Itzel Bustos Villalobos

Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (6)20.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Unlabelled: The aim of this study was to investigate changes in CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) throughout the clinical course of Kawasaki disease (KD) and correlations with response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy. Participants comprised 18 patients who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for KD and 20 healthy subjects. Expressions of CD25 and FOXP3 among all CD4(+) T cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells were analyzed by flow cytometry before and 7 and 30 days after IVIg therapy. Before treatment, percentages of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) Tregs among total CD4(+) Tregs were significantly lower among KD patients (4.19 %; range, 0.16-8.11 %) than among healthy subjects (7.32 %; 4.18-13.42 %; P = 0.0001). Both percentages and absolute numbers of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) Tregs on day 7 after IVIg therapy were significantly increased compared with values before treatment (8.02 % (range, 0.51-12.6 %) vs. 4.19 % (range, 0.16-8.11 %), P = 0.0005; 93.25/ μL (range, 6.67-258.05) vs. 41.85/ μL (range, 0.44-160.62), P < 0.0001, respectively). Moreover, percentages and absolute numbers of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) Tregs before treatment were significantly lower in the IVIg-resistant group than in the IVIg-sensitive group (0.18 % (range, 0.16-3.34 %) vs. 4.52 % (range, 2.8-8.11 %), P = 0.0022; 0.68/μL (range, 0.44-53.81) vs. 51.66/μL (range, 2.88-160.62), P = 0.0098, respectively). The frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) Tregs in four of the five IVIg-resistant patients at diagnosis was more than 3 standard deviations below that in healthy subjects. Two of these four patients displayed coronary abnormalities, and one of these two patients developed coronary aneurysm. Conclusion: Lack of CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) Tregs before treatment may predict resistance to IVIg therapy in patients with KD.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 01/2013; 172(6). DOI:10.1007/s00431-013-1937-3 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) expression on leukemic cells derived from patients at diagnosis and relapse after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) using flow cytometry with locus-specific antibodies. Two of 3 patients who relapsed after HLA-haploidentical HSCT demonstrated loss of HLA alleles in leukemic cells at relapse; on the other hand, no loss of HLA alleles was seen in 6 patients who relapsed after HLA-identical HSCT. Single-nucleotide polymorphism array analyses of sorted leukemic cells further revealed the copy number-neutral loss of heterozygosity, namely, acquired uniparental disomy on the short arm of chromosome 6, resulting in the total loss of the mismatched HLA haplotype. These results suggest that the escape from immunosurveillance by the loss of mismatched HLA alleles may be a crucial mechanism of relapse after HLA-haploidentical HSCT. Accordingly, the status of mismatched HLA on relapsed leukemic cells should be checked before donor lymphocyte infusion.
    Blood 04/2010; 115(15):3158-61. DOI:10.1182/blood-2009-11-254284 · 10.45 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aplastic anemia (AA) is characterized by a reduced number of hematopoietic stem cells and fatty replacement in the bone marrow. Transcriptional factor GATA-2 plays several important roles in both hematopoiesis and adipogenesis. Decreased levels of GATA-2 compromise the proliferation and survival of hematopoietic stem cells. GATA-2 suppresses adipocyte differentiation through direct inhibition of adipogenic factors, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma). Previous studies have shown that expression of GATA-2 is decreased in marrow CD34-positive cells in AA. To elucidate the mechanisms of fatty marrow replacement, we evaluated the mRNA expression for GATA-2 and PPARgamma in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from patients with AA by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. GATA-2 expression by MSCs from AA patients was significantly lower than in normal subjects. Conversely, expression of PPARgamma was significantly higher in AA patients. Western blot analysis demonstrated that protein levels of GATA-2 were lower in AA patients than those in normal subjects. Moreover, incubation with interferon-gamma induced downregulation of GATA-2 levels in MSCs from normal subjects. These findings indicate that fatty marrow replacement in AA patients can be explained by downregulation of GATA-2 and overexpression of PPARgamma in MSCs. Decreased expression of GATA-2 might be responsible for the pathogenesis and development of the clinical features of the disease.
    Experimental hematology 09/2009; 37(12):1393-9. DOI:10.1016/j.exphem.2009.09.005 · 2.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe a 4-month-old infant girl with congenital erythroid and myeloid hypoplasia who developed myelodysplastic syndrome. Bone marrow examination showed severe erythroid and myeloid hypoplasia without dysplastic morphology. Flow cytometry detected autoantibodies to myeloid cells, indicating a diagnosis of Diamond-Blackfan anemia with autoimmune neutropenia. The patient was administered prednisolone and rituximab, which brought the neutrophil count and hemoglobin level to within the normal range. However, bicytopenia recurred at the age of 22 months. She was diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome because of trilineage dysplasia and the clonal abnormality of 46,XX,dup(1)(q21;q32) in bone marrow. She was transplanted with cord blood from an unrelated human leukocyte antigen-matched donor and has since remained in complete remission for 20 months.
    Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 10/2008; 30(9):692-5. DOI:10.1097/MPH.0b013e31816e23a1 · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent molecular studies have revealed that the GM-CSF/RAS signaling pathway plays a central role in the pathogenesis of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). CFU-GM colony assay is an important test for GM-CSF hypersensitivity in patients with JMML, but requires specific skills. We established a simple and easy quantification method to test GM-CSF hypersensitivity, using a (3)H-thymidine assay. With this quantification method, JMML patients with RAS mutations showed significantly higher GM-CSF sensitivity than JMML patients with PTPN11 mutations. This method will be useful not only in the diagnosis of JMML, but also to evaluate the difference of GM-CSF sensitivity among patients.
    Leukemia Research 08/2008; 32(7):1036-42. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2007.11.016 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Midkine (MK) is a heparin-binding growth factor that is overexpressed in a number of solid cancers. However, expression in acute leukemia has not been clarified. We examined MK gene expression using real-time PCR in 94 children with acute leukemia. In 30 of the 41 patients with B-precursor ALL, MK gene expression was overexpressed than normal BM. MK gene was also overexpressed in more than half of patients with FAB M1 and M2 types of AML. Quantification of MK gene by real-time PCR offers particular promise as a prognostic marker and a marker for minimal residual disease in children with B-precursor ALL.
    Leukemia Research 09/2007; 31(8):1045-51. DOI:10.1016/j.leukres.2006.12.008 · 2.35 Impact Factor

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