P G O'Connell

National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States

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Publications (6)15.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate how painful metatarsal arthritis affects foot and ankle mechanics and mobility. We studied 16 symptomatic forefeet in 10 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and compared them with 14 asymptomatic forefeet in 7 nonarthritic subjects. RA limbs with significant disease at other locations were excluded. We measured pain and deformity of the foot using a visual analog scale and a modified articular index. A video based 3 dimensional gait analysis system and force platform were used to collect data on subjects walking barefoot at a self-selected pace according to an established protocol. Mobility level was quantified using the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) ambulation subscale. We observed considerable pain and deformity of the forefeet of RA subjects. During gait, motion and force measures revealed that RA subjects significantly (p < 0.005) delayed and reduced forefoot loading, which minimized use of the foot as a rigid level for push off. As a result, stride lengths were shorter and gait was slower compared to nonarthritic subjects. SIP scores revealed that these changes in gait resulted in moderate disability in RA subjects (p=0.05). Impairments of the forefoot due to RA include pain and deformity, which produce characteristic stance phase abnormalities in foot function, a slow walking speed, and moderate disability.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 09/1998; 25(9):1681-6. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A technique to measure foot function during the stance phase of gait is described. Advantages of the method include its three-dimensional approach with anatomically based segment coordinate systems. This allows variables such as ground reaction forces and center of pressure location to be expressed in a local foot coordinate system, which gives more anatomical meaning to the interpretation of results. Application of the measurement technique to case examples of patients with rheumatoid arthritis demonstrated its ability to discriminate normal from various levels of pathological function. Future studies will utilize this technique to study the impact of pathology and treatment on foot function.
    Foot & Ankle International 01/1996; 16(12):764-70. · 1.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We observed 3 patients with psoriasis who developed arthritis during treatment of psoriatic skin disease with intramuscular recombinant human gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma). Symptoms primarily involved the hands, feet, shoulders, and neck. One patient had acute plantar fasciitis. Routine laboratory studies were unrevealing. Patients presented with symptoms initially between the 10th and 12th weeks of treatment and the arthritis resolved after cessation of IFN-gamma. One patient was subsequently retreated with IFN-gamma for 4 weeks and had a temporary recurrence of arthritis with an associated rise and fall of his articular index.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 02/1992; 19(1):80-2. · 3.26 Impact Factor
  • S F Levinson, P G O'Connell
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    ABSTRACT: With the spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), many rehabilitation professionals are faced with new challenges. This report covers two basic problems that are becoming common in rehabilitation practice: the management of the patient who suffers from disability resulting from HIV infection or AIDS, and the management of the traditional rehabilitation patient who may coincidentally be infected with HIV. Common manifestations of HIV infection and associated secondary infections and neoplasms are discussed, as well as are the complications of current medical treatments. This report also explores specific neurologic and musculoskeletal disorders and the fatigue associated with AIDS. In addition, potential approaches to rehabilitation management are evaluated, and consideration is given to the management of the asymptomatic HIV carrier. The differences between HIV infection in adults and children are explored, and the social implications of HIV rehabilitation are discussed. After consideration of the basic pathophysiology of infection and the modes of transmission, the significance and ethics of serologic testing are examined, and the concept of universal precautions is described. The paper concludes with a discussion of the use of safe sex practices by the disabled population.
    Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 09/1991; 72(9):690-6. · 2.36 Impact Factor
  • P G O'Connell, S F Levinson
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) represent a novel referral population for rehabilitation services. Limited information about the rehabilitation needs of individuals with human immunodeficiency virus infection is available. We reviewed 51 consecutive patients with AIDS referred to a rehabilitation consult service. Common problems encountered included generalized deconditioning (27%) and neurologic dysfunction (45%). Neurologic presentations were diverse and included hemiparesis, diffuse cognitive dysfunction and dementia, myelopathy, myopathy and peripheral neuropathy. Other patients were referred for wound care as well as the management of the local effects of Kaposi's sarcoma, various musculoskeletal syndromes and new onset blindness. Problems identified included impaired mobility (76%), difficulty with self-care (57%), impaired cognition (29%) and uncontrolled pain (37%). Among the rehabilitation interventions utilized were therapeutic exercise (73%), gait aids (45%), bathroom and safety equipment (45%), orthotics (29%), vocational counseling (4%), pain management (29%) and whirlpool treatments (10%). Five patients were too ill or refused treatment. We conclude that AIDS patients referred for rehabilitation have a wide variety of physical deficits, demonstrate a considerable degree of functional impairment and may require multiple rehabilitation interventions.
    American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 09/1991; 70(4):195-200. · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • M J Platto, P G O'Connell, J E Hicks, L H Gerber
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the relationships among pain, structural deformity of the foot, 4 variables of gait, and an index of functional ambulation in 31 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We saw significant correlations between the ambulation index and all gait variables (p less than 0.005). For the group as a whole, pain in the foot did not correlate with structural deformity. However, when patients were grouped according to the relative preponderance of pain or deformity and duration of disease, we found correlations between the sites of pain and deformity. Pain in the lower extremity, and the knee or hindfoot separately, showed correlations with functional ambulation. Foot deformity did not correlate with functional ambulation at all. Foot pain correlated well with velocity and especially stride length (p less than 0.005), and not as well with cadence and double stance time. Fewer correlations were seen between foot deformity and gait. In general, hindfoot disease was associated with greater impairment of gait and mobility than forefoot disease.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 02/1991; 18(1):38-43. · 3.26 Impact Factor