R Wainstok de Calmanovici

University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina

Are you R Wainstok de Calmanovici?

Claim your profile

Publications (28)59.97 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase is an enzyme that sequentially decarboxylates uroporphyrinogen III (8-COOH) to yield coproporphyrinogen III (4-COOH). In mammals this enzyme activity is impaired by hexachlorobenzene treatment, through generation of an enzyme inhibitor. The interaction of porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase inhibitor, extracted from the liver of hexachlorobenzene-treated rats, with substrate decarboxylation sites on the enzyme, was studied using four different carboxylated substrates belonging to the isomeric III series of naturally-formed porphyrinogens containing 8-,7-,6- and 5-COOH. Similar inhibitor effects were elicited against all the substrates assayed, with the exception of pentacarboxyporphyrinogen III in which decarboxylation was not inhibited to same extent. Enzyme protection assays in the presence of the different substrates, indicated that each porphyrinogen protects its own decarboxylation from inhibitor action. Preincubation of the inhibitor with normal enzyme increased its inhibitory effect. On the other hand, preincubation of both enzyme and inhibitor with superoxide dismutase or mannitol, did not alter inhibitory activity. Preincubation of the inhibitor with a number of amino acids showed that only arginine and its derivative N alpha-Benzoyl-L-Arginine ethyl ester interact with the inhibitor, noticeably reducing its ability to inhibit porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase. Albumin, histidine, serine, cysteine and imidazol, were unable to quench inhibitor activity. The present results indicate that the inhibitor acts at the binding site of each porphyrinogen. Taking into account that arginine is related to enzyme activity, and that histidine is found at the binding site of the substrates, the results suggest that the inhibitor could bind to arginine residues, blocking the access of substrates to histidine and altering the adequate orientation for decarboxylation by masking the positively charged active site necessary for porphyrinogen binding to the enzyme. In addition an indirect effect of the inhibitor mediated through free radicals could be discarded.
    Biochemistry and molecular biology international 07/1999; 47(6):945-56.
  • G Calabrese, M Fernandez de Recondo, E Recondo, R Wainstok de Calmanovici
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: With the aim to analyze the ontogeny of the mouse endothelium, monoclonal antibody (mAb) MEC 13.3 was used for the immunohistochemical staining of frozen sections of different stages of mouse embryo development. This mAb specifically recognizes membrane reinforcement of endothelial cells (EC) from mouse blood vessels, indicating the expression of a molecule related to the murine form of PECAM-1/CD31. The present study reports the expression of the murine PECAM-1/CD31 antigen, observed with the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique, in a single cell type, with a typical non-differentiated morphology at an early stage of mouse postimplantation embryos. A progressive increase in the number of this cell type was observed in the early stages of murine development, but few were detected at mature stages. On the other hand, EC in days 9.5, 14.5 and 19.5 postcoitum embryos were also recognized by the same mAb MEC 13.3 allowing the recognition of a cell type related directly or indirectly to vascular network development.
    Cellular and molecular biology 06/1998; 44(3):537-41. · 0.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In syngeneic mice, the H5V polyoma middle-T oncogene-transformed endothelioma cell line induces Kaposi's sarcoma-like cavernous haemangiomas that regress transiently, probably because of an anti-tumour immune response, but eventually grow progressively and kill the host. To evaluate the generation of tumour-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), spleen cells of tumour-bearing mice were restimulated with irradiated H5V cells in mixed leucocyte-tumour cell cultures. Tumour-specific CTLs were demonstrable only when low numbers of H5V stimulator cells were used (<1 H5V cell per 50 splenocytes). We found that H5V cells secrete immunosuppressive mediators because CTL generation was blocked when H5V cells culture supernatants were added to allogeneic mixed leucocyte cultures. As numerous tumour-derived immunosuppressive mediators may interfere with interleukin 12 (IL-12) production, we tested whether IL-12 treatment of the tumour-bearing mice would augment their immune response and thus suppress tumour growth. Indeed, IL-12 inhibited tumour growth and prevented mortality, but did not increase anti-H5V CTL generation either in vitro or in vivo. Moreover, the anti-tumour activity in IL-12-treated mice was abrogated by anti-interferon (IFN)-gamma monoclonal antibody (MAb) co-administration. These results strongly suggest that the anti-tumour effect of IL-12 is principally mediated by IFN-gamma release that in turn blocks H5V cell proliferation and induces the release of factors that suppress angiogenesis.
    British Journal of Cancer 02/1998; 77(4):656-62. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A rapid, reproducible method for the isolation of murine endothelial cells (ECs) has been developed. Murine ECs were highly enriched by collagenase digestion of mechanically minced lung and subcutaneous sponge implants followed by specific selection with rat anti-mouse CD31 (i.e., PECAM-1) monoclonal antibody-coated magnetic beads (Dynabeads). Pure EC populations were isolated from primary cultures by a second cycle of immunomagnetic selection. The cells from the lung were then cloned by a limiting-dilution method to exclude the possibility of nonendothelial cell contamination. Of the 300 cells plated, 29 clones (approximately 10%) were obtained. The clones were positive for CD31 as measured by flow cytometry, and one clone from the lungs (1G11) and the cells from sponge implants (designated as SIECs) were then subjected to subsequent culture in vitro for 40 and 30 passages (up to 5 months), respectively. Characterization was performed on cells between passage 3 and 10. Both cell types formed contact-inhibited monolayers on gelatin and capillary-like "tubes" on Matrigel. However, 1G11 cells exhibited a "cobblestone" morphology, whereas SIECs had a fibroblast-like appearance at confluence. By flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, these cells constitutively expressed CD31, VE-cadherin (cadherin-5), CD34, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and P-selectin. After stimulation with 30 ng/mL of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, the cells became positive for E-selectin (at 4 hours poststimulation) and the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and P-selectin was upregulated (after 24 hours of stimulation). The presence of VE-cadherin in 1G11 cells and SIECs was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and Northern blot analysis. The phenotype and morphology of both cell types were stable during 5 months of culture, and there was no evidence of overgrowth by contaminating cells. Taken together, the approach outlined herein may provide a general strategy for the isolation and culture of ECs from a variety of murine tissues. The general strategy outlined here is simple, effective, and flexible, allowing the inclusion of further positive or negative selection steps.
    Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 09/1997; 17(8):1599-604. · 6.34 Impact Factor
  • S Vanzulli, S Gazzaniga, M F Braidot, A Vecchi, A Mantovani, R Wainstok de Calmanovici
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In order to clearly visualize blood vessels, the monoclonal antibody (mAb) MEC 13.3 was used for an immunohistochemical staining on frozen sections of different mice mammary tumors. MEC 13.3 mAb is specific for endothelial cells (ECs) of mouse blood vessels and recognizes a molecule related to the murine form of CD31/PECAM. This mAb with immunoenzymatic technique or immunofluorescent labelling, was found to be a useful tool to quantify tumor neovascularization. Specifically, membrane reinforcement could be observed in vessel ECs, indicating the expression of CD31/ PECAM in their surface. The staining of ECs from tumors and from normal tissues was also compared. In this work, the use of MEC13.3 mAb is reported to recognize mice mammary tumor ECs as a useful tool to identify neovascularization. It would also be helpful for research on the origin and function of vascular endothelium in murine tumor experimental models.
    Biocell: official journal of the Sociedades Latinoamericanas de Microscopía Electronica ... et. al 05/1997; 21(1):39-46. · 0.58 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of antineoplastics is common in cancer therapy, and some of them have been associated with the development of porphyria in patients with cancer. However, knowledge of their effects on the haeme metabolic pathway is at present scarce and unclear. So, the present study evaluates the porphyrinogenic ability of nine antineoplastics (both alkylating and non-alkylating). These were tested either alone or in conjunction with 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (latent porphyria model) in chick embryos and in mice. The results obtained suggest that the use of cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, 5-fluorouracil, busulphan, procarbazine and hexamethylmelamine be avoided in the treatment of porphyric patients. On the other hand, dacarbazine, chlorambucil and melphalan are non-porphyrinogenic. We also provide evidence showing that neither the presence of the mustard group in the structure of the antineoplastic nor alterations in ferrochelatase or protoporphyrinogen oxidase activities are responsible for the porphyrinogenic ability of cyclophosphamide. © 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Journal of Applied Toxicology 04/1997; 17(3):171 - 177. · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • A C Cochón, C Aldonatti, L C San Martín de Viale, R Wainstok de Calmanovici
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The use of antineoplastics is common in cancer therapy, and some of them have been associated with the development of porphyria in patients with cancer. However, knowledge of their effects on the haeme metabolic pathway is at present scarce and unclear. So, the present study evaluates the porphyrinogenic ability of nine antineoplastics (both alkylating and non-alkylating). These were tested either alone or in conjunction with 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (latent porphyria model) in chick embryos and in mice. The results obtained suggest that the use of cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, 5-fluorouracil, busulphan, procarbazine and hexamethylmelamine be avoided in the treatment of porphyric patients. On the other hand, dacarbazine, chlorambucil and melphalan are non-porphyrinogenic. We also provide evidence showing that neither the presence of the mustard group in the structure of the antineoplastic nor alterations in ferrochelatase or protoporphyrinogen oxidase activities are responsible for the porphyrinogenic ability of cyclophosphamide.
    Journal of Applied Toxicology 01/1997; 17(3):171-7. · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polyoma middle T (PmT)-transformed endothelial cells may represent a unique murine model for human opportunistic vascular tumors. The present study was designed to evaluate the anti-tumor potential of a panel of 13 cytokines against murine PmT-transformed endothelial cells. Interferon gamma (IFNgamma) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGFbeta1) substantially decreased in a dose-dependent manner the proliferation of a panel of 6 PmT-transformed cell lines. IFNalpha and tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNFalpha) had marginal anti-proliferative activity, whereas other molecules (interleukins-1, -2, -4, -6 and -13, IFNbeta, leukemia inhibitory factor, oncostatin M, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor) caused no growth inhibition. IFNgamma and TGFbeta1 were therefore selected for further analysis of their mechanism of action and in vivo relevance. IFNgamma and TGFbeta1 reduced the activity of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase and the production of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-biphosphate, without modifying the tyrosine kinase(s) activity associated with PmT. IFNgamma and TGFbeta1 were also tested for their ability to modify the in vivo growth of the PmT-transformed endothelial cells H5V in syngeneic C57B1/6 mice. Treatment with IFNnu and TGFbeta1 significantly delayed tumor growth and increased survival time. In contrast, treatment with IFNalpha and TNFalpha failed to prolong survival. In nude mice, IFNgamma and TGFbeta1 had a transient effect on tumor growth but no effect on survival, suggesting a contribution of T cells to the in vivo anti-tumor activity of these cytokines.
    International Journal of Cancer 04/1996; 65(5):700-8. · 6.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Uroporphyrinogen I Synthase (URO-S) activity was measured in erythrocytes of female and male rats which had received diethylnitrosamine (DENA) as an inducer of hepatic tumors. Twenty-two weeks after the last dose of the carcinogen, the rats showed statistically significant increases in the URO-S activity. Differences in the body weight, erythrocyte porphyrin content or the hematocrit between treated and control rats were not found. Fifty percent of female rats and thirty percent of male rats treated with DENA were found to have hepatic tumors but there was no correlation between blood URO-S activity and tumoral development in spite of the increase in URO-S activity observed in DENA treated rats. This was observed both in male and female rats.
    Acta physiologica, pharmacologica et therapeutica latinoamericana: órgano de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Ciencias Fisiológicas y [de] la Asociación Latinoamericana de Farmacología 02/1995; 45(1):49-52.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A retroviral construct encoding polyoma middle-sized T antigen was used to generate transformed endothelial cell lines from heart (H5V), brain (B9V), and whole-embryo (E10V) of C57BL/6 mice. When injected into syngeneic recipients, H5V and the less studied B9V and E10V cells caused vascular tumors which, depending on the number of cells inoculated, regressed or progressed, leading to death of the host. When H5V cells were injected into immunodeficient mice, tumors were observed with inocula which did not form lesions in immunocompetent recipients and regression did not occur. Treatment with anti-LFA-1, anti-Thy-1.2, and anti-CD8 antibodies abolished rejection; anti-CD4 was a somewhat less effective inhibitor of resistance. Animals with progressive tumors exhibited secondary lesions in various organs with prominent skin involvement in nude mice. Histologically, the tumors had the appearance of a hemangioma, with areas resembling Kaposi sarcoma. Cells lining vascular lacunae had the morphological features of injected H5V cells. The lesions were characterized by prominent neovascularization and mononuclear cell infiltration. Southern blot hybridization analysis revealed that approximately 5% of the cells in the tumor mass were transplanted H5V cells. Thus, the H5V transformed endothelial line causes vascular lesions that are sustained to a large extent by recruitment of host cells and manifests full malignant behavior only in immunocompromised hosts. The hypothesis of a tumor sustained by a minute proportion of transformed cells, which recruit host elements and express full malignant behavior only in immunodeficient hosts, would account for several features of some vascular neoplasms in man.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/1994; 91(15):7291-5. · 9.81 Impact Factor
  • A C Cochón, L C San Martín de Viale, R Wainstok de Calmanovici
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1. Some studies of cyclophosphamide (CP) and its metabolite acrolein in chick embryo liver were carried out in order to investigate the mechanism of the porphyrinogenic action of CP. 2. In vitro and in vivo studies revealed that CP induced but did not activate delta-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) synthase. 3. Pretreatments with phenobarbital (PB) or SKF-525A did not modify ALA-synthase induction produced by CP. 4. Acrolein administration neither induced ALA-synthase activity nor increased cytochrome P-450 content or led to hepatic porphyrin accumulation. 5. Time course induction of cytochrome P-450 content after administration of CP or PB was similar. 6. The results obtained would indicate that CP is a strong inducer of both ALA-synthase activity and microsomal cytochrome P-450 content in liver of 17 day-old chick embryos and that its porphyrinogenic activity is not mediated by its metabolite acrolein.
    Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology 06/1992; 102(1):143-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study was undertaken to explore the effect of the presence of hepatic tumors induced by diethylinitrosamine (DENA) on the metabolic heme pathway, and to assess whether these tumors can modify the response of rats to the porphyrinogenic drug hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and whether the above mentioned effects occur to a greater extent in females than males. The results obtained showed that: a) Females were more susceptible to the hepatocarcinogenicity of DENA than males. b) Female normal and DENA treated rats were more susceptible than male rats to the porphyrinogenicity of HCB. c) The presence of hepatic DENA induced tumors could diminish basal hepatic ferrochelatase activity. d) Hepatic tumors could modify the response of animals to a porphyrinogenic drug such as HCB. Thus, both female and male DENA/HBC rats accumulated more porphyrins and showed a lower delta-aminolevulinate synthase and uroporphyrinogen I synthase induction than HCB rats. e) The heme pathway was functional in DENA induced tumors in both male and female rats but they were little affected by HCB.
    Tumori 11/1991; 77(5):379-84. · 0.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The response of female BDVI rats bearing diethylnitrosamine(DENA)-induced hepatic tumors to the porphyrinogenic action of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) was studied. (1) The heme pathway operates in these tumors but they were less affected by HCB than the liver. (2) Tumors did not accumulate porphyrins although the surrounding liver accumulated more porphyrins than livers treated with HCB. (3) DENA/HCB livers which developed a well defined tumor showed slightly less porphyrinogen carboxylyase inhibition and delta-aminolaevulinate synthase induction than HCB rats. (4) The results of the present work suggest that endogenously formed porphyrins would be unable to be accumulated by DENA-induced tumors when the tumoral development precedes the onset of the porphyria.
    Cancer Letters 08/1991; 58(3):225-32. · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The response of animals bearing N-nitroso-N-methylurea (NMU)-induced mammary tumors to the porphyrinogenic action of hexachlorobenzene (HCB) was studied. delta-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA), porphobilinogen and porphyrins in urine, ALA-synthase and porphyrinogen carboxylase activities and porphyrin content in liver and tumor were measured. The results obtained indicate that the metabolic heme pathway operates in mammary tumors but tumor response to HCB treatment could not be detected. HCB administration produced an earlier and greater hepatic porphyria in tumor-bearing rats than in healthy rats suggesting that the presence of tumors exacerbates the action of HCB.
    Cancer Letters 12/1990; 55(1):67-73. · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1. The present work undertakes a comparative study on the hexachlorobenzene (HCB) porphyria induction in female rats of Wistar and CHBBTHOM strains. The purpose was to characterize the CHBBTHOM strain with respect to the haem metabolic pathway, its regulatory mechanisms and its response to foreign drugs. 2. After 7 weeks of treatment it was observed that the hepatic porphyrins increased 140 times, ALA-synthase 4 times and PCL was 73% inhibited in the Wistar strain. 3. On the other hand the animals of CHBBTHOM strain showed lesser alteration on these parameters; hepatic porphyrins increased only 3-fold, ALA-synthase 1.7-fold and PLC was only 22% inhibited. 4. Total iron liver content was nearly equal in both strains of rats. 5. The results obtained would indicate that the lower susceptibility of the CHBBTHOM strain to acquire porphyria does not seem to be due to either: (1) congenital alterations of any parameters of the haem metabolic pathway, since the behaviour of normal animals from both strains was similar; or (2) a lower hepatic iron content in such animals. 6. These findings would suggest that the differential response to HCB to this strain would be looked for in another metabolic pathway, such as that involved in the metabolization process of the toxic.
    International Journal of Biochemistry 02/1989; 21(4):377-81.
  • R Wainstok de Calmanovici, L C San Martín de Viale
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: 1. The porphyrinogenic ability of several antineoplastics used in the therapy of the different cancers was evaluated. The action of cyclophosphamide, busulfan and 5-fluorouracil on the amount and nature of the accumulated hepatic porphyrins and on the activity of delta-aminolaevulinate synthase (ALA-S), were estimated at different doses and times of drug treatment in 17-day-old chick embryos. 2. It was observed that cyclophosphamide produces a significant increase in the accumulation of hepatic porphyrins at different doses as well as in the activity of the ALA-S, at all the incubation times. Cyclophosphamide alters the pattern of porphyrins accumulated in the liver, where a coproporphyrin: protoporphyrin ratio higher than in the controls can be observed. 3. Busulfan increased the hepatic porphyrins accumulated in the liver but to a lesser degree than cyclophosphamide. 4. 5-Fluorouracil did not modify the hepatic porphyrin content when it was administered at doses up to 40 mg/embryo. 5. When the embryos were injected with busulfan or 5-fluorouracil no significant differences were observed in the activity of ALA-S up to 11 hr of incubation. 6. These results indicate that cyclophosphamide has a remarkable porphyrinogenic capacity in chick embryo while busulfan, notwithstanding the fact that it alters the haem pathway, it does so to a degree that does not impair the regulation of ALA-S activity. Fluorouracil seems to be non porphyrinogenic in this system, up to 40 mg/embryo.
    International Journal of Biochemistry 02/1988; 20(9):1015-20.
  • R Wainstok de Calmanovici, S C Billi, C A Aldonatti, L C San Martín de Viale
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present work is to investigate the ability of desferrioxamine (DF) as an iron chelator to revert or decrease a severe experimental porphyria induced by hexachlorobenzene (HCB) in rats; DF treatment started after 17 weeks of HCB intoxication and was continued until the 27th week. The urinary excretions of -aminolevulinic acid (ALA), porphobilinogen and porphyrins were weekly quantitated. At the end of the experiment the animals were sacrificed and hepatic porphyrins, ALA-synthase and porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase activities were determined. The results obtained indicated that, under the present conditions, the administered iron chelator does not improve the disturbance promoted by HCB on the haem pathway. These results were compared with those obtained when the DF was given simultaneously with HCB from the beginning of fungicide administration. In this last situation the chelator was able to delay and diminish the porphyrinogenic effect of HCB.
    Acta physiologica et pharmacologica latinoamericana: organo de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Ciencias Fisiológicas y de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Farmacología 02/1987; 37(4):541-54.
  • S C Billi, R Wainstok de Calmanovici, L C San Martín de Viale
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to confirm the presence of an inhibitor in the hexachlorobenzene-porphyric liver that is able to decrease the normal activity of porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase (PCL), to determine whether any relation exists between the degree of hexachlorobenzene-induced porphyria and the ability of a porphyric liver preparation to reduce the enzyme activity of normal liver and to seek extraction methods in order to characterize the inhibitor by gas-liquid chromatography. A perfused liver supernatant (11,000 X g) filtered through a Sephadex G-25 column and heated for 5 min at 100 degrees C was used as the inhibitor source. The results show that the inhibitor was eluted together with a protein peak by gel filtration, the inhibitor was thermostable, the extent of the inhibitory effect reached by this preparation increased with the degree of porphyria, ether and toluene extracts from both heated and non-heated porphyric liver preparations also exhibited an inhibitory effect on the normal activity of PCL and the degree of inhibition depended on the amount of the preparation added. Therefore, there is an inhibitor of PCL activity in the hexachlorobenzene-porphyric liver, the concentration of which increases as the degree of porphyria increases. This inhibitor is soluble in organic solvents and is presently being characterized by gas-liquid chromatography.
    IARC scientific publications 02/1986;
  • R Wainstok de Calmanovici, S C Billi, C A Aldonatti, L C San Martín de Viale
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The effect of desferrioxamine on hexachlorobenzene (HCB)-induced porphyria was studied in female rats in order to investigate the role of iron in the development of this porphyria. Repeated injections of desferrioxamine delayed and remarkably diminished the urinary excretion of precursors and porphyrins and the accumulation of porphyrins in the liver. These effects were produced because the desferrioxamine attenuated the alterations produced by HCB in two key enzymes: porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase and delta-aminolaevulinic acid synthase. The effect of desferrioxamine on both enzymes was also studied in vitro. This work showed that iron plays an important role in the onset of HCB-induced porphyria and supplied information on the mechanism of action. A common iron-involving mechanism for the production of porphyria by different chlorinated compounds is suggested.
    IARC scientific publications 02/1986;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to determine whether iron contents are altered in hexachlorobenzene (HCB)-induced porphyria, and whether there is any relation between these alterations and the effects of the drug on several enzymes of the haem pathway. To this end, the effect of HCB administration on total, non-haem and haem iron levels was studied. Further, the effects of the addition of: both heated and non-heated HCB-porphyric liver preparations, iron as sulfate, ferritin and haemin and alpha alpha'-bipyridyl and 8-hydroxyquinoline were studied on the following enzymes: delta-aminolaevulinic acid synthase, delta-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase, porphobilinogenase and porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase. Total and non-haem iron levels increased significantly as a result of HCB intoxication, but there was a non-significant decrease in haem iron content. The increased iron levels did not appear to be directly involved in the increased activities of delta-aminolaevulinic acid synthase and delta-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase observed in HCB-induced porphyria, since it was not possible to detect any activation in heating and crossed assays nor by the addition of inorganic iron, protein-iron or haemin. Results from heating and crossed assays suggested the existence of an activator for porphobilinogenase and an inhibitor for porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase, while results obtained with chelating agents suggested that iron could partly account for the activation of porphobilinogenase. Iron was not directly involved with the decreased activity of porphyrinogen carboxy-lyase, since neither iron chelators nor different types of iron produced physiologically significant effects.
    IARC scientific publications 02/1986;

Publication Stats

305 Citations
59.97 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1980–1999
    • University of Buenos Aires
      • • Biological Chemistry Department
      • • Biological Sciences Department
      • • Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences
      Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina
  • 1997
    • Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires
      Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina