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Publications (6)2.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Published data on oxidative stress in children with acute hepatitis A are still very scarce. This study aims to evaluate the oxidant/antioxidant status of these patients. Prospective, case-control study, over 2.5 years in patients under hospitalized and ambulatory care. The levels of a whole-blood antioxidant, reduced glutathione; and plasma antioxidants, β-carotene, retinol, ascorbic acid, α-tocopherol; and the biomarker of oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, were evaluated in 50 pediatric patients (age range, 5-16 years; 29 males and 21 females) with acute hepatitis A and in 50 healthy children as control subjects (age range, 5-16 years; 25 males and 25 females). Plasma levels of reduced glutathione, β-carotene, retinol, α-tocopherol and ascorbic acid were significantly lower, while malondialdehyde plasma levels were significantly increased in the patient group when compared to the controls (P<.0001 for all parameters). Our findings show that pediatric patients with acute hepatitis A were influenced by oxidative stress, resulting in significantly lower levels of plasma antioxidants and increased lipid peroxidation. In the absence of other therapeutic options, antioxidant vitamin supplements could be added to the therapy for these patients to help reestablish the oxidant status balance. Further investigations to confirm this suggestion are recommended.
    Annals of Saudi medicine 01/2011; 31(3):258-62. · 1.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) usually evades the host's immune system and persists as a chronic infection. Intravenous drug users (IVDU) represent the majority of patients infected with HCV. Combined therapy of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) with peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin can be successful even when patients continue the intravenous drug use. In this study, we compared the characteristics of age, gender, genotype, and stage of fibrosis and the therapy outcome among IVDU and patients with no history of drug use. The study included 69 patients diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C, evaluated and treated at the Clinic for infectious diseases in Nis from 2005 to 2009. HCV RNA was detected by a polymerase chain reaction and the determination of genotypes was undertaken. Liver biopsies were examined histopathologically. Patients received a combined treatment of peginterferon alfa-2a and ribavirin. Therapy efficiency was evaluated based on the achievement of the sustained virological response (SVR). A comparison of characteristics was performed with the use of Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square (chi2) test and logistic regression. IVDU were significantly younger than patients in the control group. Prevalence of stage 1 fibrosis was significantly higher among IVDU. The therapy outcome is influenced by the patient's age and HCV genotypes. Each year added to one patient decreased the therapy efficiency by 8.1%, while genotypes 2 and 3 experienced a therapy which was 2.08 times more efficient than in other cases. IVDU represent a specific population different from non-using patients. However, they can be treated effectively if an adequate patient-doctor relationship is established.
    Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences / Udruzenje basicnih mediciniskih znanosti = Association of Basic Medical Sciences 05/2010; 10(2):153-7. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The most important ethiology factor of chronic liver disease that progresses into terminal insufficiency is hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Intravenous (iv) drug abuse is the main cause for spreading HCV. Thus the therapy for such patients is of extreme importance in reducing the incidence of the disease. The aim of the study was to establish efficacy of a combined therapy with peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin in iv opiate substances abusers having chronic HCV infection in relation to sex, age, genotype and level of fibrosis and duration of HCV infection before the treatment. Thirty one iv opiate substances abusers with chronic hepatitis C (HHC) were enrolled in the examination. The patients were divided according to the genotype into two groups. The patients with genotypes 1 and 4 (n = 18) were treated for 48 weeks, while those with genotypes 2 and 3 (n = 13) for 24 weeks. PCR HCV RNA, genotype determination and liver biopsy were done to each patient. A stabile virological response was achieved in 93.5% of the patients, so the therapy demonstrated statistically significant efficacy i. v. opiate substances abusers with HHC (p < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in therapeutic response among patient groups formed according to the genotype, sex, duration of the disease and level of fibrosis (p > 0.05). Therapy of of iv opiate substances abusers with HHC has its specificities, and these patients need special treatment. Efficacy of the therapy was equivalent in patient groups formed according to the sex, genotype, level of fibrosis and duration of HCV infection. A combined therapy with peginterferon alfa 2a and ribavirin has high level of success in the treatment of these patients.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 10/2009; 66(10):791-5. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) is a complex disease, most commonly chronicle (80-85%). The aim of this research was to determinate the level of the liver damage in the patients cansed by HCV in conjunction with consuming ethyl alcohol. The research included 15 patients with chronic HCV infection supported by the misuse of ethyl alcohol, as well. The diagnosis of C infection hepatitis was proved using the ELISA test and PCR method. The results of the study showed the liver damage by both HCV infection and ethyl alcohol, which was verified by the presence of biochemical changes and patohystological processing of the patients (liver biopsy and prosection). Patohystological changes were at the level of liver cirrhosis and carcinoma (2 patients). There was a signficant difference between the two subgroups (p < 0.001) regarding the examined values gamma-GT, PLT and PTV. The basic therapeutic procedure was to introduce this category of patients into alcohol abstinence, and, in a few patients, to apply the antivirus therapy, as well. Based on the number of the examined patients (n = 15), we could conclude that a prolonged ethyl alcohol misuse with the presence of HCV infection was in a correlation with the liver disease progression.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 04/2006; 63(4):393-6. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of lymphocytes within the liver parenchyma is related to immunologically mediated liver damage in chronic hepatitis C. The aim of the study was to make histological, histochemical, and immunocytochemical assessment of liver biopsy specimens in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Biopsy specimens of 20 patients with chronic HCV disease were analyzed, using standard staining procedures to verify histologic liver lesions, as well as immunoenzymatic staining with monoclonal antibodies to detect CD4+ T-lymphocytes, B-lymphocytes, and macrophages. Micromorphologic characteristics of chronic active viral hepatitis C were present in all the patients, differing, however, by the level of their activity. Dominant changes were found within the portal space, consisting of mononuclear lympho-plasmocytic infiltration and macrophages. Immunocytochemical investigation of mononuclear and macrophageal infiltration showed the correlation between micromorphological findings and the degree of the activity. The presence of lymphocytic and macrophageal infiltration within the hepatic tissue directly correlated with the intensity of the liver damage. Analysis of the population of cellular infiltrate in the liver together with the monitoring of viremia level and the level of hepatocyte necrosis, could be useful tools for elucidation of the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis C.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 01/2004; 61(1):29-34. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Early diagnosis of the central nervous system (CNS) infections is a precondition of their successful treatment. However, the essential standard examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is sometimes neither specific enough to define their basic nature, nor sufficient to differentiate them from processes of non-infectious origin. Supposing that the released surface molecules of activated immunocompetent cells could better define the character of inflammatory reaction, the levels of soluble CD4 antigens (sCD4) were determined with enzyme-immunosorbent test in the CSF of the patients with various CNS diseases. In contrast to cerebrovascular insults, toxic-metabolic, and other conditions in control group, detectable sCD4 concentrations in acute encephalitis (24 +/- 11 U/ml) were verified at the beginning of the disease, being also present in cytologically diagnosed normal CSF findings. They were significantly higher (p<0.05) compared to acute serous meningitis (13.5 +/- 8 U/ml), while in purulent meningitis they were measurable only after the disease progression--in correlation with the disturbed brain system function. The obtained results suggested the significance of CD4 antigen levels in CSF as a sensitive and specific marker of lymphocytic infiltration of the brain parenchyma, the measurement of which could contribute to early identification of the CNS infections, better understanding of their pathogenesis, and the assessment of the actual level of the destruction of neurons.
    Vojnosanitetski pregled. Military-medical and pharmaceutical review 01/2004; 61(3):247-53. · 0.21 Impact Factor