[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Altered renal vasodilatation and oxidative stress are important mechanisms of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of nebivolol, a beta blocker, on prevention of CIN. We hypothesized that nebivolol may prevent CIN due to its renal vasodilatation and antioxidant effects.
Thirty-two Wistar-albino rats were divided into four groups (n = 8 each): control (C), contrast media (CM), nebivolol (N), and nebivolol + contrast media (NCM). CIN was induced by administration of intravenous high-osmolar contrast media diatrizoate (6 ml/kg) after 72 h of dehydration. Nebivolol (2 mg/kg) was given internally once daily for 5 days. Kidney function parameters, nitric oxide metabolites and oxidative stress markers were measured. Kidneys were excised for pathological evaluation.
The decrease of creatinine clearance was 0.180 +/- 0.11 mg/dl in CM, and 0.030 +/- 0.10 mg/dl in NCM (P = 0.01). Microproteinuria was ameliorated using nebivolol (P = 0.001). Serum protein carbonyl content, malonyldialdehyde and kidney thiobarbituric acid-reacting substances levels were higher in CM than in C (P = 0.003, P < 0.001 and P = 0.034, respectively) and serum thiol was lower in CM than in C (P = 0.001). However, oxidative stress markers were similar in NCM and C. Diatrizoate decreased kidney nitrite levels, but nebivolol increased them (P = 0.027). Nebivolol attenuated the tubular necrosis, proteinaceous casts and medullary congestion, although significant protective effects, were observed in tubular necrosis (P = 0.001) and proteinaceous cast (P < 0.001).
This study demonstrated the protective role of nebivolol against CIN.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Behcet's disease (BD) is a rare multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent ulcers affecting the mouth and genitals, various skin lesions, relapsing iritis, and vasculitis. Vascular events may dominate the clinical presentation in some patients with BD. Hitherto three forms of vascular disease such as venous occlusions, arterial aneurysms, and arterial occlusions have been reported in BD. Renal vascular involvement has reported in less than 1% of the patients with vascular BD. A case of BD with renovascular hypertension is reported. To our knowledge, a case of BD with renovascular hypertension treated with angioplasty and stent implantation has not been reported previously.
The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 12/2007; 334(5):396-8. · 1.33 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of diabetic and pre-diabetic state on the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing coronary angiography.
A total of 421 patients with Cockcroft clearance between 15 and 60 ml/min were divided into three groups [diabetes mellitus (DM), n = 137; pre-diabetes (pre-DM), n = 140; and normal fasting glucose (NFG), n = 144]. CIN was defined as an increase of > or =25% in creatinine over baseline within 48 h of angiography, DM as glucose > or =126 mg/dl, pre-DM as glucose between 100 and 125 mg/dl and NFG as glucose <100 mg/dl.
CIN occurred in 20% of the DM [relative risk (RR) 3.6, P = 0.001], 11.4% of the pre-DM (RR 2.1, P = 0.314) and 5.5% of the NFG group. The decrease of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was higher in DM and pre-DM (P = 0.001 and P = 0.002, respectively). GFR < or =30 ml/min (RR 19.22), multivessel involvement (RR 7.59), hyperuricaemia (RR 3.95), use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blocker (RR 2.70) and DM (RR 2.34) were predictors of CIN. Length of hospital stay was 2.45 +/- 1.45 day in DM, 2.27 +/- 0.68 day in pre-DM and 1.97 +/- 0.45 day in NFG (P < 0.001, DM vs NFG and P = 0.032, pre-DM vs NFG). The rate of major adverse cardiac events was 8.7% in DM, 5% in pre-DM and 2.1% in NFG (P = 0.042, DM vs NFG). Haemodialysis was required in 3.6% of DM and 0.7% in pre-DM (P = 0.036, DM vs NFG), and the total number of haemodialysis sessions during 3 months was higher in DM and pre-DM (P < 0.001). Serum glucose > or =124 mg/dl was the best cut-off point for prediction of CIN.
Our data support that patients with DM are at a higher risk of developing CIN, but patients with pre-DM are not at as high a risk for developing CIN as diabetes patients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rhabdomyolysis is a potentially life-threatening syndrome resulting from the breakdown of skeletal muscle fibers with leakage of muscle contents into the circulation. We report a case of a 24-year-old woman with hypocalcemia which occured after a thyroidectomy operation. This hypocalcemia was severe enough to cause convulsion, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. The reason of severe hypocalcemia in our case may be multifactorial; hypoparathyroidism, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure. The development of hypocalcemia, convulsion attacks, rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure occurring in the patient after iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism has rendered the case interesting due to the rarity of such developments.
European Journal of General Medicine (ISSN: 1304-3897) Vol 2 Num 2.