F Margottin

Institut de Génétique Moléculaire de Montpellier, Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France

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Publications (7)37.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Activation of NF-kappaB transcription factors requires phosphorylation and ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent degradation of IkappaB proteins. We provide evidence that a human F-box protein, h-betaTrCP, a component of Skp1-Cullin-F-box protein (SCF) complexes, a new class of E3 ubiquitin ligases, is essential for inducible degradation of IkappaBalpha. betaTrCP associates with Ser32-Ser36 phosphorylated, but not with unmodified IkappaBalpha or Ser32-Ser36 phosphorylation-deficient mutants. Expression of a F-box-deleted betaTrCP inhibits IkappaBalpha degradation, promotes accumulation of phosphorylated Ser32-Ser36 IkappaBalpha, and prevents NF-kappaB-dependent transcription. Our findings indicate that betaTrCP is the adaptor protein required for IkappaBalpha recognition by the SCFbetaTrCP E3 complex that ubiquitinates IkappaBalpha and makes it a substrate for the proteasome.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 04/1999; 274(12):7941-5. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Defects in beta-catenin regulation contribute to the neoplastic transformation of mammalian cells. Dysregulation of beta-catenin can result from missense mutations that affect critical sites of phosphorylation by glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta). Given that phosphorylation can regulate targeted degradation of beta-catenin by the proteasome, beta-catenin might interact with an E3 ubiquitin ligase complex containing an F-box protein, as is the case for certain cell cycle regulators. Accordingly, disruption of the Drosophila F-box protein Slimb upregulates the beta-catenin homolog Armadillo. We reasoned that the human homologs of Slimb - beta-TrCP and its isoform beta-TrCP2 (KIAA0696) - might interact with beta-catenin. We found that the binding of beta-TrCP to beta-catenin was direct and dependent upon the WD40 repeat sequences in beta-TrCP and on phosphorylation of the GSK3beta sites in beta-catenin. Endogenous beta-catenin and beta-TrCP could be coimmunoprecipitated from mammalian cells. Overexpression of wild-type beta-TrCP in mammalian cells promoted the downregulation of beta-catenin, whereas overexpression of a dominant-negative deletion mutant upregulated beta-catenin protein levels and activated signaling dependent on the transcription factor Tcf. In contrast, beta-TrCP2 did not associate with beta-catenin. We conclude that beta-TrCP is a component of an E3 ubiquitin ligase that is responsible for the targeted degradation of phosphorylated beta-catenin.
    Current Biology 03/1999; 9(4):207-10. · 9.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-1 Vpu interacts with CD4 in the endoplasmic reticulum and triggers CD4 degradation, presumably by proteasomes. Human beta TrCP identified by interaction with Vpu connects CD4 to this proteolytic machinery, and CD4-Vpu-beta TrCP ternary complexes have been detected by coimmunoprecipitation. beta TrCP binding to Vpu and its recruitment to membranes require two phosphoserine residues in Vpu essential for CD4 degradation. In beta TrCP, WD repeats at the C terminus mediate binding to Vpu, and an F box near the N terminus is involved in interaction with Skp1p, a targeting factor for ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. An F-box deletion mutant of beta TrCP had a dominant-negative effect on Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation. These data suggest that beta TrCP and Skp1p represent components of a novel ER-associated protein degradation pathway that mediates CD4 proteolysis.
    Molecular Cell 04/1998; 1(4):565-74. · 15.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: HIV-1 Vpu interacts with CD4 in the endoplasmic reticulum and triggers CD4 degradation, presumably by proteasomes. Human βTrCP identified by interaction with Vpu connects CD4 to this proteolytic machinery, and CD4–Vpu–βTrCP ternary complexes have been detected by coimmunoprecipitation. βTrCP binding to Vpu and its recruitment to membranes require two phosphoserine residues in Vpu essential for CD4 degradation. In βTrCP, WD repeats at the C terminus mediate binding to Vpu, and an F box near the N terminus is involved in interaction with Skp1p, a targeting factor for ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. An F-box deletion mutant of βTrCP had a dominant-negative effect on Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation. These data suggest that βTrCP and Skp1p represent components of a novel ER-associated protein degradation pathway that mediates CD4 proteolysis.
    Molecular Cell - MOL CELL. 01/1998; 1(4):565-574.
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    ABSTRACT: Nef is a 27-kDa myristoylated protein conserved in primate lentiviruses. In vivo, simian immunodeficiency virus Nef is required in macaques to produce a high viral load and full pathological effects. Nef has at least three major effects in vitro, induction of CD4 down-regulation, alteration of T cell activation pathways, and enhancement of viral infectivity. We have used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify cellular proteins that interact with HIV-1Lai Nef and could mediate Nef function. A human cDNA was isolated that encodes a new type of thioesterase, an enzyme that cleaves thioester bonds. This novel thioesterase is unlike the animal types I and II thioesterases previously cloned but is homologous to the Escherichia coli thioesterase II. Nef and this thioesterase interact in vitro and are co-immunoprecipitated by anti-Nef antibodies in CEM cells expressing Nef. Nef alleles from human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) isolates unable to down-regulate CD4 do not react or react poorly with thioesterase. An HIV-1 NefLai mutant selected for its lack of interaction with thioesterase was also unable to down-regulate CD4 cell-surface expression. These observations suggest that this human thioesterase is a cellular mediator of Nef-induced CD4 down-regulation.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 06/1997; 272(21):13779-85. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have cloned the nef, vif, vpr and vpu genes of HIV1 in the pGEX system to produce auxiliary proteins of HIV1 as N-terminal fusions with glutathione S-transferase (GST). Some GST proteins are difficult to obtain under standard conditions. The synthesis and solubility varied considerably from one protein to another. We investigated the reasons for the poor production of GST-Vpr, GST-Vpu and GST-Vif. Interestingly, using this GST prokaryotic model, we demonstrated that Vpr, which is known to block the cell cycle of mammalian and yeast cells at the G2 phase, is also bacteriostatic for Escherichia coli. The effect on E. coli was specific to Vpr, and was not linked to the expression of the other HIV1 proteins. This suggests that Vpr interferes with components of cell replication that are conserved from prokaryotes to eukaryotes. Thus, E. coli appears to be a convenient model system for studies on the function of Vpr.
    Research in Virology 01/1997; 148(3):207-13.
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    ABSTRACT: The Vpu and CD4 cytoplasmic domains were found, by using a two-hybrid assay in yeast, to interact in the absence of their membrane anchor domains. Studies on several deletion and point mutants revealed that the overall structure of the Vpu cytoplasmic domain is required for this interaction. The Vpu amino acid residues involved in the interaction with CD4 were identified. Deletion of the C-terminal residues of Vpu, required for CD4 degradation, as well as the double mutation on the casein kinase II phosphorylation sites S52N-S56N, also involved in CD4 degradation, resulted in the loss of interaction with CD4 and in the inability to induce CD4 degradation. These results suggest that the ability of Vpu to mediate the degradation of CD4 is linked to its capacity to physically interact with CD4. However, additional mutagenesis on the S52 site revealed that the interaction between the cytoplasmic domains of Vpu and CD4 is not sufficient for in vitro Vpu-mediated CD4 degradation.
    Virology 10/1996; 223(2):381-6. · 3.37 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

763 Citations
12 Downloads
312 Views
37.44 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1998
    • Institut de Génétique Moléculaire de Montpellier
      Montpelhièr, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
  • 1997
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1996
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France