Khalid Almuti

Columbia University, New York City, NY, United States

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Publications (4)16.72 Total impact

  • Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography: official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography 02/2008; 21(1):34-7. · 2.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most humoral rejection (HR) episodes occur early after cardiac transplantation and are associated with hemodynamic compromise and poor prognosis. Late cases of HR (>6 months after transplant) have been reported. We examined the differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients presenting with HR in the early (<6 months) and late transplant periods. A retrospective chart review was performed of all cases of HR at a single large transplant center from January 1, 1995 to March 1, 2006. A total of 37 adult transplants had biopsy-proven HR; 13 patients had early HR and 24 patients had HR a mean of 5 yr after transplantation (range, 7 months to 17 yrs). Treatment for HR included plasmapheresis, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab. The age of the early and late humoral rejecters was similar (58+/-14 vs. 50+/-14 yrs; P=0.12). There was a trend toward more women in the early HR group (54% vs. 33%). Use of left ventricular assist devices was similar (38% vs. 33%). Early rejecters were more likely to have positive cross-matches (46% vs. 8%; P<0.01). Patients with late HR had a coexistent diagnosis of malignancy, or significant recent infection in 50% vs. 8% for early HR, suggesting an activation of a nonhuman leukocyte antigen antibody-mediated immune response to an acute illness. One-year survival after the diagnosis of HR was 78% for the both groups (P=NS). Humoral rejection occurs now more frequently in patients with remote transplants and is commonly associated with the presence of malignancy or infection.
    Transplantation 09/2007; 84(4):498-503. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Selection criteria for cardiac transplant candidates with diabetes mellitus (DM) have been liberalized resulting in increased numbers of diabetic patients receiving organs. Calcineurin inhibition results in nephrotoxicity. Whether this nephrotoxicity is accelerated in diabetic heart transplant recipients is unknown. To investigate this question, we derived the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at transplant and at multiple time intervals thereafter for adult heart transplants performed from January 1, 2000 to January 1, 2005. GFR was estimated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation (GFRMDRD) and the Cockcroft-Gault (GFRCG) formula. In all, 257 patients were nondiabetic and 102 patients were diabetic before and after transplant. The diabetic patients were older (57+/-8 vs. 53+/-13 years; P<0.01) and had greater body mass index (27.5+/-5.1 vs. 25.5+/-4.4 kg/m; P<0.01) than nondiabetic patients. Baseline renal function was significantly reduced in diabetic patients with higher serum creatinine (1.6+/-0.5 vs. 1.4+/-0.5 mg/dL), lower GFRCG (65+/-27 vs. 73+/-35 mL/min), and lower GFRMDRD (54+/-23 vs. 65+/-32 mL/min; all P<0.01) than nondiabetic patients. All patients were treated with cyclosporine or tacrolimus posttransplant. The change in the GFRMDRD in nondiabetic and diabetic patients was constant and comparable at 1, 2, and 3 years posttransplant. In normal subjects, GFRMDRD declined from baseline by 7+/-26, 5+/-23, and 7+/-23 mL/min(2) and in the diabetic patients was 13+/-22, 9+/-26, 10+/-22 ml/min(2) at 1, 2, and 3 years, respectively (P=NS). This data suggests that nephrotoxicity posttransplant is not accelerated in diabetic recipients.
    Transplantation 03/2007; 83(5):550-3. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The role of statin drugs in the reduction of serum lipids has been well documented. More recently, evidence suggesting that statins may positively impact many organ systems and disease states independent of lipid reduction has emerged. The term "pleiotropic effects" has been used to refer to these properties. We reviewed the evidence exploring such potential effects. A search of the MEDLINE database was conducted for articles published between 1985 to 2005 on the pleiotropic and the lipid-lowering independent effects of statin drugs. The search terms "statin", "HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor", "pleiotropic effects", and "inflammation" were used. English language articles were selected for inclusion along with selected cross-references. Numerous animal and clinical studies support the presence of a spectrum of beneficial effects for statins that are independent of their lipid-lowering properties. These effects are mediated by a variety of mechanisms and they suggest that the therapeutic role of statins may expand. Statins have shown great promise beyond their lipid-lowering effects. Ongoing and future studies will help to further clarify the potential clinical impact of these "pleiotropic effects".
    International Journal of Cardiology 05/2006; 109(1):7-15. · 6.18 Impact Factor