[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: IntroductionEndomyocardial fibrosis with apical obliteration is the best known involvement among heart lesions induced by hypereosinophilia. However, hypereosinophilic heart disease may involve all three heart layers, with a polymorphic clinical and echocardiographic presentation.
Revue De Medecine Interne - REV MED INTERNE. 01/2009; 30(12):1011-1019.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectifs
Les télomères sont des structures nucléoprotéiques situées à l’extrémité des chromosomes. Leur fonction est de maintenir l’intégrité du génome au cours des divisions successives de la cellule. Du fait de leur forte proportion en guanine, ces structures sont très sensibles aux atteintes oxydantes et leur implication est démontrée dans les pathologies cardiovasculaires où une composante inflammatoire existe. Les objectifs notre étude ont été de déterminer les liens pouvant exister entre la longueur des télomères et certains paramètres géniques, métaboliques et cliniques chez des patients admis en Unité de Soins Intensifs Cardiologiques pour un infarctus du myocarde.
Matériels et Méthodes
Sur une cohorte de 67 patients, des données biologiques et cliniques ont été recueillies, dans le cadre de l’obseRvatoire des Infarctus de Côte-d’Or: RICO. La longueur des télomères, ainsi que le niveau d’expression de 2 gènes impliqués dans les phénomènes d’adaptation de la cellule aux processus inflammatoires (c-Fos) et, dans la réparation de l’ADN (OGG1) suite à des dommages oxydatifs, ont été évalués sur l’ADN de leucocytes de patients par la technique de PCR quantitative en temps réel.
Nos résultats montrent une forte corrélation entre la longueur des télomères et le facteur âge (r = 0,374, p = 0,001). Après avoir ajusté les données au facteur âge, il est démontré une corrélation positive entre la longueur des télomères, la clairance à la créatinine (r = −0,711, p < 0,001) et la Fraction d’Ejection Ventriculaire Gauche (r = -0,329, p = 0,008). De même, des corrélations négatives entre l’hypertension artérielle (HTA) (p = 0,023) et le niveau d’expression du gène c-Fos (r = 0,242, p = 0,045) ont été mises en évidence. Une augmentation du niveau d’expression du gène c-Fos est retrouvée chez les patients présentant les télomères les plus courts. Aucune corrélation n’a été retrouvée entre la longueur des télomères et le niveau d’expression d’OGG1 (p = 0,636).
Nos résultats confortent les données de la littérature selon lesquelles, les processus inflammatoires, rencontrés notamment au cours de l’HTA, sont associés à un raccourcissement des télomères par le biais d’atteintes d’ordre radicalaire.
Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - ARCH CARDIOVASC DIS. 01/2009; 102.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate aortic elasticity with MRI on young asymptomatic individuals with mutation of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain in whom aortic enlargement is not present.
Aortic compliance, aortic distensibility, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were semiautomatically measured from MRI in 8 asymptomatic subjects having a mutation of the MYH11 gene (M+) and 21 nonmutated relatives (M-) of similar age, sex, and blood pressure characteristics.
Despite a similar aortic diameter in both groups, the aortic compliance and distensibility were significantly lower in M+ subjects compared with M- (0.84+/-0.33 versus 2.03+/-0.54 mm2/mmHg, 1.18+/-0.62 10(-3) versus 5.11+/-1.58 10(-3) mmHg(-1), respectively), and PWV was significantly higher (5.35+/-1.53 versus 3.60+/-0.64 m.s(-1)). A threshold aortic compliance value of 1.3 mm2/mmHg separated the two groups. The receiver operating characteristics curve analysis indicated an optimal threshold of 2.9 10(-3) mmHg(-1) for aortic distensibility (sensitivity: 87.5%, specificity: 90%), and of 4.4 m.s(-1) for PWV (sensitivity: 75%, specificity: 100%).
Young asymptomatic adults with MYH11 mutation have an aortic compliance impairment which is not detectable by the sole measurement of the aortic size. Aortic compliance measurement might be part of routine examination in patients suspected of inherited aortic disease even with a normal aortic diameter.
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 12/2008; 28(5):1180-7. · 2.57 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this work is to evaluate the relationship between improvement of regional myocardial function and visual analysis of contrast-enhanced (CE) MRI in patients after acute myocardial infarction. MRI was performed on 19 patients 1 and 11 weeks after a reperfused acute myocardial infarction. Perfusion data (first-pass images [FPI] and delayed CE images) were acquired after an intravenous bolus of gadolinium-DTPA and visually analyzed using a 17 segment model. Each segment was then classified in 3 groups, according to the presence or absence of FPI and CE patterns at baseline study: group 0: normal-appearing segments; group 1: segments with delayed hyper-enhancement but no early hypo-enhancement; group 2: segments with early hypoenhancement. Relative Wall thickening (RWT) was analyzed in each segment and its improvement evaluated in each group. Between first MRI and follow-up study, a significant improvement of RWT occurred in group 1 (mean +/- SD) [from 43.43 +/- 26.59% to 76.71 +/- 47.38%; p = 0.001] but not in group 2 (from 32.73 +/- 25.58% to 39.57 +/- 30.57%; p = NS). In group 0, RWT despite normal value at baseline study exhibited a significant improvement at follow-up (from 65.23 +/- 46.52% to 79.73 +/- 48.46%; p = 0.0015). In conclusion, the combined analysis of early and delayed perfusion abnormalities in MRI in the week following myocardial infarction can predict myocardial viability and allows in the future an evaluation of the efficacy of perfusion therapy.
Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 01/2006; 98(12):1199-205. · 0.40 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to evaluate new tools of risk stratification in an unselected population of myocardial infarction (MI), usable in a pre-hospital situation, and to compare the risk profile of these patients with those of other clinical trials or myocardial infarction registries. The risk scores of death at 30 days (TIMI score and TIMI risk index) based on data available in the context of coronary emergencies, were applied to the population base of the MI observatory of myocardial infarction in the Côte d'Or (RICO). The risk profile was expressed by the smoothed graph of frequency distribution of each score. The TIMI score applied to the RICO population had a high discriminating power (c = 0.80) for mortality whereas TIMI risk index was less powerful (c = 0.57). The risk profile of the RICO population was comparable to that of InTIME II, ASSENT 2 and the NRMI with reperfusion registry. The NRMI without reperfusion and the MAGIC studies had different profiles characterised by a shift in the graph towards high risk patients. The authors conclude that risk stratification scores, like the TIMI score, are valuable tools for early triage in the management of MI patients. The risk profiles allow comparative analysis of risk levels of populations notably with respect to other registries and also with respect to randomised clinical trials.
Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 12/2005; 98(11):1130-6. · 0.40 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the mechanisms through which an enlarged aortic root may facilitate right to left shunting through a patent foramen ovale.
19 patients with the platypnoea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) were compared with 30 control patients without platypnoea.
Multiplane transoesophageal echocardiography.
The aortic root diameter, atrial septal dimension behind the aortic root, and amplitude of the phasic oscillation of the septum were measured. Four groups of patients were compared: 12 platypnoeic patients with a dilated aortic root (POS-D), 7 platypnoeic patients with a normal aortic root (POS-N), 15 control patients with a dilated aortic root (CONT-D), and 15 control patients with a normal aortic root (CONT-N).
In POS-D and CONT-D patients, the apparent atrial septal dimension was 16.3 (2.7) mm and 17.4 (5.9) mm respectively, compared with 24.4 (5.2) mm in POS-N patients and 25 (4) mm in CONT-N (p < 0.005). Furthermore, the amplitude of septal oscillation was 14.7 (2.5) mm in the POS-D group versus 5.8 (2.4) mm in CONT-N (p < 0.001) compared with 23.3 (3) mm in seven patients with an atrial septal aneurysm (p < 0.001).
Patients with an enlarged aorta have an apparently smaller dimension and increased mobility of the atrial septum. These findings appear to result from compression by the aortic root and decreased septal tautness. Consequently, a "spinnaker effect" with the inferior vena caval flow may take place, opening the foramen ovale and leading to sustained right to left shunting.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intravenous insulin therapy is used in diabetic patients at the acute phase of coronary syndrome (ACS). However, hyperglycemia in diabetic patients is a powerful predictive factor for patient outcome as it is associated with a doubling of in-hospital mortality and poor long-term prognosis. Recent studies involving non-diabetic patients show that even mild hyperglycemia in the setting of ACS is also a predictive factor of in-hospital mortality. Moreover, the new entity called impaired fasting glucose (IFG) (6.1 to 7 mmol/L) is not only an independent factor of mortality for coronary patients, but very recently has also been associated with a doubling of the risk of in-hospital mortality in the setting of ACS. Admission as well as follow-up glycaemia are fundamental parameters in ACS on the one hand for their prognostic value, and on the other end as a diagnostic tool in determining the presence of diabetes or IFG.
Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 01/2005; 97 Spec No 3:47-50. · 0.40 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Preventing coronary in-stent restenosis is a major challenge for physicians and industry. To assess new stent technologies, a comparative paired iliac artery model in rabbits is proposed. One tubular stent was implanted in each external iliac artery in 12 rabbits (i.e., 24 stents). An artery overdilatation level of 20% was strictly observed. Restenosis was examined at 30 days by angiography, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) examination, and histomorphometry. On quantitative angiography, the mean loss of angiographic diameter was 9.8 +/- 4.4% in the right as compared to 9.3 +/- 55% in the left artery (p = 0.75). On IVUS, the volume of intrastent neointimal proliferation was 26.6 +/- 4.9 mm(3) in the right and 25.8 +/- 3.5 mm(3) in the left artery (p = 0.58). In histomorphometry, the neointimal proliferation area was 0.78 +/- 17 mm(2) in the right and 0.76 +/- 0.17 mm(2) in the left artery (p = 0.87). Intrastent neointimal proliferation was comparable between the left and right arteries of all rabbits. The model has three main advantages: (1) arterial dilatation and thus arterial wall aggression are controlled, (2) pairing makes each animal its own control subject, and (3) the statistical power for comparative testing is maximized. The model enables the effect of a new drug-delivery device to be assessed.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 09/2004; 70(2):303-10. · 2.31 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: METHODS AND RESULTS: 101 patients hospitalized for acute non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) were included in the study. Median N-terminal fragment of the brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) prohormone (Nt-proBNP) plasma level was 136 (40-335) pmol/l. Patients with increasing levels of troponin I [from low (0.1-10 ng/ml), intermediate (10-40 ng/ml) to high (> or =40 ng/ml) levels] had significantly increased levels of Nt-proBNP (p < 0.05). High-risk patients classified by a high PURSUIT score (i.e. supramedian) had significantly increased Nt-proBNP levels compared to patients with low scores (p < 0.001). Moreover, patients with in-hospital events (death, recurrent MI or clinical heart failure: 27%) had significantly increased median levels of Nt-proBNP compared to event-free patients (184 vs. 105 pmol/l, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Our data in an unselected population of NSTEMI patients indicate that high levels of circulating Nt-proBNP levels are associated with an increased risk of early cardiovascular events.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is dependent upon the accurate measurement of diastolic and systolic left ventricular volumes. Although breath-hold cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows coverage of the whole cardiac cycle with an excellent time resolution, many authors rely on the visual selection of diastolic and the systolic short-axis slices in order to reduce the postprocessing time. An automatic method was developed to detect the endocardial contour on each image, allowing an automatic selection of the systolic frame. The calculated ejection fraction was compared with radionuclide ventriculography (RNV). Sixty-five patients were examined using an electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated gradient echo sequence. Among these examinations, manual and automatic processing with MRI were compared when the time of the systolic frame concorded. Good correlations have been found between the automatic MRI approach and RNV, and between manual and automatic processing on MRI alone. The results show that the automatic determination of the ejection fraction is feasible, and should constitute an important step toward a larger acceptance of MRI as a routine tool in heart disease imaging. One major benefit of using automatic postprocessing is that it may eliminate the visual choice of the systolic frame, inaccurate in more than 50% of the studied patients.
Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 02/2004; 6(4):817-27. · 4.44 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is a growing concern about an increased risk for cardiovascular disease in HIV infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). This risk could be related to metabolic abnormalities associated with long-term use of antiretroviral drugs. In fact, well recognized cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus and central fat deposition are increasingly seen in HIV patients on ART. These factors can also be associated with non reversible risk factors, such as male sex, age greater than 40 years and family history of premature coronary artery disease. In addition, cigarette smoking and sedentary lifestyle may predispose these patients to significant cardiovascular disease. A direct atherogenic effect of HIV infection itself or antiretroviral drugs is unlikely. Epidemiological studies have suggested an increased risk for coronary artery disease in HIV infected persons; nevertheless, only long term follow-up could confirm this statement. Despite these uncertainties, it seems reasonable to identify and manage cardiovascular risk factors in HIV infected patients.
Annales de Cardiologie et d Angéiologie 12/2003; 52(5):302-7. · 0.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Structural changes that might influence the structural integrity of the vessel in response to intravascular brachytherapy (IVB) and stenting were examined, focus being on the importance of neovascularization in rabbit stented arteries. Stents were implanted in the infrarenal aortas of rabbits, immediately followed by gamma IVB or a sham radiation procedure, and the arteries harvested at 6 months. Labelling for von Willebrand factor showed an increase in adventitial and medial neovascularization in irradiated versus control arteries group (5.04+/-0.89 versus 1.51+/-0.23 mm(-2), respectively; p=0.004). Moreover, intramedial haemorrhages (free hemosiderin deposition) and inflammation (macrophages) were only observed in irradiated arteries. No significant change in expression of matrix metalloproteinase 1, 2 or 3 was observed between the irradiated and control group while collagen content decreased in the irradiated versus the control group (10.05%+/-1.48% versus 31.92%+/-3.12%, respectively; p<0.001). The study supports the hypothesis that IVB associated with stenting induces late deleterious effects on the medial layer, characterized by formation of intramural neovessels, haemorrhages and a decrease in collagen content.
International Journal of Radiation Biology 11/2003; 79(10):787-92. · 1.90 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Melatonin (MEL), a pineal hormone, is well known as a potent antioxidant in a variety of ischemia-reperfusion models. Recent studies have assumed a pivotal role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the development of apoptosis. There are few pieces of information concerning a possible protective role of MEL against apoptosis in ischemia-reperfusion injury of myocardium. METHODS: We conducted an in vitro experiment: (1) to study the effect of MEL in the model of isolated and perfused working rat heart; (2) to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of MEL by a simple fluorescence test; and (3) to analyze the extent of apoptosis inhibition by MEL. Four groups of male Wistar rat were used: (a) group 'MEL 50 muM' (n=8); (b) group 'ischemia 30 min' (n=8); (c) group 'controls' (n=8); and (d) group 'controls+MEL 50 muM' (n=8). The perfusion medium was an oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer (KHB). Hearts in groups (a) and (b) underwent 30 min of global normothermic ischemia and 45 min of reperfusion; 3 min before ischemia the hearts of group (a) received KHB with MEL 50 muM (and MEL 50 muM was also present in KHB solution during reperfusion). Hearts of group (c) were only perfused by KHB, and hearts of group (d) perfused by KHB+MEL 50 muM throughout the experiment. Registered were basic hemodynamic parameters: coronary, aortic, cardiac output and heart rate. At the end of each experiment, a left ventricle samples were taken for in situ detection of apoptosis using a TUNEL in-situ detection kit (POD) and quantitative analysis was performed. Malonedialdehyde concentrations were evaluated from heart homogenate to determine the severity of oxidative damage. To study the antioxidant capacity of MEL, a fluorescence test with allophycocyanin as an indicator was performed. A peroxyl radical generator, 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropan)-4-hydrochloride (AAPH) was used, and the antioxidant effect of MEL was expressed in oxygen-radical absorbing capacity (ORAC) units. RESULTS: Treatment by MEL resulted in a significant improvement of hemodynamic parameters and reduction of postischemic arrhythmias during reperfusion. All hearts in group 'ischemia 30 min' developed fatal ventricular fibrillations. MEL significantly reduced the incidence of apoptotic cells (14+/-4.3%; **P<0.01) vs. group 'ischemia 30 min' (58+/-2.1%). No apoptotic cells were detected in both control groups (c) and (d). In the fluorescence test, MEL exhibited a significant dose-dependent protective effect against peroxyl radical; MEL also reduced significantly the level of lipoperoxidation (MDA; *P<0.05). Analysis of hemodynamic parameters in both control groups (c) and (d) did not show any significant differences; the presence of MEL 50 muM in KHB solution did not have any important influence on cardiac performance in this type of experiment. CONCLUSION: We confirmed the previously reported beneficial effects of MEL against ischemia-reperfusion injury, presumably via its antioxidant properties. A significant suppression of apoptosis and the peroxyl radical scavenging properties of MEL in our study could contribute to the hypothesis of a close link between oxidative stress and apoptosis promotion.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The case history reported concerns a female patient aged 42 years for whom the clinical picture was that of a blue phlebitis (phlegmatia caerulea dolens), associated with a state of shock evoking a severe pulmonary embolus. The absence of echocardiographic dilatation of the right cavities, and the appearance of a left iliac fossa mass, steered the diagnosis towards internal haemorrhage. Emergency laparotomy allowed diagnosis and treatment of a so-called spontaneous rupture of the left iliac vein, a rare condition for which 20 cases have been reported in the literature. Re-operation performed 24 hours afterwards for the absence of venous return allowed the discovery of Cockett's syndrome with ascending thrombosis, requiring cross-venous bypass associated with the creation of an arterio-venous fistula in order to maintain permeability. One year afterwards the appearance of signs of cardiac insufficiency led to the closure of this fistula.
Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux 05/2003; 96(4):347-50. · 0.40 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging allows an accurate calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular volumes. Additionally, it makes possible to assess myocardial perfusion after gadolinium chelate injection. Late after the injection, the presence of a myocardial hyper-enhancement can be visualized. The present study has used the 17 segment standardized nomenclature for tomographic imaging of the heart as recommended for all cardiac imaging modalities. Sixty nine patients were studied after a revascularised myocardial infarction. All patients had Timi grade 3 flow in the infarct-related artery after therapy. Regional and global function was studied using cine MR short axis slices. The gadolinium chelate first pass was scored using a 5 level scale reflecting the transmural extent of the segmental myocardial enhancement. The delayed enhancement due to gadolinium accumulation in the myocardium 10 min post injection was scored in the same manner. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 51 +/- 13%. Segmental thickening parameters (systolic thickness, absolute thickening and relative thickening) appeared statistically related to the hypoperfusion and delayed enhancement scores. Absolute myocardial thickening varied from 4.8 +/- 2.7 mm in the myocardial segments free of any delayed enhancement to 2.4 +/- 2.1 mm in segments presenting with a transmural extent of the delayed hyper-enhancement. Scores obtained after gadolinium injection were also well correlated with the global left ventricular function (r = 0.65, p < 0.01 for late enhancement). Magnetic resonance imaging of the heart allows a precise characterisation of revascularised myocardium which makes this technique very attractive for evaluating the treatments designed to improve myocardial microperfusion.
Annales de Cardiologie et d Angéiologie 02/2003; 52(1):7-14. · 0.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutation in blood coagulation factor V Leiden is the most frequently genetic polymorphism implied in venous thrombosis. A 57 year old man was hospitalised for acute myocardial infarction (MI). An emergency coronary angiography was performed, and no significant stenosis was observed. The haematologic check-up showed an heterozygous Leiden mutation of factor V. We report all publications about the relation between factor V Leiden and coronary thrombosis, and we performed a meta-analysis. We analysed the relation in general population and in subbgroups, such as, younger and older, and patient with or without coronary stenosis. In global population, the meta-analysis did not found significant association between Factor V Leiden and myocardial infarction (OR = 1.25; IC = 0.97–1.58). In contrast, in patients less than
Annales De Cardiologie Et D Angeiologie - ANN CARDIOL ANGEIOL. 01/2003; 52(3):143-149.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A number of psychotropic drugs, including tricyclic antidepressants, phenothiazine and lithium, have a well demonstrated risk of cardiotoxicity. Each individual therapeutic class has potentially deleterious effects on electrophysiology and myocardial function. The authors report a case showing how serious side effects may result from the association of these different classes in the presence of a coexistent heart disease, even when the underlying disease is mild.
Annales de Cardiologie et d Angéiologie 01/2003; 51(6):386-90. · 0.30 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging allows an accurate calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction and left ventricular volumes. Additionnaly, it makes possible to assess myocardial perfusion after gadolinium chelate injection. Late after the injection, the presence of a myocardial hyperenhancement can be visualized. The present study has used the 17 segment standardized nomenclature for tomographic imaging of the heart as recommended for all cardiac imaging modalities. Sixty nine patients were studied after a revascularised myocardial infarction. All patients had Timi grade 3 flow in the infarct-related artery after therapy. Regional and global function was studied using cine MR short axis slices. The gadolinium chelate first pass was scored using a 5 level scale reflecting the transmural extent of the segmental myocardial enhancement. The delayed enhancement due to gadolinium accumulation in the myocardium 10 min post injection was scored in the same manner. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 51 ± 13%. Segmental thickening parameters (systolic thickness, absolute thickening and relative thickening) appeared statistically related to the hypoperfusion and delayed enhancement scores. Absolute myocardial thickening varied from 4,8 ± 2,7mm in the myocardial segments free of any delayed enhancement to 2,4 ± 2,1 mm in segments presenting with a transmural extent of the delayed hyperenhancement. Scores obtained after gadolinium injection were also well correlated with the global left ventricular function (r = 0,65, p < 0,01 for late enhancement). Magnetic resonance imaging of the heart allows a precise caracterisation of revascularised myocardium which makes this technique very attractive for evaluating the treatments designed to improve myocardial microperfusion.
Annales De Cardiologie Et D Angeiologie - ANN CARDIOL ANGEIOL. 01/2003; 52(1):7-14.