[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The European Bifurcation Club (EBC) is an independent, non-political and informal "think tank" of scientists with a particular interest in clinical, technical and fundamental aspects of the management of coronary artery bifurcation disease. Bifurcations account for 15-20% of all percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and remain one of the most challenging lesions in interventional cardiology in terms of procedural success rate as well as long-term cardiac events. The optimal management is, despite a fast growing scientific literature, still the subject of considerable debate, one of the main concerns being the potential increased risk of late stent thrombosis associated with treatment complexity. The EBC was initiated in 2004 and aims to facilitate an exchange of ideas on management of bifurcation disease. The EBC hosts an annual, compact meeting dedicated to bifurcations which brings together physicians, engineers, biologists, physicists, epidemiologists and statisticians for detailed discussions. Every meeting is finalised with a consensus statement which reflects the unique opportunity of combining the opinion of interventional cardiologists with the opinion of a large variety of other scientists on bifurcation management. This year the EBC celebrates its 10-year anniversary. This consensus document represents the summary of the consensus from the last ten years of the annual EBC meetings.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 09/2014; 10(5):545-60. · 3.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: With newer drug-eluting stents (DES), PCI has appeared as an acceptable alternative to cardiac surgery in the treatment of unprotected left main (ULM) lesions. Using data from the French Left Main Taxus and the LEft MAin Xience registries, we compared two-year outcomes in consecutive patients from 2003-2008 using everolimus-eluting stents (EES) vs. paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES). Methods and results: We performed a matched comparison according to SYNTAX score, distal LM stenosis, provisional side-branch T-stenting and single stent use, focusing on the primary endpoints of target vessel MI (TVMI) and target vessel failure (TVF). After propensity score matching, there were 172 patients in each group. There was no difference in gender (76.5% male), age (69.5±11.3 years), diabetes (26.2% vs. 24.4%, p=0.71), NSTEMI (40.7% vs. 40.7%, p=1), or LVEF <40% (11.0% vs. 6.7%, p=0.22). Patients with distal LM lesions (75.9%) were treated using provisional T-stenting in 91.1%. The side branch was stented in 22% of all patients (p=0.51). Cumulative two-year events showed significant differences in TVMI (9.9% vs. 4.1%, p=0.04) and TVF (16.3% vs. 7.6%, p=0.01) for PES and EES, respectively. Conclusions: ULM stenting with EES is safer and more effective than PES with a reduction in TLF by 53% at two years.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 08/2013; 9(4):452-62. · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As assessment of SYNTAX score is made by visual estimate of coronary angiography, discrepancies between evaluations by different observers and the impact of observer experience have not yet been evaluated.
Using the data of 166 patients with unprotected left main lesions treated with the second generation everolimus-eluting stent, we sought to analyze SYNTAX score assessment provided by one junior and two independent senior observers and to assess the impact of the quality of angiographies on the reproducibility of SYNTAX score determination. Intra-observer variability was assessed by a senior observer by analyzing 50 sets of angiograms after an interval of at least 6 weeks.
The weighted kappa value for the inter-observer reproducibility of SYNTAX score classified as tertiles, according to SYNTAX trial, was 0.71 and the intra-observer weighted kappa value was 0.79. When compared with junior's measurements, SYNTAX score assessed by senior investigators was 0.46 and 0.50. Changes in SYNTAX score classification were arbitrarily responsible for changes in weighted kappa values. Angiograms showing the higher rates of discrepancies between observers were of lower quality, when compared with random angiograms. SYNTAX score was closely correlated to 1-year incidence of major adverse cerebro- and cardiovascular events for both junior and senior readers.
SYNTAX score was slightly underestimated by junior reader, when compared with experienced operators. Inter- and intra-observer reproducibility of experienced operators was very acceptable. SYNTAX score evaluation was clearly related to the quality of angiograms. SYNTAX score was correlated to 1-year incidence of major cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in all readers.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 04/2012; 80(2):231-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the angiographic and clinical outcome of patients undergoing paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) implantation for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenosis in a "real-world" multicentre, prospective registry. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is an increasingly utilised method of revascularisation in patients with ULMCA.
A prospective registry including all patients with a significant (>50%) ULMCA stenosis. Of 151 such patients, the target lesion involved the distal bifurcation in 100 patients (66%), which was treated predominantly by a "provisional T-stenting" strategy. In the distal ULMCA disease group, 72% had only one stent implantation while 28% had multiple (either two or three) stents implanted. At a median follow-up of 1,123±80 days, cardiac death occurred in five patients (3.3%) and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in 32 patients (21.2%). The three-year survival rate was 93.3%.
In the drug-eluting stent era, paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation of ULMCA stenosis provided excellent immediate and long-term results in this selected population, suggesting that this approach may be considered as a safe and effective alternative to CABG for selected patients with ULMCA who are treated in experienced institutions performing large numbers of PCI procedures.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 10/2011; 7(6):680-8. · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aims: We sought to assess the efficacy and safety of everolimus-eluting stents for unprotected left main disease. Methods and results: A total of 173 consecutive patients with de novo significant unprotected left main stenosis received an everolimus-eluting stent in four French centres. Among them, 140 (81 %) had involvement of the distal portion of left main, and 129/140 (92%) were treated with provisional side branch T-stenting, with a side branch stenting rate of 20%. Angiographic success was achieved in all cases. At 12 months, the cumulative rate of major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was 26/173 (15%) including death from any cause (N=5, 2.9%), stroke (N=4, 2.3%), Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI) (N=2, 1.2%), non-Q-wave MI (N=6, 3.5%) and any repeat revascularisation (N=16, 9.3%). At one year, the rate of target-lesion revascularisation (TLR) was 5/173 (2.9%), target-vessel revascularisation was 12/173 (7 %) and the rate of definite or probable left main stent thrombosis 1/173 (0.6 %). Conclusions: Unprotected left main stenting using everolimus-eluting stents and a strategy of provisional side branch T-stenting for distal lesions, is safe and effective in the midterm, with a relatively low rate of events and reintervention at one year.
EuroIntervention: journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology 10/2011; 7(6):689-96. · 3.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiac surgery is the reference treatment for patients with left main (LM) disease, although percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents is emerging as a possible alternative. The objective of this registry was to evaluate the 2-year outcome of elective percutaneous coronary intervention for unprotected LM disease with paclitaxel-eluting stents.
A total of 291 patients were prospectively included from 4 centers. Acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock were the only exclusion criteria. Patients were 69+/-11 years old, 29% were diabetic, and 25% had 3-vessel disease. For distal LM lesions (78%), the provisional side-branch T-stenting approach was used in 92% of cases and final kissing balloon inflation in 97%. Angiographic success was obtained in 99.7% of cases. At 2-year follow-up, the total cardiac death rate was 5.4% (1 EuroSCORE point was associated with a 15% [95% confidence interval 2.9% to 28.2%, P=0.013] higher risk of cardiac death), target-lesion revascularization was 8.7%, and incidence of Q-wave or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction was 0.9% and 3.1%, respectively. The combined end point occurred in 15.8% of cases and stroke in 0.7%. The incidence of definite and probable LM stent thrombosis was 0.7%, whereas the incidence of any stent thrombosis was 3.8%, with a higher risk in patients with side-branch stenting in the presence of LM bifurcation lesions (hazard ratio 9.6, 95% confidence interval 1.2 to 77.7, P=0.035).
Unprotected LM stenting with paclitaxel-eluting stents, with a strategy of provisional side-branch T-stenting for distal lesions, provides excellent acute angiographic results and good mid-term clinical outcomes, with a 15.8% rate of major adverse cardiac events at 2-year follow-up.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of coronary bifurcation lesions remains a subject of debate. Many studies have been published in this setting. They are often small scale and display methodological flaws and other shortcomings such as inaccurate designation of lesions, heterogeneity, and inadequate description of techniques implemented.
The aim is to propose a consensus established by the European Bifurcation Club (EBC), on the definition and classification of bifurcation lesions and treatments implemented with the purpose of allowing comparisons between techniques in various anatomical and clinical settings.
A bifurcation lesion is a coronary artery narrowing occurring adjacent to, and/or involving, the origin of a significant side branch. The simple lesion classification proposed by Medina has been adopted. To analyze the outcomes of different techniques by intention to treat, it is necessary to clearly define which vessel is the distal main branch and which is (are) the side branche(s) and give each branch a distinct name. Each segment of the bifurcation has been named following the same pattern as the Medina classification. The classification of the techniques (MADS: Main, Across, Distal, Side) is based on the manner in which the first stent has been implanted. A visual presentation of PCI techniques and devices used should allow the development of a software describing quickly and accurately the procedure performed.
The EBC proposes a new classification of bifurcation lesions and their treatments to permit accurate comparisons of well described techniques in homogeneous lesion groups.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 03/2008; 71(2):175-83. · 2.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In previous prospective studies, a strategy of (a) stenting of the main branch, (b) provisional T-stenting of the side branch, and (c) final kissing balloon inflation, was associated with high success and low target lesion revascularization (TLR) rates on the long-term.
To examine the performance of this strategy in a multicenter study.
Consecutive patients were treated at 14 French medical centers for de novo coronary bifurcation lesions with the same technique used. Immediate results and clinically-driven TLR at 7 months were examined.
The mean reference diameters of the main and side branches were 3.2 +/- 0.6 mm and 2.4 +/- 0.5 mm, respectively. The side branch was stented in 34% of patients. A <30% residual stenosis in the main branch was achieved in 99%, <50% in the side branch in 90%, and both in 89% of procedures. The in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event were a Q-wave and 5 non-Qwaves MI (0.54% and 2.7%). At 7 months of follow-up, 3 patients (1.76%) had died, 1 suffered a non-Q-wave MI (0.59%), and 28 (15.88%) underwent TLR. By multivariate analysis, a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (OR: 0.934), moderate calcifications (OR: 7.86), and non-use of the "jailed" wire technique (OR: 4.26) were associated with reinterventions during follow-up.
A strategy of provisional T-stenting with a tubular stent and final kissing balloon angioplasty for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions was safe and associated with a low TLR rate at 7 months. This strategy should be applicable to the new era of drug eluting stents.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 08/2006; 68(1):67-73. · 2.51 Impact Factor