha- and beta-subunits of integrins is known to take place at the transmembrane (TM) domain, where both heteromeric and homomeric aggregates have been reported in vivo and in vitro. In a recent computational study, totally independent from biochemical or biophysical data, we explored the plausibility of various TM homo-oligomers using evolutionary conservation data as a filter for non-native interactions. We showed that several homodimeric and homotrimeric interactions for alpha- and beta-chains are evolutionarily conserved. We report herein the results of the application of the same exhaustive approach to the integrin heterodimer. We have studied all known human TM integrin alphabeta pairs, and we show unambiguously that two models of interaction are evolutionarily conserved. These two models are consistent with those proposed previously based on mutagenesis and crosslinking. Comparison with previous experimental data strongly supports that a glycophorin A-like model is an intermediate form of interaction between the resting state and the active form, where chain separation occurs. Surprisingly, these two models are also conserved when considering most of the possible alphabeta pair combinations, suggesting that specific pairing of integrins is not determined by the TM domain, which has remained unchanged in spite of the variety of known integrin functions. This fact highlights a common ancestral mechanism for signal transduction that has remained through evolution. In a broader context, our results show that it is possible to obtain correct and detailed interactions of alpha-helical heterodimers with total independence of experimental data.
Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics 12/2006; 65(2):274-9. · 3.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cell adhesion molecule integrin alphaMbeta2 associates with the urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) on monocytes and neutrophils. uPAR also associates with members of the beta1 and beta3 integrins, and it modulates the ligand-binding function of these integrins. In this study, we showed that co-expressing uPAR with alphaMbeta2 in 293 transfectants down-regulated the ligand-binding capacity of alphaMbeta2 to denatured protein, fibrinogen, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1). Migration of transfectants on fibrinogen mediated by alphaMbeta2 was reduced in the presence of uPAR. In addition, the constitutive ligand-binding property of an alphaMbeta2 mutant was attenuated by its association with uPAR. Co-immunoprecipitation analyses using a panel of alphaMbeta2-specific mAbs suggest shielding of the ligand-recognition site of alphaMbeta2 by uPAR.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 10/2006; 348(3):1184-93. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrins are type I heterodimeric (alpha/beta) cell adhesion molecules. They trigger cell-signaling by recruiting cytosolic molecules to their cytoplasmic tails. Integrin alpha cytoplasmic tail contributes towards integrin function specificity, an important feature of integrins having different alpha subunits but sharing the same beta subunit. Herein, we show that the src family kinase Hck co-capped selectively with leukocyte integrin alpha(M)beta(2) but not alpha(L)beta(2) or alpha(X)beta(2). This was disrupted when the alpha(M) cytoplasmic tail was substituted with that of alpha(L) or alpha(X). Co-capping was recovered by alpha(L) or alpha(X) cytoplasmic tail truncation or forced separation of the alpha and beta cytoplasmic tails via salt-bridge disruption.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrins are heterodimers, but recent in vitro and in vivo experiments suggest that they are also able to associate through their transmembrane domains to form homomeric interactions. Two fundamental questions are the biological relevance of these aggregates and their form of interaction in the membrane domain. Although in vitro experiments have shown the involvement of a GxxxG-like motif, several crosslinking in vivo data are consistent with an almost opposite form of interaction between the transmembrane alpha-helices. In the present work, we have explored these two questions using molecular dynamics simulations for all available integrin types. We have tested the hypothesis that homomeric interactions are evolutionary conserved, and essential for the cell, using conservative substitutions to filter out nonnative interactions. Our results show that two models, one involving a GxxxG-like motif (model I) and an almost opposite form of interaction (model II) are conserved across all alpha and beta integrin types, both in homodimers and homotrimers, with different specificities. No conserved interaction was found for homotetramers. Our results are completely independent from experimental data, both during molecular dynamics simulations and in the selection of the correct models. We rationalize previous seemingly conflicting findings regarding the nature of integrin interhelical homomeric interactions.
Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics 05/2006; 63(1):16-23. · 3.34 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nine integrin alpha subunits contain an 'inserted' or I-domain, known to involve in ligand binding. Mutation of an invariant isoleucine residue in the I-domains of alphaL and alphaM has previously been reported to activate LFA-1 and Mac-1, respectively. In this article, we report notable differences in the regulation of adhesion of these two integrins. We find that mutation of the isoleucine residue in the proposed "socket for isoleucine" in full-length alphaL does not lead to an active LFA-1, although mutation of the equivalent residue in alphaM does convey constitutive activity to Mac-1. In addition, we observe the isolated I-domain of alphaL to be constitutively active. This challenges reports that state the alphaL I-domain exists in an inactive, closed conformation, and requires the presence of activating agents for ligand binding. These results shed further light on the many questions surrounding regulation of integrin activation.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 12/2005; 337(1):142-8. · 2.41 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrin undergoes different activation states by changing its quaternary conformation. The integrin beta hybrid domain acts as a lever for the transmission of activation signal. The displacement of the hybrid domain can serve to report different integrin activation states. The monoclonal antibody (mAb) MEM148 is a reporter antibody that recognizes Mg/EGTA-activated but not resting integrin alpha(L) beta2. Herein, we mapped its epitope to the critical residue Pro374 located on the inner face of the beta2 hybrid domain. Integrin alpha(L) beta2 binds to its ligands ICAM-1 and ICAM-3 with different affinities. Integrin is proposed to have at least three affinity states, and the position of the hybrid domain differs in each. We made use of the property of mAb MEM148 to analyze and correlate these affinity states in regard to alpha(L) beta2/intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) binding. Our study showed that Mg/EGTA-activated alpha(L)beta2 can adopt a different conformation from that activated by activating mAbs KIM185 or MEM48. Unlike ICAM-1 binding, which required only one activating agent, alpha(L) beta2/ICAM-3 binding required both Mg/EGTA and an activating mAb. This suggests that alpha(L)beta2 with intermediate affinity is sufficient to bind ICAM-1 but not ICAM-3, which requires a high affinity state. Furthermore, we showed that the conformation adopted by alpha(L)beta2 in the presence of Mg/EGTA, depicting an intermediate activation state, could be reverted to its resting conformation.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2005; 280(32):29208-16. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrins are modular (alphabeta) heterodimeric proteins that mediate cell adhesion and convey signals across the plasma membrane. Interdomain motions play a key role in signal transduction by propagating structural changes through the molecule, thus controlling the activation state and adhesive properties of the integrin. We expressed a soluble fragment of the human integrin beta2 subunit comprising the plexin-semaphorin-integrin domain (PSI)/hybrid domain/I-EGF1 fragment and present its crystal structure at 1.8-A resolution. The structure reveals an elongated molecule with a rigid architecture stabilized by nine disulfide bridges. The PSI domain is located centrally and participates in the formation of extended interfaces with the hybrid domain and I-EGF1 domains, respectively. The hybrid domain/PSI interface involves the burial of an Arg residue, and contacts between PSI and I-EGF1 are mainly mediated by well conserved Arg and Trp residues. Conservation of key interacting residues across the various integrin beta subunits sequences suggests that our structure represents a good model for the entire integrin family. Superposition with the integrin beta3 receptor in its bent conformation suggests that an articulation point is present at the linkage between its I-EGF1 and I-EGF2 modules and underlines the importance of this region for the control of integrin-mediated cell adhesion.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 09/2005; 280(34):30586-93. · 4.65 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leucocyte adhesion receptor integrin CD11aCD18 and the transmembrane receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase (RPTP) CD45 mediate immune synapse formation and signalling during antigen presentation. Previous cocapping studies on human naïve T cells demonstrate an interaction between CD11aCD18 and CD45. CD45 cross-linking also has an effect on the ligand-binding activity of CD11aCD18. However, the mode of interaction between CD11aCD18 and CD45 remains unclear. Herein, yeast two-hybrid analysis identified a partial CD45 cytoplasmic tail interacting with that of CD11a. The CD45 cytoplasmic tail comprises a membrane proximal (Mp) region, protein tyrosine phosphatase domain 1 (D1), spacer, D2, and carboxyl terminus. CD45 Mp-D1 was found to be the main interacting region for the CD11a cytoplasmic tail. In contrast, the full-length CD45 cytoplasmic tail interacted weakly with that of CD11a. It has been reported that CD45 Mp-D1 but not the full-length cytoplasmic tail forms a homodimer whose enzymatic activity is inhibited. Our in vitro binding and enzymatic assays showed that the homodimeric CD45 cytoplasmic tail interacts with that of CD11a. The biological function of CD45 dimerization and its association with CD11a remains to be investigated.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Integrin activation involves global conformational changes as demonstrated by various functional and structural analyses. The integrin beta hybrid domain is proposed to be involved in the propagation of this activation signal. Our previous study showed that the integrin beta(2)-specific monoclonal antibody 7E4 abrogates monoclonal antibody KIM185-activated but not Mg(2+)/EGTA-activated leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1; alpha(L)beta(2))-mediated adhesion to ICAM-1. Here we investigated the allosteric inhibitory property of 7E4. By using human/mouse chimeras and substitution mutations, the epitope of 7E4 was mapped to Val(407), located in the mid-region of the beta(2) hybrid domain. Two sets of constitutively active LFA-1 variants were used to examine the effect of 7E4 on LFA-1/ICAM-1 binding. 7E4 attenuated the binding of variants that have modifications to regions membrane proximal with respect to the beta(2) hybrid domain. In contrast, the inhibitory effect was minimal on variants with alterations in the alpha(L) I- and beta(2) I-like domains preceding the hybrid domain. Furthermore, 7E4 abrogated LFA-1/ICAM-1 adhesion of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-treated MOLT-4 cells. Our data demonstrate that interaction between the hybrid and I-like domain is critical for the regulation of LFA-1-mediated adhesion.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 01/2005; 279(52):54334-9. · 4.65 Impact Factor