Hideya Igarashi

Kumamoto University, Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan

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Publications (27)181.47 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate signals that control B cell selection, we examined expression of G5PR, a regulatory subunit of the serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A, which suppresses JNK phosphorylation. G5PR is upregulated in activated B cells, in Ki67-negative centrocytes at germinal centers (GCs), and in purified B220(+)Fas(+)GL7(+) mature GC B cells following Ag immunization. G5PR rescues transformed B cells from BCR-mediated activation-induced cell death by suppression of late-phase JNK activation. In G5PR-transgenic (G5PR(Tg)) mice, G5PR overexpression leads to an augmented generation of GC B cells via an increase in non-Ag-specific B cells and a consequent reduction in the proportion of Ag-specific B cells and high-affinity Ab production after immunization with nitrophenyl-conjugated chicken γ-globulin. G5PR overexpression impaired the affinity-maturation of Ag-specific B cells, presumably by diluting the numbers of high-affinity B cells. However, aged nonimmunized female G5PR(Tg) mice showed an increase in the numbers of peritoneal B-1a cells and the generation of autoantibodies. G5PR overexpression did not affect the proliferation of B-1a and B-2 cells but rescued B-1a cells from activation-induced cell death in vitro. G5PR might play a pivotal role in B cell selection not only for B-2 cells but also for B-1 cells in peripheral lymphoid organs.
    The Journal of Immunology 07/2012; 189(3):1193-201. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Receptor editing is believed to play a critical role in immunological tolerance by altering the specificity of autoreactive B cells that emerge in the bone marrow. To study whether receptor editing is altered in autoimmune disease, recombination activation gene 1 (rag1) transcription in B cells from New Zealand Black (NZB) mice was examined by introducing a GFP gene at the rag1 locus. Female NZB(RAG1-GFP) mice generated autoantibodies and glomerular immune complexes. NZB(RAG1-GFP) mice did not display increased RAG1-GFP signal in B-1 and B-2 cells from the spleen and peritoneal cavity even following in vitro stimulation compared with C57BL/6(RAG1-GFP) control mice. The early B cells in the bone marrow were classified into RAG1-GFP(-) and RAG1-GFP(+) subpopulations. The RAG1-GFP(-) immature B-cell population was in the minority in C57BL/6(RAG1-GFP) mice but was markedly increased in NZB(RAG1-GFP) mice. RAG1-GFP(-) immature B cells from NZB(RAG1-GFP) mice differentiated into anti-dsDNA Ab-producing cells after stimulation by LPS in vitro. RAG1-GFP(-) immature B cells from NZB(RAG1-GFP) mice displayed a different expression profile of transcription factors required for receptor editing, including pax5 and irf4, in comparison with the RAG1-GFP(+) immature B-cell population. In conclusion, the early B-cell subpopulation, which exhibits low RAG1 expression and presumably concomitantly low receptor editing, was found to be increased in NZB mice.
    European Journal of Immunology 02/2009; 39(2):600-11. · 4.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Antigen (Ag)-driven B cells undergo antibody (Ab) affinity maturation and class switching in germinal center (GC) B cells. GANP is one of the molecules required for Ab affinity maturation. We herein found an increase of IgE in B cell ganp-deficient mice and studied the signal transduction pathway regulated by GANP. GANP suppresses the STAT-mediated transcription activity in GC B cells with the regulation of arginine methyltransferase activity by the interaction with JAK-binding protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) 5 and JAK1/JAK3 that are responsible for STAT6 activation. The prmt5 mRNA was up-regulated in B cells after stimulation in vitro and in vivo in GC B cells. The loss of GANP caused up-regulation of phosphorylation and arginine dimethylation of STAT6 in B cells after stimulation with LPS and IL-4 in vitro. On the contrary, GANP over-expressed B cells in ganp gene-transgenic mice showed a low STAT6 phosphorylation after stimulation. The over-expression of PRMT5 caused the up-regulation of STAT6-mediated gene transcription, which was also suppressed by the co-transfection of GANP, in luciferase reporter assay. GANP down-regulates JAK1/JAK3 to STAT6-signaling with regulation of arginine methylation activity, which might be responsible for the B cell endogenous suppressive mechanism of hyper-IgE.
    Molecular Immunology 02/2009; 46(6):1031-41. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early T lineage cells are selected in the thymus by the specific recognition of peptide components presented by MHC molecules on the surface of thymic epithelial cells and dendritic cells. As a potential regulator of the apoptotic and survival signals, the protein phosphatase 2A-component G5PR regulates Bim phosphorylation in B-cells. Here, we studied whether G5PR is involved in the regulation of the similar apoptotic pathway for cell survival during the selection of thymocytes. T-cell-specific G5PR knockout (G5pr(-/-)) mice displayed thymic atrophy, significant reduction in thymocyte numbers, particularly a 10-fold decrease in the number of CD4 and CD8 double-positive (DP) thymocytes and few mature single-positive (SP) cells. G5pr(-/-) thymocytes exhibited normal potential of proliferation and differentiation during the transition from double-negative (DN) to DP stage, but significantly increased susceptibility to apoptosis at the DP stage. G5PR deficiency did not affect on Bim activation in thymocytes, but caused hyper-activation of JNK and Caspase-3 with augmented Fas ligand (FasL) expression, indicating that G5PR regulates the thymocyte unique apoptotic signal involved in JNK-mediated Caspase-3 activation but not in Bim activation. G5PR is essential for the survival of DP cells during thymocyte development.
    Molecular Immunology 05/2008; 45(7):2028-37. · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Levels of the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB)/Rel family of proteins are carefully modulated in differentiating lymphocytes, where these transcription factors are thought to be important for survival and fate decisions. In contrast, gene-targeting experiments have not revealed clear roles for these transcription factors in lymphopoiesis within bone marrow. Inhibition of NF-kappaB by introduction of mutated I kappa B alpha, a 'superinhibitor' of NF-kappaB, into hematopoietic stem cells or early progenitors suppressed B as well as T lymphopoiesis following transplantation into immunodeficient mice. Furthermore, a NF-kappaB essential modifier-binding domain (NBD) peptide that blocks IKB kinase (IKK) activity selectively impaired the generation of adult B lineage cells. However, this suppression did not occur when a neutralizing antibody to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) was added to the cultures, or in circumstances where few non-lymphoid cells were present. We conclude that while NF-kappaB plays a survival-promoting role in lymphoid progenitors, this may only be significant in circumstances such as transplantation when levels of TNFalpha are high.
    International Immunology 06/2006; 18(5):653-9. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BCR-crosslinking triggers activation-induced cell death (AICD) selectively in the restricted stage of B-cell differentiation. We examined the transcription of a protein phosphatase subunit G5PR in immature and mature B-cells, because absence of this factor augmented cell sensitivity to AICD, associated with increased activation of JNK and Bim. BCR-crosslinking-induced G5pr transcription in AICD-resistant mature splenic IgM(lo)IgD(hi) B-cells but not in AICD susceptible immature IgM(hi)IgD(lo) B-cells. Thus, G5pr induction correlated with the prevention of AICD; High in mature splenic CD23(hi) B-cells but low in immature B-cells of neonatal mice, sub-lethally irradiated mice, or xid mice. Lack of G5pr upregulation was associated with the prolonged activation of JNK. The G5pr cDNA transfection protected an immature B-cell line WEHI-231 from BCR-mediated AICD. The differential expression of G5PR might be responsible for the antigen-dependent selection of B-cells.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/2006; 340(1):338-46. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Double-stranded DNA breaks (DSBs) at the IgV region (IgV) genes might be involved in somatic hypermutation and affinity-maturation of the B cell receptor in response to T cell-dependent Ag. By ligation-mediated PCR, we studied IgV DSBs that occurred in mature germinal center B cells in response to nitrophenyl-chicken gamma-globulin in a RAG1-independent, Ag-dependent, and IgV-selective manner. We quantified their levels in GANP-deficient B cells that have impaired generation of high-affinity Ab. GANP-/- B cells showed a decreased level of DSBs with blunt ends than control B cells and, on the contrary, the ganp gene transgenic (GANPTg) B cells showed an increased level. These results suggested that the level of IgV DSBs in germinal center B cells is associated with GANP expression, which is presumably required for B cell receptor affinity maturation.
    The Journal of Immunology 12/2005; 175(9):5615-8. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: B cell receptor (BCR) cross-linking induces B cell proliferation and sustains survival through the phosphorylation-dependent signals. We report that a loss of the protein phosphatase component G5PR increased the activation-induced cell death (AICD) and thus impaired B cell survival. G5PR associates with GANP, whose expression is up-regulated in mature B cells of the peripheral lymphoid organs. To study G5PR function, the G5pr gene was conditionally targeted with the CD19-Cre combination (G5pr(-/-) mice). The G5pr(-/-) mice had a decreased number of splenic B cells (60% of the controls). G5pr(-/-) B cells showed a normal proliferative response to lipopolysaccharide or anti-CD40 antibody stimulation but not to BCR cross-linking with or without IL-4 in vitro. G5pr(-/-) B cells did not show abnormalities in the BCR-mediated activation of Erks and NF-kappaB, cyclin D2 induction, or Akt activation. However, G5pr(-/-) B cells were sensitive to AICD caused by BCR cross-linking. This was associated with an increased depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane and the enhanced activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal protein kinase and Bim. These results suggest that G5PR is required for the BCR-mediated proliferation associated with the prevention of AICD in mature B cells.
    Journal of Experimental Medicine 10/2005; 202(5):707-19. · 13.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoids are extensively used in anti-inflammatory therapy and may contribute to the normal regulation of lymphopoiesis. This study utilized new information about the early stages of lymphopoiesis in mouse and man to determine precisely which cell types are hormone sensitive. Cycling B lineage precursors were depleted in dexamethasone-treated mice, while mature, non-dividing CD45R(Hi) CD19(Hi) lymphocytes, myeloid progenitors and stem cells with the potential for lymphocyte generation on transplantation were spared. Lineage marker-negative (Lin(-)) IL-7R(+) Flk-2(+) pro-lymphocytes also declined, but not as rapidly as the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-positive cells within an early Lin(-) c-kit(Hi) Sca-1(Hi) fraction of bone marrow. Hormone-sensitive cells with additional properties of early lymphoid progenitors (ELP) were identified within the same Lin(-) c-kit(Hi) Sca-1(Hi) subset using human mu transgenic mice and recombination-activating gene 1 (RAG1)/green fluorescent protein knock-in animals. Furthermore, cells with a recent history of RAG1 expression were more glucocorticoid sensitive than mature lymphocytes in marrow and spleen. Lymphocyte progenitors in mice bearing a human bcl-2 transgene were protected from dexamethasone treatment. However, isolated progenitors from either wild-type or bcl-2 transgenic mice were directly sensitive to the hormone in stromal cell-free cultures, suggesting that additional factors must determine vulnerability to glucocorticoids. B lineage lymphocyte precursors were found to be abnormally elevated in the bone marrow of adrenalectomized or RU486-treated mice. This suggests that glucocorticoids may normally contribute to steady-state regulation of lymphopoiesis. Finally, parallel studies revealed that the earliest events in human lymphopoiesis are susceptible to injury during glucocorticoid therapy.
    International Immunology 06/2005; 17(5):501-11. · 3.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, is attracting considerable interest as a potential drug for diabetes and obesity. Originally cloned from human s.c. fat, the protein is also found in bone marrow fat cells and has an inhibitory effect on adipocyte differentiation. The aim of the present study is to explore possible influences on lymphohematopoiesis. Recombinant adiponectin strongly inhibited B lymphopoiesis in long-term bone marrow cultures, but only when stromal cells were present and only when cultures were initiated with the earliest category of lymphocyte precursors. Cyclooxygenase inhibitors abrogated the response of early lymphoid progenitors to adiponectin in stromal cell-containing cultures. Furthermore, PGE(2), a major product of cyclooxygenase-2 activity, had a direct inhibitory influence on purified hematopoietic cells, suggesting a possible mechanism of adiponectin action in culture. In contrast to lymphopoiesis, myelopoiesis was slightly enhanced in adiponectin-treated bone marrow cultures, and even when cultures were initiated with single lymphomyeloid progenitors. Finally, human B lymphopoiesis was also sensitive to adiponectin in stromal cell cocultures. These results suggest that adiponectin can negatively and selectively influence lymphopoiesis through induction of PG synthesis. They also indicate ways that adipocytes in bone marrow can contribute to regulation of blood cell formation.
    The Journal of Immunology 12/2003; 171(10):5091-9. · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: RAG1/GFP knockin mice were exploited to isolate and characterize fetal lymphoid progenitors. CD11b and IL-7Ralpha are expressed in a developmental stage-dependent fashion, revealing how substantial numbers of early lymphoid progenitors were discarded or neglected in previous studies. The myeloerythroid potential of fetal progenitors in clonal assays declined in synchrony with activation of the RAG1 locus but was not completely extinguished. Lymphoid differentiation corresponded to patterns of gene expression previously found for adult marrow, but no fraction of fetal liver was enriched with respect to B + T progenitors. Also, unlike adults, fetal lymphoid progenitors transiently expressed endothelial cell markers. These findings help to reconcile discrepancies in previous reports and suggest that the fetal immune system arises via unique mechanisms.
    Immunity 10/2003; 19(3):365-75. · 19.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Advances in cell sorting and GFP knock-in technology have made it possible to identify rare hematopoietic cells in murine bone marrow that are undergoing lymphocyte fate specification. Steroid hormones also represent important research tools for investigating relationships between different categories of lympho-hematopoietic precursors. By selectively blocking entry into and progression within lymphoid lineages, the hormones probably have a major influence on numbers of lymphocytes that are produced under normal circumstances. These issues are discussed within the context of developmental age-dependent changes that occur in the lymphopoietic process.
    Seminars in Immunology 01/2003; 14(6):385-94. · 5.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The earliest progenitors of lymphocytes are extremely rare and typically present among very complex populations of hematopoietic cells. Additionally, it is difficult to know how cells with any given set of characteristics are developmentally related to stem cells and maturing lymphoid precursors. However, it is now possible to divide bone marrow into progressively smaller fractions and exploit well-defined culture systems to determine which ones contain cells that can turn into lymphocytes. Analysis of steroid hormone sensitive cells and use of two-step cultures is providing additional information about the most likely differentiation pathways for B and natural killer cell lineage lymphocytes. A newly identified category of early lymphoid progenitors can now be sorted to high purity from RAG1/GFP knock in mice. Furthermore, the same experimental model makes it possible to image lymphoid progenitors in fetal and adult hematopoietic tissues.
    Immunological Reviews 12/2002; 189:28-40. · 12.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Substantial progress has been made in determining developmental relationships between lymphocyte precursors and those corresponding to other blood cell lineages. Indeed, exploitation of RAG1/GFP knock-in mice has recently made it possible to chart the entire sequence of lymphocyte differentiation events in adult bone marrow and thymus. However, the differentiation pathways proposed for fetal life are very different from this model. We review many examples where the results of gene targeting experiments are substantially dependent on developmental age. In mice, adult patterns of gene expression and corresponding properties of lymphocyte precursors are not fully established until several weeks after birth, and the same might be true for humans. Furthermore, examples are cited where fetal hematopoietic cells did not efficiently acquire those properties when transplanted to an adult environment. There are several important implications of these findings. Cognizance of developmental age-related changes might resolve apparent conflicts in the literature. Hematopoietic stem cells and their lymphoid lineage progeny appear in waves, and a direct connection is yet to be established between fetal stem cells and ones that sustain adult blood cell formation. There is the possibility that adult stem cells derive from founders with an unknown origin.
    Immunological Reviews 10/2002; 187:116-25. · 12.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Viable Lin(-) CD27(+) c-kit(Hi) Sca-1(Hi) GFP(+) cells recovered from heterozygous RAG1/GFP knockin mice progressed through previously defined stages of B, T, and NK cell lineage differentiation. In contrast to the GFP(-) cohort, there was minimal myeloid or erythroid potential in cells with an active RAG1 locus. Partial overlap with TdT(+) cells suggested that distinctive early lymphocyte characteristics are not synchronously acquired. Rearrangement of Ig genes initiates before typical lymphoid lineage patterns of gene expression are established, and activation of the RAG1 locus transiently occurs in a large fraction of cells destined to become NK cells. These early lymphocyte progenitors (ELP) are distinct from stem cells, previously described prolymphocytes, or progenitors corresponding to other blood cell lineages.
    Immunity 09/2002; 17(2):117-30. · 19.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone, was recently shown to have potential therapeutic applications in diabetes and obesity because of its influence on glucose and lipid metabolism. We found that brown fat in normal human bone marrow contains this protein and used marrow-derived preadipocyte lines and long-term cultures to explore potential roles in hematopoiesis. Recombinant adiponectin blocked fat cell formation in long-term bone marrow cultures and inhibited the differentiation of cloned stromal preadipocytes. Adiponectin also caused elevated expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) by these stromal cells and induced release of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)). The COX-2 inhibitor Dup-697 prevented the inhibitory action of adiponectin on preadipocyte differentiation, suggesting involvement of stromal cell-derived prostanoids. Furthermore, adiponectin failed to block fat cell generation when bone marrow cells were derived from B6,129S(Ptgs2tm1Jed) (COX-2(+/-)) mice. These observations show that preadipocytes represent direct targets for adiponectin action, establishing a paracrine negative feedback loop for fat regulation. They also link adiponectin to the COX-2-dependent PGs that are critical in this process.
    Journal of Clinical Investigation 06/2002; 109(10):1303-10. · 12.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sex steroids negatively regulate B lymphopoiesis in adult mice. Paradoxically, lymphocytes arise during fetal life, when estrogen levels are high and maternal lymphopoiesis is suppressed. Here we demonstrate that embryonic B lymphopoiesis was unaffected by estrogen, but sensitive to glucocorticoids. Both fetal and adult precursors contained glucocorticoid receptor transcripts, but only adult precursors expressed estrogen receptor α and β together with the androgen receptor. Fetal hematopoietic cells did not efficiently acquire functional estrogen receptors after transplantation to irradiated adult mice. Sex steroid receptors were also expressed in a stage- and developmental age-dependent fashion in human precursors. A developmental switch in responsiveness of hematopoietic cells to sex steroids may be essential for formation of the immune system.
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 01/2002; · 9.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In a search for early lymphoid-specific genes, we isolated a cDNA clone (LL7) encoding a murine homologue of Ki-67 protein, a proliferation-related nuclear antigen. LL7 transcript appears preferentially in lymphoid organs as the bone marrow, spleen, and the thymus. Here, we studied the expression of murine Ki-67 (mKi-67) mRNA among various organs or tissues during the early development of fetus. In fetus, mKi-67 mRNA appears developmentally as early as day 11 and is expressed maximally at day 15. In situ hybridization on the section revealed that the expression of mKi-67 mRNA is preferential in the area of active organ formation such as neurological system and the fetal liver. These results suggest that mKi-67 plays an important role in the proliferation of early embryonic precursor cells of neurological and immune systems.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 07/1997; 235(1):191-6. · 2.28 Impact Factor
  • H Igarashi, N Sakaguchi
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    ABSTRACT: To understand the molecular events for the proliferation of B cells, we studied the induction of telomerase activity in vitro after stimulation to B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) on human peripheral B cells. Although unstimulated purified B cells of tonsils and peripheral blood from healthy volunteers do not express detectable telomerase activity, anti-IgM beads induce telomerase activity in these B cells. Soluble anti-IgM antibody (Ab) alone does not induce telomerase activity, but the second signal, given by either one of the cytokines of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and IL-13 or by anti-CD40 monoclonal Ab (MoAb), is effective as the costimulation for the induction of the activity. Stimulation with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb induces telomerase activity in most mature B cells of the tonsils and peripheral blood. The stimuli to both IgM and IgD receptors similarly induce the activity. Induction of telomerase activity is accompanied with the proliferation of B cells, but is not absolutely correlated with the extent of B-cell growth. Phorbol dibutylate (PDB) plus calcium (Ca) ionophore (PDB/Ca), which replace the activation through BCR and the costimulatory molecules, also induce telomerase activity. Moreover, it is suggested that phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase plays a role for the induction of telomerase activity in B cells stimulated with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb. These results suggest that telomerase activity is induced in the B-cell activation of the antigen specific immune response.
    Blood 03/1997; 89(4):1299-307. · 9.78 Impact Factor
  • H Igarashi, N Sakaguchi
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    ABSTRACT: Impairment of replicating DNA ends by normal DNA polymerases and the gradual shrink of the ends of linear chromosomes (telomeres) is recently considered to play a role for the limited growth of cells. Telomerase activity, that uses an RNA template to extend telomeric DNA, appears in the malignant transformation of human cells. Freshly isolated normal lymphoid cells do not express any detectable telomerase activity. Interestingly, anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) induces telomerase activity in human peripheral T cells. Ca ionophore and phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB), which are considered as the stimulants that bypass T cell receptor (TCR) signaling, also induce telomerase activity. These results clearly demonstrate that telomerase activity appears in normal lymphoid cells and suggest that antigen receptor-mediated induction of telomerase activity is playing a role in the proliferation of human T cells in the immune response.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 03/1996; 219(2):649-55. · 2.28 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

914 Citations
181.47 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003–2012
    • Kumamoto University
      • Department of Immunology
      Kumamoto-shi, Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan
  • 2002–2006
    • Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation
      • Immunobiology and Cancer Program
      Oklahoma City, OK, United States
    • University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
      Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
  • 1997
    • Chiba University
      Tiba, Chiba, Japan
  • 1994
    • Tottori University
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Tottori, Tottori-ken, Japan