O Winsö

Umeå University, Umeå, Vaesterbotten, Sweden

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Publications (66)169.21 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In bariatric surgery, non- or mini-invasive modalities for cardiovascular monitoring are addressed to meet individual variability in hydration needs. The aim of the study was to compare conventional monitoring to an individualized goal-directed therapy (IGDT) regarding the need of perioperative fluids and cardiovascular stability.
    Obesity surgery. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: There are three different types of ambulance systems, all of which can manage the same secondary intensive care patient transport mission: road ambulance, rotor-wing ambulance, and fixed-wing ambulance. We hypothesized that costs for specific transport distances would differ between systems. We aimed to analyze distances and observed times for ambulance intensive care secondary transport missions together with system costs to assess this.
    Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine 06/2014; 22(1):36. · 1.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To report and evaluate a complex touch massage intervention according to the British Medical Research Council framework. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of touch massage on levels of anxiety and physiological stress in patients scheduled for elective aortic surgery. The use of touch massage has increased during the past decade but no systematic studies have been implemented to investigate the effectiveness of such treatment. It is important to conduct multidisciplinary investigations into the effects of complex interventions such as touch massage. For this, the British Medical Research Council has provided a useful framework to guide the development, piloting, evaluation and reporting of complex intervention studies. A pilot study with a randomized controlled design including 20 patients (10 + 10) scheduled for elective aortic surgery. Selected outcome parameters included; self-reported anxiety, measured by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Form Y instrument, and physiological stress, measured by heart rate variability, blood pressure, respiratory frequency, oxygen saturation and concentrations of cortisol, insulin and glucose in serum. There were significant differences in self-reported anxiety levels before and after touch massage (p = 0·007), this was not observed in the control group (p = 0·833). There was a significant difference in self-reported anxiety levels between the touch massage group and the control group after touch massage and rest (p = 0·001). There were no significant differences in physiological stress-related outcome parameters between patients who received touch massage and controls. In our study, touch massage decreased anxiety levels in patients scheduled for elective aortic surgery, and the British Medical Research Council framework was a useful guideline for the development, evaluation and reporting of a touch massage intervention. Touch massage can reduce patients' anxiety levels and is thus an important nursing intervention in intensive and post-operative care.
    Nursing in Critical Care 11/2013; 18(6):269-77. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Preoperative venous return (VR) optimization and adequate blood volume is essential in management of morbidly obese patients (MO) in order to avoid perioperative circulatory instability. In this study, all subjects underwent a preoperative 3-week preparation by rapid-weight-loss-diet (RWL) as part of their treatment program for bariatric surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational study of 34 morbidly obese patients consecutively scheduled for bariatric surgery at Sunderby County Hospital, Luleå, Sweden. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed in the awake state before and after intravascular volume challenge (VC) of 6 ml colloids/kg ideal body weight (IBW). Effects of standardized VC were evaluated by TTE. Dynamic and non-dynamic echocardiographic indices for VC were studied. Volume responsiveness and level of VR before and after VC were assessed by TTE. An increase of stroke volume ≥13 % was considered as a volume responder. RESULTS: Twenty-nine out of 34 patients were volume responders. After VC, a majority of patients (23/34) were euvolemic, and only 2/34 were hypovolemic. Post-VC hypervolemia was observed in 9/34 of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The IBW-based volume challenge regime was found to be suitable for preoperative rehydration of RWL-prepared MO. Most of the patients were volume responders. Preoperative state of VR was not associated with volume responsiveness. IBW estimates and appropriate monitoring avoids potential hyperhydration in MO. For VC assessment, conventional Doppler indices were found to be more suitable compared to tissue Doppler, giving sufficient information on pressure-volume correlation of the left ventricle in morbidly obese.
    Obesity Surgery 05/2013; · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Ischemic injury to the pancreas occurs in various clinical conditions. A method for online monitoring of pathophysiological events in pancreatic parenchyma is missing. Aims: To assess the timing of microdialysis (MD) technique response on temporary changes in pancreatic perfusion, and to evaluate the relationship between MD data and systemic markers of anaerobic metabolism and inflammation. Methods: In anaesthetized normoventilated pigs, MD probes were placed in right (control) and left (ischemic) pancreatic lobes, respectively. Following the clamping of the vessels, ischemia was verified by tissue oxygen tension (P(ti)O(2)) measurements. Results: P(ti)O(2) decreased within 20 min after the clamping of the vessels, already returning to baseline levels at the first sampling point after the removal of the clamp. MD lactate levels increased, whereas pyruvate and glucose levels decreased at 20 min after the induction of ischemia. These trends continued until the end of ischemia and returned to baseline following reperfusion. Serum lactate, amylase and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels decreased throughout the protocol time. Conclusion: MD data were in concordance with changes in P(ti)O(2), which is indicative of local anaerobic metabolism. MD allowed the detection of pathophysiological processes within the ischemic pancreas at a stage when no elevations of systemic markers of ischemia or inflammation were observed.
    European Surgical Research 11/2012; 49(3-4):113-120. · 0.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In morbidly obese patients (MO), adequate levels of venous return (VR) and left ventricular filling pressures (LVFP) are crucial in order to augment perioperative safety. Rapid weight loss (RWL) preparation with very low calorie diet is commonly used aiming to facilitate bariatric surgery. However, the impact of RWL on VR and LVFP is poorly studied. METHODS: In this prospective, controlled, single-center study, we hypothesized that RWL-prepared MO prior to bariatric surgery can be hypovolemic (i.e., low VR) and compared MO to lean controls with conventional overnight fasting. Twenty-eight morbidly obese patients were scheduled consecutively for bariatric surgery and 19 lean individuals (control group, CG) for elective general surgery. Preoperative assessment of VR, LVFP, and biventricular heart function was performed by a transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) protocol to all patients in the awake state. Assessment of VR and LVFP was made by inferior vena cava maximal diameter (IVCmax) and inferior vena cava collapsibility index- (IVCCI) derived right atrial pressure estimations. RESULTS: A majority of MO (71.4 %) were hypovolemic vs. 15.8 % of lean controls (p < 0.001, odds ratio = 13.3). IVCmax was shorter in MO than in CG (p < 0.001). IVCCI was higher in MO (62.1 ± 23 %) vs. controls (42.6 ± 20.8; p < 0.001). Even left atrium anterior-posterior diameter was shorter in MO compared to CG. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative RWL may induce hypovolemia in morbidly obese patients. Hypovolemia in MO was more common vs. lean controls. TTE is a rapid and feasible tool for assessment of preload even in morbid obesity.
    Obesity Surgery 10/2012; · 3.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background. Controversy exists regarding the influence of gender on sepsis events and outcome. Epidemiological data from other countries may not always apply to local circumstances. The aim of this study was to identify gender differences in patient characteristics, treatment, and outcome related to the occurrence of sepsis at admission to the ICU. Methods. A prospective observational cohort study on patients admitted to the ICU over a 3-year period fulfilling sepsis criteria during the first 24 hours. Demographic data, APACHE II score, SOFA score, TISS 76, aetiology, length of stay (LOS), mortality rate, and aspects of treatment were collected and then analysed with respect to gender differences. Results. There were no gender-related differences in mortality or length of stay. Early organ dysfunction assessed as SOFA score at admission was a stronger risk factor for hospital mortality for women than for men. This discrepancy was mainly associated with the coagulation sub-score. CRP levels differed between genders in relation to hospital mortality. Infection from the abdominopelvic region was more common among women, whereas infection from skin or skin structures were more common in men. Conclusion. In this cohort, gender was not associated with increased mortality during a 2-year follow-up period. SOFA score at ICU admission was a stronger risk factor for hospital mortality for women than for men. The discrepancy was mainly related to the coagulation SOFA sub-score. Together with differences in CRP levels this may suggest differences in inflammatory response patterns between genders.
    Upsala journal of medical sciences 07/2012; · 0.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We recently have shown that samples from microdialysis (MD) probes placed on the surface of the heart reflect metabolic events in the myocardium. This new interesting observation challenges us to consider whether surface application of MD applies to other parenchymatous organs and their surfaces. In 13 anesthetized pigs, transient liver ischaemia was achieved by occlusion of arterial and venous inflow to the liver. Two probes on liver surface and two in parenchyma were perfused with a flow rate of 1 μl per min (n = 13). An identical set-up was used for probes with a flow rate of 2 μl per min (n = 9). Samples were collected for every 15-min period during 60 min of baseline, 45 min of ischaemia and 60 min of reperfusion. Lactate, glucose, pyruvate and glycerol were analysed in MD samples. We focused on relative changes in the present study. There was a strong agreement in relative lactate and glucose levels between probes placed on liver surface and those on parenchyma. No significant differences in relative changes in lactate and glucose levels were seen between samples from surface probes and probes in liver parenchyma during equilibration, baseline, ischaemia or reperfusion with a flow rate of 1 μl per min. MD sampling applied on the liver surface is a new application area for the MD technique and may be used to monitor liver metabolism during both physiological and pathophysiological conditions.
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 03/2012; 32(2):99-105. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interest in bariatric surgery is growing. Morbidly obese patients have an increased risk of hypoxia and decreased blood pressure during rapid sequence induction (RSI). Alternate RSI methods that provide cardiovascular and respiratory stability are required. With this in mind, we evaluated a method for volatile RSI in morbidly obese patients. Observational study. Thirty-four patients with mean BMI 42.4 kg m undergoing bariatric surgery (morbidly obese group) and 22 patients with mean BMI 25.6 kg m as a control group were included in the study. Anaesthesia was induced with sevoflurane, propofol, suxamethonium and alfentanil, designed to avoid respiratory and haemodynamic adverse events and to minimise depressing effect on the brain respiratory centre under ongoing RSI. Peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) and mean arterial blood pressure were registered before and after endotracheal intubation. In addition, two time periods were measured during RSI: spontaneous breathing time (SBT) and apnoea time. We found no significant differences between the groups. No periods of desaturation were detected. SpO2 was 100% before and after endotracheal intubation in all patients. Mean arterial pressure was maintained at a stable level in both groups. Mean SBT and apnoea time were 65.6 and 45.8 s in the morbidly obese group, and 70.7 and 47.7 s in the control group, respectively. A combination of sevoflurane, propofol, suxamethonium and alfentanil is a suitable method for RSI which maintains cardiovascular and respiratory stability in both morbidly obese and lean patients.
    European Journal of Anaesthesiology 08/2011; 28(11):781-7. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Low plasma glutamine concentration is an independent prognostic factor for an unfavourable outcome in the intensive care unit (ICU). Intravenous (i.v.) supplementation with glutamine is reported to improve outcome. In a multi-centric, double-blinded, controlled, randomised, pragmatic clinical trial of i.v. glutamine supplementation for ICU patients, we investigated outcomes regarding sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores and mortality. The hypothesis was that the change in the SOFA score would be improved by glutamine supplementation. Patients (n=413) given nutrition by an enteral and/or a parenteral route with the aim of providing full nutrition were included within 72 h after ICU admission. Glutamine was supplemented as i.v. l-alanyl-l-glutamine, 0.283 g glutamine/kg body weight/24 h for the entire ICU stay. Placebo was saline in identical bottles. All included patients were considered as intention-to-treat patients. Patients given supplementation for >3 days were considered as predetermined per protocol (PP) patients. There was a lower ICU mortality in the treatment arm as compared with the controls in the PP group, but not at 6 months. For change in the SOFA scores, no differences were seen, 1 (0,3) vs. 2 (0.4), P=0.792, for the glutamine group and the controls, respectively. In summary, a reduced ICU mortality was observed during i.v. glutamine supplementation in the PP group. The pragmatic design of the study makes the results representative for a broad range of ICU patients.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 06/2011; 55(7):812-8. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • H Ohlsson, O Winsö
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    ABSTRACT: Predicting major post-operative complications is an important task for which simple and reliable methods are lacking. A simple scoring system based on intraoperative heart rate, blood pressure and blood loss was recently developed to fill this gap. This system, the Surgical Apgar Score, shows promising results both in terms of validity and in terms of usefulness. The goal of this study was to study both these components in a Scandinavian setting. Pre-operative patient characteristics and intraoperative variables were recorded for 224 patients undergoing general and vascular surgery between 26 October and 17 December 2009. Major complications were evaluated during a 30-day follow-up. The relationship between Surgical Apgar Score and major complication was analysed using χ(2)-tests and the relative risk between different scoring patient groups was analysed. The study showed a strong correlation between the Surgical Apgar Score and major complication (P<0.001). 61.5% of the lowest-scoring patients sustained a major complication compared with only 6.4% in the highest-scoring group. This is equivalent to a relative risk of 7.14 (95% CI: 2.88-17.5, P<0.001). The Surgical Apgar Score is valid in a Scandinavian setting. We also note that there were no practical issues in collecting the score. Together with patient pre-operative risk, the score has great potential to guide clinicians when making post-operative decisions and give immediate feedback about the surgical procedure. The next step should be to educate surgical staff about the score.
    Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 03/2011; 55(5):524-9. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Boussignac continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device effectively treats acute pulmonary edema, but data on airway pressure with the Boussignac CPAP system are sparse. To evaluate the Boussignac CPAP system's ability to maintain stable inspiratory and expiratory pressure levels, and to evaluate perceived exertion during breathing with the Boussignac CPAP system. With 18 healthy volunteers we recorded airway pressure and air flow during 10-min sessions at 5.0, 7.5, and 10.0 cm H(2)O. The participants were blinded to the sequence of the CPAP levels. Each session was ended with 10 forced breaths. We measured perceived exertion with the Borg category ratio 10 (Borg CR10) scale. When the participants breathed at 20% of vital capacity and a peak expiratory flow of 14% of FEV(1), the maximum pressure difference between inspiration and expiration was 4.0 cm H(2)O at CPAP 10 cm H(2)O. The changes in airway pressure were never large enough to reduce airway pressure to below zero. During the forced breaths, the expiratory volume was 38-42% of vital capacity and peak expiratory flow was 49-56% of FEV(1). As air flow increased, both the drop in inspiratory airway pressure and the increase in expiratory airway pressure increased. With CPAP, pressure changes are considered to be associated with increased work of breathing. The device's pneumatic performance is adequate during normal breathing with low air flow, but during forced breathing (high air flow) it did not maintain stable airway pressure, which could increase the work of breathing and cause respiratory fatigue. Thus, the Boussignac CPAP system might be less suitable for a patient breathing at a higher frequency.
    Respiratory care 02/2011; 56(6):818-26. · 2.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate effects of touch massage (TM) on stress responses in healthy volunteers. A crossover design including twenty-two (mean age=28.2) healthy volunteers (11 male and 11 female) cardiac autonomic tone was measured by heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV). Stress hormone levels (cortisol) were followed in saliva. We also measured blood glucose and serum insulin. Extracellular (ECV) levels of glucose, lactate, pyruvate and glycerol were followed using the microdialysis technique (MD). TM was performed on hands and feet for 80 min, during control, participants rested in the same setting. Data were collected before, during, and after TM and at rest. Saliva cortisol, serum glucose, and serum insulin were collected before, immediately following, and 1 h after intervention or control, respectively. After 5 min TM, HR decreased significantly, indicating a reduced stress response. Total HRV and all HRV components decreased during intervention. Saliva cortisol and insulin levels decreased significantly after intervention, while serum glucose levels remained stable. A similar, though less prominent, pattern was seen during the control situation. Only minor changes were observed in ECV levels of glucose (a decrease) and lactate (an increase). No significant alterations were observed in glycerol or pyruvate levels throughout the study. There were no significant differences between groups in ECV concentrations of analyzed substances. In healthy volunteers, TM decreased sympathetic nervous activity, leading to decreased overall autonomic activity where parasympathetic nervous activity also decreased, thereby maintaining the autonomic balance.
    Autonomic neuroscience: basic & clinical 12/2010; 158(1-2):105-10. · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Microdialysis (MD) can be used to study metabolism of the beating heart. We investigated whether microdialysis results obtained from epicardial (surface) sampling reflect acute changes in the same way as myocardial sampling from within the substance of the ventricular wall. In anaesthetized open-thorax pigs a coronary snare was placed. One microdialysis probe was placed with the sampling membrane intramyocardially (myocardial), and a second probe was placed with the sampling membrane epicardially (surface), both in the area which was made ischaemic. Ten minutes collection intervals were used for microdialysis samples. Samples from 19 pigs were analysed for lactate, glucose, pyruvate and glycerol during equilibration, baseline, ischaemia and reperfusion periods. For both probes (surface and myocardial), a total of 475 paired simultaneous samples were analysed. Results from analyses showed no differences in relative changes for glucose, lactate and glycerol during baseline, ischaemia and reperfusion. Surface microdialysis sampling is a new application of the microdialysis technique that shows promise and should be further studied.
    Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging 11/2010; 31(3):175-81. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis that patients with non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have statistically significant subnormal creatinine levels and that the creatinine levels are associated with severity of disease. This was a retrospective observational study over 2 years (2005-2006) in which the SAH patients were divided into patients with severe symptoms and patients with mild/moderate symptoms, and were compared to patients with; traumatic brain injury, trauma without brain injury and patients undergoing elective knee surgery. Blood creatinine levels (day 1-3, and day 7) were recorded. Compared to a normal distribution, SAH patients had statistically significant subnormal creatinine levels day one through seven. SAH patients with severe symptoms had statistically significant subnormal creatinine levels already on day one, in contrast to patients with mild/moderate symptoms. Women with severe symptoms had statistically significant subnormal creatinine levels throughout the study period in contrast to men with severe symptoms who had a normal distribution of creatinine at admission. Women with mild/moderate symptoms had a normal distribution of creatinine only at admission in contrast to men who had a normal distribution of creatinine throughout the study period. Male patients with traumatic brain injury, all trauma patients without brain injury and all patients undergoing elective knee surgery had a normal distribution of creatinine on all studied days. SAH is associated with subnormal serum creatinine levels. This finding is more pronounced in patients with severe symptoms and in women.
    Scandinavian journal of clinical and laboratory investigation 10/2010; 70(6):438-46. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carbon monoxide (CO) is normally present in the human body due to endogenous production of CO. CO can also be inhaled by exposure to external sources such as cigarette smoke, car exhaust, and fire. The purpose of this study was to investigate CO concentrations in blood from 410 blood donors at the blood center in Umeå, Sweden. To further evaluate the effects of cigarette smoking on CO concentrations, the elimination time for CO was examined in six volunteer smokers after a smoked cigarette. Blood samples from whole blood donors were obtained during the blood center's routine operation. In connection with blood donations, demographic and behavioral data were collected from the donors. The CO concentration was determined using gas chromatography. The majority of blood donors had approximately the same CO concentration (mean, 84.5 micromol/L). In 6 percent of the samples, the concentrations were higher than 130 micromol per L. The highest CO concentration was 561 micromol per L. The main source for these high CO concentrations appeared to be cigarette smoking. In the volunteer smokers, the elimination time after a smoked cigarette varied significantly, with elimination half-lives from 4.7 to 8.4 hours. These results show that blood bank red blood cell bags may have CO concentrations above the physiologic level. The time interval between cigarette smoking and blood donation seems to be a particularly important factor for elevated CO concentrations.
    Transfusion 11/2008; 49(2):347-53. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A large degree of variability for batched analysis of serially collected microdialysis samples measured with the CMA 600 analyser has been described. This study was designed to identify sources of variability related to sample handling. Standard concentrations of four solutes were placed in microdialysis vials and then stored and analysed at intervals. Results were analysed for variability related to vial and cap type, duration and temperature of storage, centrifugation and re-analysis. The main results were that centrifugation of samples reduced variability. When a batch of 24 samples was analysed, the use of crimp caps reduced evaporation. Samples in glass vials with crimp caps could be stored in a refrigerator for up to 14 days without large variability in concentration compared to plastic vials which demonstrated variability already when stored for more than 1 day. We conclude that variability in microdialysis results can occur in relation to storage and analysis routines if routines are not optimised concerning evaporation. Centrifugation before analyses, glass vials with crimp caps even during frozen storage, and attention to minimal times for samples to be uncapped during analysis all contribute to minimise variability in the handling and analysis of microdialysis samples.
    Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 09/2008; 48(3):940-5. · 2.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Carbon monoxide (CO) has recently been suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties, but data seem to be contradictory and species-specific. Thus, in studies on macrophages and mice, pretreatment with CO attenuated the inflammatory response after endotoxin exposure. On the other hand, human studies showed no effect of CO on the inflammatory response. Anti-inflammatory efficacy of CO has been shown at concentrations above 10% carboxyhaemoglobin. This study was undertaken to elucidate the possible anti-inflammatory effects of CO at lower CO concentrations. Effects of CO administration on cytokine (TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1beta and IL-10) release were investigated in a porcine model in which a systemic inflammatory response syndrome was induced by endotoxin infusion. Endotoxin was infused in 20 anaesthetized and normoventilated pigs. Ten animals were targeted with inhaled CO to maintain 5% COHb, and 10 animals were controls. In the control group, mean pulmonary artery pressure increased from a baseline value of 17 mmHg (mean, n = 10) to 42 mmHg (mean, n = 10) following 1 hour of endotoxin infusion. Similar mean pulmonary artery pressure values were found in animals exposed to carbon monoxide. Plasma levels of all of the measured cytokines increased in response to the endotoxin infusion. The largest increase was observed in TNF-alpha, which peaked after 1.5 hours at 9398 pg/ml in the control group and at 13395 pg/ml in the carbon monoxide-exposed group. A similar peak was found for IL-10 while the IL-6 concentration was maximal after 2.5 hours. IL-1beta concentrations increased continuously during the experiment. There were no significant differences between carbon monoxide-exposed animals and controls in any of the measured cytokines. Our conclusion is that 5% COHb does not modify the cytokine response following endotoxin infusion in pigs.
    Journal of Inflammation 02/2008; 5:13. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To test the hypotheses that repeated brief intestinal ischemic insults would elicit an intestinal preconditioning response to a subsequent intestinal I/R injury and that a similar response would be elicited by repeated lung recruitment maneuvers (RMs). Randomized experimental controlled animal study. University hospital animal laboratory. Eighteen anesthetized pigs. Animals were randomized to one of three groups, with six animals in each group. Control group 75-min superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion followed by 60-min reperfusion. Ischemic preconditioning group, three 5-min-long SMA occlusions preceding 75-min SMA occlusion and 60-min reperfusion. Recruitment maneuver (RM) group, three 2-min-long RMs preceding 75-min SMA occlusion and 60-min reperfusion. We measured systemic and mesenteric hemodynamic parameters, jejunal mucosal perfusion, net mesenteric lactate flux, jejunal tissue oxygen tension, and mesenteric oxygenation. Every 15 min, jejunal microdialysate samples were collected and analyzed for glucose, lactate, and glycerol. Jejunal tissue samples were collected postmortem. After occlusion of SMA, regional parameters in all groups indicated abolished perfusion and gradually increasing intraluminal microdialysate lactate and glycerol levels. At reperfusion, regional parameters indicated mesenteric hyperperfusion, whereas microdialysis markers of mucosal anaerobic metabolism and cell injury decreased, although not reaching baseline. Histological examination revealed severe mucosal injury in all groups. There were no significant differences between groups in the observed parameters. No protective preconditioning response could be observed when performing repeated brief intestinal ischemic insults or repeated lung RMs before an intestinal I/R injury.
    Shock 02/2008; 29(1):98-103. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the intensive care unit we have observed that patients have different adherence to 2 commonly used positive-expiratory-pressure (PEP) therapy devices: the PEP bottle and the PEP mask. The reason for this difference is not clear. In a randomized prospective study, we made continuous recordings of airway pressure and airflow, with 20 healthy volunteers, with the PEP bottle and the PEP mask. The measurement sequence consisted of 3 sessions of 10 breaths with the PEP bottle and the PEP mask, in a randomized crossover design. A rest period of 15 min separated the PEP bottle and PEP mask measurements. With the PEP bottle the expiratory phase began with a zero-flow period of 0.39 s, during which airway pressure rose 11.9 cm H2O. With the PEP bottle the mean expiratory pressure was 11.7 cm H2O, and end-expiratory pressure was 9.5 cm H2O. With the PEP mask the initial expiratory zero-flow period was almost nonexistent (0.04 s) and without any change in airway pressure. With the PEP mask the shape of the expiratory pressure curve was different; mean expiratory pressure was 8.6 cm H2O, and end-expiratory pressure was zero. With the PEP bottle the inspiration also began with a zero-flow period of 0.43 s, during which airway pressure decreased 9.6 cm H2O from the end-expiratory airway pressure. With the PEP mask the initial inspiratory zero-flow period was only 0.01 s and there was no concomitant change in airway pressure. The PEP bottle and the PEP mask showed major differences in the relationship between airflow and airway pressure. These findings might explain the observed differences in patient adherence to these therapies.
    Respiratory care 09/2007; 52(8):1000-5. · 2.03 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

376 Citations
169.21 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1997–2013
    • Umeå University
      • • Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences
      • • Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation
      Umeå, Vaesterbotten, Sweden
  • 2012
    • Skåne University Hospital
      Malmö, Skåne, Sweden
  • 2011
    • Norrlands universitetssjukhus
      Umeå, Västerbotten, Sweden
    • Karolinska University Hospital
      Tukholma, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1982–2006
    • University of Gothenburg
      • Department of Surgery
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden
  • 1991–2005
    • Lund University
      Lund, Skåne, Sweden
  • 1985–1999
    • Sahlgrenska University Hospital
      • Department of Cardiology
      Goeteborg, Västra Götaland, Sweden