G Froesner

Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (12)49.42 Total impact

  • S Riedemann, G Reinhardt, H Ibarra, G G Frösner
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    ABSTRACT: In this open study, 20 toddlers and 80 schoolchildren received an intramuscular dose of Epaxal and a booster dose 12 mo later to assess the efficacy and safety of this aluminium-free, virosomal hepatitis A vaccine. Four weeks after primary vaccination, 94% of toddlers and 99% of schoolchildren had seroconverted, and all toddlers and 94% of schoolchildren remained seroprotected for 12 mo. CONCLUSION: After vaccination with Epaxal and booster, all subjects were seroprotected. Epaxal was very well tolerated by both age groups.
    Acta Paediatrica 04/2004; 93(3):412-4. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: As sanitary conditions of a population improve, hepatitis A virus infection occurs at higher ages, thus decreasing the prevalence of antibodies against the virus. In the eighties, the prevalence of antibodies among children was 97% and depended on the socioeconomic level. To assess the prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis A virus in school age children living in Valdivia. Two thousand three hundred thirty three school age children were studied. Total antibodies against hepatitis A virus were detected using an ELISA kit from Abbott. Children were stratified in age groups and school were classified as private, subsidized, municipal or foster homes. Antibodies were positive in 65% of children (59% in children aged 6 to 8 years old, 66% in children aged 9 to 11 years and 69% in children aged 12 to 15 years. In private schools, the prevalence was 26%, in subsidized schools the figure was 54%, in municipal schools 73% and in foster homes 91%. The general prevalence of antibodies against hepatitis A virus is higher in low socioeconomic level children. There is a global decrease in the prevalence of these antibodies in the last years.
    Revista medica de Chile 11/1998; 126(10):1161-4. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis C virus antibodies in high risk patients coming from Valdivia, Osorno and Puerto Montt. Fifty-six patients in hemodialysis, 51 renal graft recipients, 42 cirrhotics and 14 patients with acute non A non B hepatitis were studied. Antibodies were detected with a second generation ELISA technique and positive cases were confirmed with RIBA. All hemodialysis patients and renal graft recipients were negative for hepatitis C virus antibodies. In one non alcoholic patient with cirrhosis, a positive ELISA was confirmed with RIBA. Six patients with acute hepatitis had positive ELISA tests but none was confirmed with RIBA. It is concluded that the prevalence of hepatitis C virus antibodies in this region of Chile is very low.
    Revista medica de Chile 05/1995; 123(4):439-44. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • The Lancet 12/1994; 344(8935):1501. · 39.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 53 year old female nurse presenting with malaise, jaundice and pruritus is reported. Physical examination only disclosed jaundice and laboratory values showed an ALT of 445 U/l, ASAT of 179 U/l, alkaline phosphatases of 455 U/l and a total bilirubin of 7.7 mg/dl. Serological markers for hepatitis virus E were positive and negative for hepatitis virus A, B and C, cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus. The patient recovered fully in 10 weeks and is asymptomatic after 5 years of follow up. Health care workers probably have a higher risk for hepatitis E than the general population and this is the first acute sporadic case described in Chile.
    Revista medica de Chile 02/1994; 122(1):68-71. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In many countries, Hepatitis is mainly due to virus. A. When improving life condition in a given population, initially there is a tendency to increase the number of cases in adults. We report clinical and laboratory findings in 87 adults with acute viral Hepatitis A in Chile. The rate man/woman was 1.55/1. Mean age: 23.8 years. Clinical forms: icteric classical (77.01%), cholestatic (10.34%), anicteric (8.05%), biphasic (2.30%) and fulminant (2.30%). From 87 patients in consult 1, 64 were controlled at day 15 (consult 2) and 35 one year later (consult 3). Laboratory (means): ALT (UI/L): 856.8, 111.6 and 20.8 in consult 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Correlation between values of ALT and AST (p < 0.0001). Mean total bilirubin (mg%): 6.6, 2.5 and 0.8 respectively. The evolution of Hepatitis A was favorable with a rapid decrease of clinical signs and normalization of laboratory values within the 3 first weeks of disease.
    G.E.N.: organo oficial de la Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroenterología, Endocrinología y Nutrición 01/1993; 47(1):25-31.
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    ABSTRACT: Accumulation and persistence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) in the mussel Mytilus chilensis was evaluated. Under optimal filtration activity of mussels (temperature 12 degrees C, salinity 3%, feeding twice a day with Dunaliella marina), HAV was concentrated 100-fold from the surrounding water. Similar concentrations of HAV were reached in the filtration apparatus and in the digestive system (hepatopancreas). HAV persisted for about 7 days in mussels. Elimination of HAV from mussels was slower than elimination of poliovirus. Without feeding of mussels (causing low filtration activity), there was no measurable uptake of HAV into mussels, and depuration of HAV from mussels was slower. The ability of mussels to concentrate HAV was used successfully to monitor fecally contaminated river water for the presence of HAV.
    Journal of Medical Virology 08/1992; 37(3):174-9. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A placebo-controlled, double-blind study on the efficacy of a hepatitis A vaccine (SmithKline Beecham Biologicals) was started in a region of Chile in September 1990, using hepatitis B vaccine as control. A total of 260 healthy children, 6-15 years of age, negative for antibody to hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV), antibody to HAV immunoglobulin M (IgM), hepatitis B surface antigen, and antibody to hepatitis B surface and core antigens by ELISA tests within 7 days before vaccination, were randomly assigned to two study groups: 128 children received the vaccine with a yellow label (group 1), and 132 children the vaccine with an orange label (group 2) at months 0, 1 and 6. Blood for serology and transaminase determination was drawn at months 1, 2, 6, 7 and 12. Both vaccines were tolerated equally well and no serious side effects were seen. In group 1 (presumed hepatitis A vaccine group), anti-HAV was detected (20% inhibition was used as the cut-off level) in 122 of 128 children (95.5%) tested at month 1, in 126 of 127 (99.2%) at month 2, in 126 of 127 (99.2%) at month 6 and in 126 of 126 (100%) at month 7. One anti-HAV seroconversion seen at month 1 was associated with presence of anti-HAV IgM and therefore probably represents HAV infection. Geometric mean anti-HAV concentration of the other children was 128, 342, 214 and 2301 mIU/ml at months 1, 2, 6 and 7, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    Vaccine 02/1992; 10 Suppl 1:S152-5. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Most cases of post-transfusion hepatitis correspond to infection by non-A non-B virus. Indirect test (ALT elevation, anti-HBc titers) have been used to detect the presence of this virus. We screened 692 blood donors and health personnel, measuring anti-HBc (n = 572), HBs antigen (340), and ALT serum levels (190). Positive results were obtained for anti-HBc in 1.7% and HBs in 0%. ALT levels were 25 +/- 12 u/l in males and 18 +/- 14 in females (p < 0.01). ALT levels above 45 u/l were found in 6% of subjects. ALT levels were not related to anti-HBc positiveness nor to alcohol intake. The possible risk of posttransfusion hepatitis related to increased ALT levels remains to be clarified by specific markers.
    Revista medica de Chile 02/1990; 118(2):134-8. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • Revista medica de Chile 01/1989; 116(12):1257-62. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • Revista medica de Chile 12/1988; 116(11):1115-8. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • Revista medica de Chile 02/1987; 115(1):16-8. · 0.36 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

66 Citations
49.42 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2004
    • Ludwig-Maximilian-University of Munich
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1990–2004
    • Austral University of Chile
      • • Instituto de Microbiología Clínica
      • • Instituto de Medicina
      Puerto Montt, Region de Los Lagos, Chile
  • 1992
    • Max von Pettenkofer-Institut
      München, Bavaria, Germany