[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first disclosure of the synthesis, pre-clinical profile and in vivo efficacy in rat xenograft models of the novel and selective anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor LDK378 (14b) is described. In this initial report, preliminary structure activity relationships (SAR) are described as well as the rational design strategy employed to overcome the de-velopment deficiencies of the first generation clinical candidate 4 (TAE684). Compound 14b is currently in Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials with substantial antitumor activity being observed in ALK-positive cancer patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neurotrophins and their receptors (TRKs) play key roles in the development of the nervous system and the maintenance of the neural network. Accumulating evidence points to their role in malignant transformations, chemotaxis, metastasis, and survival signaling and may contribute to the pathogenesis of a variety of tumors of both neural and non-neural origin. By screening the GNF kinase collection, a series of novel oxindole inhibitors of TRKs were identified. Optimization led to the identification of GNF-5837 (22), a potent, selective, and orally bioavailable pan-TRK inhibitor that inhibited tumor growth in a mouse xenograft model derived from RIE cells expressing both TRKA and NGF. The properties of 22 make it a good tool for the elucidation of TRK biology in cancer and other nononcology indications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 4-amino-6-benzimidazole-pyrimidines was designed to target lymphocyte-specific tyrosine kinase (Lck), a member of the Src-family kinases (SFKs). These type II inhibitors were optimized using a cellular Lck-dependent proliferation assay and are capable of inhibiting Lck at single-digit nanomolar concentrations. This scaffold is likely to serve a valuable template for developing potent inhibitors of a number of SFKs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The discovery, synthesis, and optimization of compound 1 from a high-throughput screening hit to highly potent and selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARdelta) agonists are reported. The synthesis and structure-activity relationship in this series are described in detail. On the basis of a general schematic PPAR pharmacophore model, scaffold 1 was divided into headgroup, linker, and tailgroup and successively optimized for PPAR activation using in vitro PPAR transactivation assays. A (2-methylphenoxy)acetic acid headgroup, a flexible linker, and a five-membered heteroaromatic center ring with two hydrophobic aryl substituents were required for efficient and selective PPARdelta activation. The fine-tuning of these aryl substituents led to an array of highly potent and selective compounds such as compound 38c, displaying an excellent pharmacokinetic profile in mouse. In an in vivo acute dosing model, selected members of this array were shown to induce the expression of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK4) and uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3), genes that are known to be involved in energy homeostasis and regulated by PPARdelta in skeletal muscle.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a “Full Text” option. The original article is trackable via the “References” option.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The lead optimization of a novel series of benzo[a]carbazole-based small molecule agonists of the thrombopoietin (Tpo) receptor is reported. The chemical instability of the dihydro-benzo[a]carbazole lead 2 was successfully addressed in the design and evaluation of compounds which also demonstrated improved potency compared to 2. Members of the scaffold have been identified which are full agonists that demonstrate cellular functional potency <50 nM. Analog 21 demonstrates equivalent efficacy in the human megakaryocyte differentiation (CFU-mega) assay compared to Eltrombopag.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 4-amino-6-benzimidazole-pyrimidines was designed to target lymphocyte-specific tyrosine kinase (Lck), a member of the Src kinase family. Highly efficient parallel syntheses were devised to prepare analogues for SAR studies. A number of these 4-amino-6-benzimidazole-pyrimidines exhibited single-digit nanomolar IC(50)s against Lck in biochemical and cellular assays. These 4-amino-6-benzimidazole-pyrimidines represent a new class of tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of benzo[a]carbazole-based small molecule agonists of the thrombopoietin (Tpo) receptor is reported. Starting from a 3.4 microM high throughput screen hit, members of this series have been identified which are full agonists with functional potency <50 nM and oral bioavailability in mice.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of nonsteroidal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) ligands based on a 6-indole-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline scaffold are reported. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the pendent indole group identified compound 20 exhibiting good GR binding affinity (K(i)=1.5nM) and 100- to 1000-fold selectivity over MR, PR, and AR while showing activity in an E-selectin repression assay.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Modification on a lead series of [1,4]oxazino[3,2-g]quinolin-7-ones at the 2-position led to selective androgen receptor modulators with improved in vivo activity. The most potent analog (-)-33a exhibited full maintenance of levator ani muscle at 3mg/kg and reduced activity on ventral prostate weight in a 2-week orally-dosed and orchidectomized rat maintenance assay.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of 2-amino-6-carboxamidobenzothiazole was discovered to have potent Lck inhibitory properties. A highly efficient chemistry was developed. Also described are the detailed SAR study and the BaF3 cell line profiling for this series.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of androgen receptor modulators based on 8H-[1,4]oxazino[2,3-f]quinolin-8-ones was synthesized and evaluated in an androgen receptor transcriptional activation assay. The most potent analogues from the series exhibited single-digit nanomolar potency in vitro. Compound 18h demonstrated full efficacy in the maintenance of muscle weight, at 10 mg/kg, with reduced activity in prostate weight in an in vivo model of androgen action.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 5-benzylidene-1,2-dihydro-2,2,4-trimethyl-5H-1-aza-6-oxa-chrysenes was synthesized and profiled for their ability to act as selective glucocorticoid receptor modulators (SGRMs). The synthesis and structure-activity relationships for this series of compounds are presented.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Title compds. I and II [Ar = (un)substituted 5 or 6-membered aryl heterocycle or carbocycle; Q = non-arom. tertiary amine or secondary amine with provisions; R1 independently = H, halo, alkyl, etc.; R5 = H or alkyl], and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, are prepd. and disclosed as modulators of c-kit receptors. Thus, e.g., III was prepd. by coupling of N-(5-bromopyrimidin-2-yl)-4-(2-diethylaminoethoxy)phenylamine (prepn. given) with 4-methoxyphenylboronic acid. In certain embodiments, compds. of the invention have IC50 values greater than 10 μM (no specific data given). Also described herein are methods for making such compds., methods for using such compds. to modulate the activity of c-kit receptors, and pharmaceutical compns. and medicaments comprising such compds. Also described herein are methods of using such compds., pharmaceutical compns. and medicaments to treat and/or prevent and/or inhibit and/or ameliorate the pathol. and/or symptomol. diseases or conditions assocd. with the ac
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis and structure-activity relationship of a series of arylaminoethyl amide cathepsin S inhibitors are reported. Optimization of P3 and P2 groups to improve overall physicochemical properties resulted in significant improvements in oral bioavailability over early lead compounds. An X-ray structure of compound 37 bound to the active site of cathepsin S is also reported.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a novel series of noncovalent inhibitors of cathepsin S. The synthesis of the peptidomimetic scaffold is described and structure-activity relationships of P3, P1, and P1' subunits are discussed. Lead optimization to a non-peptidic scaffold has resulted in a new class of potent, highly selective, and orally bioavailable cathepsin S inhibitors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel series of quinolones was discovered as HIV-1 non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) using a structure-based approach. The lead quinolones exhibited single digit nanomolar potency in the HIV-1 replication assays. The preliminary SAR of these quinolones was also established via systematic structural modifications. These novel and potent quinolones could serve as advanced leads for further optimization.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis and preliminary structure-activity relationship of a series of pyrrolidinones are described. These pyrrolidinones have been characterized as novel non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) which are highly potent against wild-type and drug-resistant human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV-1).
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 2-amino-9-aryl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines were designed and synthesized as focal adhesion kinase (FAK) inhibitors using molecular modeling in conjunction with a co-crystal structure. Chemistry was developed to introduce functionality onto the 9-aryl ring, which resulted in the identification of potent FAK inhibitors. In particular, compound 32 possessed single-digit nanomolar IC(50) and represents one of the most potent FAK inhibitors discovered to date.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A series of 2-amino-9-aryl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines were designed and synthesized to target focal adhesion kinase (FAK). A number of these pyrrolopyrimides exhibited low micromolar inhibitory activities against focal adhesion kinase, and their preliminary SAR was established via systematic chemical modifications. The 2-amino-9-aryl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines represent a new class of kinase inhibitors.