[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR), associated with the presence of C4d deposits, is well-defined in kidney transplantation but much less documented in liver transplantation (LTx). The aim of our study was to retrospectively analyze a group of pediatric liver transplant recipients who experienced episodes of acute rejection in the past, for the signs of AMR and its impact on liver histology. Material and Methods Our study population consisted of 18 patients after living related donor liver transplantation with a history of acute cellular rejection (1-5/patient). In all of them, actual liver function was good at almost 2-year median follow-up after transplantation. We reassessed all liver biopsies taken from these children between 5 days to 5.7 years after transplantation for signs of acute cellular rejection and antibody-mediated rejection. In all patients, anti-HLA antibodies were also assessed at least 2 years after transplantation (2.18-12.27 years, median 6.795 years). Results There were 27 episodes of acute rejection proved by liver biopsy. Signs of AMR were found in 6 of 18 patients (33.3%). In 5 of these patients, donor-specific (DSA) and non-specific anti-HLA antibodies were also identified. In the group of 12 patients with acute rejection without histochemical signs of AMR, anti-HLA antibodies were found in sera of only 5 of 12 patients after transplantation. Conclusions Our study shows some correlation between C4d-positive reaction in liver biopsies with acute cellular rejection and presence of anti-HLA antibodies, particularly against HLA class II. We did not find any difference in the late graft function, which could be correlated with the presence of AMR. Further studies on larger groups of patients are necessary.
Annals of transplantation : quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society. 01/2014; 19:119-23.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Undifferentiated embryonal sarcoma of the liver (UESL) represents less than 5% of all malignant hepatic tumors in childhood. It is considered an aggressive neoplasm with an unfavorable prognosis. The aim of this paper is to present a single center experience in the treatment of children with UESL.
Ten children with UESL were treated between 1981 and 2012. Age at diagnosis ranged from 4months to 17years (median age, 6years and 9months). Surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CHT) was performed in 7 patients, and in 3 patients primary surgery was done. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered in all 10 patients (CYVADIC, CAV, CAV/ETIF/IF+ADM, CDDP/PLADO). Right hemihepatectomy was performed in 1 patient, extended right hemihepatectomy in 6, and partial resection of the right lobe (segments V-VI, segment V) in 2 patients. One patient with unresectable tumor affecting both lobes was listed for liver transplantation (LTx).
Follow-up from diagnosis ranged from 50 to 222months (mean 138months). Among 9 patients treated with partial liver resection, distant metastases/local recurrence was not observed in any, and disease-free survival in this group is 100% (9 patients alive). The patient that underwent liver transplantation died of multiorgan failure 4months postoperatively. However, this patient was misdiagnosed as having hepatoblastoma (HBL) and received PLADO chemotherapy. The overall survival rate is 90%.
Excellent results with long-term survival can be achieved in children with UESL with conventional therapy, including a combination of neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy and surgery, even in large extensively growing tumors.
Journal of Pediatric Surgery 11/2013; 48(11):2202-6. · 1.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite prospective crossmatching and modern immunosuppression, early acute rejection is still present in cadaveric renal transplantation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of preformed anti-donor antibodies, detected by 2 solid-phase techniques, and to analyze their impact on early renal allograft outcome.
Flow crossmatch detecting the presence of anti-donor IgG and IgM antibodies was performed in pre-transplant sera of 279 patients with negative cytotoxic crossmatch. Screening for IgG antibodies detected by bead-based multiplex technique was performed in sera of 69 patients from the FCXM group. The incidence of early biopsy-proven rejection and graft failure within 3 months after transplantation was analyzed.
Anti-donor IgG antibodies were detected in 33 patients (11.8%) by flow crossmatch and in 10 patients by multiplex (14.5%). IgM antibodies were detected in 23 patients (8.2%). All multiplex-positive sera were also positive for IgG by flow crossmatch, but in 18 cases no antibodies were found by multiplex technique. Biopsy-proven acute rejection within 3 months after transplantation was observed in 16 patients, and 5 allografts were lost due to immunological reasons. Presence of IgG antibodies was found to have no effect on early outcome, while the presence of IgM antibodies was associated with significantly higher rejection rate and immune-related graft failure.
Anti-donor IgG antibodies detected by bead-based and cell-based technique have no impact on biopsy-proven rejection rate or graft failure. Anti-donor IgM detected by flow crossmatch have significant impact on early transplantation outcome.
Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 12/2011; 16(4):32-9. · 1.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a frequent complication of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). After the skin, the liver is the second, most frequent target of GVHD, which presenting with hyperbilirubinemia, elevated liver enzymes, and coagulopathy. Progressive destruction of small intrahepatic bile ducts causes vanishing bile duct syndrome and leads to end-stage liver disease. We report 2 successful cases of orthotopic liver transplantation performed in children with severe GVHD after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from a matched unrelated donor (HSCT-MUD).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: HCC constitutes 25-30% of primary malignant liver tumors in children. Conventional surgical excision is not possible in more than 50% of patients. LTx has recently become an important therapeutic option for adults and children with primary liver tumors. The aim of this study was a retrospective analysis of the clinical and pathological data of children with HCC treated with LTx in relation to Milan criteria assessed at diagnosis and then immediately before transplantation, in comparison with a group of patients treated conventionally. Between 1990 and 2007 we have treated 21 children diagnosed with HCC. Patients were divided into two groups: group I, 10 children treated conventionally and group II, 11 children treated with LTx regardless of previous therapy. The outcome of our patients treated conventionally with resection and chemotherapy is very poor--the disease-free survival rate is 30%. In contrast, despite that only 3 children having fulfilled adult Milan criteria, early clinical results of LTx are much superior. Total hepatectomy followed by LTx is the main treatment option for the majority of children with HCC. Decisions on the type of surgical treatment is made individually, but very early in the course of treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There is a group of children with primary hepatic tumors which can not be resected by conventional partial liver resection. Total hepatectomy followed by liver transplantation may be the only solution in such cases. Authors reviewed own experience with the liver transplantation for unresectable tumors in children and assessed the possible indications and role of transplantation in these patients.
Liver transplantation was performed in 17 children with unresectable hepatic tumors out of total number of 350 children transplanted. Hepatocarcinoma was present in 8 children, hepatoblastoma in 6 and benign giant hemangioma in 3. There was no other option for the treatment which would lead to the oncological cure of children with malignant tumors. All patients with giant hemangiomas were infants transplanted urgently due to circulatory and then multiorgan failure.
Survival within whole group is 75.5% (13 of 17 pts), 3 children died of malignant tumor recurrence, one of other causes. All 3 children with benign tumors are alive and well. Actual follow-up is from 3 months to 7 years.
Liver transplantation should be considered as option in the treatment of all children with unresectable hepatic tumors. With the careful and individual patient selection significant chances for survival can be achieved in this group of patients which would otherwise not survive with the conventional treatment.
Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 06/2008; 13(2):37-41. · 1.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Anti-CMV prophylaxis is currently a routine management in patients after organ transplantation. One of the clinical symptoms of CMV infection may be lesions in the oral cavity.The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between CMV infection, occurrence of Candida species and presence of oral mucosal ulceration in transplant recipients.
Twenty fi ve patients after kidney or liver transplantation (mean age 13 years +/-4 years), receiving immunosuppression (tacrolimus, cyclosporine or sirolimus), who presented minor and major recurrent aphtous stomatitis (RAS), atypical ulcerations or focal necrosis in the oral cavity were enrolled into the study. Mean duration of post-transplant follow-up was 4 years and 3 months (+/-3 years and 5 months). Clinical dental examination (Pl I, GI), mycological tests and blood tests for CMV infection (specific IgM antibodies and/or pp65 antygenemia) were performed in all patients. Eighteen specimens of oral mucosa were evaluated for CMV presence in situ.
CMV infection was confirmed in 13 patients with oral mucosal ulceration (46.43%); which were accompanied by gingivitis (average GI=1.34); in two cases Candida albicans was identified. DNA of HCMV was found in-situ in 5.5% of all biopsies, and in 9% of biopsies of patients with clinical CMV infection; changes did not show the presence of Candida spp.
There is a significant correlation between CMV infection and oral lesions; in some cases, CMV may be a direct cause.
Annals of transplantation: quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society 02/2008; 13(4):28-33. · 1.43 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection from donors negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) but positive for antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) have been reported. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcomes of recipients who received liver grafts from living related donors with serological evidence of previous exposure to hepatitis B virus (HBsAg-negative/anti-HBc-positive) after recipient vaccination against HBV before and after liver transplantation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Thyroglossal duct remnants (TGDR), most often cysts, are the most common type of developmental abnormalities of the thyroid gland. In about 1 to 2% of TGDR neoplastic transformation occurs. Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid may be encountered in over 90% of such cases. Two cases of primary papillary carcinoma of the thyroid in TGDR in young girls are presented. The diagnostic and therapeutic problems are shared, and up-to-date management guidelines in similar cases are discussed.
Endokrynologia Polska 01/2007; 58(2):164-7. · 1.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of study was to report the preliminary results and complications of HCV infection treatment after liver transplantation.
Six patients after liver transplantation (one after combine liver and kidney) had been qualified to treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin.
In four patients the therapy was discontinued due to severe side effects (anaemia, cholestasis, sepsis, acute rejection). In two patients the normalization of biochemical parameters of liver function was achived after treatment.
HCV treatement in solid organ recipients should be individualised.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal cancer accounts for about 2% of all cancers in general population. One of the risk factors is acquired cystic kidney disease developed in course of end- stage renal failure. About 2% of cases of renal cancer are associated with inherited syndromes. We present here the case of 18-year old boy with papillary bilateral renal cell carcinoma, which was found 3 years after renal transplantation, in the stage of graft failure, few days after graphtectomy, while looking for the reason of persistent fever.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation is recognized as the appropriate treatment for end-stage liver disease. Four patients undergoing liver transplantation for classical end-stage liver disease developed de novo autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in the graft. Recurrence of AIH after orthotopic liver transplantation and after reduction in immunosuppressive treatment is reported in one other patient. Markedly elevated serum transaminases were observed, together with an elevated serum IgG and/or globulin fraction and histological feature typical of AIH on liver biopsy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We encountered on seven malignant hepatocellular tumors developing in older children and adolescents.
These tumors exhibit an unusual phenotype with respect to clinical presentation, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and treatment response. As a working hypothesis, we suggest that these apparently novel, unusual, and aggressive tumors occurring in older children and adolescents may form a transition in the putative developmental pathway of hepatocarcinogenesis.
We therefore propose the term, transitional liver cell tumors (TLCT), to denote these lesions.
Medical and Pediatric Oncology 12/2002; 39(5):510-8.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatic vascular tumors (HVT) are the most common benign liver tumors present in infancy and childhood commonly associated with high output cardiac failure. Pediatric HVT usually are divided into infantile hemangioendothelioma (IHE), cavernous hemangioma (HC), and arteriovenous malformations (AVM). The aim of this study was to analyze clinical and histologic features of pediatric HVT in relation to treatment strategies.
During last 12 years, 17 children have been treated because of HVT. The diagnosis of HVT was established in all on the basis of clinical and imaging data. A retrospective analysis of clinical records and histopathology divided 17 into: Group 1, neonates; and Group 2, infants and older children.
Radiologic imaging revealed the vascular nature of the tumors in all patients. All nine from Group 1 were symptomatic from AVMs and seven were operated upon. Only one of eight children from Group 2 presented symptoms of AVM requiring surgery; four of five in this group had surgery because of the risk of malignancy. Within Group 1, a mixture of proliferating IHE with microscopic features of AVM was found in most. In three neonates with HVT immunologic and clinical features of cytomegalovirus (CMV) hepatitis were noted. In two Group 2 patients, pure HC was present and in another, the diagnosis of angiosarcoma was established after biopsy of a peritoneal metastasis.
HVT in children demonstrate internal morphologic heterogeneity and an age-related behavior of the disease. We also confirm the proliferative nature of all hemangioendotheliomas (HEs) in children. Further studies on the tumorigenesis of these lesions are needed.
Medical and Pediatric Oncology 12/2002; 39(5):524-9.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two cases of tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with renal failure related to immunotherapy (case 1) and immunostimulation (case 2) have been described. Case 1: 18 years old male patient with hay fever was admitted because of rapid increase of serum creatinine from 1.1 mg/dl to 5.5 mg/dl, fever, weight loss and anemia which developed during 6 months after second course of immunotherapy. Case 2: 12 years old boy was admitted because of fever, weight loss and rapid progression to renal failure after treatment of pharyngitis with antibiotics and immunostimulant drug. In both patients renal biopsy was performed and TIN with huge lymphocytes T infiltrates was diagnosed. After 6 months treatment with corticosteroids renal function turned back to previous levels in both patients. Pathogenesis and treatment of TIN is discussed.
Polski merkuriusz lekarski: organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego 10/2001; 11(63):254-8.